阅读4 互动学习 – 问题和解答
Reading 4 Interactive Learning – Problems and Solutions
by Prof. David Kuske – 大卫-库斯克教授
Problem 1: Some people don’t participate 问题1 : 有些学生不参与讨论
This may be because those people:
• did not understand the development of the biblical truth and so lack the knowledge to take part in discussing the point
• are used to sitting and listening
• are afraid of embarrassing themselves by not giving the “right” answer
• are not exactly sure what they want to say and so often stammer when speaking
• are reacting on the spot to what others have said and do not have enough time to gather their thoughts before speaking
• are not given enough time by the teacher to think and answer
If the Bible truth that was developed is a more difficult or complicated one, use an illustration to make it clear before going to the discussion and application.
Use breakout groups to give people a chance to express themselves in a small group first and then make their contribution to the whole group discussion with the support of two or three others.
Show that there may be several “right” answers to the point being discussed.
Give people a minute or two so they can each write down their thoughts on the point being discussed. If no one volunteers to speak after one person has reacted, allow 5 or 10 seconds to pass, tell the group that there is more that could be said on that point. Don’t be afraid to call on those who may look like they want to speak.
Problem 2: Comments that are unscriptural 问题2:与《圣经》不相符的评论
There will be times when a person makes a partly or totally unscriptural comment during the discussion.
If any part of what the person said was scriptural, point that out first. Then repeat the Bible passage or the biblical truth which helps clear up or correct the matter in the light of this passage or truth. If the person who made the mistake wishes to make a correction in what was said, allow that person to do so （if you are sure that person won’t make the matter worse）。 Or, if the class has previously used discussions to correct each other by using the biblical truth just developed, let them discuss it. If they do not clear it up, then the teacher must gently correct the misunderstanding before going any further.
Problem 3: One or two people control the whole discussion 问题3:一、二个学生控制整个讨论
Sometimes one or two people begin to control the whole discussion by repeatedly asking to speak, giving long comments, and not allowing others to participate.
To solve this problem, call on people who are not asking to speak but whom you are quite sure will have something to say.
Politely cut in on the speaker （“thank you, John”） and ask another person to comment.
Use breakout groups frequently and do not make this person a leader or reporter for a group so this person sees that others would like to contribute also.
If the problem continues, speak privately with the person to explain that you are using interactive learning to get all the people involved in sharing Scripture with each other.
USING QUESTIONS: Interaction almost always involves questions. In a good class teachers will ask students questions, students will ask teachers questions and students will discuss questions among themselves. But, not all questions are created equal. There are at least seven different types of questions that a good teacher will use.
运用问题： 互动几乎总是离不开问题。 在一个良好的课堂环境里，老师会向学生提问，学生也会向老师提问并且也会在其他人之间讨论问题。但并非所有问题都平等。一个好老师会用使用至少七种不同的问题。
Read Types of Questions in Reading 5. Which of the dos and don’ts do you think you will have to be most careful to avoid?
阅览阅读5中问题的种类。其中哪一项 做与不做 你认为自己将会最小心地回避？
Read about the four categories of questions in Reading 5. Note that there are seven types of questions which are discussed under the four categories.