第一课 律法与福音的主要内容
Lesson 1The Primary Parts of The Law And The Gospel

A. The True God Speaks To Us In His Word, The Bible 圣经:真神向我们讲述他的道

  1. Out of His great love for us, God has spoken to us and revealed the things that are essential for us to know about Him and His will so that we can have a close, loving relationship with Him. The Bible is God’s Spirit-given, absolutely true, and dynamically powerful word.


    “No mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love Him, but God has revealed it to us by His Spirit.” (1 Corinthians 2:9b-10)

    “神为爱他的人所预备的,是人心未曾想到的。只有 神藉著圣灵向我们显明了。”(哥林多前书2:9b-10)

    “All Scripture is God-breathed.” (2 Timothy 3:16a)

    “圣经都是神所默示的。” (提摩太后书3:16a)

    “Your Word is truth.” (John 17:17b)


    “The word of God is living and active. Sharper than any two-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow, it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart.”(Hebrews 4:12)


  2. God’s Word is effective in accomplishing the important things God wants it to do in our hearts and lives.


    “So is My word that goes out from My mouth: It will not return to Me empty, but will accomplish what I desire and achieve the purpose for which I sent it.” (Isaiah 55:11)


    “You have known the holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.” (2 Timothy 3:15-17)

    “并且知道你是从小明白圣经;这圣经能使你因信基督耶稣有得救的智慧。圣经都是 神所默示的,于教训、督责、使人归正、教导人学义都是有益的,”(提摩太后书3:15-17)

  3. God reveals his primary will for people in His two great truths, the two major teaching of the Bible: the law and the gospel.


    “For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king” (Isaiah 33: 22a)

    “因为耶和华是审判我们的,耶和华是给我们设律法的,耶和华是我们的王。”(以赛亚书33: 22a)

    “I am the Lord your God. Follow My decrees and be careful to obey My laws, and you will live safely in the land.” (Leviticus 25:17-18)

    “因为我是耶和华你们的 神。我的律例,你们要遵行,我的典章,你们要谨守,就可以在那地上安然居住。”(利未记 25:17-18)

    “For in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed, a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written: ”The righteous will live by faith.“ (Romans 1:17)

    ”因为 神的义正在这福音上显明出来;这义是本于信,以至于信。如经上所记:‘义人必因信得生。’“(罗马书 1:17)

  4. God wants people to hold to and proclaim His Word (including its teachings of law and gospel) faithfully and correctly as they apply it to their lives and the lives of others.


    ”He must hold firmly to the trustworthy message as it has been taught, so that he can encourage others by sound doctrine and refute those who oppose it.“ (Titus 1:9)


    ”Let the one who has My word speak it faithfully.“ (Jeremiah 23:28b)


    ”Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a workman who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth.“ (2 Timothy 2:15)

    ”你当竭力在 神面前得蒙喜悦,作无愧的工人,按著正意分解真理的道。“(提摩太后书2:15)

B. The Basic Aspects Of The Law And The Gospel 律法与福音的几个基本方面

Category The Law The Gospel
种类 律法 福音
Definition God’s holy will, His moral requirements of us The ”Good News“, God’s gracious will of what He does to save us
定义 上帝神圣的旨意,他对我们的道德要求 ”好消息“,上帝充满恩典的旨意,救赎我们。
Revelation Written in people’s hearts Revealed in God’s Word Naturally unknown to people Revealed in God’s Word
启示 书写在人心中,显明于神话语中 人非天生知晓福音,显明于神话语中
Messages Love God and your neighbor
Do all God wants perfectly
You have sinned & are lost
God will justly punish you
God lovesyou
God has done it all foryou
God has forgiven you & savedyou
God will freely bless you
信息 完美无缺地履行神的旨意:爱神,爱人。
Forms Commands & demands
Warnings and threats
Rewards to earn by obedience
Announcements & invitations
Comforts & encouragements
Gifts from God to receive
形式 命令与要求,警告与威赫
God- Intended Effects Genuine sorrow for sin
Restricts sinful behavior
Gives guidance for living
Creates faith in Jesus Christ
Makes confident of salvation
Empowers to live spiritually
神预期的效果 真诚悔罪,约束罪恶行为
Results Of Rejection Creates more hatred for God
Increases sin and rebellion
Works to harden heart
Regarded as offensive & foolish
Taken as permission to sin
Spiritual arrogance or despair
拒绝的后果 更加怨恨神,
Major Applications Sinners who are not contrite
Believers who need guidance
Sinners who are contrite
Believers who need strength
主要应用 不思悔改的罪人

C. Identify Law And Gospel 确认律法与福音

In the following passages, indicate whether they contain Law and/or Gospel and explain your choice.

指出以下经文包含:1 律法与福音,2律法或福音,并解释你的选择。

  1. 马太福音22:37-39是 —————


  2. 约翰3:16 是 —————


  3. 马太福音Matthew 5:48 是 —————


  4. 希伯来书 9:28 是—————-


  5. 加拉太书 3:10 是————–


  6. 马太福音9:2 是 ————–


  7. 希伯来书 3:12 是 ————–


  8. 约翰一书 5:13 是—————-


  9. 马太福音 23:13 是 —————


  10. 约翰一书 4:11 是————–


D. Reviewing The Lesson 本课回顾

Fill in the blanks to correctly complete the following sentences.


  1. The two great teachings of the Bible are the law and the —————.


  2. The law is written both in the ———— of people and in the Bible, while the gospel is written only in the ————.


  3. In the law God demands that we ——– Him and our neighbor perfectly. Because we do not do this, the law reveals that we have sinned and deserve to be —————.


  4. In the gospel God announces the good ——– that He loves us and that He has saved us from our sins through the perfect, redeeming work of ——— ———–.

    在福音中,神向我们宣告”好——–“:神爱我们,靠着完美的救主——- ——神把我们从罪恶中拯救出来。

  5. God presents the law to us in the form of commands, demands, warnings, and ——–.


  6. God presents the gospel to us in the form of announcements, —————, comforts, and encouragements.


  7. The law promises spiritual blessings as ————– for one’s perfect obedience; while the gospel promises spiritual blessings as ——– from God’s undeserved love.


  8. God intends and empowers the law

    a) to work contrition or genuine ———— for sin in people’s hearts,

    b) to restrict the sinful behavior of people and

    c) to provide Christians with ————– for living.





  9. God intends and empowers the gospel

    a) to create ———— in Jesus Christ in people’s hearts,

    b) to make people confident of their —————-, and

    c) to empower Christians to live spiritually.





  10. The sinful nature of a person responds to the message of the law with hatred and —————-.


  11. The sinful nature of a person considers the gospel to be an offensive and ———— message.


  12. The people who especially need to hear the law are sinners who are not genuinely sorry for their sins and believers who need ————– for Christian living; while the people who especially need to hear the gospel are sinners who are genuinely ———— for their sins and believers who need strength for Christian living.


Law And Gospel
Syllabus of Law and Gospel
The Introduction
第一课 律法与福音的主要内容
Lesson 1The Primary Parts of The Law And The Gospel
第二课 律法来自神的严酷消息
Lesson 2 The Law God’s Extremely Hard News For Us
第三课 福音神赐予我们的绝佳消息
Lesson 3 The Gospel God’s Extremely Good News For Us
第四课 福音在神的话语与圣礼中 神的恩典的传达方式
Lesson 4 The Gospel In The Word And The Sacraments, The Means Of Grace
第五课 律法与福音促成罪人的转变
Lesson 5 The Law And Gospel In The Christian’s Conversion
第六课 律法与福音使基督徒圣洁
Lesson 6 The Law And Gospel In The Christian’s Sanctification
第七课 律法与福音的误用
Lesson 7 Misuses Of The Law And Gospel
第八课 律法与福音的误用(续)
Lesson 8Misuses Of The Law And Gospel
第九课 律法与福音的实际应用原则
Lesson 9 Principles For Applying The Law And Gospel
第十课 律法与福音在讲道与教学中的应用
Lesson 10 Using The Law And Gospel In Our Preaching And Teaching
第一课 律法与福音的主要内容
Lesson 1The Primary Parts of The Law And The Gospel