恩典国际圣经学院

第四章 作神子民忠心的领袖

Chapter 4 Be A Faithful Leader Of God’s People


A. Outline 大纲

A. The Holy Spirit Warns Of People Who Will Forsake The True Faith And Follow Demon-Inspired False Doctrines Presented By Hardened Hypocrites. (vs. 1-2)

圣灵警告那些即将离弃真道的人:他们就要跟随的人,是良心泯灭的伪君子,他们传讲的出于撒旦的假教训。(第1-2节)

B. The Demonic Doctrines Forbid Marriage And The Use Of Certain Foods - Things God Has Given To Be Used With Thanksgiving (vs. 3-5)

这些撒旦的教训禁止婚嫁,并且禁止人吃某些食物。而这些东西是神赐给人,叫人心存感谢领受的。(第3-5节)

C. Be A Good Servant Of Christ By Proclaiming And Living According To God’s True Teachings. (vs. 6-8)

作基督的好仆人,宣告并活出神的真教训。(第6-8节)

D. Accept This Vital, Inspiring Truth: “The Living God Is The Savior Of All.” (vs. 9-10)

接受这至关重要、激动人心的真理:“永生真神是万人的救主。”(第9-10节)

E. Even If You Are Young, Be A Good Example For Other Believers And Devote Yourself To Sharing God’s Word With Others (vs. 11-13)

尽管你还年轻,但还是要为其他信徒作一个好榜样,尽自己所能与他人分享神的话。(第11-13节)

F. Use Your Spiritual Gifts Well And Progress and Persevere In Your Christian Living and Teaching For The Blessing Of All. (vs. 14-16)

善用你的属灵恩赐,在基督徒的生活和教导中不断进深,坚持不懈,使所有的人都能得福。(第14-16节)

B. Translation 翻译

  1. The Spirit clearly says that in later times (periods of opportunity), some will abandon (withdraw from) the faith follow (be devoted to) deceiving (misleading) spirits and teachings of demons. 2) through the hypocrisy of those who speak falsely (lie) and who have been burned and branded in their own consciences. 3) They forbid to marry. They to keep away (abstain from) foods which God created (made) to be received (consumed) with thanksgiving by those who believe and who know the truth well. 4) For everything made by God is good and nothing is to be rejected (refused) if it is received with thanksgiving 5) because it has been made holy (pure) through the Word of God and the prayer of request.

1)圣灵明说:在后来的时候,必有人退出信仰、离弃真道,听从、专注于那引诱、误导人的邪灵和鬼魔的道理。2)这些都来自说谎者的伪善。他们的良心已被烧毁,像是被烙铁烙过一样。3)他们禁止人嫁娶,又禁止人吃某些食物。而这些食物是神为人类创造的,让相信并且明白真道的人心存感谢享用的。4)因为神所造的一切都是好的。只要人带着感恩的心领受,就没有一样是该拒绝的。5)它们已经因为神的话和人的祈求祷告而变得洁净。

  1. If you point these things out to the brothers (fellow Christians), you will be a good servant (minister) of Christ Jesus, trained up (educated in) the doctrines (truths) of the faith and of the good instruction that you have followed. 7) Avoid the ungodly (godless) and foolish (literally, like silly old women) made-up stories (fictions). Instead, train yourself to be godly. 8) For physical training is valuable for some things (of some value), but godliness is valuable for all things. It holds promise both for this life and for the coming life.

6)如果你能把这些事向一同信主的人指出来,你就是基督耶稣的好仆人,在信心的真道和你遵行的良好教导上是受过操练的人。7)要避免不敬神的、老妇虚构的荒谬故事。相反,你要在热爱和崇敬神上操练自己。8)操练身体虽有一些益处,但操练敬虔在各方面都有益处,因里面包含着今生和来生的美好应许。

  1. This is a trustworthy saying and worthy (deserving) of complete acceptance: 10) – and for this we work hand and strive – that we have put our confidence in the living God, who is the Savior of all people, especially of believers. 11) Command (Proclaim) and teach these things. 12) Let no one despise you because you are young; rather be an example for the believers in speech, in behavior (life conduct), in love, in faith, in purity. 13) Until I come, dedicate (devote) yourself to public reading of Scripture, to encouragement (proclamation), to teaching. 14) Do not carelessly neglect your spiritual gift which was given to you through a prophetic message in connection with the laying on of the hands of the spiritual leaders (elders). 15) Take care of these things. Give yourself entirely to them so that your progress may be evident to all. 16) Pay attention to yourself and to your teaching (doctrine). Persevere in them, because by doing this, you will save yourself and your hearers.

9)这话是可信的,值得完全接受。10)我们的劳苦努力也正是为此,因我们的指望是永生神;他是万人的救主,更是信徒的救主。11)这些事你要吩咐人也要教导人。12)不可叫人小看你年轻,总要在言语、行事为人、爱心、信心、清洁上,都作信徒的榜样。13)你要专心去做宣读圣经、劝勉、教导的事工,直到我来。14)你不要大意地忽视了你的属灵恩赐,就是从前籍着预言,借众长老按手赐给你的。15)你要留意去做这些事情,让自己专注其中,使众人能看出你的明显长进。16)你要谨慎自己和自己的教训。要在这些事上恒心,因为这样行既能救自己,也能救听你的人。

C. Things To Learn And Think About 学习和思考的事情

  1. In verses 1-2, Paul issues a warning from the Holy Spirit that in future times, people would forsake the Christian faith and instead be devoted to follow lying messengers who promote demon-inspired heresies. These false teachers would be deceptive in their teaching and hardened in their souls as they cleverly tried to pass off spiritual lies as God’s truth.

    在第1-2节中,保罗从圣灵发出警告:在以后的日子,会有人离弃基督信仰的真道,转去听从那些散布来自鬼魔邪说之人的谎言。这些假教师的教训里充满了诡诈。他们的心灵麻木,狡猾地把属灵的谎言当作神的真理在传播。

  2. In verses 3-5, Paul reveals the heart of their spiritual error. The false teachers would command people to abstain from things such as marriage and eating certain foods as the spiritual path to spiritual fulfillment and God’s favor. Their promotion of an ascetic life to earn God’s favor sharply contradicts the truth that God has given us the gifts of His created world to be received with thanksgiving and properly used for our blessing. The misguided teaching that people can gain spiritual favor by their works of abstaining from certain foods and practices is prevalent in many false religions and is a strong denial of God’s teaching that salvation is His gift of grace to undeserving people through Jesus Christ.

    在第3-5节中,保罗揭露那些属灵谬误的根本所在。假教师要求人禁止婚嫁,禁戒某些食物,以此作为完善属灵生命、得蒙神悦纳的属灵通道。他们这种通过鼓励禁欲苦行赢得神喜悦的做法,与神的真理形成尖锐的矛盾。那些东西是神在创造世界时赐给我们的礼物,只要我们感恩领受并恰当使用,就是神给我们的祝福。这种误入歧途的教训让人们以为,人可以通过克制不吃某些食物以及不做某些事情的个人努力,赢得属灵的恩惠。这种教训在许多假宗教中很普遍。它极端地否认了神的教训,即救恩是神借助耶稣基督赐给不配得之人的恩惠礼物。

  3. In verses 6-8, Paul encourages Timothy to be a good servant of Christ by teaching God’s Word faithfully to others. He urges Timothy to continue to grow in his knowledge of God’s Word and to avoid ungodly, foolish myths. He also directs Timothy to train himself in godliness which has enduring value in all things.

    第6-8节,保罗鼓励提摩太作基督的好仆人,忠心地向人教导神的话。他劝勉提摩太继续在神的话语上长进,避免不敬畏神的虚构荒谬的讲论。他还引导提摩太在敬虔上操练自己,因为那会给他在一切的事情上都带来长远的益处。

  4. In verses 9-10, Paul shares the vital and energizing truth of the Gospel: “God is the Savior of all people. Believers who trust in God’s salvation especially benefit from this blessed, delivering message.

    在第9-10节中,保罗分享了至关重要,激励人心的福音真理:“神是万人的救主。相信神救恩的信徒尤其从这个蒙福的救赎信息中得到益处。”

  5. In verses 11-13, Paul commands Timothy to refuse to let others look down on him because he is young. Instead, Timothy is to set a worthy example for other believers by the kind of life he lives. Timothy is also to devote himself to the public preaching and teaching of God’s Word to others.

    第11-13节,保罗要求提摩太不要让人因为他年轻而看不起他,反要用自己的生活行为在信徒当中树立可敬的榜样。提摩太也要在公开讲道和给他人教导神的话语上全心去做。

  6. In verses 14-16, Paul encourages Timothy to use his spiritual gifts for ministry faithfully and to persevere in making progress in his Christian life and teaching. Timothy is to keep a close watch over his faith and his ministry and to persevere in them so that he and others will be saved.

    在第14-16节中,保罗鼓励提摩太在福音事工上忠心地使用自己的恩赐,恒心追求在基督徒生命和教导上的长进。提摩太要特别警惕自己的信心和侍奉,在其中坚持不懈,使自己和别人都能得救。

D. Study Questions 学习问题

  1. What prediction did the Holy Spirit make about the “later times”? (v. 1)

    圣灵就“后来的时候”做了什么预言?(第1节)

  2. How would this falling away from the truth occur? (vs. 1b – 2)

    偏离真道的事会怎样发生?(第1b-2节)

  3. What was the nature of the false teachings that marked this rebellious turning away from the truth? (v. 3)

    这种假教训偏离了真道,标志其背道偏离的本质是什么?(第3节)

  4. In what ways were these heresies a betrayal of divine truth? (vs. 3b-5)

    这些邪说在哪些方面背离至圣 的真道?(第3b-5节)

  5. What instructions did Paul give Timothy regarding his call in verses 6-8

    保罗在第6-8节中提到他对提摩太的呼召时,给了什么指示?

  6. In what ways is spiritual training more valuable than physical training? (vs. 7b-8) 6

    属灵的操练与操练身体在哪些方面更有价值?(第7b-8节)

  7. On what essential truth can a person confidently rely on for the blessing his/her soul now and forever? (vs. 9-10)

    一个人可以放心地依靠什么基本真理,使自己的灵魂在现在以及将来都得福?(第9-10节)

  8. In what sense is God the Savior: (v. 10) a. “of all people”? b. “especially of those who believe”?

    神在哪种意义上是救主:(第10节) a. “是所有人的”? b. “尤其是那些相信他的人的”?

  9. How was Timothy to handle the issue of his relative youthfulness as he conducted his ministry? (v. 12)

    提摩太在开展他的福音事工时,应当怎样处理他比别人相对年轻的问题?(第12节)

  10. What priorities was Timothy to follow in his ministry? (vs. 13-16)

    提摩太在自己的事工中当遵守怎样的优先次序?(第13-16节)

  11. What will be the blessed outcome of a faithful Christian ministry? (v. 16)

    基督徒的忠心侍奉必定会产生的荣耀结果是什么?(第16节)

E. Application Questions 应用问题

  1. Identify some of the modern-day expressions of the ascetic, work-righteous, Word-denying errors described in verse 3.

    识别第3节里提到的现今社会中有关禁欲苦行、行为称义、否认神话语的错误表述。

  2. Why is the false religious principle that insists people can gain greater favor with God by their manner of living (that is, by doing certain acts of piety or by refraining from certain practices) so appealing to people?

    为什么那些假的宗教教训对人很有吸引力,即宣称人能通过自己的生活方式(如某些虔诚的行为,或不做某些事情)来赢得神更大的恩惠?

  3. How would you help a friend who was being influenced by the kind of teaching described in verse 3?

    你怎样帮助一个在第3节中提到的、受到错误教训影响的朋友?

  4. If you were to design a spiritual fitness training program for yourself, what items would you put in it and why? (see verses 6-8) 如果你要为自己制定一个保持灵命健康的操练计划,你会在其中插入什么内容,为什么?(第6-8节)

  5. As Christians, we should not ignore physical fitness. Share one thing that you do to keep in good physical condition so you have health and energy to serve God well.

    作为基督徒,我们不应该忽视身体的健康。分享一个你为了保持身体健康,以便能很好地侍奉神的锻炼方法。

  6. Offer at least three reasons why those who are serving in the preaching and teaching ministry of the church need to hear the encouragements and instructions Paul gives in verses 11-16?

    找出至少3个理由说明,那些在教会中作讲道和教导服侍的人,为什么需要听到保罗在第11-16节中给的鼓励和指导?

  7. Identify one person you know who could use encouragement for their ministry at this time and decide on a way to offer encouragement to them.

    在你认识的人中,找出一个目前在侍奉上需要鼓励的人,并决定一个向他们提供鼓励的方法。