I. Types Of Sermons 讲章类型
There are several basic types of sermons. We will briefly examine and distinguish between these various types.
A. Topical Sermons 论题型讲章
Topical sermons primarily treat a subject （such as love or death or Baptism） rather than expound the message of a specific text.
B. Expository Sermons 释经型讲章
The word “expository” means “to explain something.” Expository sermons are different than topical sermons in that they focus on presenting and explaining the message of a biblical text in either a strict or loose fashion. There are several kinds of expository sermons.
The textual analytical sermon makes a strict use of the text. It uses the divisions of the text as they appear in their natural order under a carefully chosen theme. These sermons are very logical and are the easiest to design and follow.
The textual synthetic sermon also makes strict use of the text. It rearranges the divisions of the text from their natural order to allow for a more logical and better educational and theological treatment of the text. The synthetic sermon works best when the analytical approach will not work well to serve the hearers.
The homily makes a rather loose and free use of the text. It generally gives a brief, summary exposition of the text with a large number of points to the sermon. The theme of the homily is more like a title which provides a descriptive, but not a logical unity to the parts of the sermon. A homily is like a running commentary of the text with applications made periodically through the sermon. It is the most difficult type of sermon to prepare well.