Lesson 5 The Law And Gospel In The Christian’s Conversion
A. God’s Teachings Of Law And Gospel Work Together To Convert People To Saving Faith In Jesus Christ 神律法与福音的教导共同作用，使人转而相信耶稣基督
God uses His two great truths of law and gospel to work in harmony to accomplish the great miracle of bringing sinful people to a saving faith in Jesus Christ in which they enjoy the forgiveness of their sins and the gift of eternal life.
Both the law and gospel play important, but different and complementary, roles in accomplishing the conversion of unbelieving sinners into believing Christians.
God’s Holy Spirit works through the law to terrify the hearts of people who are naturally sinful, hostile and spiritually dead to God. Through the law, the Holy Spirit leads people to realize that they are spiritually lost and guilty of great sins against God. The Spirit also leads them to dread God’s fierce punishment and to desire His help to deliver them.
God’s Holy Spirit works through the gospel to comfort the hearts of people who are made contrite through the law and to make them confident that God has saved them by His grace in Jesus Christ. The Spirit assures them that God has forgiven them all their sins, accepts them as His dear children and assures them of everlasting life with Him.
B. The Law Leads Sinners To The Point Of Genuine Sorrow Over Their Sins And Despair Over God’s Punishment 神的律法使罪人真诚悔过并且惧怕神的惩罚
Under the Holy Spirit’s blessing, the law does a number of things to create sinners who are contrite.
The law teaches people that God requires them to live an absolutely perfect life in which they obey all His moral commands whole-heartedly, completely, all the time.
You must obey my laws and be careful to follow my decrees. I am the Lord your God. Be holy because I, the Lord your God am holy. Keep all my decrees and all my laws and follow them. （Leviticus 18:4; 19:2, 37）
你们要遵我的典章，守我的律例，按此而行。我是耶和华你们的 神。“你晓谕以色列全会众说：你们要圣洁，因为我耶和华你们的 神是圣洁的。（利未记 18:4; 19:2, 37）
I am the Lord. Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. （Deuteronomy 6:5）
你要尽心、尽性、尽力爱耶和华你的 神。（申命记 6:5）
The law declares to people that they and all others have failed to live the absolutely perfect life that God requires of them.
There is no one righteous, not even one; there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God. All have turned away and become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one. No one will be declared righteous in His sight by observing the law. （Romans 3:11, 12, 20a）
没有明白的，没有寻求 神的；都是偏离正路，一同变为无用；没有行善的，连一个也没有。所以凡有血气的，没有一个因行律法能在 神面前称义。（罗马书 3:11, 12, 20a）
The law announces to people that they are guilty of sin against God and deserving of His eternal punishment.
All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. （Romans 3:23）
The wages of sin is death. （Romans 6:23a）
Depart from me, you who are cursed into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. （Matthew 25:41）
The law extends God’s call to people to admit their sin and turn to Him for help.
Repent! Turn away from all your offenses; then sin will not be your downfall. Rid yourselves of all the offenses you have committed, and get a new heart and a new spirit. Why will you die? For I take no pleasure in the death of anyone, declares the Sovereign Lord. Repent and live! （Ezekiel 18 30b-32）
The law leads people to sincerely regret their sins and to seek God’s mercy to save them.
Have mercy on me, O God, according to Your unfailing love; according to Your great compassion blot out my transgressions. Wash away all my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin. For I know my transgressions; and my sin is always before me. Against you, you only, have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight. Hide Your face from my sins and blot out all my iniquity （Psalm 51:1-4a, 9）
C. The Gospel Leads Contrite Sinners To Believe In Jesus Christ As Their Savior From Sin And Eternal Death
Under the Holy Spirit’s blessing, the gospel does a number of things to create believing Christians out of contrite sinners.
The gospel teaches people that God loves sinners apart from their deserving and graciously desires to deliver them.
With everlasting kindness I will have compassion on you, says the Lord your Redeemer. （Isaiah 54:8b）
The Lord, the Lord, is the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness, maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin. （Exodus 34:6b-7a）
Turn to Me and be saved, all you ends of the earth; for I am God, and there is no other. （Isaiah 45:22）
The gospel announces that Jesus Christ has come to save them by living a perfect life of obedience to God’s laws for them and dying on the cross to pay for their sins.
But when the time had fully come God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under law, to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons. （Galatians 4:4-5）
Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law and Prophets; I have not come to abolish them, but to fulfill them. （Matthew 5:17）
You see, at just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly. While we were still sinners, Christ died for us. （Romans 5:6,9）
因我们还软弱的时候，基督就按所定的日期为罪人死。惟有基督在我们还作罪人的时候为我们死， （Romans 5:6,8b）
Christ died for our sins. （1 Corinthians 15:3b）
就是基督照圣经所说，为我们的罪死了。 （ 哥林多前书15:3b）
The gospel relates that God justifies all sinners, that is, He declares all people in the world to be innocent of their sin and righteous in His sight because of Jesus’ ransoming work.
Jesus is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only for ours, but also for the sins of the whole world. （1 John 2:2）
All are justified freely by His grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. （Romans 3:24）
The result of one act of righteousness was justification that brings life for all men. （Romans 5:18b）
The blood of Jesus, His Son, purifies us from all sin. （1 John 1:7b）
The gospel extends the invitation to people that they receive God’s free gift of forgiveness and salvation by faith in Jesus Christ.
Seek the Lord while He may be found; call on Him while He is near. Let the wicked forsake his way and the evil man his thoughts, Let him turn to the Lord, and He will have mercy on him, and to our God, for He will freely pardon. （Isaiah 55:6-7）
当趁耶和华可寻找的时候寻找他，相近的时候求告他。恶人当离弃自己的道路，不义的人当除掉自己的意念。归向耶和华，耶和华就必怜恤他；当归向我们的 神，因为 神必广行赦免。（以赛亚书55:6-7）
Believe in the Lord Jesus and you will be saved. （Acts 16:31）
The gospel itself creates faith so a person believes in Jesus as his/her Savior and receives God’s gift of pardon and new life.
Our gospel came to you not simply with words, but also with power, with the Holy Spirit and with deep conviction. （1 Thessalonians 1:5a）
No one can say, “Jesus is Lord” except by the Holy Spirit. （1 Corinthians 12:3b）
For it is by grace you have been saved through faith – and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God, not by works, so that no one can boast. （Ephesians 2:8-9）
D. The Law And Gospel Work To Produce A Proper “Cautious-Yet-Confident” Assurance Of Salvation In The Christian
God uses His powerful teachings of the law and gospel not only to bring people to saving faith in Christ. He also uses them to keep people in saving faith.
You through faith are shielded by God’s power until the coming of the salvation that is ready to be revealed in the last time. （1 Peter 1:5）
你们这因信蒙 神能力保守的人，必能得着所预备，到末世要显现的救恩。（彼得前书 1:5）
Because Christians have both a sinful nature that strives to lead them to fall away from Christ and a believing nature that trustingly clings to Christ, they need both the law and the gospel to remain in faith.
God uses the strong warnings of the law to speak to the sinful natures of Christians so that they do not become proud or careless and fall from faith.
So, if you think you are standing firm, be careful that you don’t fall! （1 Corinthians 10:12）
We must pay more careful attention, therefore, to what we have heard, so that we do not drift away. （Hebrews 2:1）
God uses the comforting promises of the gospel to speak to the believing natures of Christians so that they do not despair over their sinful weakness, but cling in faith to Jesus for salvation.
I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish. No one can snatch them out of My hand. My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; no one can snatch them out of My Father’s hand. （John 10:28-29）
Being confident of this, that He who began a good work in you, will carry it on to completion until the day of Christ Jesus. （Philippians 1:6）
Christians are confident of their salvation because of God’s gospel promises in Christ. Yet they are cautious and guard against the efforts of the sinful nature to cause them to fall away from faith in Jesus and lose their salvation.
E. Review The Lesson 本课回顾
Agree And Disagree Statements 判断题
Mark each statement A （agree） or D （disagree）
—- 1. A person can follow either the teaching of the law or the gospel to gain salvation from sin.
—- 2. Before God can make people certain of their salvation, He must make them certain of their damnation,
—- 3. In the law God tells us that we must live a very good life, a life that is far better than the average person.
—- 4. The law delivers to us the devastating message that we are spiritual failures who are lost and doomed because of our sins.
—- 5. Through the message of the law, God encourages us to keep fighting to earn our salvation by striving to keep His commandments better than before.
—- 6. In the gospel God announces the pleasing message that He loves us because we are such good and loving beings.
—- 7. The central message of the gospel is that Jesus Christ has won salvation for us by His perfectly obedient life and sin-removing death.
—- 8. In the gospel, God not only invites us to believe in Jesus, but He also creates faith in us so we do believe.
—- 9. A person who has come to saving faith in Jesus never has to worry about losing that faith.
—- 10. God graciously brings us to faith in Jesus, but after that, it is entirely up to us to continue in that faith.
Reflection Questions 思考题
What things must a person know and believe in order to have eternal life?
A believer once said: “I believe that I am saved by works, but not by my own works.” What do you think he meant by that statement?
最后更新于 2012年8月25日 星期六 08:50