I. Expanded Planning For The Sermon 讲章计划的扩展
Once the basic planning of identifying a sermon goal with a theme and basic parts and deciding on the primary Law problem to address and Gospel solution to offer, we are ready to work on expanding our plan for the sermon. The aspects of this expanded plan will include:
A. Developing a orderly Detailed Outline for the sermon and
B. Deciding on fitting Specific Content for the sermon
II. The Detailed Outline 具体大纲
A. The typical sermon in Chinese Christian churches lasts between 35-45 minutes. This compares with the average sermon in the United States that lasts about 20 minutes. The preacher in China will generally develop a sermon that includes 18-22 paragraphs that each will take about 2 minutes to preach.
B. In preparing the Detailed Outline, the sermon writer will divide the basic parts he/she has developed into a series of orderly, subparts that will lead the hearer to understand and take hold of the main points of the message of God’s Word and realize the primary faith or life goal（s） of the sermon. The preparation of the Detailed Outline is similar to drawing an easy-to-follow map to help a traveler reach a new destination.
C. The subparts should follow a logical development that may begin with explanation of the text that eventually lead to applications of the Law and Gospel to the faith and/or life of the hearer.
D. In developing the Detailed Outline, the sermon writer will also plan the Introduction to the sermon. In the Introduction the preacher will want to get the attention and interest of the hearer and leading the hearer to learn the major theme of the sermon.
E. In addition, the sermon writer will also plan the Conclusion to the sermon as part of the development of the Detailed Outline. The Conclusion is a very important part of sermon. It is the last part of the sermon that is heard. It should help the hearers review and grasp the main points of the sermon. The Conclusion should also direct the hearer’s hearts and lives clearly and strongly in the truths that God wants them to believe and/or in the things He wants them to do.
III. Filling In The Specific Content For The Sermon 填写讲章的具体内容
A. Once the Expanded Outline has been prepared, the sermon writer is ready to add the background and context information, specific explanations, definitions, comparisons, illustrations, examples and applications that make the message of God’s Word clearer for the people and more relevant to their lives.
B. A sermon writer can draw on a wide range of source for this material. For example, it may come from Biblical or non-Biblical material, from one’s own life experience or from that of others, from information gained through observation, study or research, from both contemporary and historical events.
C. The sermon writer will want to make sure that the material he/she chooses is fitting for the hearers and communicates well to their life experience.
D. Once the sermon writer has successfully completed this step which requires much thought, he/she is well on the way to completing the sermon writing process.
IV. Assignment 作业
A. Analyze the following sermon on Luke 14:25-33. Discover and write down the Expanded Outline points that you find. You will write one brief sentence for each paragraph of the sermon.
LORD, HELP US PAY THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP
Greeting: Jesus said: “Come, follow Me.”
Text: 25） Large crowds were traveling with Jesus, and turning to them He said: 26） “If anyone comes to Me and does not hate his father and mother, his wife and children, his brothers and sisters - yes, even his own life, he cannot be My disciple. 27） And anyone who does not carry his cross and follow Me cannot be My disciple. 28） Suppose one of you wants to build a tower. Will he not first sit down and estimate the cost to see if he has enough money to complete it? 29） For if he lays the foundation and is not able to finish it, everyone who sees it will ridicule him, 30） saying, ”This fellow began to build a house and was not able to finish.“ 31） Or suppose a king is about to go to war against another king. Will he not first sit down and consider whether he is able with ten thousand me to oppose the one coming against him with twenty thousand? 32） If he is not able, he will send a delegation while the other is still a long way off and will ask for terms of peace. 33） In the same way, any of you who does not give up everything he has cannot be My disciple.
路加福音 14:25–33 （CUV） 25 有极多的人和耶稣同行。他转过来对他们说：26 「人到我这里来，若不爱我胜过爱自己的父 母、妻子、儿女、弟兄、姊妹，和自己的性命，就不能作我的门徒。27 凡不背着自己十字架跟从我的，也不能作我的门徒。28 你们哪一个要盖一座楼，不先坐下算计花费，能盖成不能呢？29 恐怕安了地基，不能成功，看见的人都笑话他，说：30 『这个人开了工，却不能完工。』31 或是一个王出去和别的王打仗，岂不先坐下酌量，能用一万兵去敌那领二万兵来攻打他的吗？32 若是不能，就趁敌人还远的时候，派使者去求和息的条款。33 这样，你们无论什么人，若不撇下一切所有的，就不能作我的门徒。」
Introduction: People’s attitudes toward the cost of things is an interesting subject. Years ago I read a letter that a customer of the natural gas company in Milwaukee, Wisconsin sent to explain why he was refusing to pay his bill. He wrote: ”I think it is wrong for you to charge me for natural gas. It was God who put the natural gas into the ground. not you.“ Of course, this man conveniently forgot that it cost the company quite a bit to extract the gas from the ground and transport it to his house so he could cook his food and heat his house. In another instance, I recall the time my grandparents’ water pump broke on their farm. My uncle and I set aside everything else we were doing at the time and worked hard to find the problem, get the parts and stay with the project until it was done. God had freely put that well water into the ground, but we paid a fairly high cost in labor and money to make sure it was available to my grandparents and their animals. Some wonderful things such as natural gas or water are free gifts from God, yet there is a cost involved in having them available to us.
In the Gospel lesson for today, Jesus would have us understand something similar about the Christian faith and its costs. Some things about Christianity are entirely free to us and some other things about Christianity have a cost to them. Forgiveness, salvation and eternal life are things Jesus Christ earned by His perfect life and atoning death. Because of Jesus, God freely gives them to sinners who have need of them. On the other hand, to retain a faith relationship with Jesus can be costly. The Savior calls on us to renounce ourselves as the ones in charge of our lives, to devote all we are and have to Him and to endure anything for His sake. All those things carry a sometimes painful cost.
As we think about our faith, Jesus wants us to consider those costs. In the Gospel lesson, He gives us two examples to help us think this through. The first example is that of a man who wants to build a house. Before he builds he should carefully estimate what it will take to build the house. He should think about the materials he will need and the resources he has available. If he is mistaken, he may start the house, but he may not be able to finish it. Then he will have no house to live in and no resources left. He may become the topic of other people’s conversation and laughter for being foolish.
The second example Jesus gives is that of a king in conflict with another nation. The tensions are high and war is a strong possibility. The king must carefully consider if he can defeat an enemy who outnumbers his forces 2-1. If so, he can go to battle and gain a victory. If not, it is better for him to seek terms of peace without the war. Jesus’ point in both examples is that our efforts to do something will fail if we do not wisely and carefully consider the costs to us before we proceed. So today, I ask you the extremely serious question: “Are you ready to pay the price of being Jesus’ disciple? Are you willing to bear the cost of being in a faithful believing relationship with Him?” This is not a cream-puff question that we should answer without contemplation. It is a hard question that requires soul-searching reflection and a most determined reply. May God help us all to give it that.
Loving Jesus So Much That All Other Loves Seem Like Hatred
As we think about the cost of following Jesus Christ, we consider first what He tells us in verse 26: ”If anyone comes to Me, and does not hate his father and mother, his wife and children, his brothers and sisters - yes, even his own life - he cannot be My disciple.“ These are striking words. Jesus Christ is a preacher of love and not hatred. Yet, He talks to us about hating people. We want to understand what Jesus is doing with these words. Jesus is not advocating hatred for anyone. Here He is using a form of speech called ”hyperbole.“ Hyperbole is an exaggerated form of expression. He uses it to get our attention, to emphasize a point, and to get us thinking.
当我们思考跟随耶稣基督的代价时，首先我们考虑他在26节告诉我们：”人 到 我 这 里 来 , 若 不 爱 我 胜 过 爱 （ 爱 我 胜 过 爱 : 原 文 是 恨 ） 自 己 的 父 母 、 妻 子 、 儿 女 、 弟 兄 、 姐 妹 , 和 自 己 的 性 命 , 就 不 能 作 我 的 门 徒 .“这些话语出惊人。耶稣基督是爱而不是恨的传播者。然而，他告诉我们要恨人。我们想明白耶稣说这些话的意思。耶稣不是提倡恨任何人。这里他在使用”夸张“的修辞法。夸张是一种言过其实的表达方式。他以此来引起我们的注意，强调要点，使我们思考。
When Jesus tells us that those who follow Him must ”hate“ their family members and own self, He is stressing that our love for Jesus must be so great and so far ahead of other loves that our love for ourselves and those dear to us that it seems like hatred when we compare them. This is our duty: We are to love Jesus Christ so much that all our other loves - be it a love for parents, spouse, children, siblings, or self seem like hatred by comparison. God is to come first in our hearts and lives. All others - as important as they are - must come a very distant second.
A professional baseball player, in his early 20s and single, took a strong interest in a young woman who occasionally attended his team’s games. They started dating. The player noticed that every time, he asked her to stay out late for a date on Saturday nights, she always refused. She explained that she regularly attended church on Sunday mornings and wasn’t going to miss. The young man accepted this, but didn’t really understand her devotion to God. As their relationship grew, he reached a point where he became very angry because he realized that there was someone more important in his girlfriend’s life than he was and he did not like that. He fumed about this for a while. Then he eventually accepted her long-standing invitation to find out about God for himself. So he attended church with her when he could. He studied the Bible with her. Over time, he came to faith in Jesus Christ himself. He came to understand why this women, who later became his wife, was so devoted to God. He discovered the tremendous love Jesus had for him.
To love Jesus so much that all other loves seem like hatred. To willingly surrender our hearts to our Savior, to be thrilled to obey His will, to seek to honor and praise Him in all we do. Making the study of His Word, the worship of His name, the witness to His truth, the service to His cause the first things in life. To a person with a worldly point of view, this seems like such a burdensome waste of time and effort. But that is not so for the person who grasps the wonderful love Jesus Christ has for us.
Consider some of the ways God loves us. He loved people who should have always loved Him, but inexcusably chose not to. He sent His sinless Son to bear the full brunt of the penalty we deserved to suffer. He required Jesus to suffer the great torment of His fierce wrath without any relief until He had paid everything for our salvation.
God made and loves all creatures. Yet of all the creatures He has made, only human beings were given immortal souls and the ability to have a special, spiritual relationship with God. God made and loves the angels, Yet God did not send the angels who sinned a Savior to rescue them. But God did send one for us.
The depth of God’s love for us defies reason, exceeds our ability to understand, and cannot be calculated. It is amazing, thrilling, overwhelming. God’s great love for us in Jesus is our supreme, sufficient reason to love our Savior more and more, to love Him so much that all other loves in our life seem like hatred.
Yielding All We Have So That Nothing Seems Like Our Own
Another part of the cost of being Jesus’ disciple involves the way we regard the resources that God has entrusted to us. Jesus directs us to think about that cost when He says to us in verse 33: ”In the same way, if any one of you does not give up everything he has, he cannot be My disciple.“
做耶稣门徒的代价的另一个方面包括我们怎样看待神托付给我们的资源。耶稣带领我们思考这个代价，他在33节中说：”这 样 , 你 们 无 论 甚 麽 人 , 若 不 撇 下 一 切 所 有 的 , 就 不 能 作 我 的 门 徒 .“
The price Jesus requires of us to be His is to tear our hearts and all their affections and attachments away from our possessions. He demands that we renounce any idea that we actually own the things we have. He insists that we act in such a way that we believe that everything in our care is God’s and not ours. The true state of things is that God is actually the absolute Owner of everything, including us. However, we do not often accept that truth and act that way. Consider that there is nothing we have that God did not give us to begin with. Our time and energy, our money and things, our ability to think and act, our bodies and souls - all of it comes from God. These things are entrusted to us to manage for Him. It is as if we are granted the power of attorney to act in the interest of our Lord and Savior, to carry out His wishes with the things at our use and disposal.
Just think what it would it mean for us to consistently live in a way that we manage all that we have been given in the interest of God? It might well revolutionize and reconfigure our lives. If, how can I serve God with what I have been given, was the driving principle of your thoughts and actions, how would this affect the way you allocate your time? Would there be more for Bible study and prayer and less for mindless diversions? Would there be more time for caring for and helping others and less for the things that just waste time and drain our energies? If, how can I serve God with what I have been given, was the driving principle of your thoughts and actions, how would this affect the way you use your money? Would there be more for God’s work and less for your personal overhead? Would there be more for charitable giving to people in genuine need and less for your questionable wants? Those are questions worth asking and answering from a Christ-in-the-center point of belief.
This is not so easy for us because we have this battle with our sinful nature that is always pulling us in the direction of making sinfully, selfish choices. It is a hard and bitter fight, but it is not a hopeless one. We can pay the price of discipleship because Jesus gives us the ability to do so. The one who asks us to pay the cost to be His gives us the resources to pay it willingly and gladly. Jesus paid the far steeper cost of our redemption. The apostle Paul reminds us that Jesus ”emptied Himself, making Himself nothing, taking the form of a servant and became obedient to death, even the violent, accursed death on the cross. He became poor so that we could be rich in every way, especially in the ways that matter most, spiritually and eternally, heirs to the endless glorious blessings of eternal life with God.
Just as the water and the natural gas in the ground is free while the piping is expensive, so our salvation is free while our discipleship is costly. Jesus presents us with a radical teaching. But, we remember He is our radical Savior. He is radical in His love for us. He moves us and equips us to make a radical response. He will help us pay the cost of discipleship. He will help us love Him so much that all other loves seem like hatred. He will help us surrender all we have so that nothing seems like our own. Amen.
Expanded Sermon Outline For Luke 14:25-33
The Sermon Theme is:———————————————————-
The First Major Part Is:——————————————————–
The Subparts of The First Major Part Are:
The Second Major Part Is:——————————————————-
The Subparts of The Second Major Part Are:
The Conclusion: ————————————————————
V. Assignment 作业
A. Write an Expanded Outline for the sermon you are developing on either Daniel 3:1-18 or Luke 4:1-13. You will write one brief sentence for each paragraph of the sermon.