Review the Home Study questions from Lesson 7
I. The Institution Of Holy Communion 圣餐的设立
Mark 14:22-24 – While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to His disciples, saying, “Take it; this is My body.” Then He took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, and they all drank from it. “This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many,” He said to them.
马可福音 14:22-24 ——22他们吃的时候，耶稣拿起饼来，祝了福，就擘开递给他们，说：“你们拿着吃，这是我的身体。” 23又拿起杯来，祝谢了，递给他们，他们都喝了。 24耶稣说：“这是我立约的血，为多人流出来的。
Luke 22:15-20 – And He （Jesus） said to them, ”I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it finds fulfillment in the kingdom of God.“ After taking the cup, He gave thanks and said, ”Take this and divide it among you. For I tell you I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.“ And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, ”This is My body given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.“ In the same way, after the supper He took the cup, saying, ”This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is poured out for you.
路加福音 22:15-20 ——15耶稣对他们说：“我很愿意在受害以先和你们吃这逾越节的筵席。16我告诉你们：我不再吃这筵席，直到成就在 神的国里。” 17耶稣接过杯来，祝谢了，说：“你们拿这个，大家分着喝。18我告诉你们，从今以后，我不再喝这葡萄汁，直等 神的国来到。”19又拿起饼来，祝谢了，就擘开，递给他们，说：“这是我的身体，为你们舍的，你们也应当如此行，为的是记念我。”20饭后也照样拿起杯来，说：“这杯是用我血所立的新约，是为你们流出来的。
1 Corinthians 11:23-25 – For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night He was betrayed, took bread, and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, ”This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of mMe.“ In the same way, after supper He took the cup, saying, ”This cup is the new covenant in My blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of Me.“
哥林多前书 11:23-25 ——23我当日传给你们的，原是从主领受的，就是主耶稣被卖的那一夜，拿起饼来， 24祝谢了，就掰开，说，这是我的身体，为你们舍的（舍有古卷作掰开）。你们应当如此行，为的是记念我。25饭后，也照样拿起杯来，说：”这杯是用我的血所立的新约。你们每逢喝的时候，要如此行，为的是记念我。“
A. Jesus instituted the Sacrament of Holy Communion on the night He was betrayed by Judas Iscariot, only hours before His death on the cross. This day is known as Maundy Thursday （the word ”Maundy“ is from the Latin and means ”to give a command“ referring very likely to the statement ”A new commandment I give unto you that you love one another as I have loved you.“）。
B. Jesus instituted Holy Communion at a Passover meal, eaten with His disciples in an upper room in Jerusalem.
Passover was the annual celebration of God’s dramatic rescue of His people from slavery in Egypt.
In the Passover meal, the celebrants reviewed the events of God’s deliverance of His Old Testament people and praised God for His saving love.
C. This Sacrament is known by several different names:
Holy Communion stresses the holiness of the things joined together – Christ’s Word and command. The communion is a ”union with“ or ”sharing“ of three things.
圣餐礼强调圣洁的事物结合在一起—–基督的话语和命令。 ”communion“ 意思是融合或分享三种事物。
a. A union of the bread and wine with the body and blood of Jesus.
b. A union of the believing communicant with Christ.
c. A union of all the believing communicants with each other through Jesus.
The Lord’s Supper emphasizes that it is not just any meal
a. It was instituted and commanded by our Lord Jesus Christ Himself.
b. Jesus is our host at this heavenly meal and gives us His full, accepting fellowship and blessing.
The Sacrament of the Altar is a name given by the Church to Holy Communion.
a. It stresses the location. Baptism is not done ”at the altar.“
b. The name conveys the insight that Holy Communion is intended only for Christians （people who can properly approach the Lord’s altar）。
c. Holy Communion is not intended to initiate faith, but to strengthen already existing faith.
II. What Holy Communion Is 圣餐礼是什么
Matthew 26:26-29 –While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to His disciples, saying, ”Take and eat; this is My body.“ Then He took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, saying, ”Drink from it, all of you. 28 This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. 29 I tell you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it anew with you in My Father’s kingdom.“
马太福音 26:26-29 ——26他们吃的时候，耶稣拿起饼来，祝福，就擘开递给门徒，说：”你们拿着吃，这是我的身体。“ 27又拿起杯来，祝谢了，递给他们，说：”你们都喝这个，28因为这是我立约的血，为多人流出来，使罪得赦。29但我告诉你们：从今以后我不再喝这葡萄汁，直到我在我父的国里同你们喝新的那日子。“
A. Holy Communion is Jesus’ gift of His body and blood along with bread and wine for the forgiveness of sins, accomplished by the power of His Word.
According to Jesus’ clear words, the person who eats the bread also receives Christ’s body. And the person who drinks the wine also receives Christ’s blood.
We call the presence of Jesus’ body and blood in the sacrament the ”real presence.“
Communicants receive the bread and wine in a nature way. They receive Christ’s body and blood in a supernatural way beyond our comprehension.
Jesus used unleavened bread （bread without yeast） and grape wine in instituting Holy Communion. While it is permissible to use leavened bread or grape juice in emergencies, we regularly use the same elements Jesus used.
B. The Biblical view compared with others.
The following chart compares the Bible’s teaching of the real presence with two erring views that arose from distorting God’s Word.
Nature 性质 A Sacrament 圣餐礼 A Sacrifice 献祭 A Symbol 象征 Name 名称 Real Presence 圣体实在 Transubstantiation 实体变换，体变（指面饼和葡萄酒经祝圣后变成基督的体血，只留下饼酒的外形） Representation 代表，象征 Key Words 关键词 “is My body, is My blood” “是我的身体，我的血” “changes into” “变成” “represents” “代表” Elements Present 出现的要素 Bread & Body 饼和身体；Wine & Blood 酒和血 No Bread & Wine 没有饼和酒；Christ’s entire being 基督的整个存在 Bread & Wine 饼和酒；No Body & Blood 没有身体和血 God’s Action 神的做工 Christ is present to give blessings 基督到来给予祝福 Christ is crucified again 基督又被钉十字架 None 没有做工 Christ’s Command 基督的命令 Eat & Drink for blessing 吃喝就能获得祝福 Re-enact & offer Jesus’ sacrifice to God 重演，再一次使耶稣献祭给神 Remember Jesus suffering & death 纪念基督的受难和死去 Blessings/0Benefit 祝福/恩惠 Forgiveness of sins, Assurance of salvation 罪得赦免，确信获得救赎 Power to live a more deserving life 获得能力，可以过更加值得的生活 Strengthens appreciation for Jesus 加强了对基督的感激
The Sacramental view is the teaching of the Bible.
Some regard Holy Communion primarily as a ”Sacrifice“ in which the bread and wine are changed into Christ’s body and blood and in which Jesus’ sacrifice is re-enacted in an unbloody manner and offered to God as a payment for sins of the living and the dead.
1 Corinthians 11:26-29 – For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes. Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself.
a. The Bible counters this view by pointing out that communicants actually eat and drink the physical elements of bread and wine.
Hebrews 9:25-26 – Nor did He （Jesus） enter heaven to offer Himself again and again, the way the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood that is not his own. Then Christ would have had to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But now He has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to do away with sin by the sacrifice of Himself.
b. The Bible also opposes this view by teaching that Jesus made a complete once-for-all-people –and-for all-sins sacrifice that does not need to be repeated.
c. The ”sacrificial“ view treats Jesus’ redeeming work with great contempt and makes Holy Communion a meriting work of people rather than a precious gift of God.
Some regard Holy Communion primarily as a ”Symbol“ in which Jesus’ body and blood are represented, but not really present, and in which people can remember Jesus’ sacrifice for their sins on Calvary but receive no forgiveness.
1 Corinthians 10:16 – Is not the cup of thanksgiving for which we give thanks a participation in the blood of Christ? And is not the bread that we break a participation in the body of Christ?
哥林多前书 10:16 ——我们所祝福的杯，岂不是同领基督的血吗？我们所擘开的饼，岂不是同领基督的身体吗？
a. The Bible counters this view by teaching that communicants actually take part or participate in Christ’s body and blood which are present in Communion.
Matthew 26:28 – This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
马太福音 26:28 ——因为这是我立约的血，为多人流出来，使罪得赦。
b. The Bible also opposes this view by indicating that God actually gives forgiveness of sins in Holy Communion.
c. The ”symbolical“ view denies the true essence of Holy Communion and leaves it a powerless, empty ceremony.
III. The Benefits And Purposes Of Holy Communion 圣餐礼的好处和目的
Hebrews 8:8b, 10a-12 – The time is coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. 10aThis is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time, declares the Lord. I will put My laws in their minds and write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be My people. No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ because they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest. For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.
希伯来书8:8b, 10a-12 —
Hebrews 9:15 – For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance— now that He has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.
希伯来书 9:15 —为此，他作了新约的中保，既然受死赎了人在前约之时所犯的罪过，便叫蒙召之人得着所应许永远的产业。
Matthew 26:27-28 – Then He took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, saying, Drink from it, all of you. This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
马太福音 26:27-28 ——27又拿起杯来，祝谢了，递给他们，说：“你们都喝这个，28因为这是我立约的血，为多人流出来，使罪得赦。
A. By redeeming us, Jesus established the new covenant （a covenant is a solemn, binding agreement between people） that God had promised.
At the heart of this covenant of grace, God grants forgiveness of sins to people and has intimate fellowship with them.
In Holy Communion, Jesus gives the blessings of that covenant: full forgiveness and intimate fellowship with God to His believing people.
Hebrews 9:14 – How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!
希伯来书 9:14 ——何况基督藉着永远的灵，将自己无瑕无疵献给神，他的血岂不更能洗净你们的心（原文作”良心“），除去你们的死行，使你们侍奉那永生神吗？
Jesus uses these blessings to increase our faith in God so we are sure of His pardon and strengthened to serve Him.
Luke 22:19-20 – And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, ”This is My body given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.“ In the same way, after the supper He took the cup, saying, ”This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is poured out for you.“
路加福音 22:19-20 ——19又拿起饼来，祝谢了，就擘开，递给他们，说：”这是我的身体，为你们舍的，你们也应当如此行，为的是记念我。“ 20饭后也照样拿起杯来，说：”这杯是用我血所立的新约，是为你们流出来的。
B. In Holy Communion, Jesus gives us the forgiveness of sins in a most personal, convincing way.
He gives individually to believers His body and blood which He offered into death to secure our forgiveness.
He gives this gift in a way that involves all our senses.
1 Corinthians 11:26 – For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.
哥林多前书 11:26 —你们每逢吃这饼，喝这杯，是表明主的死，直等到他来。
C. By celebrating Holy Communion, we personally remember and publicly confess that Jesus died to give us forgiveness and eternal life.
1 Corinthians 10:17 – Because there is one loaf, we, who are many, are one body, for we all partake of the one loaf.
哥林多前书 10:17 —我们虽多，仍是一个饼、一个身体，因为我们都是分受这一个饼。
D. By celebrating Holy Communion, we also express our united fellowship with God and other believers in Christ, the precious result of our Spirit-created faith.
IV. Who Is To Partake Of Holy Communion 谁分受圣餐
1 Corinthians 11:23-29 – For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night He was betrayed, took bread, and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of Me.“ In the same way, after supper He took the cup, saying, ”This cup is the new covenant in My blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of Me.“ For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes. Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself.
哥林多前书 11:23-29 ——23我当日传给你们的，原是从主领受的，就是主耶稣被卖的那一夜，拿起饼来， 24祝谢了，就掰开，说，这是我的身体，为你们舍的（舍有古卷作掰开）。你们应当如此行，为的是记念我。25饭后，也照样拿起杯来，说：”这杯是用我的血所立的新约。你们每逢喝的时候，要如此行，为的是记念我。“26你们每逢吃这饼，喝这杯，是表明主的死，直等到他来。 27所以，无论何人不按理吃主的饼、喝主的杯，就是干犯主的身、主的血了。28人应当自己省察，然后吃这饼、喝这杯。29因为人吃喝，若不分辨是主的身体，就是吃喝自己的罪了。
A. Jesus intends that His properly prepared Christians partake of Holy Communion.
They are the ones who in faith know and confess （”remember and proclaim“） the meaning of Jesus’ death and its blessings.
They are the ones who spiritually examine themselves and believe:
a. that they are sinful and need God’s forgiveness.
b. that God forgives them because of Jesus’ redeeming work.
c. that Jesus’ body and blood are truly present in the Sacrament to give them the forgiveness of sins.
B. In accord with Jesus’ will, we carefully instruct people in the Bible’s teachings prior to receiving Holy Communion. After this strengthening instruction, they publicly confess their faith in Jesus and their unity in faith with other believers and so indicate their readiness to receive Holy Communion （confirmation）。
C. Christ’s Words ”given for you“ and ”poured out for you,“ place God’s blessing into the Sacrament. Communicants receive the benefit of these blessings through Spirit-worked faith in Christ’s promise.
D. God warns against taking Holy Communion unworthily or improperly.
Unworthy or improper reception consists of a failure to recognize the real presence of Jesus’ body and blood and unbelief （the rejection of God’s Word of Law and/or Gospel）。
1 John 1:8 – If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us.
约翰一书 1:8 —我们若说自己无罪，便是自欺，真理不在我们心里了；
Sin by itself does not make a person unworthy, but a lack of repentance does. Impenitence is refusing to believe God’s Law.
Unworthy reception results in God’s judgment on the unworthy communicant. Such a person receives Christ’s body and blood not to his/her benefit, but to his/her harm.
It is possible for a person to repent of the sin of unworthy reception and be forgiven for it.
E. Because of God’s warning and judgment on improper reception of Holy Communion, we lovingly exclude from Communion those who cannot or will not repent of their sins and believe in Jesus and His promises in the Sacrament.
The unbelievers or ungodly who openly confess their unbelief.
The openly unrepentant who by words or actions refuse to admit their sinfulness.
The insane or severely mentally disabled or those in a coma who are not capable of examining themselves properly.
The uninstructed, children and adults, who are not properly instructed in the teachings of the Bible and so cannot properly examine themselves.
Those who teach or follow false doctrine and are not part of the fellowship of the true Christian faith. （This is explained more fully in the next session.）
V. Common Faith Communion 共同信仰圣餐
A. On the basis of the teachings of God’s Word , we are led to practice a common faith （also called ”close“ or ”fellowship“） communion in which we join in Holy Communion those who are correctly instructed in the teachings of God’s Word, who publicly confess their faith in them, and who are willing and able to examine themselves spiritually.
B. This practice is sometimes misunderstood and misinterpreted as an unloving practice. A biblical look at this practice will help us understand it correctly.
1 Corinthians 11:29 – For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself.
哥林多前书 11:29 —因为人吃喝，若不分辨是主的身体，就是吃喝自己的罪了。
C. To invite people who were not taught to recognize Jesus’ body and blood in Communion to commune is to invite them to receive God’s judgment on themselves.
This is a cruel, unloving thing to do.
Christian love refuses to let this harm come to them and strives to warn of the danger and help that person gain a proper understanding first so they can properly commune later.
1 Corinthians 10:17 – Because there is one loaf, we, who are many, are one body for we all partake of the one loaf.
哥林多前书 10:17 —我们虽多，仍是一个饼、一个身体，因为我们都是分受这一个饼。
Matthew 28:20a – And teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.
马太福音 28:20a —凡我所吩咐你们的，都教训他们遵守，
Romans 16:17 – ”I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Keep away from them.
罗马书 16:17 —弟兄们，那些离间你们、叫你们跌倒、背乎所学之道的人，我劝你们要留意躲避他们。
D. Holy Communion is an expression of unity of faith among people.
Jesus wants us to be united on all that He tells us in His Word.
If a person by his/her public confession （which includes membership in a congregation and church body） disagrees with what the Bible teaches （and we believe） as true, he/he is not truly united with us in faith.
To commune a person who confesses contrary to God’s Word is both dishonest and misleading.
Excluding from Communion those who have a confession that is contrary to the Word is a concerned call to them to accept the true teaching of the Bible and be united with us in faith.
VI. Proper Preparation For Holy Communion 圣餐前的适当准备。
A. Good participation in Holy Communion requires good preparation.
2 Corinthians 13:5 – Examine yourselves to see whether you are in the faith; test yourselves. Do you not realize that Christ Jesus is in you—unless, of course, you fail the test?
哥林多后书 13:5 —你们总要自己省察有信心没有。也要自己试验。岂不知你们若不是可弃绝的，就有耶稣基督在你们心里吗。
B. Before we attend Holy Communion, God wants us to examine ourselves to see if we are sorry for our sins, trust in Jesus’ forgiveness for us and recognize what Holy Communion is and gives.
C. A good method of preparation is to ask ourselves these questions:
Do I believe that I am a sinner? （Yes）
Am I sorry for my sins? （Yes）
Do I believe that Jesus is my Savior from sin and that He has earned forgiveness for me by His life, death and resurrection? （Yes）
Do I believe that in the Lord’s Supper I actually receive with the bread and wine the true body and blood of Jesus for the assurance of the forgiveness of my sins? （Yes）
Do I desire to improve my sinful life and, with God helping me, dedicate my life ever more to Christ and to His service? （Yes）
D. Our self examination may reveal we have committed many sins and/or that we have a weak faith. This discovery should be an encouragement rather than a discouragement to take Holy Communion.
Romans 5:6 – You see, at just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly.
罗马书 5:6 —因我们还软弱的时候，基督就按所定的日期为罪人死。
Mark 9:24 – Immediately the boy’s father exclaimed, “I do believe; help me overcome my unbelief!”
马可福音 9:24 —孩子的父亲立时喊着说（有古卷作“立时流泪地喊着说”）：“我信，但我信不足，求主帮助！”
John 6:37b – “Whoever comes to Me I will never drive away.”
约翰福音 6:37b —到我这里来的，我总不丢弃他。
Proper reception of Holy Communion requires a sincere sorrow for sins and faith in Christ to forgive.、
As long as we are sorry for our sins and believe that Jesus forgives our sins, we may receive Holy Communion. Jesus will not refuse a repentant believer even though his/her sins are many and his/her faith is weak.
In fact, Jesus will use Holy Communion to assure us that He has forgiven our sins to strengthen our faith in Him.
Psalm 32:3, 5 – When I kept silent, my bones wasted away through my groaning all day long. Then I acknowledged my sin to You and did not cover up my iniquity. I said, “I will confess my transgressions to the Lord” – and You forgave the guilt of my sin.
诗篇 32:3,5 —
If a particular sin is troubling a person, he/she should speak with the pastor about it prior to communing.
a. In this way, the matter can be resolved through personal confession and absolution.
b. After this, the person may commune with an untroubled conscience.
VII. Regular Reception Of Holy Communion 经常领受圣餐
Luke 22:19-20 – And He （Jesus） took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” In the same way, after the supper He took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is poured out for you.”
路加福音 22:19-20 ——19又拿起饼来，祝谢了，就擘开，递给他们，说：“这是我的身体，为你们舍的，你们也应当如此行，为的是记念我。” 20饭后也照样拿起杯来，说：“这杯是用我血所立的新约，是为你们流出来的。
1 Corinthians 11:26 – For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.
A. Jesus invites and commands us to receive Holy Communion again and again.
Romans 4:7 – ”Blessed are they whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered.
Matthew 11:28 – ”Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest.
马太福音 11:28 —凡劳苦担重担的人，可以到我这里来，我就使你们得安息。
B. We have a deep need for the forgiveness, peace, joy and strength which Jesus gives us in Holy Communion.
Hebrews 10:25 – Let us not give up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one another–and all the more as you see the Day approaching.
希伯来书 10:25 —你们不可停止聚会，好像那些停止惯了的人，倒要彼此劝勉。既知道（原文作“看见”）那日子临近，就更当如此。
C. Christians give and receive important spiritual encouragement to each other by communing frequently.
Acts 2:42 – They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer.
使徒行传 2:42 —都恒心遵守使徒的教训，彼此交接，掰饼，祈祷。
D. Through the example of the early Christians, God teaches us to receive Holy Communion regularly – unless there is some serious reason not to.
E. Taking Holy Communion frequently does not mean that we may or will take it for granted. If we prepare well and remember this Sacrament’s worth, we can take it frequently without despising it.
VIII. Practical Matters Concerning Holy Communion 涉及圣餐的实际问题
A. Who can administer Holy Communion
The administration of Holy Communion is part of the Gospel ministry which God has given to all His believers.
Since Holy Communion is celebrated among Christians gathered around the Gospel, its administration is properly carried out by those the congregation calls or chooses to perform this duty.
a. The pastor’s call includes this duty.
b. A congregation may also call one or more of its qualified men （often elders or officers） to assist in this work.
The validity of Holy Communion does not depend on the faith or position of the person who administers it, but on the powerful Word of God.
B. Communion announcement and registration
Many congregations have some method of having people announce or register their intentions to receive Holy Communion.
Announcing/registering to attend Communion gives people the opportunity to give extra thought to their preparation and readiness for communing.
Announcing/registering also helps the congregation fulfill its responsibility to care for the souls of its members.
C. Distribution practices
In matters concerning Holy Communion which God has not addressed in His Word, God gives Christians great freedom to choose their own practices.
A congregation may use either or both common or individual cups.
Communicants may kneel, stand or sit to receive Holy Communion.
Members generally sing congregational hymns and offer personal prayers during the distribution.
D. Receiving Holy Communion
Suggestions on receiving the elements.
Suggestions for our thoughts: Remembering, Expecting, Request, Thanksgiving.
E. Private or personal communion
If a communicant member is hospitalized, shut-in, working during Communion services, or otherwise unable to receive Holy Communion regularly, he/she may request private or personal communion.
The pastor or another called member will arrange to give that person Holy Communion so he/she can receive its blessings.
The pastor and elders are concerned about your spiritual welfare. Do not hesitate to make your need known.
IX. Home Study 作业
A. LESSON REVIEW: Mark each statement either A （Agree） or D （Disagree）
—– 1. Jesus instituted Holy Communion on the occasion of the Jewish Day of Atonement.
—– 1. 耶稣在犹太赎罪日当天设立了圣餐。
—– 2. In Holy Communion, Christ’s body and blood are present along with the bread and the wine.
—– 2. 在圣餐礼中，基督的身体和宝血连同存在于饼和酒里。
—– 3. Christ’s Word gives Holy Communion its great power.
—– 3. 基督的话语给圣餐大能力。
—– 4. At its essence, Holy Communion is a wonderful sacrifice God allows us to offer Him.
—– 4. 实质上，圣餐是神允许我们献奇妙的祭给神。
—– 5. At the heart of God’s new covenant is His gracious agreement to forgive all our sins.
—– 5. 神新约的核心是，神同意慈爱的宽恕我们所有人的罪。
—– 6. As long as a person believes in Jesus he/she may take the Lord’s Supper.
—– 6. 只要某人信靠耶稣，就可以领受圣餐。
—– 7. Sinning by itself does not disqualify us from receiving Holy Communion.
—– 7. 犯罪本身不能免去我们领受圣餐的资格。
—– 8. Whoever takes Holy Communion unworthily will be damned.
—– 8. 任何不敬虔的领受圣餐的人会被定罪。
—– 9. Not everyone who goes to communion receives the forgiveness of sins.
—– 9. 不是所有参加圣餐礼的人都可以获得罪的赦免。
—– 10. We can feel free to commune in any Christian congregation.
—– 10. 我们可以在任何基督徒会众里自由的领受圣餐。
—– 11. Before going to the Lord’s Supper we must show God that we deserve its blessings.
—– 11. 在去参加圣餐前，我们必须表现给神，我们值得受到圣餐的祝福。
—– 12. A person can have a weak faith and still go to Holy Communion.
—– 12. 某人可能会信心软弱，但是仍然可以参加圣餐。
—– 13. It is important for us to go to Communion on a regular basis.
—– 13. 我们定期参加圣餐是很重要的事情。
—– 14. Believers may receive Holy Communion frequently with great benefit as long as they prepare carefully to receive it.
—– 14. 信徒可以频繁的领受圣餐，得到大益处，只要之前认真充分的做准备。
—– 15. Only pastors may administer Holy Communion.
—– 15. 只有牧师可以执行圣餐。
B. PERSONAL REFLECTIONS （Answer the following questions）
- What truths about Holy Communion encourage a Christian to receive it regularly?
- What loving scriptural reasons can you see behind the practice of “common faith” communion?
- What are some helpful ways to prepare yourself for receiving Holy Communion?
C. MEMORY TREASURES: （Memorize the following Bible verses to build up your knowledge of God’s Word）
1 Corinthians 11:23–25 – For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night He was betrayed, took bread, and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” In the same way, after supper He took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of Me.”
Matthew 26:28 – This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
D. READING DURING THE WEEK
—– Day 1 – Gospel of John 1 第一天–约翰福音第1章
—– Day 2 –John 2 第2 天–约翰福音第2章
—– Day 3 – John 3 第3 天–约翰福音第3章
—– Day 4 – John 4 第4 天–约翰福音第4章
—– Day 5 – John 5 第5 天–约翰福音第5章
—– Day 6 – John 6 第6 天–约翰福音第6章
—– Day 7 – John 7 第7 天–约翰福音第7章
Hymn 312: 1, 8 in Christian Worship: “Lord Jesus Christ, You Have Prepared”
Lord Jesus Christ, You have prepared This feast for our salvation;
It is Your body and Your blood, And at Your invitation
As weary souls, with sin oppressed, We come to You for needed rest,
For comfort, and for pardon.
For Your consoling supper, Lord, Be praise throughout all ages!
Preserve it, for in every place The world against it rages.
Grant that this sacrament may be A blessed comfort unto me
When living and when dying.