The second half of Romans contains the perplexing chapters regarding God’s election and the hardening of the hearts of the people of Israel. The lessons in this course will explain those difficult sections and help the students grow in appreciation of God’s grace.

The final lessons of this course will focus on practical applications of God’s grace and his call to Christian living.


The objectives of this course are to help students

  • Gain a deeper appreciation of God’s Law and Gospel for everyone through Jesus
  • Grow in living a life of hope because of God’s grace in Jesus
  • Grasp the depth of our security because of our grace selection to God through Jesus.


  • This course is open to any GBI student.
  • This course is an elective course in all three certificate programs.
  • All students who enroll in this course should have a basic understanding of the Bible.
  • In order to receive credit for this course, the student must be in attendance for at least 75% of the instruction periods, actively participate in the instruction periods when present, and complete on time and in a satisfactory manner any assignments and/or tests given by the instructor.


  • Lesson 1: Romans 9:1-9 God’s Election Is Evidence of His Grace and Mercy.
  • Lesson 2: Romans 9:30-10:21 God’s Grace Calls People to Faith.
  • Lesson 3: Romans 11:1-36 God Grafts Believers to Jesus Like New Branches to a Tree.
  • Lesson 4: Romans 12:1-21 God Calls Us to Thankful, Sacrificial Living.
  • Lesson 5: Romans 13:1-14 God Calls Us to Respect Authority and to Love.
  • Lesson 6: Romans 14:1-23 God Calls Us to Live and Serve Others.
  • Lesson 7: Romans 15:1-33 God Calls us to Serve and Reach Out to Others.
  • Lesson 8: Romans 16:1-27 Greetings ad Concluding Encouragements.
  • Lesson 9: Final Review.


  • Students will be provided with a digital bilingual copy of the Commentary on Romans by Armin Panning.
  • Printed lessons with discussion questions will be provided to all students prior to each class.
  • Each lesson will consist of two parts:
    1. Home preparation (reading the commentary and answering questions)
    2. In class discussion with the instructor (going through the assigned questions and any additional discussion)
  • The home preparation should take roughly an hour each week. In class discussion will last from 45-90 minutes, depending on the length of discussion with the instructor.
  • The students will be expected to complete the reading assignment and answer the assigned questions.
  • At the end of the course a final exam will be given.

Lesson 6 Romans 14:1-23 Living to Serve Others 111

Pastor Kenneth Kratz Dr. James Witt

Romans 9-16 Final Exam 111

Pastor Kenneth Kratz Dr. James Witt

Last modified January 14, 2021: add #111 Lesson 1-5 (59d287e)