恩典国际圣经学院

第十课 律法与福音在讲道与教学中的应用
Lesson 10 Using The Law And Gospel In Our Preaching And Teaching

A. Knowing And Using The Law And Gospel Properly Is Essential For Those Who Want To Be Faithful Messengers Of God’s True Word

正确理解恰当运用律法与福音,对于神的真道之忠实的传扬者来说至关重要

The proper distinguishing and application of the two great truths of the law and the gospel is of primary importance in the ministry of God’s Word to people’s lives.

恰当区分与应用律法与福音两大真理是福音事工的关键

“The distinction between law and gospel is the supreme art in Christianity, which all who glory in and bear the Christian name may and should understand. If this ability is lacking, one cannot tell a Christian from a non-Christian; of such importance is this matter. Place the person who is able properly to distinguish the law from the gospel at the head of the list and call him a Doctor of Holy Scripture.” (Dr. Martin Luther)

“在基督信仰中,正确区分律法与福音是最高超的艺术,是所有享有基督徒名分并以此为荣的人都可以而且应该领会的。缺少这项技能,便无法将基督徒从非基督徒中区分出来,其重要性正是如此。要尊能恰当地从福音中区分出律法的人为大,并称其为圣经博士。”(马丁路德 博士)

“The distinction between the law and the gospel is ‘a special brilliant light, which serves to accomplish the goal that God’s Word may be correctly handled and the Scriptures of the holy prophets and apostles may be properly explained and understood.” (Formula of Concord, Thorough Declaration: Article V, Section 1)

“正确区分律法与福音就象一种特殊的亮光,照耀我们正确理解神的话语、恰当解释和领会先知们和使徒们(所写)的圣经。”

“Carelessly throwing law and gospel together in a sermon is like throwing building supplies in a pile and calling it a house.”

在一篇布道讲章中将律法与福音随意丢在一起,就如同将一堆杂乱无章的建筑材料称作房屋。

B. A Method For Preparing A Scriptural Sermon That Is Sound In Doctrine

预备一篇符合教义的布道讲章的方法

  1. Translation 翻译

  2. Text Notes 经文注解

  3. Preaching Values 讲道意义

  4. Text Analysis 经文分析

  5. Thematic Statement 主题陈述

  6. Sermon Goal 讲道目的

  7. Specific Law (To convince of sin) 特定的律法(确认罪)

  8. Specific Law (To lead to godly action) 特定的律法(引导虔诚的行为)

  9. Specific Gospel (To pardon and assure of salvation) 特定的福音(宽恕、确信救恩)

  10. Specific Gospel (To supply spiritual desire and strength) 特定的福音(赐予属灵的力量与渴望)

  11. Basic Sermon Outline 讲章大纲

  12. Sermon Building Material 讲章基本素材

  13. Expanded Sermon Outline 讲章大纲引申

C. Preparing A Scriptural Message With Law And Gospel 准备一篇律法与福音的信息

Work through the following Scripture texts to identify law and gospel points as you prepare for delivering a message to a group of people:

当你准备向人们传达一个信息时,你如何根据以下经文确认律法与福音重点?

  1. Luke 18:9-14 The Parable Of The Pharisee And The Tax Collector

    路加福音18:9-14 法利赛人与税吏的比喻

    9) To some who were confident of their own righteousness and looked down on everybody else, Jesus told this parable: 10) “Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. 11) The Pharisee stood up and prayed about himself: ‘God, I thank You that I am not like other men – robbers, evildoers, adulterers – or even like this tax collector. 12) I fast twice a week and give a tenth of all I get.’ 13) But the tax collector stood at a distance. He would not even look up to heaven, but beat his breast and said, ‘God, have mercy on me, a sinner.’ 14) I tell you that this man, rather than the other, went home justified before God. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.

    9)耶稣向那些仗着自己是义人,藐视别人的,设一个比喻,10) ”有两个人上殿里去祷告;一个是法利赛人,一个是税吏。11)法利赛人站着,自言自语地祷告说:‘ 神啊,我感谢你,我不象别人勒索、不义、奸淫,也不象这个税吏。12)我一个礼拜禁食两次,凡我所得的,都捐上十分之一。’13)那税吏远远地站着,连举目望天也不敢,只捶着胸说:’ 神啊,开恩可怜我这个罪人!’14)我告诉你们,这人回家去,比那人倒算为义了;因为凡自高的,必降为卑;自卑的,必升为高。“

    a. Specific Law (To convince of sin) 特定的律法(确认罪)

    b. Specific Law (To lead to godly action) 特定的律法(引导虔诚的行为)

    c. Specific Gospel (To pardon and assure of salvation) 特定的福音(宽恕、确信救恩)

    d. Specific Gospel (To supply spiritual desire and strength) 特定的福音(赐予属灵的力量与渴望)

  2. Galatians 3:10-14 The Curse Of The Law And Redemption By Christ

    加拉太书3:10-14 律法的咒诅与基督的救赎

    10) All who rely on observing the law are under a curse, for it is written: ‘Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law. 11) Clearly no one is justified before God by observing the law, because, ‘The righteous will live by faith.’ 12) The law is not based on faith; on the contrary, ‘The man who does these things will live by them.’ 13) Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: ‘Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree.’ 14) He redeemed us in order that the blessing given to Abraham might come to the Gentiles through Christ Jesus, so that by faith we might receive the promise of the Spirit.

    10)凡以行律法为本的,都是被咒诅的;因为经上记着:”凡不常照律法书上所记一切之事去行的,就被咒诅。“11)没有一个人靠着律法在 神面前称义,这是明显的;因为经上说:”义人必因信得生。“ 12) 律法原不本乎信,只说:”行这些事的,就必因此活着。“13)基督既为我们受了咒诅(”受“原文作”成“),就赎出我们脱离律法的咒诅;因为经上记着:”凡挂在木头上都是被咒诅的。“ 14) 这便叫亚伯拉罕的福,因基督耶稣可以临到外邦人,使我们因信得着所应许的圣灵。

    a. Specific Law (To convince of sin) 特定的律法(确认罪)

    b. Specific Law (To lead to godly action) 特定的律法(引导虔诚的行为)

    c. Specific Gospel (To pardon and assure of salvation) 特定的福音(宽恕、确信救恩)

    d. Specific Gospel (To supply spiritual desire and strength) 特定的福音(赐予属灵的力量与渴望)

  3. Luke 17;11-19 ”The Healing Of The Ten Lepers“

    路加福音17;11-19 ”治好十个麻风病人“

    11) Now on His way to Jerusalem, Jesus traveled along the border between Samaria and Galilee. 12) As He was going into a village, ten men who had leprosy met him. They stood at a distance 13) and called out in a loud voice, ”Jesus, Master, have pity on us!“ 14) When He saw them, He said, ”Go, show yourselves to the priests.“ And as they went, they were cleansed. 15) One of them, when he saw he was healed, came back, praising God in a loud voice. 16) He threw himself at Jesus’ feet and thanked Him – and He was a Samaritan. 17) Jesus asked, ”Were not all ten cleansed? Where are the other nine? 18) Was no one found to return and give praise to God except this foreigner?“ 19) Then He said to him, ”Rise and go; your faith has make you well.“

    11)耶稣往耶路撒冷去,经过撒玛利亚和加利利。12)进入一个村子,有十个长大麻风的,迎面而来,远远地站着,13) 高声说:”耶稣,夫子,可怜我们吧!“ 14) 耶稣看见,就对他们说:”你们去,把身体给祭司察看。“他们去的时候就洁净了。15)内中有一个见自己已经好了,就回来大声归荣耀与 神。16) 又俯伏在耶稣脚前感谢他。这人是撒玛利亚人。17)耶稣说:”洁净了的不是十个人吗?那九个在哪里呢?18) 除了这外族人,再没有别人回来归荣耀与 神吗?“19)就对那人说:”起来,走吧!你的信救了你了。“

    a. Specific Law (To convince of sin) 特定的律法(确认罪)

    b. Specific Law (To lead to godly action) 特定的律法(引导虔诚的行为)

    c. Specific Gospel (To pardon and assure of salvation) 特定的福音(宽恕、确信救恩)

    d. Specific Gospel (To supply spiritual desire and strength) 特定的福音(赐予属灵的力量与渴望)

D. Recognizing Errors People Make About Law And Gospel 辨别题

Briefly indicate what is wrong about each of the following statements.

简要指出下列说法的错误

  1. The 10 Commandments are the most important teaching in the Bible.

    十诫是圣经中最重要的教导

  2. God is satisfied that we keep His commandments the best we can.

    神会满足于我们尽力遵行十诫

  3. God will save you through faith in Jesus Christ as long as you do your part and do not reject Him.

    只要你努力做好你该做的部分且不拒绝神,神就会通过你在耶稣基督里的信心而救赎你。

  4. The message of the gospel is that Jesus lived a wonderful life in order to show us how to live and to inspire us to live like Him.

    福音信息是为了向我们展示并激励我们效法耶稣基督圣洁完美的生活榜样。

  5. Faith in Jesus Christ is both God’s gift and a person’s own decision.

    在耶稣基督里的信心既是神的礼物也是个人的决定。

  6. Good works are necessary for a person to be saved.

    人若想得救,必须行善事。

  7. By nature there is some spiritual good and some spiritual bad in everyone.

    从本质上讲,每个人的灵里有好的部分也有坏的部分。

  8. By making salvation a free gift, God is encouraging people to live irresponsible, sinful lives.

    神将救恩作为无偿的礼物赐予人类,其实是在鼓励人类随意犯罪。

  9. The church’s primary mission is to provide moral training to its members.

    教会的根本任务是对会员进行道德培训。

  10. Advanced Christians get to the point where they no longer sin.

    基督徒中的先进分子可达到不再犯罪的境界。

Closing Thought 结束语

May God bless us all as we seek to better know and apply His teachings of law and gospel for the salvation and sanctification of those we serve.

愿神祝福我们,为了我们所服事的人的救恩与圣洁,让我们更好地理解与应用律法与福音的教导。

最后更新于 2012年8月25日 星期六 08:50

Law And Gospel
课程提纲
Syllabus of Law and Gospel
The Introduction
第一课 律法与福音的主要内容
Lesson 1The Primary Parts of The Law And The Gospel
第二课 律法来自神的严酷消息
Lesson 2 The Law God’s Extremely Hard News For Us
第三课 福音神赐予我们的绝佳消息
Lesson 3 The Gospel God’s Extremely Good News For Us
第四课 福音在神的话语与圣礼中 神的恩典的传达方式
Lesson 4 The Gospel In The Word And The Sacraments, The Means Of Grace
第五课 律法与福音促成罪人的转变
Lesson 5 The Law And Gospel In The Christian’s Conversion
第六课 律法与福音使基督徒圣洁
Lesson 6 The Law And Gospel In The Christian’s Sanctification
第七课 律法与福音的误用
Lesson 7 Misuses Of The Law And Gospel
第八课 律法与福音的误用(续)
Lesson 8Misuses Of The Law And Gospel
第九课 律法与福音的实际应用原则
Lesson 9 Principles For Applying The Law And Gospel
第十课 律法与福音在讲道与教学中的应用
Lesson 10 Using The Law And Gospel In Our Preaching And Teaching
第十课 律法与福音在讲道与教学中的应用
Lesson 10 Using The Law And Gospel In Our Preaching And Teaching