恩典国际圣经学院

第五章 智慧处理教会中人的问题

Chapter 5 Be Wise In Handling People Issues In The Church


A. Outline 大纲

A. Treat Your Fellow Believers As Family Members (vs. 1-2)

把一同信主的人看作是自己家里的人。(第1-2节)

B. Distinguish Between Widows In Need And Widows Who Have Support (vs. 3-8)

区别真正有需要的寡妇,和已有人支持的寡妇。(第3-8节)

C. Give Support To Qualified Widows (vs. 9-10)

对够资格的寡妇给予支持。(第9-10节)

D. Guide Younger Widows To Remarry And Raise Families (vs. 11-16)

帮助年轻寡妇再婚,建立家庭。(第11-16节)

E.Honor And Support Faithful Church Leaders (vs. 17-18)

敬重并支持忠心的教会领袖。(第17-18节)

F.Discipline Church Leaders Fairly And Impartially (vs. 19-20)

责罚教会领袖要公正、没有偏待。(第19-20节)

G. Choose Church Leaders Carefully (v. 22) G.

慎重选择教会领袖。(第22节)

H. Take Proper Care Of Your Health (v. 23)

要适当地关注你的健康(第23节)

I. Make Judgments About People Carefully As Information Permits (v. 24)

按照所知道范围内,慎重的对人做出判断(第24节)

B. Translation 翻译

  1. Do not rebuke (reprimand) an older man harshly, but encourage him as father. Encourage younger men as brothers, 2) older women as mothers, younger women as sisters with all purity. 3) Honor widows who are really widows. 4) But if a certain widow has children or grandchildren (literally, descendants), they are to learn, first of all, to give respectful support to their own family (household) and to give payment back to their parents, for this is acceptable before God. 5) The one who really is a widow and who has been left all alone puts her hope in God and continues with requests and prayers night and day. 6) But the who lives rebelliously for pleasure has died even while living . 7) Command (Proclaim) these things in order that they may be blameless. 8) If a person does not provide for his own relatives and especially for his own family (household), he has rejected the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.

1)不可严责老年人,只要劝他如同你的父亲。劝少年人如同弟兄;2)劝老年妇女如同母亲;劝少年妇女如同姐妹;要完全清洁。3)要尊敬那真为寡妇的。4)若寡妇有儿女,或有孙子、孙女等后代,他们便首先要在自己家中学着行孝,回报他们的父母,因为这是令神满意的做法。5)那独居无靠真为寡妇的,要仰赖神,昼夜不住祈求祷告。6)但那些悖逆好宴乐的寡妇,即使肉体活着,灵已经死了。7)这些事你要嘱咐她们,使她们无可指责。8)人若不看顾自己的亲属,尤其是他自己的家人,就是背离了信仰,比不信的人还不好。

  1. Let a widow be enrolled who is not less than sixty years old, was the wife of one husband, 10) is well regarded for her works: whether she raised children; whether she has shown hospitality; whether she washed the feet of saints; whether she has given assistance to those who are suffering (in trouble); whether she had devoted herself to (literally, followed after) every good work.

9)登记在册的寡妇,必须超过六十岁、只作过一个丈夫的妻子,10)有行善的名声,比如养育儿女,接待远人,给圣徒洗脚,救济遭难的人,竭力行各样的善事。

  1. Refuse younger widows. For when their sensual desires rise up against , they want to marry. 12) They have set aside (broken) their first pledge (belief). 13) They also learn to be useless (lazy), wandering about the houses – and, not only lazy, - but also gossips and meddlers (those who interfere in other people’s matters), saying things they should not say. 14) So I want younger widows to marry, raise children, manage their homes (households), in order to give the one who opposes not even one opportunity for slander. 15) For, in fact, some have already turned away to follow Satan. 16) If a woman has widows , she should help them and not let the church be burdened, so that can help those who are in genuine need.

11)不要登记年轻的寡妇。因为当她们的情欲发动,不愿遵守受基督教会支持的承诺时,就想要嫁人。12)她们已经违背了起初的誓约。13)并且她们又习惯懒惰,挨家闲游;不但是懒惰,又说长道短,好管闲事,说些不该说的话。14)所以我愿意年轻的寡妇嫁人,生养儿女,治理家务,给那些敌对的人没有一个毁谤的机会。15)因为有些人实际上已经转去随从撒旦了。16)信主的妇女,若家中有寡妇,自己就当救济她们,不可累着教会,好使教会能够救济那些真无依靠的寡妇。

  1. The church workers (elders) who lead well (literally, stand before others) are worthy of double honor, especially those who work hard in proclaiming (preaching) and teaching <god’s word="“>. 18) For the Scripture says: “Do not muzzle the ox while it is treading out the grain” and “The worker is deserving of his wages.” 19) Do not accept an accusation against a church worker (elder) unless it is brought> by two or three witnesses. 20) Rebuke those who sin in the presence of all, so that the rest will take warning. 21) I give you this duty (charge you), in the presence of God, Christ Jesus, and the elect (chosen) angels, that you keep these instructions impartially (without preferring one person before another), and do nothing out of favoritism.

17)善于管理教会的工人(长老)配受加倍的敬重,尤其是那些努力传道教导神话语的人。18)因为经上说:“牛在场上踹谷的时候,不可笼住它的嘴。”又说:“工人得工价是应当的。”19)对教会同工(长老)的控告,如果没有两三个见证就不要收。20)要在众人面前责备那些犯罪的人,使其余的人都可以得到警告。21)我在神和基督耶稣并蒙拣选的天使面前嘱咐你:要遵守这些话,不可存成见,行事也不可有偏心。

  1. Do not place your hands quickly on anyone. Do not share in the sins of others. Keep yourself pure. 23) Stop drinking water. Use a little wine because of your stomach and your frequent illnesses.

22)不要匆忙地给任何人做按手礼;不要在别人的罪上有份,要保守自己清洁。23)不要只喝水。因为你的胃病和你经常患病的缘故,可以稍微用点酒。

  1. The sins of some people are clearly evident. They reach the place of judgment ahead of them, while the sins of others follow behind them. 25) In the same way, good deeds are clearly evident – and even the ones that are regarded otherwise cannot be hidden.

24)有些人的罪是明显的,审判他们的地方就在他们前面;而另一些人的罪在他们后面跟着他们。25)同样,善行也是明显的,即使那些被看作是不明显的善行,也是藏不住的。

C. Things To Learn And Think About 学习和思考的事情

  1. In verses 1-2, Paul teaches believers to treat fellow Christians as loved and respected family members as they speak and work with them. People are to treat older men as a father, older women as a mother, younger men as brothers, and younger women as sisters.

    在第1-2节中,保罗教导信徒在与其他基督徒说话、做事时,要爱他们、尊敬他们如同家人。要待老年人如同父亲,待老年妇女如同母亲,待少年人如同弟兄,待少年妇女如同姐妹。

  2. In verses 3-8, Paul begins instruction on how Christians are to care for widows. In Paul’s time, widows faced economic hardships because they did not have many opportunities to earn income or to receive help from government support programs. Most often, they depended on the kindness of others for support. Paul gives guidelines to help the church determine its responsibilities toward Christian widows.

    在第3-8节中,保罗开始教导基督徒当怎样照料寡妇。在保罗的时代,寡妇面临着经济上的困境,因为他们没有多少机会获得收入,或者接受政府资助项目的帮助。他们常常依靠别人的好心来维持生活。保罗提出的指导原则帮助教会决定供养基督徒寡妇的责任。

    Paul directs the church to identify and support those widows who had genuine need. These are the widows who trust in God and are devoted to Him and who have no family members to care for them (like Anna in Luke 2:36-38). Widows who have family members are to be supported by their family. Family members are to take their duty to care for needy relatives seriously. Widows who have forsaken their loyalty to God and who are living for their own pleasure are to be rebuked and called to repentance so they can regain spiritual life.

    保罗指示教会要找出并支持那些有真正需要的寡妇。这些寡妇必须是信靠神、奉献给神的,并且没有家人照顾她们(比如路2:36-38节中的亚拿)。家中还有人的寡妇要由家人来供养。家庭成员要认真承担起照料有需要的亲属的责任。对神失去忠心、好宴乐的寡妇要受到责备,提醒她们悔改,使她们能重获属灵的生命。

  3. In verses 9-10, Paul explained which widows are to be enrolled in the church’s program of care for widows. These widows must be over 60 years old and must be woman who lived respectable, moral lives and who expressed their faith in lives of love and good works.

    在第9—10节中,保罗指示,寡妇要在教会“照顾寡妇的登记册”中登记。这些寡妇必须在六十岁之上,也必须是端庄有德行的人。他们在爱人和善行的生活上能表现他们的信仰。

  4. In verses 11-16, Paul treats the matter of how the cases of younger widows should be handled. He counsels that younger widows should not be enrolled in the church’s program of support for widows. He explains that they may still wish to marry again and would be tempted to break their promise to remain widows as part of the church’s support program. Paul adds that the younger widows may also be tempted to become lazy gossipers who sinfully interfere in people’s lives. Paul advises that younger widows marry and raise families and use their energies and abilities in practical, honorable ways. Paul gives this advice from his personal experience of widows who had abandoned Christ and had fallen under Satan’s control. Paul concludes his treatment of this topic by stating the principle that a woman who has widows in her family should look after them so the church is not burdened with caring for them and can focus on helping those widows who have no one to support them.

    在第11-16节中,保罗指出应当怎样处理年轻寡妇的问题。他建议不要把年轻寡妇登记在教会支持寡妇的计划册子上。他解释说,她们可能还希望再嫁,有可能会违背教会支持寡妇的要求,即必须一直是寡妇。保罗补充说,年轻寡妇也可能受诱惑而变得懒惰,说长道短,好管闲事。保罗建议年轻寡妇再嫁建立家庭,把自己的力量用在现实、可敬的事情上。保罗提出的这些建议,是根据他的个人经历中,有离弃基督而落入撒旦控制的寡妇。保罗总结了他对这个问题的处理,陈明这样的原则,即家中有寡妇的妇女要照料这些寡妇,使教会不受拖累,能专心帮助那些无依无靠的寡妇。

  5. In verses 17-18, Paul emphasizes the point that faithful church leaders, especially those who preach and teach God’s Word, are to be treated with special honor. He quotes the words of Moses in Deuteronomy 25:4 and the words of Jesus in Luke 10:7 to stress the point that such leaders are to receive sufficient financial support from the church members in appreciation for the service these leaders provide.

    在第17-18节中,保罗强调,对教会忠心的领袖,尤其是那些传讲和教导神话语的领袖,要给予他们特别的尊敬。他引用了摩西在申25:4节,以及耶稣在路10:7节里的话对这一点加以强调—为感激这些领袖的忠心服侍,教会成员应向这些领袖提供充足的经济支持。

  6. In verses 19-21, Paul treats the matters of handling accusations against church leaders and carrying out discipline for leaders who sin. Paul says that church leaders should be protected again groundless accusations by insisting that only accusations brought by a minimum of two or three credible witnesses be considered. Paul also teaches that church leaders who do sin openly are to be rebuked publicly so their cases will be a warning to other believers. He also insists that discipline cases are to be handled in a fair and impartial manner.

    在第19-21节中,保罗处理了控告教会领袖、和对犯罪的领袖要给予惩戒的问题。保罗说,教会领袖应该在无根据的控告面前得到保护,如果没有至少两三个见证人的有效证据,就不要受理。保罗也教导,对那些确实公开犯罪的教会领袖,必须要在会众面前受到责备,使其他信徒也能得到警告。他也坚持,惩戒的事必须处理得公正,无偏见。

  7. In verse 22, Paul insists that church leaders be evaluated and chosen carefully before being put in their positions of authority.

    在第22节中,保罗坚持教会领袖必须在认真评议与挑选之后,才能委以重任。

  8. In verse 23, Paul advises Timothy to take better care of his health by using wine for medicinal purposes.

    在第23节中,保罗劝提摩太多留意自己的健康,可以为了医药的目的而用一些酒。

  9. In verse 24, Paul instructs God’s people to be careful in making judgments about others. because the good and evil works of people are sometimes evident and are sometimes not evident until a later time.

    在第24节中,保罗指示神的子民在判断他人的事上一定要谨慎,因为人的善行和恶行有时是明显的,有时要到后来才能显出来。

D. Study Questions 学习问题

  1. What guidance did Paul give Timothy to help him serve church members as a good pastor? (vs. 1-2)

    为帮助提摩太能作为一个好牧师去服侍教会成员,保罗给了他哪些教导?(第1-2节)

  2. What instructions did Paul give regarding the support of widows who have genuine need? (vs. 3-4)

    有关支持真正有需要的寡妇这件事,保罗提出什么教导?(第3-4节)

  3. What contrasting examples did Paul describe in verses 5-6?

    在第5-6节中,保罗描述的两个形成鲜明对照的例子是什么?

  4. Why was Timothy directed to pass on these instructions to the other believers? (v. 7)

    为什么要指示提摩太把这些教训传达给其他信徒?(第7节)

  5. In what ways is failing to support relatives in need a “denial of the faith” and “worse than the work of an unbeliever”? (v. 8)

    对有需要的亲属不给予支持,这在哪些方面等于是“否认信仰”、“比不信的人做得还差”?(第8节)

  6. What requirements was a widow to meet in order to be put on the “list of widows”? (vs. 9-10)

    寡妇必须符合什么条件,才能记在“寡妇登记册”上?(第9-10节)

  7. Based on Paul’s treatment of this matter in verses 9-13, what do you think this “widows’ list” was?

    根据保罗在第9-13节中对这一问题的处理,你认为这个“寡妇册子”是什么?

  8. Why were younger widows not to be put on this list? (vs. 11-13)

    为什么年轻寡妇不能记在册子上?(第11-13节)

  9. What counsel did Paul give to the younger widows? (v. 14)

    保罗对年轻寡妇提出哪些建议?(第14节)

  10. What sad experience did Paul mention in verse 15?

    保罗在第15节中提到的令人难过的经历是什么?

  11. How could a younger woman be of special service to others? (v. 16)

    一个年轻妇女能为她人做怎样的特殊服侍?(第16节)

  12. Why was it important for each believer to personally assist those in genuine need when possible? (v. 16)

    每一个信徒对那些有真正需要的人,在可能的情况下,提供个人的帮助,这一点为什么很重要?(第16节)

  13. What instruction did Paul give Christians about their regard for and support of those who serve as spiritual leaders (elders) in the church?

    对教会中的属灵领袖(长老)给予关心和支持,保罗在这方面对基督徒有什么教导?

  14. What wisdom do you see in Paul’s directions for handling accusations against church leaders and in disciplining them in verses 19-20?

    在保罗指示如何处理第19-20节中对教会领袖的控告以及惩戒他们的问题上,你从中看到什么智慧?

  15. What solemn Charge did Paul give Timothy in conducting the work of the church? (v. 22)

    在管理教会的工作上,保罗对提摩太提出的严肃忠告是什么?(第22节)

  16. Why did Paul advise Timothy to “drink a little wine”? (v. 23)

    保罗为什么建议提摩太“喝一点酒”(第23节)

  17. What helpful insight did Paul share regarding the sins and good deeds of people? (vs. 24-25?

    有关人的罪和好行为方面,保罗分享了什么极有帮助的见解?(第24-25节)

E. Application Questions 应用问题

  1. Why is the attitude we take as we deal with people in personal and spiritual matters so important? (vs. 1-2)

    我们在个人以及属灵的事情上与人相处时,采用怎样的态度为什么很重要?(第1-2节)

  2. Agree or Disagree? Today there is little need for Christian church members to be concerned about the physical needs of members facing hardships because the government offers adequate support programs. (Explain your answer)

    同意还是不同意?在当今社会,基督教会的成员几乎没有必要去关心那些面临艰难困苦之人的物质需要,因为政府已经为他们提供了足够的支持项目。(解释你的答案)

  3. List at least three ways in which people can fulfill their duty to support their family members who have genuine need.

    列出人可以至少在哪三个方面履行供养有真正需要的家庭成员的责任?

  4. What are some important duties that a group of senior women (or men) could perform for the local church they belong to?

    一群老年妇人(或男人),能为他们所属的教会做哪些重要的事情?

  5. How should a church deal with a volunteer member who does more harm than good as his/she acts on behalf of the church? (see verses 13-15)

    教会当怎样处理一个自愿者,他/她代表教会做事,但带来的害处却大于好处?(第13-15节)

  6. Offer three ways in which an individual Christian and/or a congregation of Christians can help widows and others who are deprived of companionship and a means of support.

    一个单个的基督徒以及/或者一个基督徒团体,能为寡妇或其他失去伴侣以及支持来源的人给予哪些帮助?提供三个方式。

  7. Suggest two ways in which we can show proper “honor” to those who serve God’s people as spiritual leaders and teachers.

    指出两个可以向教会作服侍的属灵领袖和教师表达适当“尊敬”的方式。

  8. Why is impartiality in dealing with called workers and other members of the church so important in carrying out the ministry of the church?

    为什么公正不偏地处理教会中被呼召的工人以及其他成员的问题,对开展教会事工很重要?

  9. What do verses 24-25 suggest to you about checking on the qualifications and character of those who are nominated to serve as called or elected workers in the church?

    第24-25节对教会中被呼召或拣选而委以重任者的资格和品行加以监督一事,对你有什么提示?