第一章 抵制错误 珍视神的救恩

Chapter 1 Combat Error And Treasure God’s Saving Grace

Outline 提纲

B. Translation 翻译

  1. Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by (according to) the authoritative command of God our Savior and Christ Jesus, our firm assurance (hope). 2) To Timothy, true child in faith. Grace, mercy, peace from God the Father and from Christ Jesus, our Lord .


  1. I urged you to remain in Ephesus, while I traveled to Macedonia, so that you may command certain people not to teach false doctrines , 4) nor to dedicate (devote) themselves to myths and endless genealogies. These create (promote) controversies (questions) rather than God’s ministry, which is by faith. 5) The goal of this command love from a pure heart, a clear conscience and a sincere faith. 6) Some have swerved (deviated) from these and turned away into meaningless talk. 7) These want to be teachers of the law, but they do not know what they are talking about or what they confidently assert.


  1. But we know that the law is good, if a person uses it properly (literally, “lawfully”). 9) We also know this: that the law is not made for the righteous person, but for the lawbreakers (lawless) and disobedient, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy (wicked) and irreligious (anti-godly), for those who murder fathers and those who murder mothers, for murderers, 10) for adulterers, homosexuals, slave traders (enslavers), liars, perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to the sound (healthy) doctrine, 11) that is according to the glorious gospel (gospel of glory) of the supremely blessed God, with which I have been entrusted.


  1. I have gratitude toward (am thankful to) Christ Jesus, who has given me inner strength, that He considered me faithful (trustworthy), placing (appointing) me into service. 13) Previously I was a blasphemer (one who speaks abusive evil) and a persecutor and a violent man (one who delights in inflicting pain). But I was shown mercy because I acted in ignorance and unbelief. 14) The grace of our Lord was poured out on me abundantly along with faith and the love that is in Christ Jesus. 15) Faithful is the saying and worthy of complete acceptance, Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners of which I am the greatest (worst). 16) But because of this, I was shown mercy so that in me, the greatest (worst) sinner, Christ Jesus might show the fullness of His patient restraint as an example for those who would believe in Him for eternal life. 17) Now to the King – eternal, immortal, invisible – to the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.


  1. Timothy, child, I commit this mandate (proclamation) in accord with the prophecies previously made about you, so that by : them you may fight the good war, 19) holding on to faith and a good conscience. Some have shoved these aside (rejected these) and have become shipwrecked concerning their faith. 20) Among these are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I have delivered (given over) to Satan so that they may be taught not to blaspheme (speak abusive evil). 18)


C. Things To Learn And Think About 学习并 思考的事项

  1. In verse 1, Paul identifies himself as an apostle of Jesus Christ. He belongs to Jesus Christ and represents Him.Paul also states that he serves by God’s choice and command and with God’s authority. The apostle also indicates that the God he serves is the great Savior from sin and the sure Source of all future blessing..


  2. In verse 2, Paul warmly greets his co-worker, Timothy, whom he regards as his true spiritual child in their common faith in Christ. He announces God’s blessing and emphasizes God’s wonderful love for sinful people. He tells us that God gives us His grace (His freely given love for those who deserve only punishment), His mercy (His love for the needy and helpless) and His peace (His restoring of wholeness and harmony to our sin-ruined lives).


  3. In verses 3-4, Paul reminds Timothy of the task Paul had given him earlier to stay in Ephesus and to stop the false teachers who were troubling the church. These false teachers were not teaching God’s Word faithfully and, instead, were inventing and promoting untrue stories and teachings that created doubts and controversies among the people.


  4. In verse 5, Paul explains that the purpose of stopping the false teachers was to accomplish God’s goals for people. God wants His Word to be taught correctly so that he can produce a pure heart, a clear conscience and a sincere faith in people.


  5. In verses 6-7, Paul warns that some in Ephesus have rejected the true teaching of God’s Word and goals for people. Instead they engage in empty talk. They confidently claim to be expert teachers of God’s Word, but, in reality, they are only confused, ignorant and foolish opponents of God.


  6. In verses 8-9a, Paul points out one of the major errors of the false teachers. These misguided people were not using the law of God properly. They presented themselves as people who are righteous because they incorrectly thought that have kept the law well enough to satisfy God. They were teaching others to think that they also could gain their righteousness before God by their personal keeping of the law. The false teachers were making the tragic mistake of teaching that sinful people can earn their own salvation by their own imperfect efforts to keep the law.


  7. In verses. 9b-11, Paul explains the proper purpose of God’s moral law.He states that the law of God is meant to discourage people from sinning against God and to help sinners recognize the many ways that they rebel against God and violate God’s commands to love Him and to love other people. The law is properly used to expose the sins, crush the pride and convict the consciences of sinners so they will see their wickedness, guilt and hopelessness before a just and holy God and be led to a true sorrow for their sin.


  8. In verses 12-14, Paul expresses his profound thanks to Jesus Christ for showing mercy on him and allowing him to serve God. Paul had been a strong, destructive, sin-blinded enemy of God. Yet, God showered Paul with His underserved love and brought him to faith in Christ and created a sincere love for God and others in him.


  9. In verse 15, Paul shares an extremely important truth. He declares that Jesus came to the world for the purpose of saving sinners. Then he identifies himself as the greatest or worst of sinners.


  10. In verse 16, Paul proceeds to explain that God showed mercy on him so that he might serve as an example of God’s tremendous patience and as an encouragement and comfort for other sinners to believe in Christ.

  1. In verse 17, Paul adores God as the one true God who is eternal, immortal, invisible and who rules as King and is deserving of endless honor and glory.
  1. In verses 18-19a, Paul charges Timothy to carry out his mission in accord with the commission he had received. By faithfully teaching God’s Word and opposing false teaching, Timothy will fight well in the spiritual war he is in and will retain his faith in Christ.
  1. In verses 19b-20, Paul warns that some have been unfaithful and, as a result, have ruined their faith. Paul mentions Hymenaeus and Alexander as examples among the false teachers in Ephesus. Paul announces that he has declared them to be out of the faith and under the control of Satan so that they might be led to repent of their sin of speaking abusively against God.

D. Study Questions 学习问题

  1. What wonderful Christian truths did Paul express in his opening greeting to Timothy? (vs. 1-2)


  2. What was the first major ministry topic that Paul mentioned in the letter? (vs. 3-4) 保罗在这封书信中提到的第一个很大的福音事工是什么?(第3-4节)

  3. What attitudes toward God and people did the false teachers in Ephesus reveal? (vs. 4, 6-7)


  4. What goals does God want to accomplish as He works in people’s lives? (vs. 4b-5)


  5. What did Paul teach about the law and its use in verses 8-11?


  6. Describe Paul’s personal experience of God’s grace and mercy. (vs. 12-14, see Acts 9:1-19)


  7. What key truth did Paul relate in verse 15?


  8. What was one of the primary purposes for which God showed such great mercy to Paul? (v. 16)


  9. What was Paul’s purpose in including verse 17 in a discussion of God’s grace?


  10. What are some things we learn about God in verse 17?

  1. What was one of Paul’s major reasons for writing this first letter to Timothy? (verses 18-19a)
  1. What sobering examples of warning did Paul give in verses 19b-20?
  1. What was the meaning and purpose of “delivering someone over to Satan” in verse 20?

E. Application Questions 应用问题

  1. List three reasons why would not allow some people to publicly teach God’s Word in the church? (vs. 3-7)


  2. Offer at least three reasons why false teachers who operate in the church today continue the practice of the Ephesian false teachers - and boldy insert their own made-up, untrue stories and teachings alongside God’s true words in the Bible.


  3. Why is it so important that false teachers be stopped from spreading their spiritual lies to others?


  4. Give several examples of how people can and do misuse God’s Law as they apply it to their lives or the lives of others. (vs. 8-11)


  5. Give several examples of how people use God’s Law properly as God intends. (vs. 8-11)


  6. What are the benefits of humbly and truthfully telling others about the saving grace that God has personally shown us? (vs. 12-17)


  7. Agree or Disagree? “Saint Paul was not actually the worst sinner of all the sinners in the world.” (v. 15) (Explain your answer)


  8. Agree or Disagree? “As far as I am concerned, I am the worst sinner of all the sinners in the world.” (v. 15) (Explain your answer)


  9. Identify at least three things you realize that you have to continually “fight for” in order to be a faithful follower of Jesus Christ. (vs. 18-19)


  10. Under what conditions should a person be “handed over to Satan” and so be“excommunicated from the church”? (v. 20)