第三章 遵从有关教会领袖和工人的指示

Chapter 3 Follow Instructions Regarding Church Leaders And Workers

A. Outline 大纲

A. The Man Who Desires To Oversee A Church Wants A Very Good Thing (v. 1)


B. The Men Who Oversee Churches Are To Be Experienced Christians With Good Character, Sound Judgment, Kindness, Able To Teach, Good Leaders Of Their Families And Well Respected In The Community (vs. 2-7)


C. The Men Who Serve As Deacons Must Be Strong In The Faith, Have Good Character And Be Proven To Be Blameless (vs. 8-10)


D. The Women Who Assist Church Leaders Are To Be Reverent, Trustworthy And Of Good Character (v. 11)


E. Deacons Are Also To Lead Their Families Well (v. 12)


F. Those Who Serve Well Gain The Rewards Of Respect From Fellow Christians And Greater Confidence To Express Their Faith In Christ. (v. 13)


G. Paul Wrote These Instructions So People Would Know How To Conduct Themselves In The Church. (vs. 14-15)


H. Paul Offered A Hymn Of Praise To Jesus Christ For His Glorious, Saving Work For People From His Incarnation To His Coronation As King Of All (vs. 16-17)


B. Translation 翻译

  1. The saying is trustworthy: ‘If anyone desires the position of leading (supervising) a church, he desires a noble work. 2) Now it is necessary that one who leads (supervises) a church be blameless (beyond rebuke), the husband of one wife, temperate, self-controlled (sound in judgment), behaving well, hospitable (literally, “loving the stranger”), able to teach, 3) not addicted to alcohol (literally, “staying near wine”), not violent, but gentle (patient), not quarrelsome (literally, “not a fighter”), not loving money. 4) He must lead (manage) his own family (household) well, having his children in submission with complete reverence (respect). 5) For if a person does not know how to lead his own family (household), how can he take care of God’s Church? 6) not a new (recent) convert so that he does not become conceited (inflated with pride) and fall into the condemnation (judgment) of the devil. 7) It is also necessary that he have a good reputation with (report from) those who are on the outside so that he will not fall into disgrace and into the trap of the devil.

1) “如果有人渴慕管理教会的职务,那他就是在渴慕一个高尚的职务。” 这话是可信的。2)一个管理教会的人,必须无可指责;只作一个妇人的丈夫,温和、自守,判断公正;有好行为,乐意接待远人,善于教导;3)不好饮酒,不凶狠;温良忍耐,不喜欢争吵,不打架,不贪财。4)他必须管好自己的家,使儿女凡事端庄、顺服。5)他若不知道怎样把自己的家管好,怎能照管好神的教会呢?6)他不能是一个新信徒,免得他自高自大,就落入魔鬼所受的刑罚里。7)他也必须在教会以外有好名声,恐怕被人毁谤,落在魔鬼的网罗里。

  1. In the same way, church workers (deacons) are to be reverent (worthy of respect), not two-faced (literally, “two-tongued), not indulging in (being devoted to) too much wine, not greedy for dishonest gain. 9) They must hold on to the deep spiritual truths of the faith with a clear conscience. 10) Also, they must first be tested for approval. Then, if they are blameless (there is nothing against them), they may serve as church workers (deacons).


  1. In the same way, women are to be reverent (worthy of respect), not malicious talkers (slanderers), temperate, faithful (trustworthy) in all things. 12) Church workers (deacons) are to be the husbands of one wife and must lead (manage) their children and their own households well. 13) Those who serve well gain (acquire) a good standing for themselves and a great confidence to speak openly about the faith in Christ Jesus.


  1. Although I hope to come to you soon, I am writing these things to you 15) so that if I delay (am slow to come), you will know how ought to conduct in the household of God, which is the Church of the living God., the pillar (support) and foundation (base) of the truth. 16) This is confessed with great conviction: Great is the mystery (divinely revealed secret) that produces godliness. He was revealed in a physical way (in a body). He was declared to be true and correct (justified) in a spiritual way (by the Spirit). He was seen by angels. He was proclaimed among the nations. He was believed on in the world. He was taken up in glory.


C. Things To Learn And Think About 学习和思考的事情

  1. In verse 1, Paul begins his section on instructions for church leaders by offering encouraging praise for those Christian men who undertook the challenging (and, at that time, the dangerous) position of overseer. Overseers were responsible for leading or supervising a church. This position was probably comparable to the position of a head pastor today.


  2. In verses 2-7, Paul gives the qualifications necessary for a man to serve in the position of leading a church. Such a man must live a blameless, moderate, sensible life in which he exercises sound judgment, and kindness to strangers. He must also be knowledgeable in God’s Word and able to teach it, not addicted to alcohol or in love with money. He must be gentle and not violent. He must be faithful to his wife (if married) and a capable, dignified leader of his family. He must be an experienced Christian who is not likely to be carried away with pride. He must also have a good reputation with people in the community who are outside the church. A person with strong Christian character and spiritual leadership gifts is prepared to be an effective leader in the church.


  3. In verses 8-10 and 12, Paul sets forth the qualification necessary for a man who serves as a deacon. This was a position of special service in the church and likely involved administering the affairs of the church. The man who serves as a deacon must live a reverent, honest, moderate life. He must not be addicted to alcohol or be greedy. He must hold firmly and sincerely to the true Christian teachings. He must prove himself to be blameless and trustworthy. He must also be a faithful husband (if married) and must manage his family well.


  4. In verse 11, Paul states the qualifications for the women who serve as special assistants to church leaders. Such women are to live respectable, moderate, trustworthy lives and not indulge in malicious, slanderous talk. In the early church, these women were called deaconesses.


  5. In verse 13, Paul concludes this section on church workers by offering encouraging praise to those who serve well. God graciously rewards faithful church workers with blessings such as the respect and admiration of others and the confidence to be bold witnesses and encouragers of the Christian faith to others


  6. In verses 14-15. Paul expresses his wish to visit Timothy soon, but explains that he was giving these instructions in writing so that the people in God’s church would have them even if he was delayed on his trip. He emphasizes the special nature of the Church and the serious nature of these instruction when he tells us that the Church is: 1) God’s dear family; 2) the sacred place in which God lives; and 3) the foundation and pillar that supports the truth of the gospel.


  7. In verses 16-17, Paul offers special praise to Jesus Christ, who is the essence of God’s truth and the Head of the Church. Paul refers to Jesus as as the “mystery” (that is, “the divinely revealed secret”) of our godliness and religion. He offers a hymn of adoration to Christ. The six lines of the hymn and their meaning follows:


    Line 1) “He appeared in a physical way” = The Son of God humbled Himself, took on a human nature, and lived in the world as a lowly human being.


    Line 2) “He was declared to be true and correct in a spiritual way” = Jesus was publicly declared by God to be the true Son of God and Savior of the world by His resurrection from the dead. Jesus now lives in the spiritual state of exalted glory.


    Line 3) “He was seen by angels” = Jesus was seen by human witnesses who served as His angels or messengers to others. (See Luke 9:52 and Revelation 1:20 for the use of the Greek word “angelos” to refer to human messengers of God’s Word) Another explanation is that the holy angels witnessed Jesus’ saving work and then announced it to people. (See Matthew 4:11, Matthew 28:5)


    Line 4) “He was proclaimed among the nations” = God’s Word about Jesus was announced by His messengers to people of the nations of the world.


    Line 5) “He was believed on in the world” = People all around the world were brought to faith in Jesus as their Savior.

    第5行: “他被世人相信”:信心赐给了全世界的人,使他们都能接受耶稣作他们的救主。

    Line 6) “He was taken up in glory” = Jesus ascended to heaven’s throne at God’s right hand to rule over all things.


D. Study Questions 学习问题

  1. What noble desire did Paul commend in verse 1?


  2. What were the primary responsibilities of “overseers” (see Acts 20:28-32)


  3. What qualifications did Paul list for “overseers”? (vs. 2-7)


  4. What qualities did Paul emphasize in this list? (vs. 2-7)


  5. What were the primary responsibilities of “deacons”? (see Acts 6:1-7)


  6. What qualifications did Paul list for “deacons” (vs. 8-10, 12)


  7. What does verse 11 tell us about the role and qualifications of women in the public or representative ministry of the church?


  8. What encouragement did Paul give to those who serve the church faithfully in these ways? (v. 13)


  9. Why did Paul write and send these instructions to Timothy? (vs. 14-15)

  1. What are we to appreciate about the Church from the ways Paul described it in verse 15?
  1. What is the “mystery of godliness” (that is, the divinely revealed secret of the Christians’ religion and devotion)? (v. 16)
  1. What great truths did Paul’s “Hymn of Adoration to Christ” declare? (v. 16)
保罗“崇拜基督的诗歌”宣告了什么伟大真理?(第16节) E. Application Questions 应用问题
  1. How do we reconcile Paul’s seeming praise for those who aspire to be church leaders with the scriptural teaching of the call to ministry that “the position seeks the person, not the person the position”? (v. 1)
  1. In light of the teaching of 1 Timothy 3, is it possible for a church leader to be:
a) a single person who has not married? 


b) a divorced person? 


c) a person who has been unfaithful in marriage? 

  1. What are some of the important qualities that we can properly expect our church leaders to possess?
  1. What are some of the important attitudes that we can properly expect the members of the church to have toward its leaders?
  1. What responsibilities is God giving you to carry out to make sure that the church has qualified leaders for its present and future needs?
  1. What message does 2 Corinthians 4:7-18, for the church leader who is very aware of his/her human weaknesses and limitations and the tremendous challenges of being in God’s service?


  2. List three things that a Christian can do to show appreciation to church leaders for the faithful service they offer to God and His people.

  1. Why is it important for Christians to keep reminding each other of the “great secret of our faith” (our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and His redeeming work)? (v. 16)