恩典国际圣经学院

奥格斯堡信条

Augsburg Confession

课程计划 Course Plan

课程通知 Announcement

讲义列表:

奥格斯堡信条课程提纲
Course Syllabus – Augsburg Confession

Description: 课程简介 Biblical grievances that the early reformers of the Reformation period (1500’s) had against primarily the Roman Catholic church, but also other developing Christian churches of that day. A study of Christian Theology defending basic Christian truth. 本课程重点阐述了宗教改革时期的早期改革者们对

第一课 - 奥格斯堡信仰纲要介绍
lesson 1 - Introduction to the Augsburg Confession

The Lutheran church is a confessional church, which means that it adheres to a set of documents that were drawn up by Martin Luther and his successors because they are an accurate dissertation of the Holy Scriptures. 路德宗教会是一个具有宗派性质的教会。该教会遵循由马丁路德和他的继承

第二课 - 第一条: 论神 (第一部分)
lesson 2 - Article I of God(Part 1)

Our Churches, with common consent, do teach that the decree of the Council of Nicaea concerning the Unity of the Divine Essence and concerning the Three Persons, is true and to be believed without any doubting; that is to say, there is one Divine Essence which is called and which is God: eternal, without body, without parts, of infinite power, wisdom, and goodness, the Maker and Preserver of all things,

第三课 - 第一条 论神 (第二部分)
lesson 3 - Article I of God(Part 2)

They condemn all heresies which have sprung up against this article, as the Manichaeans, who assumed two principles, one Good and the other Evil; also the Valentinians, Arians, Eunomians, Mohammedans, and all such. They condemn also the Samosatenes, old and new, who, contending that there is but one Person, sophistically and impiously argue that the Word and the Holy Spirit are not distinct Persons, but that “Wor

第四课 - 第二条 论原罪
lesson 4 - Article II Of Original Sin

Also they teach that since the fall of Adam, all men begotten in the natural way are born with sin, that is, without the fear of God, without trust in God, and with concupiscence; and that this disease, or vice of origin, is truly sin, even now condemning and bringing eternal death upon those not born again through Baptism and the Holy Ghost. They condemn the Pelagians and others who

第五课 - 第三条: 论神子(第一部分)
lesson 5 - Article III Of the Son of God(Part 1)

Also they teach that the Word, that is, the Son of God, did assume the human nature in the womb of the blessed Virgin Mary, so that there are two natures, the divine and the human, inseparably conjoined in one person, one Christ, true God and true man, who was born of the Virgin Mary, truly suffered, was crucified, dead, and buried, that He might reconcile the Father unto us,

第六课 - 第三条:论神子(第二部分)
lesson 6 - Article III Of the Son of God(Part 2)

He also descended into hell, and truly rose again the third day; afterward He ascended into heaven that He might sit on the right hand of the Father, and forever reign and have dominion over all creatures, and sanctify them that believe in Him, by sending the Holy Spirit into their hearts, to rule, comfort , and quicken them, and to defend them against the devil and the power of

第七课 - 第三条:论神子(第三部分)
lesson 7 - Article III Of the Son of God(Part 3)

He does sanctify them that believe in Him, by sending the Holy Spirit into their hearts. 他差遣圣灵进入人的内心,真实地使一切信他的人成圣 On three very specific occasions, Jesus promised his disciples that before he went to his Father, he would provide them with the Spirit of power in order to help make

第八课 - 第四条:称义
lesson 8 - Article IV Of Justification

Also they teach that men cannot be justified before God by their own strength, merits, or works, but are freely justified for Christ’s sake, through faith, when they believe that they are received into favor, and that their sins are forgiven for Christ’s sake, who, by His death, has made satisfaction for our sins. This faith

第九课 - 第五条:论教牧职分(第一部分)
lesson 9 - Article V Of the Ministry I

That we may obtain this faith, the Ministry of Teaching the Gospel and administering the Sacraments was instituted. For through the Word and Sacraments, as through instruments, the Holy Spirit is given, who works faith, where and when it pleases God, in them that hear the Gospel, so that God, not for our own merits, but for Christ’s sake, justifies those who believe

第十课 - 第五条:论教牧职分(第二部分)
lesson 10 - Article V Of the Ministry II

They condemn the Anabaptists and others who think that the Holy Spirit comes to men without the external Word, through their own preparations and works. 他们定再洗礼派以及那些认为圣灵可以不通过圣经这一外在话语、而只靠他们自己的预备工作和做法就

第十一课 - 第六条:论新的顺服
lesson 11 - Article VI Of New Obedience

Also they teach that this faith is bound to bring forth good fruits, and that it is necessary to do good11-1 works commanded by God, because of God’s will, but that we should not rely on those works to merit justification before God. For remission of sins and justification is apprehended by faith, as also the voice of Christ attest: When you shall have done all

第十二课 - 第七条:论教会
lesson 12 - Article VII Of the Church

Also they teach that one holy Church is to continue forever. The Church is the congregation of saints, in which the Gospel is rightly taught and the Sacraments are rightly administered. 他们也教导独一的圣教会要永远继续下去。教会是圣徒的集合,福音在其中得以正确地教

第十三课 - 第八条:教会是什么
lesson 13 - Article VIII What the Church Is

Although the Church properly is the congregation of saints and true believers, nevertheless, since in this life many hypocrites and evil persons are mingled therewith, it is lawful to use Sacraments administered by evil men, according to the saying of Christ: The Scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat, etc. Matthew 23:2. Both the Sacraments and Word are effectual by reason of the institution

第十四课 - 第九条:论洗礼
lesson 14 - Article IX Of Baptism

Of Baptism they teach that it is necessary to salvation, and that through Baptism is offered the grace of God; and that children are to be baptized, who, being offered to God through Baptism, are received into God’s grace. They condemn the Anabaptists, who reject the baptism of children, and say that children are saved without Baptism 论到洗礼,他们的教

第十五课 - 第十条:论圣餐
lesson 15 - Article X of the Lord’s Supper

Of the Supper of the Lord they teach that the Body and Blood of Christ are truly present, and are distributed to those who eat in the Supper of the Lord; and they reject those that teach otherwise. 关于主的晚餐,他们教导基督的血和身体是真实地同在,被分送给吃主的

第十六课 - 第十一条:论认罪
lesson 16 - Article XI of Confession

Of Confession they teach that Private Absolution ought to be retained in the churches, although in confession an enumeration of all sins is not necessary. For it is impossible, according to the Psalm: Who can understand his errors? (Psalm 19:12) 关于认罪他们认为, 尽管认罪不需要罗列所有的罪但是个人罪得赦免

第十七课 - 第十二条:论悔改(第一部分)
lesson 17 - Article XII Of Repentance I

Of Repentance they teach that for those who have fallen after Baptism there is remission of sins whenever they are converted; and that the Church ought to impart absolution to those thus returning to repentance. Now, repentance consists properly of these two parts: One is contrition, that is, terrors smiting the conscience through the knowledge of sin; the other is faith, which is born of the Gospel, or of absolution,

第十八课 - 第十二条:论悔改(第二部分)
lesson 18 - Article XII Of Repentance II

Of Repentance they teach that for those who have fallen after Baptism there is remission of sins whenever they are converted; and that the Church ought to impart absolution to those thus returning to repentance. Now, repentance consist properly of these two parts: One is contrition, that is, terrors smiting the conscience through the knowledge of sin; the other is faith, which is born of the Gospel, or of absolution,

第十九课 - 第十三条:论圣礼的功用
lesson 19 - Article XIII Of the Use of the Sacraments

Of the use of the Sacraments they teach that the Sacraments were ordained, not only to be marks of profession among men, but rather to be signs and testimonies of the will of God toward us, instituted to awaken and confirm faith in those who use them. Wherefore we must so use the Sacraments that faith be added to believe the promises which are offered and set forth through the

第二十课 - 第十四条:论教会秩序
lesson 20 - Article XIV – Of Ecclesiastical Order

Of Ecclesiastical Order they teach that no one should publicly teach in the Church or administer the Sacraments unless he be regularly called. 关于教会中的秩序他们教导如果没有按理受召就不应该公开教导和施圣礼。 THE PUBLIC MINISTRY 公众事工 To distinguish the way our forefathers have

第二十一课 - 第十五条:教会的礼仪
lesson 21 - Article XV Of Ecclesiastical Usages

Of Usages in the Church they teach that those ought to be observed which may be observed without sin, and which are profitable unto tranquility and good order in the Church, as particular holy-days, festivals, and the like. Nevertheless, concerning such things men are admonished that consciences are not to be burdened, as though such observance was necessary to salvation. They are admonished also that human traditions instituted to propitiate

第二十二课 - 第十六条:论民事
lesson 22 - Article XVI Of Civil Affairs

Of Civil Affairs they teach that lawful civil ordinances are good works of God, and that it is right for Christians to bear civil office, to sit as judges, to judge matters by the Imperial and other existing laws, to award just punishments, to engage in just wars, to serve as soldiers, to make legal contracts, to hold property, to make an oath when required by the magistrates, to marry

第二十三课 - 第十七条:论基督再来的审判
lesson 23 - Article XVII Of Christ’s Return to Judgment

Also they teach that at the Consummation of the World Christ will appear for judgment, and will raise up all the dead; He will give to the godly and elect eternal life and everlasting joys, but ungodly men and the devils He will condemn to be tormented without end. They condemn the Anabaptists, who think that there will be an end to the punishments of condemned men and devils. They

第二十四课 - 第十八条:论自由意志
lesson 24 - Article XVIII Of Free Will

Of Free Will they teach that man’s will has some liberty to choose civil righteousness, and to work things subject to reason. But it has no power, without the Holy Spirit, to work the righteousness of God, that is, spiritual righteousness; since the natural man receives not the things of the Spirit of God, 1 Cor. 2:14; but this righteousness is wrought in the heart when the Holy Spirit is

第二十五课 - 第十九条:论罪的根源
lesson 25 - Article XIX Of the Cause of Sin

Of the Cause of Sin they teach that, although God does create and preserve nature, yet the cause of sin is the will of the wicked, that is, of the devil and ungodly men; which will, unaided of God, turns itself from God, as Christ says John 8:44: When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own. 论到罪的根源,他们教导人

第二十六课 - 第二十条:论好行为
lesson 26 - Article XX Of Good Works

Our teachers are falsely accused of forbidding Good Works. For their published writings on the Ten Commandments, and others of like import, bear witness that they have taught to good purpose concerning all estates and duties of life, as to what estates of life and what works in every calling be pleasing to God. Concerning these things preachers heretofore taught but little, and urged only childish and needless works, as

第二十七课 - 第二十一条:论圣徒崇拜
lesson 27 - Article XXI Of the Worship of the Saints

Of the Worship of Saints they teach that the memory of saints may be set before us, that we may follow their faith and good works, according to our calling, as the Emperor may follow the example of David in making war to drive away the Turk from his country. For both are kings. But the Scripture teaches not the invocation of saints or to ask help of saints, since

第二十八课 - 第二十二条:论两种圣礼
lesson 28 - Article XXII Of Both Kinds in the Sacrament

It is the custom of the Roman Catholic Church to withhold the cup from the laity in Holy Communion. That was an abuse which the Lutherans corrected. In the first part of the article, they establish the fact that Scriptures teach both kinds. 在罗马天主教会中普通信徒在圣餐中不能喝这杯。路德宗纠正

第二十九课 - 第二十三条:论牧师的婚姻
lesson 29 - Article XXIII Of the Marriage of Priests

There has been common complaint concerning the examples of priests who were not chaste. http://bookofconcord.org/augsburgconfession.php - article23.2 For that reason also Pope Pius is reported to have said that there were certain causes why marriage was taken away from priests, but that there were far weightier ones why it ought to be given back; for so Platina writes. Since, therefore, our priests were desirous to avoid these open scandals, they

第三十课 - 第二十四条:论弥撒
lesson 30 - Article XXIV Of the Mass

Falsely are our churches accused of abolishing the Mass; for the Mass is retained among us, and celebrated with the highest reverence. Nearly all the usual ceremonies are also preserved, save that the parts sung in Latin are interspersed here and there with German hymns, which have been added to teach the people. For ceremonies are needed to this end alone that the unlearned be taught [what they need to

第三十一课 - 第二十五条:论认罪
lesson 31 - Article XXV Of Confession

Confession in the churches is not abolished among us; for it is not usual to give the body of the Lord, except to them that have been previously examined and absolved. And the people are most carefully taught concerning faith in the absolution, about which formerly there was profound silence. Our people are taught that they should highly prize the absolution, as being the voice of God, and pronounced by

第三十二课 - 第二十六条:论不同的肉类
lesson 32 - Article XXVI Of the Distinction of Meats

It has been the general persuasion, not of the people alone, but also of those teaching in the churches, that making Distinctions of Meats, and like traditions of men, are works profitable to merit grace, and able to make satisfactions for sins. And that the world so thought, appears from this, that new ceremonies, new orders, new holy-days, and new fastings were daily instituted, and the teachers in the churches

第三十三课 - 第二十七条:论修道院的誓言
lesson 33 - Article XXVII Of Monastic Vows

Introduction: 简介: From the Catholic Encyclopedia – “The basic idea of monasticism in all its varieties is seclusion or withdrawal from the world or society. The object of this is to achieve a life whose ideal is different from and largely at variance with that pursued by the majority of mankind; and the method adopted, no matter what its precise details may be, is always

第三十四课 - 第二十八条:论教会的权利
lesson 34 - Article XXVIII Of Ecclesiastical Power

Introduction: 简介: For many centuries now, including today, popes have claimed supremecy over both the church and the state and they have not revoked these claims to present day. The Roman Church may say otherwise if it suites their purpose, but whenever it feels strong enough to carry out its designs, it will insist on absolute supremecy. In 1946, they were able to successfully keep Protestant missionaries out