Chapter 8 Jesus Heads South
Isaiah the prophet foretold that the Messiah would be “despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering” （53:3）。 This was a very good description of Jesus. He had labored for over a year and a half in Galilee, yet, for the most part, the seed of his saving Word did not produce fruit. Instead of being accepted as the Savior, the Lord was called a demon or false prophet. Now as Jesus made up his mind to go to Jerusalem （Luke 9:51） he fully understood that once again he would be despised and rejected and finally put to death. However this was why he had been born （Matt. 20:28）。
Private Journey to Jerusalem （John 7:2-10） 私下前往耶路撒冷（约翰福音7:2-10）
Throughout his life many people had tried to force Jesus into doing what they wanted done. Mary, for example had asked Jesus to help at the wedding in Cana. The five thousand who had been fed by the fish and bread wanted to force Jesus to become their earthly king. Now again well-meaning people tried to tell the Almighty Savior what he should do. This time it was Jesus’ own half-brothers （see Matt. 13:55; Mark 6:3）。
The Feast of Tabernacles was about to take place. At this yearly event, held in October in A.D. 29, the Jews remembered the 40 years their ancestors had wandered in the wilderness living in tabernacles （tents）。 Like thousands of other Galilean pilgrims, Jesus’ relatives were preparing for the trip to Jerusalem. They asked Christ to go along and do some miracles in the big city. Like so many others, they believed Jesus could be a Messiah who could lead Israel to political independence. But they failed to accept him as the deliverer from sin, eternal death, and the power of Satan.
Jesus did not go with them. But, once they had left, he and his disciples did go on to Jerusalem by themselves. In April of the next year Jesus would make his triumphal entry into Jerusalem. That was the right time according to his timetable.
Jesus at the Feast of Tabernacles （John 7: 11-52） 耶稣在住棚节中（约翰福音7:11-52）
Was Jesus of Nazareth the Messiah or not? This question was discussed by many Jews at the Feast of the Tabernacles. So they kept looking for him, hoping he would show himself （John 7:11-13）。
Then one day, halfway through the Feast, Jesus came to the temple and began to teach. As he spoke the people became confused. Jesus was from a poor family, yet he spoke as if he was highly educated. He said he spoke the words of God, his Father. This wonderful teacher said that his life was in danger, but no one came forward to argue with him or arrest him. Some people felt the Messiah would appear out of nowhere; others thought the Savior would come from Bethlehem, yet everyone knew Jesus was from Nazareth. Finally, he said that he would soon leave and they could not come along or even find him. A few days later He even claimed to be the source of salvation.
The crowd was divided. Was Jesus a prophet or the Savior? Should He live or die? Even the temple guards sent to arrest him became confused.
The Woman Caught in Adultery （John 8:1-11） 犯奸淫的妇女（约翰福音8:1-11）
The day after the Feast ended, Jesus came to the temple courtyard. There the Jewish leaders tried to trap him. A woman caught in the act of adultery was brought before him. The Jews wondered whether or not he would forgive her sins, since the Law of Moses said this sin should be punished by stoning the sinner to death （Deut 22:24; Lev. 20:10）。 The Lord answered with a single sentence-“If any one of you is without sin, let him be the first to throw a stone at her” （John 8:7; see Deut. 17:7）。
Jesus Addresses the Crowd （John 8:12-59） 耶稣对众人的演讲（约翰福音8:12-59）
Jesus had come to the temple to speak, and he did just that. Predictably, He then discussed （John 8） many of the points he made earlier （John 7）。 He spoke of his authority which came from his position as God the Father’s Son, of the plot against his life, of his return to heaven, and of his claim to be the source of salvation. If Jesus were to be put to death it would not be an accident or the result of a misunderstanding. Jesus was to be judged on his claim to be the eternal Son of the Father （John 8:58）， the Messiah, the Savior of the world. The verdict reached by the Jews was that he should be stoned. However, Jesus was not yet ready to sacrifice his life.
The Man Born Blind Healed （John 9:1-41） 生来瞎眼的人被医治（约翰福音9:1-41）
In the New Testament Jesus is sometimes called the “light.” Isaiah the prophet looking forward to Christ said “The people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned” （Isaiah 9:2）。 Simeon holding the baby Jesus in his arms knew that Jesus would be “a light … to the Gentiles” （Luke 2:32）。 The evangelist John （1:4） spoke about the Savior as “the light of men.” Finally, Jesus, himself as he addressed the Jews at the Feast of Tabernacles exclaimed, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life” （John 8:12）。
Now, after being rejected by the Jews and barely escaping from them, Jesus came upon a man who was blind from his birth. The twelve disciples did not think about the man’s personal misery. Instead they asked Jesus why he had this handicap. The disciples, like many people, believed that a person got sick or had problems because he had committed some big sin. Jesus corrected this false idea and directed them away from the cause to the cure.
The Lord used this blind man to talk about his earlier teaching. Just as he brought physical light （sight） to the dark world of the blind man, so Jesus brings spiritual light to souls in the darkness of sin.
Once again, however, hatred blinded the Pharisees to the point that they refused to see the Light of the world. They now tried to get the man Jesus healed to turn against him. But his new eyesight had let in true spiritual vision.
The Good Shepherd （John 10:1-21） 好牧者（约翰福音10:1-21）
The events which followed the healing of the blind man filled Jesus’ heart with grief. The religious leaders of the Jews could not care for the people of God. They had already spoken threats against those who said that Jesus was the Christ （John 9:22）。 And they followed through by evilly treating the case of the former blind man （9:34）。 Turning to the Pharisees, the disciples, the blind man, and all who could hear, Jesus spoke of shepherds and sheep （pictures that hearers of the Old Testament could easily understand, Ps. 23; Is. 40:11; Ezek. 34）。
First Christ showed he was different than the false leaders. They were false shepherds; they were only hired to care for the sheep; they didn’t really care about them, but ran away when danger came. But Jesus was a Good Shepherd. He knows his sheep, loves them, and is willing to give his own life to protect them.
Then Christ described his relationship to believers. Believers listened to their shepherd’s voice. They followed their shepherd and thus remained safe. Jesus knew his sheep. He offered them eternal life, and no one could take the sheep away from him.
Jesus also spoke of calling others （the Gentiles） to himself. He explained that he was the only way to salvation. This Jesus would earn for all men through his willing sacrifice on Calvary’s cross.
This speech of Jesus is a New Testament version of the 23rd Psalm. Some of the Jews were stirred to faith when they heard it. Others said, “He is demon-possessed and raving mad. Why listen to him?” （John 10:20）。
Journey Into Samaria （Luke 9:51-62） 在撒马利亚里的行程（路加福音9:51-62）
After the Feast of the Tabernacles was over, Jesus and the disciples returned to Galilee. Soon, however, he set out for Jerusalem once again （Luke 9:51）。 This time he knew he was on his way to suffer and die for the sins of all mankind. This time Jesus decided to travel through Samaria, not around it.
With a group of up to 100 people Jesus came near a Samaritan village. The villagers refused to give hospitality to Jesus because he was going to Jerusalem. They felt their own Mt. Gerizim was the holy place for worship. James and John thought that Jesus should call down fire from heaven to destroy the village （2 Kings 1:10-12）。 The Samaritans refused to receive the One who was to be worshiped, and the disciples forgot that Jesus’ mission was to save, not destroy souls （Luke 9:55）。
Jesus and the Seventy Missionaries （Luke 10: 1-24） 耶稣和七十个宣教士（路加福音10:1-24）
The unfriendly Samaritans did not stop Jesus from his mission or cool his love for sinful mankind. Soon he sent 70 disciples on a preaching tour. The instructions they received were similar to those given the Twelve Apostles earlier （see Chapter 6）.
There were several reasons for sending out the disciples at this particular time. First, just as Jesus had sent two disciples on ahead into the Samaritan village to announce his coming, so the 70 would go into areas where he was not well known （Perea, Judea） and prepare for his arrival. Second, Jesus knew he did not have many more days on earth. Others would have to continue his work. This preaching tour would serve as on-the-job training for such ministers.
The results of the preaching tour were great. The message of Jesus struck hard at Satan. Then Christ said a prayer like one of his earlier ones （cf. Matt. 11:25-27）。
Parable of the Good Samaritan （Luke 10:25-37） 好撒马利亚人的比喻（路加福音10:25-37）
The next several events recorded by St. Luke （10:25-13:21） cannot be put into exact order. However, we will follow the order given in Luke’s Gospel.
The parable of the Good Samaritan is one of the best known in all of Scripture. Today people who help others are often called Good Samaritans. Hospitals are often given this name. Most people think this parable teaches us that God wants us to help our fellow human beings.
However, the parable was spoken to answer a question about salvation not about being a good neighbor. An expert in the law came to Jesus asking “What must I do to inherit eternal life?” Jesus asked the man what he thought. The expert then quoted Deut. 6:4-5 and Lev. 19:18 （words which were said every morning and evening by religious Jews）。 When Jesus told the man to obey those commands, the man asked who his neighbor was. Jesus then told the man this parable. It did not answer the question “Who is my neighbor?” but “Whose neighbor am I?” If the expert in the law had taken this parable to heart he would have confessed his own sinfulness and would have admitted his need of a Savior.
Jesus with Mary and Martha （Luke 10:38-42） 耶稣和马大、马利亚（路加福音10:38-42）
Jesus traveled into Judea to a town called Bethany. There he stayed at the home of Martha and Mary （about whom we will learn more in later chapters）。 Martha was full of energy. She wanted to be a perfect hostess to Jesus. Mary sat and listened to Jesus speak. She was the wiser. Christ praised Mary for choosing the one thing she really needed. After all, “The Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve” （Matt. 20:28）。
The Disciples Taught How to Pray （Luke 11:1-13） 教导门徒如何祷告（路加福音11:1-13）
0ne day after Jesus had finished praying a disciple asked, “Lord, teach us to pray” （Luke 11:1）。 Jesus did just that. He taught them to whom they should pray – God in heaven; for what they should pray – spiritual and bodily needs; how they should pray – without stopping; and what to expect from prayer – an answer from a loving God. As students of the Master, all Christians should learn this lesson well.
#### Condemning the Pharisees and Lawyers （Luke 11:37-54） 定法利赛人和律法师的罪（路加福音11:37-54）
Today it is popular to think that Jesus was a gentle person. Many people cannot believe Jesus could be as harsh as his words in Luke 11:37-54. But we must simply accept the simple words of Scripture. Jesus’ love was great even for the Pharisees and lawyers. He struck fear in their hearts with these strong words. He tried to wake them up from their false beliefs. Thus Jesus accused the Pharisees of just going through the actions of religion, of doing good outwardly while inside their souls were spiritually dead. The experts of religious law were even worse. They were not only fooling themselves; they were taking others to hell with them.
Jesus’ warnings did not lead to the result he wished. Instead, the Pharisees and lawyers continued to ask him questions hoping he would say something wrong so they could attack him.
Discussion with Disciples and Others （Luke 12:1-59） 与门徒和其他人的讨论（路加福音12:1-59）
Jesus now turned to his disciples, warned them against the Pharisees’ teaching, and encouraged them in their defense of the Gospel. It should not surprise us that he repeated statements He had made earlier. After all good teachers often repeated their main points.
While Jesus was speaking to the disciples a crowd gathered to see the man who had been so bold as to argue with the Pharisees. Then someone in the crowd said to him, ‘Teacher, tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me’ “ （Luke 12:13）。
This person was not interested in Jesus’ message of joy, peace, and pardon; he was only interested in his own financial affairs. Jesus answered, ”Man, who appointed me to be a judge between you?“ （Luke 12:14）。 Jesus refused to consider his case. He was saying that the spiritual and earthly kingdoms are and must be kept separate. Fifteen centuries later the leaders of the Lutheran church wrote:
”Therefore, church and government are not to be mixed up. The power of the church has its own mission to preach the Gospel and offer the sacraments. It should not interfere in the job of the government, nor help appoint rulers in the world, nor set aside government laws, nor stop people from obeying the law, nor interfere with decisions about any government laws or agreements, nor insist to government rulers which laws should be set up to regulate the form of government. For Christ says, “My kingdom is not of this world,” and again, “Who made me a judge over you?”
This question of the man in the crowd made Jesus so concerned that he began to discuss attitudes toward earthly possessions. In the parable of the rich fool he warned against selfishness and greed. Turning to the disciples he taught them not to worry. The two sins are cousins. ”Greed can never get enough, worry is afraid it might not have enough.“”
The man of God must always be prepared for Christ’s Second Coming as Jesus himself taught. He must not become wrapped up in earthly matters. Before that coming, however, difficult trials will happen to people. The cross divides mankind. Disciples who are faithful, unlike others, respond to these warning signs.
Final Call to Repentance （Luke 13:1-9） 悔改的最后呼召（路加福音13:1-9）
Jesus’ warnings about judgment day started the crowd thinking. Remember that Jews often thought disasters were God’s punishment for particular sins. Therefore, they decided that this was the right time to discuss the matter of a recent temple tragedy. Roman soldiers had killed some Galileans who had been offering sacrifices. Jesus noted that this and another tragic event where punishments on individual sins. Rather, they were signs meant to warn of God’s coming judgment on all those who had not repented. To make this point Jesus spoke a parable about a fig tree that produced no fruit.
Healing of a Woman on the Sabbath （Luke 13:10-21） 安息日医治一名妇女（路加福音13:10-21）
Were the Pharisees troubled by the ”woes“ Jesus pronounced against them? Did his warning about Judgment Day produce repentance?
One Sabbath Jesus was teaching in a Gideon synagogue. There he healed a woman who for 18 years had been inflicted by a demon. Some Jews condemned him for healing on the Sabbath. But, by comparing a Jewish girl to a donkey, Jesus shamed those Jews and delighted many people.
The sight of people rejoicing, encouraged Jesus. Though small now （like a mustard seed） the Kingdom of God would expand greatly. Like yeast the Kingdom would be a silent yet powerful force.