第四章 作神子民忠心的领袖

Chapter 4 Be A Faithful Leader Of God’s People

A. Outline 大纲

A. The Holy Spirit Warns Of People Who Will Forsake The True Faith And Follow Demon-Inspired False Doctrines Presented By Hardened Hypocrites. (vs. 1-2)


B. The Demonic Doctrines Forbid Marriage And The Use Of Certain Foods - Things God Has Given To Be Used With Thanksgiving (vs. 3-5)


C. Be A Good Servant Of Christ By Proclaiming And Living According To God’s True Teachings. (vs. 6-8)


D. Accept This Vital, Inspiring Truth: “The Living God Is The Savior Of All.” (vs. 9-10)


E. Even If You Are Young, Be A Good Example For Other Believers And Devote Yourself To Sharing God’s Word With Others (vs. 11-13)


F. Use Your Spiritual Gifts Well And Progress and Persevere In Your Christian Living and Teaching For The Blessing Of All. (vs. 14-16)


B. Translation 翻译

  1. The Spirit clearly says that in later times (periods of opportunity), some will abandon (withdraw from) the faith follow (be devoted to) deceiving (misleading) spirits and teachings of demons. 2) through the hypocrisy of those who speak falsely (lie) and who have been burned and branded in their own consciences. 3) They forbid to marry. They to keep away (abstain from) foods which God created (made) to be received (consumed) with thanksgiving by those who believe and who know the truth well. 4) For everything made by God is good and nothing is to be rejected (refused) if it is received with thanksgiving 5) because it has been made holy (pure) through the Word of God and the prayer of request.


  1. If you point these things out to the brothers (fellow Christians), you will be a good servant (minister) of Christ Jesus, trained up (educated in) the doctrines (truths) of the faith and of the good instruction that you have followed. 7) Avoid the ungodly (godless) and foolish (literally, like silly old women) made-up stories (fictions). Instead, train yourself to be godly. 8) For physical training is valuable for some things (of some value), but godliness is valuable for all things. It holds promise both for this life and for the coming life.


  1. This is a trustworthy saying and worthy (deserving) of complete acceptance: 10) – and for this we work hand and strive – that we have put our confidence in the living God, who is the Savior of all people, especially of believers. 11) Command (Proclaim) and teach these things. 12) Let no one despise you because you are young; rather be an example for the believers in speech, in behavior (life conduct), in love, in faith, in purity. 13) Until I come, dedicate (devote) yourself to public reading of Scripture, to encouragement (proclamation), to teaching. 14) Do not carelessly neglect your spiritual gift which was given to you through a prophetic message in connection with the laying on of the hands of the spiritual leaders (elders). 15) Take care of these things. Give yourself entirely to them so that your progress may be evident to all. 16) Pay attention to yourself and to your teaching (doctrine). Persevere in them, because by doing this, you will save yourself and your hearers.


C. Things To Learn And Think About 学习和思考的事情

  1. In verses 1-2, Paul issues a warning from the Holy Spirit that in future times, people would forsake the Christian faith and instead be devoted to follow lying messengers who promote demon-inspired heresies. These false teachers would be deceptive in their teaching and hardened in their souls as they cleverly tried to pass off spiritual lies as God’s truth.


  2. In verses 3-5, Paul reveals the heart of their spiritual error. The false teachers would command people to abstain from things such as marriage and eating certain foods as the spiritual path to spiritual fulfillment and God’s favor. Their promotion of an ascetic life to earn God’s favor sharply contradicts the truth that God has given us the gifts of His created world to be received with thanksgiving and properly used for our blessing. The misguided teaching that people can gain spiritual favor by their works of abstaining from certain foods and practices is prevalent in many false religions and is a strong denial of God’s teaching that salvation is His gift of grace to undeserving people through Jesus Christ.


  3. In verses 6-8, Paul encourages Timothy to be a good servant of Christ by teaching God’s Word faithfully to others. He urges Timothy to continue to grow in his knowledge of God’s Word and to avoid ungodly, foolish myths. He also directs Timothy to train himself in godliness which has enduring value in all things.


  4. In verses 9-10, Paul shares the vital and energizing truth of the Gospel: “God is the Savior of all people. Believers who trust in God’s salvation especially benefit from this blessed, delivering message.


  5. In verses 11-13, Paul commands Timothy to refuse to let others look down on him because he is young. Instead, Timothy is to set a worthy example for other believers by the kind of life he lives. Timothy is also to devote himself to the public preaching and teaching of God’s Word to others.


  6. In verses 14-16, Paul encourages Timothy to use his spiritual gifts for ministry faithfully and to persevere in making progress in his Christian life and teaching. Timothy is to keep a close watch over his faith and his ministry and to persevere in them so that he and others will be saved.


D. Study Questions 学习问题

  1. What prediction did the Holy Spirit make about the “later times”? (v. 1)


  2. How would this falling away from the truth occur? (vs. 1b – 2)


  3. What was the nature of the false teachings that marked this rebellious turning away from the truth? (v. 3)


  4. In what ways were these heresies a betrayal of divine truth? (vs. 3b-5)

    这些邪说在哪些方面背离至圣 的真道?(第3b-5节)

  5. What instructions did Paul give Timothy regarding his call in verses 6-8


  6. In what ways is spiritual training more valuable than physical training? (vs. 7b-8) 6


  7. On what essential truth can a person confidently rely on for the blessing his/her soul now and forever? (vs. 9-10)


  8. In what sense is God the Savior: (v. 10) a. “of all people”? b. “especially of those who believe”?

    神在哪种意义上是救主:(第10节) a. “是所有人的”? b. “尤其是那些相信他的人的”?

  9. How was Timothy to handle the issue of his relative youthfulness as he conducted his ministry? (v. 12)


  10. What priorities was Timothy to follow in his ministry? (vs. 13-16)


  11. What will be the blessed outcome of a faithful Christian ministry? (v. 16)


E. Application Questions 应用问题

  1. Identify some of the modern-day expressions of the ascetic, work-righteous, Word-denying errors described in verse 3.


  2. Why is the false religious principle that insists people can gain greater favor with God by their manner of living (that is, by doing certain acts of piety or by refraining from certain practices) so appealing to people?


  3. How would you help a friend who was being influenced by the kind of teaching described in verse 3?


  4. If you were to design a spiritual fitness training program for yourself, what items would you put in it and why? (see verses 6-8) 如果你要为自己制定一个保持灵命健康的操练计划,你会在其中插入什么内容,为什么?(第6-8节)

  5. As Christians, we should not ignore physical fitness. Share one thing that you do to keep in good physical condition so you have health and energy to serve God well.


  6. Offer at least three reasons why those who are serving in the preaching and teaching ministry of the church need to hear the encouragements and instructions Paul gives in verses 11-16?


  7. Identify one person you know who could use encouragement for their ministry at this time and decide on a way to offer encouragement to them.