Lesson 8Misuses Of The Law And Gospel

In this lesson, we will begin to examine some additional ways that the law and gospel are misused and misapplied to harm the spiritual lives of people


A. Misuse 5: Universalism 误用5:普救论

  1. Universalism is the false teaching that God loves people so much that He will save all people from their sins and give them eternal life apart from Spirit-worked sorrow for sin and faith in Jesus Christ.
  1. Some examples of universalism are: 某些普救论的实例:
a.     “We all worship the same God and are all going to the same heaven.”


b.    “God loves sinners so much that He will not send anyone to hell.”


c.    “All religions and philosophies will lead a person to God and eternal life.”

  1. Universalism opposes the Bible’s teaching that God is a just and holy God who will punish sinners. It also dismisses the gospel of Jesus Christ as the necessary means of salvation.

“Yet He does not leave the guilty unpunished.” (Exodus 34:7b)

万不以有罪的为无罪。 (出埃及记 34:7b)

“Whoever believes in God's Son is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because he has not believed in God's one and only Son.” (John 3:18)

信他的人,不被定罪;不信的人,罪已经定了,因为他不信 神独生子的名。(约翰福音 3:18)

“Jesus answered, 'I am the way, the truth and the life.  No one comes to the Father except through Me.‘” (John 14:6)

耶稣说:“我就是道路、真理、生命;若不藉着我,没有人能到父那里去。”(约翰福音 14:6)

B. Misuse 6: Synergism 误用6:协作论

  1. Synergism is derived from two Greek words (“syn” and “ergo”) that literally mean “to work with.” Synergism is the false teaching that a person can and must cooperate with God in his/her coming to saving faith in Jesus Christ.
  1. Synergism is based on the faulty opinion that a person, is by nature, only spiritually impaired, and possesses the free will to accept or reject Jesus Christ as his/her Savior.
  1. Some examples of synergism are: 某些协作论的实例:
a.     “I know I am saved because I made my decision to accept Jesus as my Savior.


b.    ”God has sent Jesus to die for your sins.  Now do your part and invite Jesus into your heart.“


c.    ”God will bring you to faith as long as you do not resist His working in you.“

  1. Synergism contradicts the Bible teaching that all people, by nature are spiritually dead and have no free will to cooperate with God in spiritual matters prior to their conversion. Synergism also opposes the Bible’s teaching that God alone creates saving faith and spiritual life in people.



”As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins, . . .  Like the rest, we were by nature objects of wrath.  But because of His great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions – it is by grace you have been saved.“  (Ephesians 2:1, 3b-5)

你们死在过犯罪恶之中,他叫你们活过来 . . .本为可怒之子,和别人一样。然而 神既有丰富的怜悯,因他爱我们的大爱,当我们死在过犯中的时候,便叫我们与基督一同活过来(你们得救是本乎恩)。(以弗所书 2:1, 3b-5)

C. Misuse 7: Adding Law Conditions To The Gospel 误用7:为福音附加律法条件

  1. A common misuse of the law and gospel is to add law conditions to the message of the gospel. This improper mixing of law and gospel leads a person to abandon salvation by God’s grace and seek salvation by his/her works.
  1. Some examples of adding law conditions to the gospel:

a.     ”Believe in Jesus and live a life of good works so that you can be saved.“


b.    ”You will go to heaven if you have faith in Christ and follow God's orders to worship regularly, respect the church leaders and give 10% of your income to the church.


c.    “God forgives people who are sorry for their sins, look to Jesus for forgiveness and do not repeat their past mistakes.”

  1. Adding law conditions to the gospel opposes the Bible’s teaching that salvation is a free gift of God apart from our good works.


“For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from observing the law.” (Romans 3:28)

 所以(有古卷作“因为”)我们看定了:人称义是因着信,不在乎遵行律法。(罗马书 3:28)

“For by grace are you saved, through faith – and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God, not by works, so that no one can boast.” (Ephesians 2:8-9)

 你们得救是本乎恩,也因着信,这并不是出于自己,乃是 神所赐的;也不是出于行为,免得有人自夸。(以弗所书 2:8-9)

D. Misuse 8: Faulty Descriptions Of The Christian 误用8:错误地描述基督徒

  1. Another common misuse of the law and gospel is to portray the Christian incorrectly. One error is to describe the Christian as an unconverted sinner who has only a sinful nature. A second error is to describe the Christian as a perfected saint who has only a believing nature. Still another error is to make sweeping generalizations that apply to some Christians, but not to all. Such errors confuse and trouble believers and can lead them to doubt or lose their salvation.
  1. Some examples of faulty descriptions of the Christian as an unconverted sinner are:

“A Christian can not resist temptation.”


“A Christian cannot be sure of going to heaven.


”A Christian is not able to truly love God.“

  1. Some examples of faulty descriptions of the Christian as a perfected saint are:

”A Christian tells the truth at all times.“


”A Christian never desires revenge.“


”A Christian never questions or doubts God's Word.“

  1. Some examples of sweeping generalizations made about all Christians are:

”No one in this church listens carefully to the preaching of God's Word.“


”True Christians always take time to welcome the visitors to our church.“


”The members of this congregation are extremely lazy.“

  1. When people make false descriptions of Christians, they either fail to recognize that Christians have both a sinful and a believing nature, that Christians are both sinful and sanctified at the same time or they mistakenly ascribe the behaviors of some believers to all.

”The sinful nature desires what is contrary to the spiritual, and the spiritual what is contrary to the sinful nature.  They are in conflict with each other, so that you do not do what you want.“ (Galatians 5:17)

因为情欲和圣灵相争,圣灵和情欲相争,这两个是彼此相敌,使你们不能作所愿意作的。(加拉太书 5:17)

E. Review The Lesson 本课回顾

Agree And Disagree Statements 判断题

Mark each statement A (agree) or D (disagree)


—- 1. The teaching of universalism has little need for either the law or the gospel.

—- 普救论只需要一点点律法或福音而已。

—- 2. Since God loves all people and sent Jesus to die for the sins all people, surely He will bring all people safely to heaven in the end.

—- 神爱世上所有的人并差遣耶稣为世人的罪而死。所以毫无疑问,在末日来临之时,神会将所有的人安全地带入天堂。

—- 3. Unbelievers do have some ability to cooperate with God in the matter of their coming to faith in Jesus Christ.

—- 非基督徒具有一定的能力与神协作共事,一同建立在耶稣基督里的信心。

—- 4. Synergism denies the Bible’s teaching of salvation by God’s grace when it insists that a person is saved by a combination of the redeeming work of Jesus Christ and that person’s own decision to believe in Jesus

—- 我们是靠着神的恩典而得救赎。协作论否认圣经的这一教导,认为某人得救是靠耶稣基督的救赎与此人的决定(决定相信耶稣)两方面联合作用。

—- 5. Synergism robs God of His glory as the One who saves people all by Himself.

—- 协作论抹煞神的荣耀,否认惟有神救赎世人的真理。

—- 6. If you add the law conditions to the gospel promise, you always end up with a law result.

—- 如果你在福音的应许之上加入律法(的条件),你将得到律法的结果。


—- 7. If a person tries to be saved by a combination of Christ’s works and his/her own works, he/she will not be saved at all.

—- 如果一个人试图靠基督的救赎大业与自身的努力共同作用而得救赎,他/她便得不到救赎。

—- 8. Our salvation depends about 99.99% on God and about .01% on us.

—- 我们得救,大约百分之九十九点九九靠神,百分之零点零一靠我们自己。

—- 9. Christians produce works pleasing to God, and they also commit sins displeasing to God every day of their lives.

—- 在日常生活中,基督徒会做蒙神喜悦的事,他们同样会犯罪,不蒙神喜悦。

—- 10. Speaking to Christians as if they were still unbelieving sinners or as if they were already perfected saints can cause them great spiritual harm.

—- 把基督徒当作没有信仰的罪人或完美的圣徒看待,会给他们造成巨大的属灵伤害。

Evaluate The Following Teachings 你如何评价以下教导

  1. ”Every human soul will progress through the ages to heights that are sublime and glorious, where God is Love and Love is God.“
  1. ”All who because of their faith in Jehovah God and in Christ Jesus dedicate themselves to do God’s will and then faithfully carry out their dedication will be rewarded with everlasting life.“

最后更新于 2012年8月25日 星期六 08:50