Review the Home Study questions from Lesson 5
I. The Holy Spirit’s Person And Work, And The Means Of Grace 圣灵的位格和工作，以及恩典的管道
Matthew 28:19 —Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
Acts 5:3a, 4b – Then Peter said, ”Ananias, How is it that Satan has so filled your heart that you have lied to the Holy Spirit…You have not lied to men, but to God.
使徒行传 5:3a,4b - 3a彼得说：“亚拿尼亚，为什么撒但充满了你的心，叫你欺哄圣灵，4b你不是欺哄人，是欺哄 神了！”
A. The Holy Spirit is true God, a distinct person of the Trinity. He is not a mere impersonal force or feeling.
1 Peter 1:2 – （God’s elect） have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and sprinkling by His blood.
彼得前书1:2 —就是照父 神的先见被拣选，藉着圣灵得成圣洁，以致顺服耶稣基督，又蒙他血所洒的人：愿恩惠、平安多多地加给你们！
John 14:26 – But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.
John 16:13a - 14 – But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all truth. 14He will bring glory to Me by taking from what is Mine and making it known to you.
约翰福音 16:13a,14 ——13a 只等真理的圣灵来了，他要引导你们明白（原文作“进入”）一切的真理，14 他要荣耀我，因为他要将受于我的告诉你们。
B. The Holy Spirit’s work is called sanctification. “To sanctify” is “to make holy” or “to set apart from sin for God.”
Sanctification includes all the Holy Spirit does to bring people out of the unbelieving world to saving faith in Christ, to empower them to live to God’s glory and to preserve them in faith until they enter heaven.
As the Sanctifier, the Spirit uses the Word of God to lead people to trust in and honor Jesus as Savior and Lord.
C. The Bible gives other names to the Holy Spirit, such as: Spirit of God, Spirit of Christ, Spirit of Truth, Comforter, Counselor.
2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 – But we ought always to thank God for you, brothers loved by the Lord, because from the beginning God chose you to be saved through the sanctifying work of the Spirit and through belief in the truth. He called you to this through our gospel, that you might share in the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
帖撒罗尼迦后书 2:13,14——13主所爱的弟兄们哪，我们本该常为你们感谢 神，因为他从起初拣选了你们，叫你们因信真道，又被圣灵感动，成为圣洁，能以得救。14神藉我们所传的福音召你们到这地步，好得着我们主耶稣基督的荣光。
Romans 1:16 – I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile.
D. The Holy Spirit works through the means of the Gospel （Good News） to accomplish His sanctifying work.
We call the Gospel in its forms of the Word and the two Sacraments of Holy Baptism and Holy Communion the means of grace.
The Gospel is the means by which the Spirit offers and gives to us the undeserved love of God for us in Christ, so that we are brought to and kept in saving faith.
II. The Holy Spirit Works Saving Faith 圣灵生发得救的信心
Romans 4:5 – However, to the person who does not work but trusts God who justifies the wicked, his faith is credited as righteousness
Romans 5:1-2 – Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. And we rejoice in the hope of the glory of God.
A. We receive the blessings of Jesus’ redeeming work as our own through God’s gift of faith in Jesus as our Savior, apart from our works.
Romans 10:9-10 – That if you confess with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you confess and are saved.
罗马书 10:9-10 ——9你若口里认耶稣为主，心里信 神叫他从死里复活，就必得救。10因为人心里相信，就可以称义；口里承认，就可以得救。
B. The nature of saving faith.
Saving faith is the heart’s trust and confidence in Jesus Christ and His finished work of redemption for the forgiveness of our sins and eternal life.
Saving faith is not situational faith, a faith which trusts God only for physical blessings in certain situations of this life （such as safety, health, and income）。 Saving faith trusts Jesus for spiritual and eternal blessings in Christ as well as for physical ones.
Saving faith is not a mere intellectual knowledge of facts about God. Saving faith knows the facts and believes in the benefit of those facts. Head knowledge says: “Jesus died.” Saving faith says: “Jesus died for me.”
Saving faith is not faith in the God of possibilities, a faith which believes that God can do things. Saving faith knows that God does do things. God not only can save; He does save us in Jesus.
Saving faith is not merely a good feeling or general optimism about life.
Saving faith is not self-confidence.
C. People cannot bring themselves to saving faith
2 Corinthians 4:4 – The god of this age （Satan） has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.
We are by nature spiritually blind. We can’t see the truth of God.
Ephesians 2:1 – As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins.
We are by nature spiritually dead to God. We have not power to resurrect ourselves.
Romans 8:7 – The sinful mind is hostile to God. It does not submit to God’s law nor can it do so.
罗马书8:7 - 原来体贴肉体的，就是与神为仇，因为不服神的律法，也是不能服。
We are by nature God’s enemies and refuse Him. We would rather depend on ourselves.
1 Corinthians 2:14 – The man without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him, and he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually discerned.
By nature, we do not accept God’s truth and consider it foolishness.
D. The Holy Spirit persuades and creates faith through the Gospel.
1 Thessalonians 1:5a, 6b – Because our gospel came to you not simply with words, but also with power, with the Holy Spirit and with deep conviction. 6b You welcomed the message with the joy given by the Holy Spirit.
1 Corinthians 2:4-5 – My message and my preaching were not with wise and persuasive words, but with a demonstration of the Spirit’s power, so that your faith might not rest on men’s wisdom, but on God’s power.
Romans 4:20-21 – Yet he （Abraham） did not waver through unbelief regarding the promise of God, but was strengthened in his faith and gave glory to God, being fully persuaded that God had power to do what He had promised.
罗马书 4:20-21 ——20并且仰望神的应许，总没有因不信，心里起疑惑，反倒因信，心里得坚固，将荣耀归给神。21且满心相信神所应许的必能作成。
The Holy Spirit works powerfully through the Gospel to work faith in Christ in people’s hearts.
The Spirit uses the Good News of Jesus to convince people of its truth and to persuade them to willingly and joyfully trust in God’s grace for them.
E. God alone brings people to faith.
Ephesians 2:8-9 – For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith–and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God – not by works, so that no one can boast.
以弗所书2:8-9 ——8你们得救是本乎恩，也因着信。这并不是出于自己，乃是神所赐的； 9也不是出于行为，免得有人自夸。
1 Corinthians 12:3b – No one can say, “Jesus is Lord” except by the Holy Spirit.
哥林多前书 12:3b -若不是被圣灵感动的，也没有能说耶稣是主的。
Saving faith in Jesus is God’s gracious gift to us.
Although it is people who have faith in Jesus, the Holy Spirit creates that faith in their hearts.
It is wrong for people to believe that they can do something to come to faith in Jesus.
This faulty belief is based on the false idea that a person, by nature, has freedom of the will in spiritual matters.
The Bible teaches that since the Fall into Sin, people, by nature, are dead and hostile to God and have free will only in earthly matters, not in spiritual matters.
Our salvation from beginning to end is God’s entirely work and gift.
F. The Holy Spirit works great changes when He brings people to faith.
The Holy Spirit works radical changes in people’s hearts by bringing them to faith in Christ. In the Bible, God uses a variety of ways to describe those changes.
Acts 11:18b – So then, God has granted even the Gentiles repentance unto life.
使徒行传 11:18b – “这样看来，神也赐恩给外邦人，叫他们悔改得生命了。”
The Spirit gives us repentance.
a. “Repentance” in the original Greek means “a change of mind and heart.”
b. Repentance has two parts: contrition and faith
（1）。 Contrition is heartfelt sorrow over sin and fear of God’s punishment worked by the law.
（2）。 Faith is the heart’s trust and comfort in God’s forgiveness of sin for Christ’s sake worked through the Gospel.
c. A repentant person has his/her mind and heart changed in two important ways by the Spirit.
（1）。 The Spirit leads us to hate sin and to seek to avoid it instead of liking it and following it.
（2）。 The Spirit leads us to love God and to seek to do His will instead of hating God and rebelling against Him.
2 Corinthians 4:6 – For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” made His light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.
The Spirit cures our spiritual blindness and enables us to see Christ as our Savior and to view everything else in a new light （Enlightenment）。
Ephesians 2:4-5 – But because of His great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions—it is by grace you have been saved.
以弗所书 2:4，5 ——4然而神既有丰富的怜悯，因他爱我们的大爱，5当我们死在过犯中的时候，便叫我们与基督一同活过来（你们得救是本乎恩）。
The Spirit ends our spiritual death by raising us to new life in Christ （Spiritual resurrection）。
1 Peter 2:25 – For you were like sheep going astray, but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.
Jeremiah 31:18b – Restore me, and I will return, because You are the Lord my God.
耶利米书 31:18 —我听见以法莲为自己悲叹说：‘你责罚我，我便受责罚，像不惯负轭的牛犊一样。求你使我回转，我便回转，因为你是耶和华我的神。“
a. The Spirit turns us, enemies of God, back toward Him so that instead of hating God we love Him. （Conversion）。
1 Peter 1:23 – For you have been born again, not of perishable seed, but of imperishable, through the living and enduring word of God.
彼得前书 1:23 —你们蒙了重生，不是由于能坏的种子，乃是由于不能坏的种子，是藉着神活泼常存的道。
b. The Spirit gives us a second birth, a spiritual one in which we are alive in God （Rebirth）。
III. Why Some Are Saved While Others are Lost 为何有人获救而有人沉沦
Romans 5:18 – Consequently, just as the result of one trespass was condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification that brings life for all men.
Matthew 7:13- 14 – ”Enter through the narrow gate. For wide is the gate and broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter through it. But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.
马太福音 7:13，14 ——13你们要进窄门。因为引到灭亡，那门是宽的，路是大的，进去的人也多； 14引到永生，那门是窄的，路是小的，找着的人也少。
A. Although God has declared all people forgiven of their sins because of Jesus’ redeeming work, only some will actually be saved and have eternal life.
B. Why some are saved while others are lost is a great mystery that should cause us to listen carefully to what God says about it in His Word.
Romans 3:9a, 22b-23 – What shall we conclude then? Are we any better? Not at all! …22bThere is no difference, 23for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.
罗马书3:9a,22b,23 - 9a这却怎么样呢？我们比他们强吗？决不是的。 22b并没有分别。 23因为世人都犯了罪，亏缺了神的荣耀；
C. All people are equally unworthy of God’s grace, unable to convert themselves and unwilling to be converted. There is no difference in people.
2 Peter 3:9 – The Lord is not slow in keeping His promise, as some understand slowness. He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.
彼得后书 3:9 -主所应许的尚未成就，有人以为他是耽延，其实不是耽延，乃是宽容你们，不愿有一人沉沦，乃愿人人都悔改。
1 Timothy 2:4 – God who wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth.
提摩太前书 2:4 -他愿意万人得救，明白真道。
Romans 2:11 – For God does not show favoritism.
罗马书 2:11 -因为神不偏待人。
D. God equally desires that everyone be saved and none be lost. He works through the same powerful Gospel to accomplish this. There is no difference in God.
E. Yet there are different outcomes. Some who hear the Gospel believe, while others who hear it do not.
Ephesians 2:8-9 – For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— 9not by works, so that no one can boast.
以弗所书 2:8-9 ——8你们得救是本乎恩，也因着信。这并不是出于自己，乃是神所赐的；9也不是出于行为，免得有人自夸。
F. God tells us that those who are saved are saved by His grace alone. God is fully responsible for their salvation.
Matthew 23:37 – “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you, how often I have longed to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing.
马太福音 23:37 -耶路撒冷啊，耶路撒冷啊！你常杀害先知，又用石头打死那奉差遣到你这里来的人。我多次愿意聚集你的儿女，好像母鸡把小鸡聚集在翅膀底下，只是你们不愿意。
Acts 7:51 – ”You stiff-necked people, with uncircumcised hearts and ears! You are just like your fathers: You always resist the Holy Spirit!
使徒行传 7:51 -你们这硬着颈项、心与耳未受割礼的人，常时抗拒圣灵；你们的祖宗怎样，你们也怎样！
G. God tells us that those who are lost are lost by their own fault. They refuse the Spirit’s efforts to work faith in their hearts and reject God’s grace in unbelief.
H. The Bible’s teaching on these matters presents a difficulty for human reason.
It is tempting to set aside what God says in His Word and to search for an answer that will be more pleasing to human reason. But if we do so, we will fall into errors as others have.
Some have concluded that some people believe while others don’t because there is a difference in people.
a. They insist that some people are naturally more able and willing than others to cooperate with God in coming to faith and/or are more deserving of His favor.
b. This teaching denies God’s teaching in the Bible that people are equally powerless and hostile to God by nature.
c. It also denies salvation by God’s undeserved love and requires people to look to themselves as the cause （at least in part） for their being saved.
d. In doing so, this erring teaching undercuts any proper assurance of salvation because it forces a sinful person to ask the question: “Have I done enough so I can be saved?” Because a sinful person can never do enough to satisfy God’s demands for perfection, the person is caught up in a hopeless trap that can give him/her no real certainty and peace.
Others have concluded that some believe while others don’t because there is a difference in God.
a. They insist that from eternity God chose some to be saved while He destined all other to be damned.
b. This teaching contradicts God’s teaching in the Bible that He sincerely wants all people to be saved. This teaching also makes God out to be dishonest and malicious.
c. It also causes a person to be in doubt whether God has chosen him/her for heaven or hell.
2 Corinthians 10:5 – We demolish arguments and every pretension that sets itself up against the knowledge of God, and we take captive every thought to make it obedient to Christ.
Romans 11:33 – Oh the depth of the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable his judgments, and his paths beyond tracing out!
罗马书 11:33 -深哉，神丰富的智慧和知识！他的判断何其难测！他的踪迹何其难寻！
I. God’s teaching on why some are saved while others are lost is a call for us to make our human reason subject to God’s Word and to humbly adore His superior wisdom.
IV. God’s Election Or Predestination To Eternal Life 神的拣选或永生的预定
2 Timothy 1.9 – God who has saved us and called us to a holy life—not because of anything we have done but because of His own purpose and grace. This grace was given us in Christ Jesus before the beginning of time.
提摩太后书 1:9 —神救了我们，以圣召召我们，不是按我们的行为，乃是按他的旨意和恩典；这恩典是万古之先在基督耶稣里赐给我们的。
Ephesians 1:3-6 – Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ. For He chose us in Him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in His sight. In love He predestined us to be adopted as His sons through Jesus Christ, in accordance with His pleasure and will— to the praise of His glorious grace, which He has freely given us in the One He loves.
以弗所书 1:3-6 ——3愿颂赞归与我们主耶稣基督的父 神！他在基督里曾赐给我们天上各样属灵的福气。4就如神从创立世界以前，在基督里拣选了我们，使我们在他面前成为圣洁，无有瑕疵； 5又因爱我们，就按着自己意旨所喜悦的，预定我们藉着耶稣基督得儿子的名分， 6使他荣耀的恩典得着称赞。这恩典是他在爱子里所赐给我们的。
Romans 8:29-30 – For those God foreknew He also predestined to be conformed to the likeness of his Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brothers. And those he predestined, He also called; those He called, He also justified; those He justified, He also glorified.
罗马书 8:29,30 ——29因为他预先所知道的人，就预先定下效法他儿子的模样，使他儿子在许多弟兄中作长子。30预先所定下的人又召他们来；所召来的人又称他们为义；所称为义的人又叫他们得荣耀。
A. God has not destined any people from eternity to be damned.
B. However, the Bible does teach that from eternity God in grace has elected or chosen people to be brought to faith in Christ and preserved in that faith to eternal life.
C. God intends that His choosing or predestining of believers will be a great comfort and encouragement to them, especially in times of spiritual weakness and confusion.
D. He wants Christians to know that their salvation is not a matter of mere chance or of their own choice or deserving.
E. God reveals to His believers that their salvation is the result of His eternal plan and loving purpose for them, which He works out during their life as He brings them and keeps them in faith in Jesus through their use of the Word and Sacraments and then completes when He takes them to eternal glory.
F. This Gospel teaching gives believers great assurance of God’s eternal love for them and of their salvation. It also encourages them to bear life’s trials patiently and to live their lives to God’s glory faithfully.
V. Those Who Do Not Hear The Gospel 那些没有听闻福音的人
John 14:6 – Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life: No one comes to the Father except through Me.”
约翰福音 14:6 —耶稣说：“我就是道路、真理、生命；若不藉着我，没有人能到父那里去。
Romans 10:14b – And how can they believe in the one of whom they have not heard?
罗马书 10:14b —未曾听见他，怎能信他呢？
A. Some people accuse God of being unfair by claiming that He has no right to condemn unbelievers to hell if they have not had the opportunity to believe in Jesus by hearing the Gospel.
Job 41:11a – ”Who has a claim against Me that I must pay?“
约伯记 41:11a —谁先给我什么，使我偿还呢？
Romans 9:14-15 – What then shall we say? Is God unjust? Not at all! For He says to Moses, ”I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.“
罗马书 9:14-15 ——14这样，我们可说什么呢？难道神有什么不公平吗？断乎没有！15因他对摩西说：”我要怜悯谁，就怜悯谁；要恩待谁，就恩待谁。“
B. At the heart of this charge is an assumption that God is obligated to give people an opportunity to hear the Gospel. He is not.
No one has a ”right“ to hear the Gospel. In fact, people’s sins disqualify them from any claim on God or His favor.
The fact that God does give opportunities is an act of His undeserved love and mercy.
Romans 10:18 – But I ask: Did they not hear? Of course they did: Their voice has gone out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the world.”
罗马书 10:18 – 但我说，人没有听见吗？诚然听见了。“他们的声音传遍天下，他们的言语传到地极。”
Acts 14:17 a – Yet God has not left Himself without testimony.
使徒行传14:17a – 然而为自己未尝不显出证据来，
C. God has given people enough in-born knowledge and other testimony to know He exists and that they should seek to know more of His will. People who do not seek out God have only themselves to blame.
Matthew 10:7,8b – As you go, preach this message: ‘The kingdom of heaven is near.’ Freely you have received, freely give.
马太福音 10:7,8b –- 7随走随传，说：’天国近了！‘ 8b你们白白地得来，也要白白地舍去。
1 Corinthians 9:16b – Woe to me if I do not preach the gospel.
哥林多前书 9:16b –若不传福音，我便有祸了。
2 Corinthians 5:11a – Since then, we know what it is to fear the Lord, we try to persuade men.
哥林多后书 5:11a –我们既知道主是可畏的，所以劝人。
D. God has also charged those who have heard the Gospel to share it with others.
Those who fail to do this also bear responsibility if some do not have an opportunity to hear the Gospel.
This truth stirs us to be diligent in sharing the Gospel personally and through our church’s mission efforts with all the people we can.
VI. The Holy Spirit Lives In The Christian And Creates A New Life 圣灵住在基督徒里，并且创造新生命。
Ephesians 1:13b-14 – Having believed, you were marked in Him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God’s possession—to the praise of His glory.
以弗所书 1:13b-14 ——13b既然信他，就受了所应许的圣灵为印记。14这圣灵是我们得基业的凭据（原文作“质”），直等到 神之民（“民”原文作“产业”）被赎，使他的荣耀得着称赞。
2 Corinthians 1:21b-22 – He anointed us, set His seal of ownership on us, and put His Spirit in our hearts as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come.
哥林多后书 1:21b-22 ——21b他膏我们。 22他又用印印了我们，并赐圣灵在我们心里作凭据（原文作“质”）。
Romans 8:15-17 – For you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you received the Spirit of sonship. And by Him we cry, “Abba, Father.” The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children. Now if we are children, then we are heirs—heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ, if indeed we share in His sufferings in order that we may also share in His glory.
罗马书 8:15-17 ——15你们所受的不是奴仆的心，仍旧害怕；所受的乃是儿子的心，因此我们呼叫：“阿爸，父！” 16圣灵与我们的心同证我们是 神的儿女；17既是儿女，便是后嗣，就是 神的后嗣，和基督同作后嗣。如果我们和他一同受苦，也必和他一同得荣耀。
A. When the Holy Spirit brings people to faith in Christ, He also comes to live in their hearts.
By His dwelling in believers, the Spirit is God’s seal of ownership, testifying to believers that they belong to God as His children.
By His living in believers, the Spirit is also God’s deposit, guaranteeing by His testimony that believers are God’s heirs who will receive the glorious inheritance of heaven.
2 Corinthians 5:17 – Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has gone, the new has come!
哥林多后书 5:17 —若有人在基督里，他就是新造的人。旧事已过，都变成新的了。
Galatians 5:16-17 – So I say, live by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the sinful nature. For the sinful nature desires what is contrary to the Spirit, and the Spirit what is contrary to the sinful nature. They are in conflict with each other, so that you do not do what you want.
加拉太书 5:16-17 ——16我说：你们当顺着圣灵而行，就不放纵肉体的情欲了。 17因为情欲和圣灵相争，圣灵和情欲相争。这两个是彼此相敌，使你们不能作所愿意作的。
Ephesians 4:22-24 – You were taught, with regard to your former way of life, to put off your old self, which is being corrupted by its deceitful desires; to be made new in the attitude of your minds; and to put on the new self, created to be like God in true righteousness and holiness.
以弗所书 4:22-24 ——22就要脱去你们从前行为上的旧人，这旧人是因私欲的迷惑渐渐变坏的。 23又要将你们的心志改换一新， 24并且穿上新人，这新人是照着神的形像造的，有真理的仁义和圣洁。
Romans 8:8-9 – Those controlled by the sinful nature cannot please God. You, however, are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Christ.
B. When the Holy Spirit brings people to faith in Christ, He also makes them new creatures by creating in them a new nature.
This spiritual nature or new self trusts in God, love Him, delights in what is true and good and leads the Christian to do God’s will.
This new nature is in constant conflict with the sinful nature or old self which everyone has from birth. The sinful nature rebels against God, hates Him, delights in evil and leads the Christian to disobey God’s will.
The Holy Spirit strengthens the spiritual nature through the Gospel so that this nature can stay in control of the Christian’s life and struggle successfully against the defiant sinful nature throughout life.
God will destroy the sinful nature of believers when they enter heaven.
The two natures of a Christian:
Insight into the two natures helps us understand our inner spiritual conflicts and outward behavior.
Romans 13:11a, 14 – And, do this, understanding the present time. The hour has come for you to wake up from your slumber. 14Rather, clothe yourselves with the Lord Jesus Christ, and do not think about how to gratify the desires of the sinful nature.
罗马书 13:11a, 14 — 11a再者，你们晓得现今就是该趁早睡醒的时候。14总要披戴主耶稣基督，不要为肉体安排去放纵私欲。
This knowledge keeps us spiritually alert and challenges us not to indulge the evil drives of the sinful nature, but to keep our spiritual nature strong by feeding it well with God’s Word.
VII. The Holy Spirit Produces Godly Qualities And God-Pleasing Works 圣灵产生神性的特质和悦纳神的工作
Galatians 5:22-23a – But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control.
A. The Holy Spirit produces a number of godly virtues in believers that aid them in living God-honoring, people-serving lives.
Philippians 2:13 – For it is God who works in you to will and to act according to His good purpose.
腓立比书 2:13 —因为你们立志行事，都是神在你们心里运行，为要成就他的美意。
Ephesians 2:10 – For we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.
B. The Holy Spirit also gives Christians the desire and the strength to do good works which He wants from His believers.
John 15:5 – I am the vine; you are the branches. If a man remains in Me and I in him, he will bear much fruit; apart from Me you can do nothing.
约翰福音 15:5 —我是葡萄树，你们是枝子；常在我里面的，我也常在他里面，这人就多结果子。因为离了我，你们就不能做什么。
Galatians 5:6b – The only thing that counts is faith expressing itself through love.
加拉太书5:6b – 惟独使人生发仁爱的信心才有功效。
John 14:15 – “If you love Me, you will obey what I command.”
约翰福音 14:15 —你们若爱我，就必遵守我的命令。
I Corinthians 10:31 – So whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God.
哥林多前书 10:31 —所以，你们或吃或喝，无论做什么，都要为荣耀神而行。
Galatians 5:13b - Serve one another in love.
Good works pleasing to God are the things a Christian does out of faith in Christ and love for God according to God’s will in order to glorify God and serve others.
Galatians 2:16 – We know that a person is not justified by observing the law, but by faith in Jesus Christ…， because by observing the law no one will be justified.
Our good works do not save us or make us righteous before God.
Colossians 3:17 – And whatever you do, whether in word or deed, do it all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through Him.
歌罗西书 3:17 —无论作什么，或说话、或行事，都要奉主耶稣的名，藉着他感谢父神。
Our good works are the way we show our thankfulness to God for already saving us.
James 2:17, 18b – In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead. I will show you my faith by what I do.
雅各书 2:17,18b — 17这样，信心若没有行为就是死的。18b我便借着我的行为，将我的信心指给你看。“
Our good works are also the way we show others that our faith in Jesus is true and living.
1 Samuel 16:7b – The LORD does not look at the things man looks at. Man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart.”
撒母耳记上 16:7b —因为耶和华不像人看人：人是看外貌，耶和华是看内心。“
Hebrews 11:6a – Without faith it is impossible to please God.
希伯来书 11:6a —人非有信，就不能得神的喜悦；
Isaiah 64:6 – All of us have become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous acts are like filthy rags; we all shrivel up like a leaf, and like the wind our sins sweep us away.
以赛亚书 64:6 —我们都像不洁净的人，所有的义都像污秽的衣服；我们都像叶子渐渐枯干，我们的罪孽好像风把我们吹去。
C. Good works pleasing to God are not the same works that people may regard as ”good.“
Sometimes people confuse good works that please God with works that people may commend and praise as good.
God looks at more than the outward action. He also looks at the motivation behind it.
Works that are not prompted by faith in Christ and love for God proceed from sinful, selfish motivation （Such as fear of punishment or desire for reward） that God cannot accept as spiritually pleasing to Him.
Beware of equating mere morality and outward decency and kindness with good works that please God.
In His fatherly love for us in Jesus Christ, God is pleased with the imperfect good works done by His believing children. His pardoning love for us in Jesus forgives what is wrong and lacking in them.
VIII. The Holy Spirit Strengthens For The Struggle Against Sin And Unbelief 圣灵为与罪和不信的征战加添力量
Romans 6:11-12, 18 – In the same way, count yourselves dead to sin but alive to God in Christ Jesus. Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its evil desires. 18 You have been set free from sin and have become slaves to righteousness.
罗马书 6:11-12,18 —— 11这样，你们向罪也当看自己是死的；向神在基督耶稣里，却当看自己是活的。12所以，不要容罪在你们必死的身上作王，使你们顺从身子的私欲。
1 Timothy 6:12 – Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of the eternal life to which you were called when you made your good confession in the presence of many witnesses.
提摩太前书 6:12 —你要为真道打那美好的仗，持定永生。你为此被召，也在许多见证人面前已经作了那美好的见证。
A. During their earthly lives, Christians are involved in a bitter struggle to continue in faith and live for God against the powerful forces of sin and unbelief.
Ephesians 3:16 – I pray that out of His glorious riches He may strengthen you with power through His Spirit in your inner being,
以弗所书 3:16 —求他按着他丰盛的荣耀，藉着他的灵，叫你们心里的力量刚强起来。
Ephesians 6:10, 17 – Finally, be strong in the Lord and in his mighty power. 17Take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.
以弗所书 6:10, 17 — 10我还有末了的话：你们要靠着主，倚赖他的大能大力，作刚强的人。17并戴上救恩的头盔，拿着圣灵的宝剑，就是神的道。
B. God the Holy Spirit strengthens Christians through God’s powerful Word to carry on that battle
Philippians 1:25 b – I will continue with all of you for your progress and joy in the faith.
腓立比书 1:25b —且与你们众人同住，使你们在所信的道上又长进、又喜乐。
2 Thessalonians 1:3b – Your faith is growing more and more and love is increasing.
帖撒罗尼迦后书 1:3b —因你们的信心格外增长，并且你们众人彼此相爱的心也都充足。
2 Corinthians 7:1 – Since we have these promises, dear friends, let us purify ourselves from everything that contaminates body and spirit, perfecting holiness out of reverence for God.
哥林多后书 7:1 —亲爱的弟兄啊，我们既有这等应许，就当洁净自己，除去身体灵魂一切的污秽，敬畏神，得以成圣。
C. The Holy Spirit helps Christians make progress in their struggle against sin and unbelief. He helps them resist sin and strive to live holy lives.
1 John 1:8 – If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us.
约翰一书 1:8 —我们若说自己无罪，便是自欺，真理不在我们心里了；
Philippians 3:12a – Not that I have already obtained all this, or have already been made perfect.
腓立比书 3:12a —这不是说我已经得着了，已经完全了，
D. No matter how hard believers try to live a perfect life, they still sin while living in this world. Believers must wait until heaven to become perfect.
Romans 7:21-23, 18-19, 24-25 – 21 So I find this law at work: When I want to do good, evil is right there with me. 22For in my inner being I delight in God’s law; 23but I see another law at work in the members of my body, waging war against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner of the law of sin at work within my members. I know that nothing good lives in me, that is, in my sinful nature. For I have the desire to do what is good, but I cannot carry it out. 19For what I do is not the good I want to do; no, the evil I do not want to do—this I keep on doing. What a wretched man I am! Who will rescue me from this body of death? 25Thanks be to God—through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, I myself in my mind am a slave to God’s law, but in the sinful nature a slave to the law of sin.
罗马书 7:21-23, 18-19, 24-25 —21我觉得有个律，就是我愿意为善的时候，便有恶与我同在。 22因为按着我里面的意思（原文作”人“），我是喜欢神的律； 23但我觉得肢体中另有个律和我心中的律交战，把我掳去，叫我附从那肢体中犯罪的律。
E. Christians sin in weakness. Their sinful natures still afflict them and lead them into sins against God. As this goes on, the believing natures of Christians are objecting to and opposing these sins, are sorry for them and trusting in Christ for forgiveness for them.
Romans 8:1 – Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.
罗马书 8:1 —如今，那些在基督耶稣里的就不定罪了。
F. God does not ignore or excuse sins of weakness, but He does forgive them. Christians are continually pardoned for their sins of weakness since they remain trusting in Jesus as their Savior. Jesus grants forgiveness as part of the relationship He has with believers. Christians are at one and the same time both sinners and those who have the forgiveness of sins （saints）。
IX. Home Study: 作业
A. LESSON REVIEW: Mark each statement either A （Agree） or D （Disagree） 复习题：判断对错（A;同意，B:反对）
– 1. The Holy Spirit is really an impersonal force of good in the world.
– 1. 圣灵是这世上没有位格的正面力量。
– 2. When the Holy Spirit sanctifies people, He actually makes them perfect people who no longer sin.
– 2. 当圣灵使人分别为圣的时候，实际就把人变成不会犯罪的完全人。
– 3. Saving faith is trust and confidence in Jesus Christ alone to deliver a person from sin and hell.
– 3. 救赎的信心是单单信靠耶稣基督把人从罪和地狱解救出来。
– 4. A person does not have the natural ability to accept God’s invitation of life in Christ, but he/she does have the ability to refuse it.
– 4. 人的本性不能接受神在基督里给人新生的邀请，但是人的本性却能拒绝这个邀请。
– 5. The Holy Spirit accomplishes His work by means of the Gospel.
– 5. 圣灵通过福音完成自己的工作。
– 6. The Holy Spirit works radical changes in people by bringing them to faith in Jesus.
– 6. 圣灵通过带领人信靠耶稣，在人里面进行深刻的改变。
– 7. The reason some who hear the Gospel are saved while others who hear it are lost is because some are naturally less resistant to the Holy Spirit’s call to faith.
– 7. 有些听闻福音的人得救，而有些迷路，因为有的人天生更容易接受圣灵的呼召信耶稣。
– 8. God’s gracious election of believers from eternity is a most comforting and inspiring teaching of Scripture.
– 8. 神从亘古就慈爱的拣选了信徒，这是经文里最安心和鼓舞人的教导。
– 9. God owes everyone in the world an opportunity to hear the Gospel and is at fault if someone does not.
– 9. 神应该让每人都有机会听闻福音，如果漏掉，就是神的错。
– 10. According to the Bible, the Holy Spirit actually lives in believers.
– 11. Christians have two conflicting natures living in their hearts.
– 11. 基督徒有两个矛盾冲突的特性住在心里。
– 12. A Christian does good works in order to gain God’s favor and blessing.
– 12. 基督徒的好行为是为了获得神的赏识和恩惠。
– 13. All people do good works （pleasing to God） at some time in their lives.
– 13. 所有的人在人生的某些时候做好事（悦纳神）。
– 14. Since Christians are forgiven, they have a rather easy time in battling sin in their lives.
– 14. 既然基督徒获得了赦免，他们在与罪征战的时候就相当轻松。
– 15. A Christian who dies while committing a sin goes to hell because he or she has not repented of that sin.
– 15. 如果一个基督徒因为犯罪而死去，他就会下地狱，因为他没有为罪忏悔。
B. PERSONAL REFLECTION （Answer the following questions） 个人思考（回答如下问题）
How would you explain the statement: ”When God brings a person out of unbelief to saving faith in Jesus Christ, He does it all by Himself“?
What things are you personally willing to do to make sure that more people hear the Good News of Jesus?
Briefly describe your own personal struggle to live a life that consistently pleases and honors God.
C. MEMORY TREASURES （Memorize the following bible verses to build up your knowledge of God’s Word）记忆宝库（背诵如下经文，加强对神话语的了解）
2 Thessalonians 2:13b-14 – From the beginning God chose you to be saved through the sanctifying work of the Spirit and through belief in the truth. He called you to this through our gospel that you might share in the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
帖撒罗尼迦后书 2:13b，14 — 13b因为他从起初拣选了你们，叫你们因信真道，又被圣灵感动，成为圣洁，能以得救。 14神藉我们所传的福音召你们到这地步，好得着我们主耶稣基督的荣光。
Ephesians 2:8-9 – For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God—not by works, so that no one can boast.
以弗所书2:8，9 — 8你们得救是本乎恩，也因着信。这并不是出于自己，乃是神所赐的； 9也不是出于行为，免得有人自夸。
D. READING DURING THE WEEK 本周内阅读作业
– Day 1 – Acts 2 第一天–使徒行传第2章
– Day 2 – Galatians 1 第二天–加拉太书第1章
– Day 3 – Galatians 2 第三天–加拉太书第2章
– Day 4 – Galatians 3 第四天–加拉太书第3章
– Day 5 – Galatians 4 第五天–加拉太书第4章
– Day 6 – Galatians 5 第六天–加拉太书第5章
– Day 7 – Galatians 6 第七天–加拉太书第6章
E. HYMN / PRAYER 赞美诗/祷告
Hymn 184: 1, 3 in Christian Worship: ”O Holy Spirit, Enter In“
O Holy Spirit, enter in And in our hearts Your Work begin,
Your dwelling place now make us. Sun of the Soul , O Light divine,
Around and in us brightly shine, To joy and gladness wake us
That we May be Truly living, To You giving Prayer unceasing
And in love be still increasing.
O mighty Rock, O Source of life, Let your dear Word, in doubt and strife,
In us be strongly burning That we be faithful unto death
And live in love and holy faith, From You true wisdom learning.
Your grace and peace On us shower; By your power Christ confessing,
Let us see our Savior’s blessing.