阅读 2 为何使用互动式教学?
Reading 2 Why Use Interactive Learning?
by Prof. David Kuske – 大卫-库斯克教授
There are a number of reasons why interactive learning is helpful in Bible study with adults:
1. It helps students remember better what they learn.
2. It helps students understand the points of the lesson better.
3. It leads the students to be more ready to share their Bible knowledge with others.
4. It teaches the students Bible reading skills.
5. It motivates students to want to come back to Bible class again.
It helps students remember better what they learn.**
Studies of people of all ages have shown that the more active people are in the study of something, the more they retain in their memory afterward. The following chart is a summary of these studies.
• We remember 10% of what we learn by listening.
• We remember 15% of what we listen to and repeat.
• We remember 20% of what we listen to and see.
• We remember 30% if we answer questions about what we hear and see.
• We remember 40% if we discuss with others what we hear and see.
• We remember 50% if we create something that relates to what we learned.
• We remember 65% if we in turn teach others what we learned.
It helps students understand the points of the lesson better.
When the students tell others what they are learning, it is easy for the teacher to discover any misunderstandings they may have and correct them. The students also have the chance to ask other class members about something they don’t fully understand and get it straightened out.
It leads the students to be more ready to share his Bible knowledge with others.
People who have never talked out loud to anyone about their faith are not going to be very confident to say something when they have the opportunity. On the other hand, people who talk about the Bible with one another in class will be more ready to do so outside of class as well.
It teaches the students Bible reading skills.
In an interactive Bible class, students learn to focus on key points and to use them in comparing or evaluating things. As they practice comparing one Bible passage with another, comparing something from their lives with a Bible truth, evaluating a statement someone makes on the basis of a Bible passage or truth – all these learned skills will help them do more useful personal Bible reading.
在组员相互交流的圣经课里，学生们学习专注在课堂主旨上并且能够运用他们来比较和评价事物。组员之间在练习比较圣经段落，用圣经真理同他们自己的生活做比较，并且评价某人以圣经段落或是真理为基础所做的陈述 – 所有这些技巧都会帮助他们提高独立阅读圣经的能力。
It makes the student want to come back to Bible class again.
The best reason for coming to Bible class is to learn more about God our Savior and his inspired Word. But being able to discuss God’s Word with fellow Christians who share their faith is an added joy for a Christian. If the class learns to use the Bible to solve problems, this will be another powerful reason for coming to class. It convinces the Christians that God’s Word does apply to their daily life in many important ways.
USING ALL THE SENSES: The paragraph in the middle of page 15 gives some interesting statistics about what students remember. The bottom line is this – human beings have five senses – seeing, hearing, smelling, touching and tasting. It is through these five senses that information is passed to our brains. The more of these senses that are being used in learning, the more the brain remembers. Using pictures, videos and music, having the class act out a story, using props – all of these can be valuable helps in involving the five senses in learning.
利用所有感知： 第15页的中间一段给出了一些关于学生记忆的统计数据。概括起来就是 – 人类有五种感知 – 看，听，闻，触摸，品尝。 通过这五种感知，信息被传达到我们的大脑。 在学习中利用的感知越多大脑记忆便越强。运用图像，视频和音乐，请课堂利用小道具来演绎圣经故事 – 所有的这些都能够帮助五种感知都参与到学习过程当中。
Exercise 7: Think of a way to involve all five senses in a Bible lesson about Jesus’ birth?
GROUP DISCUSSION: One of the best ways to insure your students are all active in learning is to have them do some group activity. Having the students discuss the subject is one common way. However the teacher must still ensure that proper learning is taking place. Read sections A, B, and C of Reading 3: Interactive Learning. Then answer the following questions.
小组讨论： 确保你的学生在课堂上的主动性的最好方法就是请他们做一些小组活动。 请组员就某一话题展开讨论是很常见的方式。不过老师也要始终确保正确的学习仍在进行。 阅览阅读3互动式学习的A,B, 和C段，然后回答以下问题。
a. What problems might develop in group discussions?
b. How can a teacher make sure the class does not merely turn into an opinion sharing session?
c. List the four responsibilities of the teacher in interactive discussions.