恩典国际圣经学院

第五课
Lesson 5

I. The Three Key Components Of A Sermon 一篇讲道的三个关键部分

As we think about the development of a Christian sermon, we want to concentrate on three essential items that are the major elements for the message we are preparing from God’s Word for the benefit of those who hear it. These three primary components are:

当我们考虑如何发展一篇讲道时,我们要专注于三个基本要素,这是为使听道者受益,我们从神的话语中准备的信息的主要要素。这三个主要部分是:

1) A Clear, Focused Sermon

一个清楚的,集中的讲道目的

2) A Careful Diagnosis of a Troubling Spiritual

一个对令人困扰的灵性问题的细心诊断

3) An Attractive Prescription Of God’s Gospel Solution

一个吸引人的神的福音解决方案的处方

A. The Sermon Goal 讲道目的

We previously discussed the sermon goal in Lesson 4. The sermon goal is the objective that you want to reach in the hearts and lives of those who will hear the sermon. The primary goal will either be 1) a Faith Goal, in which people come to a stronger faith in God and/or an improved belief about God’s will - or - 2) a Life Goal, in which people are empowered to live a more godly life and/or to make an improvement in their service and behavior. The Biblical text you work with will generally suggest one or more possibilities for a meaningful sermon

之前,我们在第四课讨论了讲道目的。讲道目的是你想在听道者的心中和生活中达到的目的。主要的目的或者是1)信心的目的,通过这个目的,人们对神的信心更加坚定或者/更加确信神的旨意 或者2)生活的目的,通过这个目的,人们得到力量过更加敬虔的生活或者/ 在他们的服事上或行为上得以改进。你采用的讲道经文通常可能表达一到两个意义深远的讲道目的。

B. The Spiritual Problem 灵性问题

The great, continuing problem for every person is the spiritual problem of sin. In the sermon, you will want to proclaim the sad and painful truth about sin’s presence in our life and God’s judgment on it. This is the message of the Law. God uses a number of ways in the Bible to speak about sin, its expressions in our lives, the troubles it causes us, and the punishment it deserves. The Biblical text we use for the sermon will often identify a particular way of describing the spiritual difficulty we face as sinners. As you prepare the sermon you will want to help your hearers understand the great problem sin causes them and lead them to the point where they realize the great danger they are in and desire God’s help to rescue them.

每个人不断存在的大问题就是关于罪的灵性问题。在讲道中,你要指出我们生活中存在罪和神审判罪的这个令人悲伤,痛苦的事实。这就是律法的信息。神在圣经中使用很多方法谈到罪,在我们的生活中罪的表现,罪给我们造成的烦恼,以及犯罪应受的惩罚。我们采用的圣经经文常常可以确定一种专门的方法来描述我们作为罪人要面对的灵性的困境。当你准备这篇讲道时,你要帮助信众明白罪给他们造成的很大的问题,并引导他们认识他们处于很大的危险中,使他们渴望神来帮助他们,拯救他们。

C. The Gospel Solution 福音解决方案

Ultimately, God wants people to enjoy the good news of His saving love for them in Jesus Christ. So, in our sermons, we want to proclaim the Gospel. The Gospel is God’s remedy to our affliction as sinners. The Gospel is God’s loving solution to our terrible, spiritual problem of sin. God also uses a wide variety of ways in His Word to speak about His grace, the pardon it gives, the comfort it speaks, and the desire and strength it imparts to our lives. The sermon text we use will often offer one or more ways in which God communicates the good news of His rescuing love for us in Jesus Christ. As you prepare your sermon, you will want to assure your hearers of the great love that a gracious God has for them and to tenderly apply His pardoning, comforting, strengthening message to their needy souls.

从根本上讲,神要人喜悦在耶稣基督里神对他们的救赎大爱的福音。因此,在我们的讲道中,我们要宣讲福音。福音是神针对我们作为罪人产生的苦恼所开的良药。福音是神针对我们可怕的灵性上的罪的问题所给的爱的解决方案。神也籍着他的话语用不同方法讲述他的恩典,饶恕,安慰,并在我们的生活中给我们盼望和力量。我们的讲道经文经常以一种或更多方法传达神在耶稣基督里对我们的救赎大爱的福音。在准备讲道时,你要确保信众听到慈爱的神对他们的伟大的爱,并将神饶恕的,安慰的,坚固的信息温和地应用于他们困乏的灵魂。

II. Planning To Proclaim The Law (Spiritual Problem) And The Gospel (Gospel Solution) 准备宣讲律法(灵性问题)和福音(福音方案)

A. Looking For Law And Gospel To Use In The Sermon 在讲道中考查使用律法与福音的地方

Many times a good, Biblical sermon text will have expressions of the Law and Gospel in it that can be used for the development of a sermon. However, some texts may lack one or both of these elements. In cases where there is not sufficient Law and/or Gospel material in a text, you will need to add it for your sermon from some other part in the Bible.

很多时候,一篇好的讲道经文里面显示的律法与福音的信息可以用于扩展一篇讲章。然而,有些经文里面可能缺少律法或福音,甚至两者的信息。如果经文里没有足够的律法与福音信息,你需要将圣经的其他部分的律法与福音的信息补充进来。

B. Law and Gospel Pairs 律法与福音配对

The Law presents our human sin problem and the Gospel presents God’s gracious solution for us. This sin problem - gospel solution pattern is frequently used in the Bible. It can be a useful way for the preacher to present Law and Gospel in a sermon. You can add effectiveness to your preaching and increase interest in your hearers by using the unique Law and Gospel forms that you find in your sermon text and also by varying the ways your present the Law and Gospel from sermon to sermon.

律法展现我们人的罪性问题,而福音展现神对我们的慈爱的解决方案。圣经中经常使用罪性问题——福音方案的模式。在一篇讲道中传讲律法与福音对一个传道人来说是一个行之有效的方法。你可以通过使用在讲道经文中发现特有的律法与福音搭配形式或者通过你在不同讲道中使用不同的表达律法与福音的方法来增强讲道的果效和提高听众的兴趣。

Here are some examples of matching Law Problems - Gospel Solutions we find in the Bible:

下面是我们在圣经中找到的律法问题——福音方案匹配的几个例子:

Law Problem 律法问题 Gospel Solution 福音方案
1. Darkness 黑暗 Light 光明
2. Death, Dead 死亡,死的 Life, Alive 生命,活 的
3. Hostility 敌对 Reconciliation 和好
4. Lost 迷失 Found 找回
5. Enemy 敌人 Friend 朋友
6. Condemned 定罪 Declared Innocent 宣告无罪
7. Unrighteous 不义的 Righteous 公义的
8. Strangers 陌生人 Children 儿女
9. Blindness 失明 Sight 看见
10. Empty 空虚 Full 饱足

Assignment: Complete the following matches by inserting the proper Law Problem or Gospel Solution word:

作业:通过填写相符合的律法问题和福音方案完成以下配对:

Law Problem 律法问题 Gospel Solution 福音方案
11. Poor 贫穷
12. Included 接纳
13. Naked 暴露的
14. Redeemed, Purchased from bondage 赎回,从 奴役中买回
15. Asleep 睡着的

Assignment: Add two more Law Problem and Gospel Solution matches that God uses in the Bible:

作业:补充两个神在圣经中使用的相匹配的律法问题和福音方案

16.——————–

17.——————–

C. An Example Of Planning Law Problems and Gospel Solutions for A Sermon On Luke 16:19-31 为根据路加福音16:19-31经文讲道而准备的律法问题和福音方案的例子

  1. Law Problems Expressed In The Text:

    经文中显示的律法问题:

    a. Expressions Of Sin In Life.

    显示生活中的罪。

    Rich man lived selfishly.

    财主自私的生活。

    ignored needs of poor.

    不理睬贫穷的邻居的需要

    b. The Eternal Punishment For Sin.

    罪的永远惩罚。

    in torments of hell.

    地狱的煎熬。

    far away and separated from Father Abraham and Lazarus in Paradise.

    与远在天国的祖先亚伯拉罕和拉撒路隔绝。

    tremendous thirst.

    极其饥渴。

    agony in fire.

    烈火中的痛苦。

    loneliness.

    孤独。

    inability to help oneself or others.

    无能为力帮助自己或他人。

    c. The Cause Of God’s Judgment.

    神审判的原因。

    neglect of God’s Word (Law and Prophets)。

    忽视神的话语(律法与先知)。

    failure to repent of sinful life.

    对犯罪的生活不悔改。

  2. Gospel Solutions Expressed In The Text:

    经文中显示的福音方案:

    a. The Blessings Of Salvation.

    救恩的祝福。

    Lazarus is carried to heaven by God’s angels.

    拉撒路被神的天使带入天国。

    cared for and loved by Abraham’s chest.

    在亚伯拉罕的怀中享受关爱。

    enjoys good things.

    享受美好的事物。

    comforted.

    得安慰。

    b. The Way To Salvation.

    救恩之路。

    salvation comes through listening to message of God’s Word (Law and Prophets)。

    救恩从听道而来(律法与先知)

  3. Possible Additions Of Law Problems From Other Parts Of The Bible:

    可能需要从圣经其他部分补充的律法问题:

    (There seem to be enough in the text itself. I do not think that any extra are needed)

    (经文本身似乎已经足够。我认为不需要补充任何内容

  4. Possible Additions Of Gospel Solutions From Other Parts Of The Bible:

    可能需要从圣经其他部分补充的福音方案:

    Jesus died and rose from the dead to pay for our sins and open heaven to us.

    耶稣受死,从死里复活,为我们的罪付上赎价,并向我们敞开天国之门。

D. Planning Law Problems and Gospel Solutions for A Sermon On Daniel 3:1-18 为根据但以理3:1-18经文的讲道准备律法问题和福音方案

Assignment: Plan Law Problem and Gospel Solutions that you might use for a sermon on Daniel 3:1-18:

作业:为根据但以理3:1-18经文的讲道准备律法问题和福音方案

  1. Law Problems Expressed In The Text:

    经文中显示的律法问题:

  2. Gospel Solutions Expressed In The Text:

    经文中显示的福音方案:

  3. Possible Additions Of Law Problems From Other Parts Of The Bible:

    可能需要从圣经其他部分补充的律法问题:

  4. Possible Additions Of Gospel Problems From Other Parts Of The Bible:

    可能需要从圣经其他部分补充的福音方案:

E. Planning Law Problems and Gospel Solutions for A Sermon On Luke 4:1-13 为根据路加福音4:1-13经文的讲道准备律法问题和福音方案

Plan Law Problem and Gospel Solutions that you might use for a sermon on Luke 4:1-13:

作业:为根据路加福音4:1-13经文的讲道准备律法问题和福音方案

  1. Law Problems Expressed In The Text:

    经文中显示的律法问题:

  2. Gospel Solutions Expressed In The Text:

    经文中显示的福音方案:

  3. Possible Additions Of Law Problems From Other Parts Of The Bible:

    可能需要从圣经其他部分补充的律法问题:

  4. Possible Additions Of Gospel Problems From Other Parts Of The Bible:

    可能需要从圣经其他部分补充的福音方案:

III. Developing Applications To The Hearts And Lives Of Your Hearers 将神的话语在信众的心中和生活中加以应用

One of the key parts of the sermon is the application of God’s Word that you will make to the hearts and lives of your hearers. It is vital that you take time early in your sermon preparation to consider how the message of the text will touch your hearers in meaning ways that make a difference in what they believe and how they behave. God has given us His Word, not only for our information, but especially for our transformation. God’s powerful, life-giving Word has the ability to make positive, helpful changes in the faith and life of His people.

讲道的一个关键部分是应用神的话到信众的心中和生活中。重要的是在准备讲道时趁早考虑这段经文的信息如何以有意义的方式来感动听众,使信众所信所行发生改变。神已经赐给我们他的话语,不仅给我们信息,尤其是为了使我们转变。神充满大能的,赐予生命的话语有能力使他的子民在信心和生活中发生积极的,有益的改变。

applications you make should be relevant to the lives of your hearers. They should speak to the questions and concerns, doubts and fears, sins and dangers, challenges and duties that they face as people who struggle with sin and live by God’s grace in a difficult world.

你的应用部分应该和信众的生活相关。它们应该讲到生活在一个充满艰难的世界里,与罪争战,但靠神的恩典生活的人要面对的各种问题,焦虑,疑惑,惧怕,罪,危险,挑战和责任。

A. We will work together to identify and list at least 10 applications we could make from God’s message in Luke 16:19-31 to the beliefs and behavior, faith and lives of the people we serve for God. 我们要一起从神在路加福音16:19-31的信息中确定和列举至少10个应用 ,将其应用到我们为神服事的子民的信仰,行为,信心和生活中。

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Assignment 作业

B. Identify and list at least 10 applications you could make from God’s message in Daniel 3:1-18 to the beliefs and behavior, faith and lives of the people you serve for God. 从神在但以理3:1-18的信息中确定和列举至少10个应用,将其应用到你为神服事的子民的信仰,行为,信心和生活中。

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C. Identify and list at least 10 applications you could make from God’s message in Luke 4:1-13 to the beliefs and behavior, faith and lives of the people serve for God. 从神在路加福音4:1-13的信息中确定和列举至少10个应用,将其应用到你为神服事的子民的信仰,行为,信心和生活中。

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Advanced Preaching
第一课
Lesson 1
第二课 回顾应用律法与福音讲道的原则
Lesson 2 Reviewing Law And Gospel Principles For Preaching
第三课
Lesson 3
第四课
Lesson 4
第五课
Lesson 5
第六课
Lesson 6
第七课
Lesson 7
第八课
Lesson 8
第九课
Lesson 9
第十课
Lesson 10
第五课
Lesson 5