恩典国际圣经学院

第六章 处理具有挑战性的情况,忠于你的呼召

Chapter 6 Address Challenging Situations And Be Faithful To Your Calling


A. Outline 大纲

A. Slaves Are To Respect Their Masters, Especially If They Are Christians (vs. 1-2)

作奴仆的,要尊敬他们的主人,有信主作仆人的更要如此。(第1-2节)

B. False Teachers Are Arrogant, Ignorant, Divisive, And Greedy As They Oppose God’s Good Teaching And Mislead Others. (vs. 3-5)

假教师骄傲自大、无知、制造分歧,而且贪心。他们敌对神真理的教导,误导他人。(第3-5节)

C. Be Content With God’s Supply For Earthly Needs And Avoid The Deadly Trap Of Loving Money (vs. 6-10)

满足神对物质需要的供应,避免落入贪财的致命陷阱。(第6-10节)

D. God’s Person Is To Flee From Sin, Pursue The Godly Life, Battle To Stay In Faith And Claim God’s Gift Of Eternal Life Out of Reverence And Allegiance To His/Her Great Lord And King. (vs. 11-16)

神的子民要逃避罪,追求敬畏神的生活,努力持守信心,在对伟大之神的敬意和忠心中宣告神的永生恩赐。(第11-16节)

E. The Believing Rich Are To Put Their Hope In God And Use Their Wealth To Do Good And Help Others. (vs. 17-19)

信主的富人要把他们的盼望放在神身上,用他们的财富做行善和助人的事。(第17-19节)

F. Timothy Is To Guard The Word That God Has Entrusted To Him And Avoid Falling Into Error and Unbelief. (vs. 20-21)

提摩太要护卫神委托他的话,并要避免落入错谬和不信。(第20-21节)

B. Translation 翻译

  1. As many as are slaves under the yoke should consider their own masters to be worthy of full respect so that the name of God and the teaching will not be reviled (spoken against harshly). 2) Those who have believing masters are not to despise (disrespect) them because they are brothers. Rather, to serve them even better because those who are receiving the benefit are believing and dearly loved .. Teach and command (proclaim) these things.

1)凡在特定服务的约定下成为奴仆的人,应该把自己的主人看成是配受十分尊敬的人,免得神的名和教导被亵渎。2)仆人有信道的主人,不可因为他是弟兄就不尊敬他。反而要更好地服侍他,因为接受服侍益处的人是信主蒙爱的人。你要把这些教训都转告他们。

  1. If someone teaches false doctrines and does not agree with the sound (healthy) instruction of our Lord Jesus Christ and with the godly teaching, 4) he is conceited (literally, inflated with self-conceit) and understands nothing. He has an unhealthy (diseased) interest in controversies and arguments (literally, quarrels about words), out of which comes envy, strife (conflict), malicious talk, evil suspicions, 5) and constant frictions among people who have corrupted minds. people who have been deprived (robbed) of the truth. They think that godliness is a way to financial gain (get money).

3)若有人传异教,不服从我们主耶稣基督纯正的话与那敬虔的教导,4)他是自高自大,一无所知。他对争吵和辩论有一种病态的兴趣,因此制造了嫉妒、纷争、毁谤、罪恶的怀疑5)并腐化堕落者之间的相互抵触。他们已经丧失了真理,把敬虔当成得利的门路。

  1. Godliness with contentment is a way to great gain. 7) For we brought nothing into the world and we are not able to take anything out . 8) If we have food and clothing, we will be content with those. 9) Those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a trap and into many foolish and harmful desires, which drown (plunge) people into ruin and destruction. 10) For the love of money (literally, silver) is a root of many evils. Some people who long for (literally, stretch themselves out for) money have strayed (wandered) from the faith and have pierced themselves through with many griefs (painful sorrows).

6)然而,敬虔加上知足的心便是巨大的财富。7)因为我们没有带什么到世上来,也不能带什么去,8)只要有衣有食,就当知足。9)但那些想要发财的人,就陷在迷惑、落在网罗和许多无知有害的私欲里。这私欲将他们毁坏、使他们灭亡。10)贪财是万恶之根!有人贪恋钱财,就被引诱离了真道,被许多愁苦刺透。

  1. But you, person of God, flee these things. Pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience (patient endurance), gentleness. 12) Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of the eternal life, to which you were called you confessed the good confession in the presence of many witnesses. 13) I give you this duty (charge you) in the presence (sight) of God, who gives life to all things and of Christ Jesus, who testified the good confession before Pontius Pilate. 14) Keep this command without spot (stain) and without blame until the appearance of our Lord Jesus Christ. 15) This will make known in His own favorable time. the supremely blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords, 16) who alone is immortal, who dwells in (inhabits) unapproachable light, whom no one among people has seen or is able to see. To Him be honor and power forever. Amen.

11)但你这属神的人要逃避那些事,要追求公义、敬虔、信心、爱心、忍耐和温柔。12)你要奋力为真道去做美好的争战,抓住永生。你为此被召,正如你在许多见证人面前所做的美好声明。13)我在赐给万物生命的神面前,以及在向本丢彼拉多作过那美好见证的基督耶稣面前嘱咐你:14)要守这命令,毫不玷污,无可指责,直到我们的主耶稣基督显现。15)到了日期,那可称颂、独有权能的万王之王、万主之主,16)就是那独一永存,住在人不能靠近的光里,是人未曾看见,也是不能看见的神,要将他显明出来。但愿尊贵和永远的权能都归给他。阿门!

  1. Command those who are rich in this present age not to be arrogant, nor to put their hope in the uncertainty of wealth, but rather God, who provides for us richly with all things for our enjoyment. 18) to do good, to be rich in good deeds, to be generous willing to share. 19) By doing this, they will store away treasures for themselves as a good foundation for the coming age, so they may take hold of the true life.

17)你要嘱咐那些今世富足的人,不要自高,也不要把盼望放在无定的钱财上;而要把盼望放在那厚赐百物给我们享受的神身上。18)又要嘱咐他们行善,在好行为上富足,甘心施舍并且乐意与人分享,19)让自己所积攒的财宝,能为将来的世代打好根基,可以抓住真正的生命。

  1. O Timothy, guard what has been entrusted to you. Turn away from godless, empty discussions and the opposing ideas of what is falsely called knowledge, 21) which some have professed and, , have swerved (deviated) from the faith. Grace be with you .

20)提摩太啊,你要护卫所托付你的。躲避那些不敬畏神、无意义的谈论,以及那敌真道、似是而非的学问。有人自称有这学问,反而偏离了真道。愿恩惠常与你们同在!

C. Things To Learn And Think About 要学习和思考的事情

  1. In verses 1-2, Paul instructs Christians who are in slavery to fully respect their masters so that God’s name will not be dishonored by any disrespectful behavior. He also urges them not to think that they can show less respect to a Christian master because he is a believer. Rather, slaves with a Christian master are to serve them better because it is a fellow believer who benefits from their service and who has a special bond of faith and love with them.

    在第1-2节中,保罗教导作奴仆的基督徒要完全尊敬他们的主人,使神的名不会因为任何无礼的行为而受到羞辱。他还要求他们不要因为他们的主人同是基督徒,就以为可以对他们表达更少的敬意。相反,有基督徒主人的奴仆反要更好地服侍他们的主人,因为得他们服侍益处的人也是一同信主的,与他们有着信仰和爱的特殊连结。

  2. In verses 3-5, Paul reveals the characteristics and motivations of false teachers and points out the damage they do. False teachers sinfully oppose the true, godly teaching of Jesus Christ Himself. They are defiant and arrogant toward God and His Word and are without true spiritual understanding. They are interested in spreading their rebellious teachings that cause great division and unrest among people and that deprive them of God’s saving truth. In their selfishness, they also view religion as a way to enrich themselves financially.

    在第3-5节中,保罗揭露假教师的特征和动机,指出他们造成的损害。假教师罪恶地敌对有关耶稣基督本人的真实虔敬教导。他们公然违抗并藐视神和他的话语,并不真正明白属灵的事情。他们对传播自己悖逆的教导感兴趣,在人之间造成分歧和不安。他们丧失了神的救恩真理。他们自私地把宗教当成让他们经济上富足的门路。

  3. In verses 6-10, Paul urges Christians to recognize the great gain that comes from adding contentment to their godly course of life. He reminds us that we enter the world with no material things and that we can take nothing with us into the next life. We are to find contentment in having a sufficient supply of food, clothing and shelter. People who long for material wealth beyond what is necessary for them are foolishly falling into a trap that drowns people in spiritual harm and destruction. Some people have fallen so deeply in love with the desire for money that they have deserted the true treasure of the Christian faith and have brought many painful sorrows on themselves.

    在第6-10节中,保罗要基督徒认识到来自知足和敬虔生活的巨大收获。他提醒我们,我们到世界上来的时候,什么也没有带来;我们离开这个世界的时候,什么也不能带走。我们应该对拥有足够的衣食和住所感到满足。那些渴望得到超过他们所需的物质财富的人,就无知地落入网罗,给自己的灵命造成伤害和毁灭。有些人深深地陷入贪恋钱财之中,离弃了对基督的真实宝贵信仰,给自己带来很多痛苦。

  4. In verses 11-16, Paul reminds Timothy that he (Timothy) is God’s person. Paul calls on Timothy to flee from all sin and pursue the life of Christian living and virtues. He directs Timothy to fight to retain his faith so that he can enjoy the blessing of eternal life. He reminds Timothy of the previous confession and vows of allegiance that he has made to God. He urges Timothy to carry out these duties faithfully and blamelessly until Christ’s return. Paul then proceeds to offer a beautiful statement of praise to God who is the one and only King and Ruler and who is deathless and majestic in His glory and power.

    在第11-16节中,保罗提醒提摩太,他(提摩太)是属于神的人。保罗呼吁提摩太要逃避罪,追求基督徒的生活和美德。他指示提摩太要奋力争战以持守信心,使他能享受永生的福份。他提醒提摩太先前向神作的声明和誓言。他恳求提摩太忠心、无可指责地完成这些责任,直到基督再来。然后保罗向神发出美丽的颂词:神是那独一的君王和统治者,他永远不死的神,尊贵、荣耀和权能都是他的。

  5. In verses 17-19, Paul instructs Timothy to command wealthy Christians to put their faith and hope in God and not in their earthly riches. He directs that wealthy believers are to use their riches to do good works and to generously and willingly serve others in their need. These actions will be in keeping with people who know that their true wealth is the spiritual and eternal riches that God gives them.

    在第17-19节中,保罗指示提摩太,要让那些富足的基督徒把信心和盼望放在神的身上,而不是在世界的财富上。他指导那些富足的信徒,要用他们的财富去行善,慷慨乐意地服侍那些有需要的人。这样的行为才与他们的认识一致—-他们的真正财富是神给他们的属灵和永恒的财富。

  6. In verses 20-21, Paul again charges Timothy to guard the Word of God that has been entrusted to him and to faithfully carry out his ministry of that Word to God’s people. Timothy is to avoid the false wisdom of spiritual error of others and so remain in the true faith. Paul closes the letter by speaking God’s blessing of underserved love in Christ for Timothy and all those with him in Ephesus.

    在第20-21节中,保罗又告诫提摩太要护卫神的话,神曾委托给他,并要他向神的子民忠心教导。要提摩太躲避其他那些人的属灵谬误中的假智慧,并能持守真道。保罗提到神在基督里对提摩太和所有与他同在以弗所之人的爱—人不配得的爱,并以此结束他的书信。

D. Study Questions 学习问题

  1. How did God want Christian slaves to regard their masters? (v. 1)

    神要作奴仆的基督徒怎样对待自己的主人?(第1节)

  2. Why are Christian slaves to have this attitude of respect? (v. 1)

    作奴仆的基督徒为什么要有这种尊敬的态度?(第1节)

  3. What special relationship are Christian slaves to have if their master is a Christian? (v. 2)

    如果作奴仆的基督徒有同是基督徒的主人,他们之间应有怎样的特殊关系?(第2节)

  4. In what ways do the false teachers described in verses 3-4a sin against God and others?

    第3-4a节提到的假教师在哪些方面犯罪得罪神和其他人?

  5. What are the harmful results of such false teaching? (vs. 4b-5)

    这种错误教导造成的有害结果是什么?(第4b-5)

  6. What attitudes toward material possessions did Paul encourage in verses 6 and 8?

    在第6和8节中,保罗鼓励我们对物质财富当存怎样的态度?

  7. Why is it important to remember that we entered the world with no material possessions and that we will leave the world in the same way? (v. 7)

    “我们没有带什么到世上来,也不会带什么去”,记住这一点为什么很重要?(第7节)

  8. What is the problem with being “eager for money” and “loving money”? (vs. 9-10)

    “渴慕钱财”和“爱财”出了什么问题?(第9—10节)

  9. What commands did Paul give Timothy in verses 11-12?

    保罗在11-12节向提摩太提出什么要求?

  10. How well is Timothy to carry out his ministry? (v. 14)

    提摩太要把他的福音事工完成到什么程度?(第14节)

  11. What important truths about God is Timothy to keep in mind as he carried out his ministry? (vs. 13-16)

    提摩太在完成他的福音事工时,要牢记有关神的什么重要真理?(第13-16节)

  12. How as those who are blessed with material wealth to think about their possessions? (vs. 17-18)

    那些得到物质财富祝福的人应当怎样看待他们的财富?(第17-18节)

  13. What are those with an abundance of material wealth to do with their abundance? (v. 18)

    那些物质财富丰富的人应该用他们的财富做什么?(第18节)

  14. How will the generosity of the materially blessed be a benefit to them? (v. 19)

    物质上得祝福之人的慷慨举动将怎样成为他们的益处?(第19节)

  15. What closing charge did Paul give Timothy in verses 20-21?

    保罗在20-21节给提摩太的最后告诫是什么?

  16. How does Paul end this letter to Timothy and the church? (v. 21b)

    保罗怎样结束他给提摩太和教会的信?(第21b节)

E. Application Questions 应用问题

  1. How can we apply Paul’s instruction to Christians slaves in verses 1-2 to ourselves as we consider our jobs and vocations today?

    考虑到我们今天的工作和职业,我们怎样能把保罗在1-2节中给基督徒奴仆的教导用在我们自己身上?

  2. Why is a good understanding of the nature and results of false religious teaching valuable for the people who must oppose it with God’s truth? (see verses 3-5)

    弄明白假宗教教导的本质和结果,对于必须用神的真理来反驳它的人,为什么很有价值?(参第3-5节)

  3. Share an experience that helped you better understand the meaning of God’s teachings about the proper attitude we should take toward our possessions and money. (see verses 6-10)

    有关我们对自己的财物和金钱应该采取的态度,分享一次经历说明它怎样帮助你更好地明白了神对这方面教导的意义。(第6-10节)

  4. List three ways in which we are helped by remembering that all of us live our lives and conduct our ministries in the presence of our God. (see verses 11-16)

    我们所有人都活在神的面前,并在神的面前执行我们的福音使命。列出三个方面说明,记住这一点曾对我们产生过怎样的帮助?(第11-16节)

  5. In your opinion, is it harder for a person to have a modest amount of material wealth or to have an abundant amount of material wealth? (Explain your answer)

    在你看来,一个人拥有适中的物质财富难,还是拥有充裕的物质财富难?(解释你的答案)

  6. In your opinion, what are two valuable things your church can do to better train its members in the faithful, responsible, Christian use of material wealth?

    依你看,在更好地培养信徒在使用物质财富方面能更加忠心、负责,并有基督徒见证,你的教会能做的两件有价值的事情是什么?

  7. In your current position and situation, what are three things you must be especially careful to avoid and/or to do in order to be a faithful guardian of the Gospel?

    在你目前的位置和环境中,为成为福音的忠实护卫者,你尤其需要留意去躲避并/或去做的三件事情是什么?