恩典国际圣经学院

第四课 - 伊斯兰教
lesson 4 - Islam

Introduction

介绍

For a number of years the Arabs had a belief in many gods. They also believed in jinns, demon spirits that were said to inhabit the trees, the stones, the rivers, and the hills until a man by the name of Muhammad came along. He was born in 570 A.D. in Mecca. He was from the Hashim clan, and grew up tending sheep and goats among the Bedouins. He was raised by his uncle and traveled with trade caravans.

在默罕默德出现以前,阿拉伯人很多年来都信仰多神。他们也相信精灵、邪灵;说邪灵会栖息在树上、石头上、河流里甚至小山上。默罕默德于公元570年在麦加出生。他来自哈希姆家族,在贝都因人中间牧放绵羊、山羊长大。他由叔叔抚养,与贸易商队一起迁移。

610 A.D- Muhammad received a call in a cave, and was allegedly given revelations by the angel Gabriel. He began to teach a strict Monotheism, which is the belief in one god.

公元610年,默罕默德在一个山洞里得到呼召,据说是从天使加百列得到启示。之后他便开始教导一种很严格的一神教,就是只相信一个神。

Let’s read from Scripture to see if we can identify who this real angel was that came to Muhammad…

我们来读圣经,看我们是否能认出向默罕默德启示的天使到底是谁——

Galatians 1:6-9 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one who called you by the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel– which is really no gospel at all. Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to pervert the gospel of Christ. But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the one we preached to you, let him be eternally condemned! As we have already said, so now I say again: If anybody is preaching to you a gospel other than what you accepted, let him be eternally condemned!

加1:6-9—-6我 希 奇 你 们 这 么快 离 开 那 藉 着 基 督 之 恩 召 你 们 的 , 去 从 别 的 福 音 。 7那 并 不 是 福 音 , 不 过 有 些 人 搅 扰 你 们 , 要 把 基 督 的 福 音 更 改 了 。 8但 无 论 是 我 们 , 是 天 上 来 的 使 者 , 若 传 福 音 给 你 们 , 与 我 们 所 传 给 你 们 的 不 同 , 他 就 应 当 被 咒 诅 。 9我 们 已 经 说 了 , 现 在 又 说 , 若 有 人 传 福 音 给 你 们 , 与 你 们 所 领 受 的 不 同 , 他 就 应 当 被 咒 诅 。

  1. What does Paul say about angels bringing a different gospel than the one they preached to them about Jesus Christ?

    保罗说,如果有天使带来一个不一样的福音,不是他们所传的耶稣基督,那就应该怎样对待这种天使?

2 Corinthians 11:13-15 For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, masquerading as apostles of Christ. And no wonder, for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light. It is not surprising, then, if his servants masquerade as servants of righteousness. Their end will be what their actions deserve.

林后11:13-15—-13那 等 人 是 假 使 徒 , 行 事 诡 诈 , 装 作 基 督 使 徒 的 模 样 。 14这 也 不 足 为 怪 , 因 为 连 撒 但 也 装 作 光 明 的 天 使 。 15所 以 他 的 差 役 , 若 装 作 仁 义 的 差 役 , 也 不 算 希 奇 。 他 们 的 结 局 必 然 照 着 他 们 的 行 为 。

  1. Why does Paul describe Satan as an angel of light?

    保罗为什么把撒旦描述为一个光明的天使?

    Matthew 4:5,6 Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. “If you are the Son of God,” he said, “throw yourself down. For it is written: “ ‘He will command his angels concerning you, and they will lift you up in their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’ “

    太4:5,6—-5魔 鬼 就 带 他 进 了 圣 城 , 叫 他 站 在 殿 顶 ( 顶 : 原 文 是 翅 ) 上 ,6对 他 说 : “你 若 是 神 的 儿 子 , 可 以 跳 下 去 , 因 为 经 上 记 着 说 : ‘主 要 为 你 吩 咐 他 的 使 者 用 手 托 着 你 , 免 得 你 的 脚 碰 在 石 头 上 。’”

  2. What was the devil doing by quoting Scripture to Jesus?

    撒旦引用圣经对耶稣说话,目的是什么?

  3. If the devil masquerades as an agent of light, and uses false teachers to manipulate the truth of the gospel, what might we expect from the message of Muhammad regarding the words of the true God that are recorded for us in the Bible?

    如果撒旦装作光明的天使,而且使用假教师来篡改福音的真理,我们可以从默罕默德传达的信息中,对真神为我们记录在圣经中的话作怎样的预测?

    Meaning of Islam – Submission

    伊斯兰一词的意思——顺服

    Meaning of Muslims – Those who Submit

    穆斯林一词的意思——顺服的人

    622 A.D. Muhammad moved to Medina because of persecution. There he united two large tribes and grew in power. He built a mosquethere, as well as houses for his followers. His first military victorywas in Badr, where 300 of his followers attacked a caravan headedto Mecca. He also captured and nearly exterminated the Jewish banu-Qurayzah tribe. In the marketplace of Medina, the Muslimsdecapitated hundreds of men of this tribe. Sound familiar to Islam’s followers today?

    公元622年,默罕默德受迫害搬到了麦地那。他在那里联合了两个大部落,逐渐得势。他建了一座清真寺,为他的跟随者建造了房屋。他在巴德尔赢得了第一次军事胜利。他的300名跟随者袭击了一个赶往麦加的商队,他还抓捕甚至诛灭了犹太的巴努-丘瑞乍部落。在麦地那的市场上,这些穆斯林将这个部落的几百个男人斩首。这听起来很像今天伊斯兰教跟随者 的作为。

    Medina is 250 miles north of Mecca and both of these Islamic holy sites are found in present day, Saudi Arabia. This is a photo of the Mosque in Medina at night time. No infidels (non-Muslims) are allowed into this Mosque.

    麦地那在麦加北部250英里处,这 两个伊斯兰教圣地在今天的沙特阿拉 伯都能找到。这是一幅麦地那清真寺的夜景图。任何异教徒(非穆斯林)都不许进入这个清真寺。

    In the history books of the Islamic faith, it is said that Muhammad was carried by a winged horse from Mecca to Jerusalem. From Jerusalem (Dome of the Rock) he was accompanied by the angel Gabriel, and ascended into heaven to be in the presence of God. Then, he returned to Arabia, all within one night.

    在伊斯兰教信仰的历史书中,据说默罕默德被一匹长着翅膀的马从麦加带到了耶路撒冷。从耶路撒冷(圆顶清真寺)起被天使加百列陪伴,升到天堂来到神面前,然后又回到阿拉伯,这一切都是在一夜之间发生的。

  4. Can you think of another world-wide religion that began by a supposed angel speaking to its follower that intermingles the truth of Scripture with error? I’ll give you hint the founder of this religion’s name is Joseph Smith.

    你能想到另一个普世性的宗教吗?它也是由一个想象中的天使对它的跟随者说话后产生的,这个跟随者同样把圣经的真理和谬误混到了一起。我给你一些提示,这个宗教的建立者名叫约瑟夫-史密斯。

  5. What is the name of the holy book in this religion?

    这个宗教的圣书叫什么名字?

  6. What’s the name of the holy book of the Islamic people?

    伊斯兰教的圣书叫什么名字?

    • At least we can say that the devil is consistent in his work. From the very beginning of time, when he tempted Adam and Eve by manipulating the Word of God (“Did God really say”), it is still his same mode of operation to this very day. His best tactics are to mix truth with error so that eventually the truth is entirely masqueraded by error.

    • 我们完全可以说,撒旦一直在不停地工作。从他最初通过篡改神的话(“神真说了吗?”)引诱亚当和夏娃开始,到今天仍然在使用同一种模式。 他的最好策略就是把错谬与真理混合起来,使真理最终完全被错误遮蔽。

    • If you wonder why there is so much media attention in the Middle East and so much struggle and tension, it is because the Jewish people see Jerusalem as their most Holy site because it was once the hot bed of Jewish worship, where God revealed his name to his people at the great temple of Solomon, which was constructed in 950 B.C. The only thing remaining from Solomon’s temple today is one wall, called the “wailing wall,” which Jews incessantly pray at. Well, Muhammad claims that this is the holy site of Muslims because of the night flight he had on a winged horse to this town, and eventually the Muslims constructed a mosque on the site that is believed to be the place where Abraham was about to sacrifice his son Isaac. Muslims, however, believe that it was Ishmael that was about to be sacrificed and not Isaac, and they also trace their lineage through Ishmael as well. See how the devil works a bit of historical truth with error?

    • 如果你想知道中东地区为什么会有那么多媒体关注,有那么多战事,局势为何那么紧张,那是因为犹太人把耶路撒冷看作是他们最神圣的地方,因为那里曾经是犹太人敬拜神的温床,神曾经在耶路撒冷的所罗门圣殿把自己的名字揭示给他的子民。圣殿建于公元前950年。所罗门圣殿今天存留下来的只有一堵墙,被称为“哭墙”,今天的犹太人仍然在那里不停地祈祷;而另一方面,默罕默德声称,这里是穆斯林的圣地,因为那天晚上他骑着一匹飞马来到了这座城市,而且穆斯林在这里建了个清真寺。他们相信这里是亚伯拉罕要把他的儿子以撒献为燔祭的地方。不过,穆斯林相信,亚伯拉罕要献上的不是以撒,而是以实玛利。他们的家谱也是从以实玛利记录的。你看到撒旦是怎样使用一点历史事实来制造谬误的吗?

    629 A.D. Muhammad returned to Mecca and took it without opposition

    公元629年,默罕默德回到麦加,没有受到抵抗就夺取了这个城市。

    632 A.D. Died after unifying many tribes under Islam

    公元632年,他把很多部落统一到伊斯兰教名下,然后去世。

    What does the Christian believe about God’s holy sites for his church? Read the following…

    基督徒相信,神为他的教会设立的圣地在哪里?读以下经文:

    John 4:21-24 Jesus declared, “Believe me, woman, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews. Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in spirit and in truth.”

    约4:21-24—-21耶 稣 说 : “妇 人 , 你 当 信 我 。 时 候 将 到 , 你 们 拜 父 , 也 不 在 这 山 上 , 也 不 在 耶 路 撒 冷 。 22你 们 所 拜 的 , 你 们 不 知 道 ; 我 们 所 拜 的 , 我 们 知 道 , 因 为 救 恩 是 从 犹 太 人 出 来 的 。 23时 候 将 到 , 如 今 就 是 了 , 那 真 正 拜 父 的 , 要 用 心 灵 和 诚 实 拜 他 , 因 为 父 要 这 样 的 人 拜 他 。 24神 是 个 灵 ( 或 无 个 字 ) , 所 以 拜 他 的 必 须 用 心 灵 和 诚 实 拜 他 。 ”

  7. Where’s our holy site, where the kingdom of God can be found today?

    我们的圣地在哪里,神的国度今天可以在哪里 找到?

    Statistics and facts regarding Muslims

    有关穆斯林的数据和事实

    SunniMuslims make up 85% of the total population of Muslims. The total amount of Muslims world-wide is estimated at 1.3 billion. Sunnis believe that their leaders should be elected by a consensus from their community. And these leaders then get the privilege of being able to interpret the law.

    逊尼派穆斯林占穆斯林总人口的85%,世界穆斯林总数约有13亿。逊尼派相信,他们的领袖应该是从社区中一致选举出来的,而且这些领袖便因此得到可以解释律法的特权。

  8. Does this sound familiar to you in regards to the way the Catholic Church is run today? How so?

    这是不是与今天天主教的运作方式很相似?在哪些方面相似?

    • Again, let us NOT forget the goal of Satan and that is to obscure the gospel in any way that he can, which means that he is going to try and get people to take their eyes of the cross of Jesus Christ, and place their trust in themselves – a sure recipe for eternal damnation!

    • 再一次提醒大家,让我们不要忘记撒旦的目的,那就是尽可能地遮掩福音,也就是说,他要努力让人的眼光从耶稣基督的十字架上挪开,然后开始信靠自己——这是一个通向永恒灭亡的绝对方法!

    ShiiteMuslims make up just 12% of the Muslim community and their spiritual leaders are called Imans. Imans follow the claims of Ali and his son Husain, who they believe are the only true interpreters of the Koran, the holy book of Islam. Imans are infallible in their teachings. Shiite Muslims await the return of the 12th Iman to lead them to world conquest.

    什叶派穆斯林只占穆斯林群体的12%,他们的属灵领袖叫伊曼。伊曼遵守的是阿里和他儿子侯赛因的主张。他们相信唯有这两个人才是伊斯兰教的圣书——古兰经的真正解释者,他们相信伊曼的教导毫无谬误。什叶派穆斯林等待第12位伊曼的再临,回来带领他们征服世界。

    Here’s the breakdown of Muslims per country…

    这是穆斯林在各国所占的比例—-

    Algeria – 99% Sunni Muslim

    阿尔及利亚——99%逊尼派穆斯林

    Turkey – 99% Sunni Muslim

    土耳其——99%逊尼派穆斯林

    Tunesia – 98% Sunni Muslim

    突尼西亚——98%逊尼派穆斯林

    Pakistan – 98% Sunni Muslim

    巴基斯坦——98%逊尼派穆斯林

    Iran – 95% Shiite Muslim

    伊朗——95%什叶派穆斯林

    Iraq – 66% Shiite Muslim ; 33% Sunni Muslim

    伊拉克 ——66%什叶派穆斯林 ; 33%逊尼派穆斯林

    Saudi Arabia – 85% Sunni Muslim ; 15% Shiite Muslim

    沙特阿拉伯——85%逊尼派穆斯林 ; 15% 什叶派穆斯林

    Jordan – 92% Sunni Muslim

    约旦——92%逊尼派穆斯林

    Indonesia – 184 million (87%) Sunni Muslims

    印度尼西亚——1.84亿(87%)逊尼派穆斯林

    Syria – 74% Sunni Muslim

    叙利亚——74%逊尼派穆斯林

    Lebanon – 70% Sunni Muslim

    黎巴嫩——70%逊尼派穆斯林

    India – 100 million Muslims

    印度——1亿穆斯林

    China – 23.5 million Muslims

    中国——2350万穆斯林

    United States of America – 6 million Muslims

    美国——600万穆斯林

    Koran – Islamic Holy Book

    古兰经——伊斯兰教圣书

    The Koran is considered the most Holy Book in the Islamic faith. It’s a book of instruction with lots of laws that are intended to regulate the Islamic people and lots of threats of judgment from its false god, Allah. It claims to pick up the story…, after the Bible left off. Don’t forget, that Joseph Smith makes similar claims to as these. Let’s see what Jesus has to say about this in the gospels…

    古兰经被视为伊斯兰教最神圣的书,它是一本教诲书,包含很多律法,用来规范伊斯兰教信徒,还有很多来自它的假神安拉的审判威胁。古兰经声称,它是在继续圣经停止以后的故事。不要忘记,约瑟夫-史密斯也做过类似的声明。我们来看耶稣在福音书中对此是怎么说的……

    Matthew 24:23-27 At that time if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or, ‘There he is!’ do not believe it. For false Christs and false prophets will appear and perform great signs and miracles to deceive even the elect–if that were possible. See, I have told you ahead of time. “So if anyone tells you, ‘There he is, out in the desert,’ do not go out; or, ‘Here he is, in the inner rooms,’ do not believe it. For as lightning that comes from the east is visible even in the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.

    太24:23-27—-23那 时 , 若 有 人 对 你 们 说 : ‘基 督 在 这 里’ , 或 说 : ‘基 督 在 那 里’ , 你 们 不 要 信 ! 24因 为 假 基 督 、 假 先 知 将 要 起 来 , 显 大 神 迹 、 大 奇 事 , 倘 若 能 行 , 连 选 民 也 就 迷 惑 了 。 25看 哪 , 我 预 先 告 诉 你 们 了 。26若 有 人 对 你 们 说 : ‘看 哪 , 基 督 在 旷 野 里’ , 你 们 不 要 出 去 ! 或 说 :‘ 看 哪 , 基 督 在 内 屋 中’ , 你 们 不 要 信 ! 27闪 电 从 东 边 发 出 , 直 照 到 西 边 。 人 子 降 临 , 也 要 这 样 。 28尸 首 在 哪 里 , 鹰 也 必 聚 在 那 里 。

    • Interestingly enough, the Muslims believe that the only true book of Koran is one that is written in Arabic. All other translations are merely interpretations of the Koran. The Koran is about 13 of the size of Scripture. The Hadith is a collection of traditions about what Muhammad did throughout his life. That, too, is a very important book to Muslims.

    • 有趣的是,穆斯林相信,唯一真实的书古兰经是用阿拉伯文写的,它的所有其它翻译都只是对古兰经的解释。古兰经大约有圣经的1/3大。哈迪斯是一本收集默罕默德言行事迹的传统合集,也是穆斯林的一本非常重要的书。

    Five Basic Beliefs of Islam

    伊斯兰教信仰的5个基本内容

    1) One god – Allah

    1) 一神——安拉

    2) Last Day – Unbelievers will be chained 100 feet apart in hell; believers go to heaven because they’ve done more good than bad in life. Forgiveness is something you earn.

    2) 末世——不相信的人会下地狱,而且在间隔100英尺的地方用链子拴住;信徒上天堂,因为他们在有生之年做的好事比坏事多。罪得赦免是你可以赚来的。

    3) Angels serve and praise Allah and are often Allah’s messengers. They teach that Gabriel revealed the Koran to Mohammed. Satan is taught in the Islamic faith, but his sin wasn’t trying to be like God, as the Bible states, but failing to worship man.

    3) 天使在服务并且赞美安拉,也常常是安拉的信使。他们教导,是加百列向默罕默德启示了古兰经。在伊斯兰教的信仰中也有对撒旦的教导,但撒旦的罪不是按照圣经所说的想和神一样,而是因为他没有敬拜人。

    4) Holy books entail the Koran, the first 5 books of the Old Testament, Psalms, and the gospel of Jesus in the New Testament – but they believe the Catholic Church manipulated the stories about Jesus in the gospel so many of them say the Christian Bible can’t be trusted. They do believe Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary.

    4) 圣书包含古兰经、旧约圣经前5卷书、诗篇以及新约中的耶稣福音书——但他们相信,天主教会篡改了福音书中耶稣的故事,所以他们很多人说基督徒的圣经不能相信,但他们的确相信耶稣是由童贞女马利亚所生。

    5) Prophets - Depending on which Muslim you speak to, they have between 25 and 30 prophets in their religion and the majority of them are from the Bible like Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, but Muhammad is the greatest prophet of them all. Again, we see the manipulation and perversion of the devil as he mingles truth with error leading the people of the earth away from God.

    5) 先知—按照不同穆斯林的说法,他们的宗教里有25到30个先知,而且其中的大多数都是圣经里的,比如亚当、挪亚、亚伯拉罕、摩西、耶稣,但默罕默德是所有先知中最大的一个。所以我们再一次看见撒旦对真理的篡改和扭曲,把真理和谬误混在一起,使人离开神。

    The Five Pillars of Islam

    伊斯兰教的五个基本功课(又称五功)

    1). The Creed called the Shahada is said by faithful Muslims every day –

    信条叫萨哈达(伊斯兰教清真言,念功),是虔诚穆斯林教徒每天念诵的——

    “I bear witness that there is no god but (the One) God (Allah), and I bear witness that Muhammad is God’s messenger.”

    提起右手食指,念:“我作证,无一是主,唯有安拉,又作证,穆罕默德是主忠仆,是主差使。”

    2). Ritual Prayer (5 times a day)

    礼拜(一日5次)

    3). Almsgiving (2.5% of their income)

    施舍(收入的2.5%)

  9. What did Abraham give in response to meeting Melchizedek?

    亚伯拉罕见到麦基洗德时做出了怎样的回应?

    Hebrews 7:1,2 This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him, and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. First, his name means “king of righteousness”; then also, “king of Salem” means “king of peace.”

    来7:1,2—-1这 麦 基 洗 德 就 是 撒 冷 王 , 又 是 至 高 神 的 祭 司 , 本 是 长 远 为 祭 司 的 。 他 当 亚 伯 拉 罕 杀 败 诸 王 回 来 的 时 候 , 就 迎 接 他 , 给 他 祝 福 。 2亚 伯 拉 罕 也 将 自 己 所 得 来 的 , 取 十 分 之 一 给 他 。 他 头 一 个 名 翻出 来 就 是 仁 义 王 , 他 又 名 撒 冷 王 , 就 是 平 安 王 的 意 思 。

  10. What did Abraham’s children give to the Lord?

    亚伯拉罕的子孙向神奉献多少?

    Genesis 28:20-22 Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God will be with me and will watch over me on this journey I am taking and will give me food to eat and clothes to wear so that I return safely to my father’s house, then the LORD will be my God and this stone that I have set up as a pillar will be God’s house, and of all that you give me I will give you a tenth.”

    创28:20-22—-20雅 各 许 愿 说 :   “神 若 与 我 同 在 , 在 我 所 行 的 路 上 保 佑 我 , 又 给 我 食 物 吃 , 衣 服 穿 , 21使 我 平 平 安 安 地 回 到 我 父 亲 的 家 , 我 就 必 以 耶 和 华 为 我 的   神 。 22我 所 立 为 柱 子 的 石 头 也 必 作   神 的 殿 , 凡 你 所 赐 给 我 的 , 我 必 将 十 分 之 一 献 给 你 。”

  11. 500 years after Abraham lived, what did God command the Children of Israel to give him?

    亚伯拉罕之后的500年中,神命令以色列的子孙给他奉献多少?

    Numbers 18:25-28 The LORD said to Moses, “Speak to the Levites and say to them: ‘When you receive from the Israelites the tithe I give you as your inheritance, you must present a tenth of that tithe as the LORD’s offering. Your offering will be reckoned to you as grain from the threshing floor or juice from the winepress. In this way you also will present an offering to the LORD from all the tithes you receive from the Israelites.

    民18:25-28—-25耶 和 华 吩 咐 摩 西 说 :“ 26你 晓 谕 利 未 人 说 :你 们 从 以 色 列 人 中 所 取 的 十 分 之 一 , 就 是 我 给 你 们 为 业 的 , 要 再 从 那 十 分 之 一 中 取 十 分 之 一 作 为 举 祭 献 给 耶 和 华 , 27这 举 祭 要 算 为 你 们 场 上 的 谷 , 又 如 满 酒榨的 酒 。 28这 样 , 你 们 从 以 色 列 人 中 所 得 十 分 之 一 也 要 作 举 祭 献 给 耶 和 华 , 从 这 十 分 之 一 中 , 将 所 献 给 耶 和 华 的 举 祭 归 给 祭 司 亚 伦 。—

  12. What are Christians commanded to give to God?

    要求基督徒奉献多少给神?

    Galatians 3:25 Now that faith has come, we are no longer under the supervision of the law.

    加3:25 但 这 因 信 得 救 的 理 既 然 来 到 , 我 们 从 此 就 不 在 师 傅的 手 下(律法之下) 了 。

    1 Corinthians 16:2 On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with his income

    林前16:2 每 逢 七 日 的 第 一 日 , 各 人 要 照 自 己 的 进 项 抽 出 来 留 着 , 免 得 我 来 的 时 候 现 凑 。

    • Christians are no longer restricted by God’s laws because they understand by faith that the fulfillment of the law has been achieved for them through Jesus Christ. However, Christians are guided by the law out of love for their Savior. So the ceiling of the tithe, we might say, has been lifted from Christians…, which is why some Christians give even more than the tithe to their loving God. As for Christians who use their new-found freedom of the gospel and given back to God like that of a Muslim, merely 2.5% of their gifts, ought to ask themselves the question: “What’s going on in my life that I need 97.5% of my income to live on,” that I can only return 2.5% or less to my God who purchased and redeemed me by his blood. Christians are driven by the gospel and the more they understand, the more they strive to give! Read the following…

    • 基督徒不再受神的律法限制了,因为他们凭信心知道,耶稣基督已经为他们成就了律法—满足了律法所有的要求。然而,基督徒因为出于对救主的爱,仍然愿意接受律法的教导。所以,我们可以说,十一奉献的数额已经不再限制基督徒了—,这就是一些基督徒为了感恩向他们施慈爱的神,愿意奉献多于十分之一的原因。对于那些在福音中才发现这个自由的基督徒,如果他们想行使他们的自由,像一个穆斯林一样,仅奉献收入的2.5%,他们就应该问自己一个问题:“我的生活出了什么问题,让我必须得留下97.5%来供应我的生活,而只把2.5%或者更少的留给我的神,就是那位用他的宝血赎买、拯救我的神。基督徒被福音激励,越多认识福音,就会努力越多给予!读以下经文—

    2 Corinthians 8:7-9 But just as you excel in everything–in faith, in speech, in knowledge, in complete earnestness and in your love for us–see that you also excel in this grace of giving. I am not commanding you, but I want to test the sincerity of your love by comparing it with the earnestness of others. For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, so that you through his poverty might become rich.

    林后8:7-9—-7你 们 既 然 在 信 心 、 口 才 、 知 识 、 热 心 , 和 待 我 们 的 爱 心 上 , 都 格 外 显 出 满 足 来 , 就 当 在 这 慈 惠 的 事 上 也 格 外 显 出 满 足 来 。 8我 说 这 话 , 不 是 吩 咐 你 们 , 乃 是 藉 着 别 人 的 热 心 试 验 你 们 爱 心 的 实 在 。9你 们 知 道 我 们 主 耶 稣 基 督 的 恩 典 : 他 本 来 富 足 , 却 为 你 们 成 了 贫 穷 , 叫 你 们 因 他 的 贫 穷 , 可 以 成 为 富 足 。

    4) Fasting– Ramadan the ninth month of the Muslim year, during which strict fasting is observed from sunrise to sunset. No eating, drinking, entertainment, music, or sex from sunrise to sunset.

    4) 封斋(禁食)——斋月(又译为拉马丹月),是伊斯兰教历第九个月,该月的意思是“禁月”。这个月是十二个月中最神圣的,据说是真主安拉将古兰经下降给穆罕默德圣人的月份,并且古兰经里明言规定:此月符合条件的穆斯林必须守斋戒,从日出到日落都停止一切饮食、娱乐、音乐或性事等活动,日落后即可恢复正常进食作息,直到晨礼(日出)前都能吃喝,晨礼一结束便又进入斋戒状态。

    5) Pilgrimage to Mecca – Once in a lifetime. You are to walk around the Kaabah 7 times and touch or kiss it. The Kaabah, as seen in the picture, is a large cubicle stone inside of the Mosque at Mecca that is covered with a black cloth. It is believed that Adam and Eve originally built it, and Abraham and Ishmael rebuilt it. Approximately 2 million people make the pilgrimage each year

    5) 麦加朝圣—一生一次。朝圣者需围绕天房行走七圈,触摸并亲吻它。天房是(Kaaba)阿拉伯语,克尔白,意为“方形房屋”,是位于沙特阿拉伯麦加城圣寺中央的立方形高大石殿,上面盖着一块黑布,为世界穆斯林做礼拜时的正向。他们相信,这个殿的最初建造者是亚当和夏娃,后来亚伯拉罕和以实玛利又重建了它。每年上麦加朝圣的人数大约有200万人。

    Jihad & the Christian Crusades

    护教战争与基督徒的十字军东征

    • Jihad is considered by Muslims as a holy struggle to preserve Islam against non-Islamic beliefs. Those who believe this to be a physical and military struggle by which Muslims are supposed to cleanse the earth of are seen as more extreme and fundamental in their belief. Those who are less strict in their practice and much more liberal in their Islamic beliefs believe that Islamic Jihad that’s spoken of in the Koran say that this is merely a spiritual struggle against unbelievers. But if you go back to the days of Islam’s founder, Muhammad, you will see that this was clearly intended to be a military struggle as Muhammad and his band of thugs are responsible for the murders of thousands.

    • 穆斯林认为护教战争是一个神圣的战争,用来维护伊斯兰教抵挡非伊斯兰教信仰。有些人相信这指的是真正的军事战争,认为穆斯林应该通过战争来净化地上的人。这些人被认为是信仰上很极端而且初级的人。另一些人在做法上没这么严格,而且对伊斯兰教的信仰更加自由。他们相信,古兰经里说的伊斯兰教的护教战争只是一场与非信徒敌对的属灵战争。但如果你回到伊斯兰教创始人默罕默德的时代,你会看到这很清楚地在指一场真正的军事战争,正如默罕默德和他的暴徒们将千千万万人杀死一样。

    • Biblical critics of the Bible who try to associate Christianity with being just as responsible for the blood of millions over the course of 2,000 years always point to the crusades, when men from European countries used the sword in the name of Christ to win converts. But Christians mustn’t forget that the only thing that remains true and constant in this life, is the word and testimony that we have of our God, revealed to us in the Bible and the Jesus himself said that multitudes of false prophets, and false apostles would come forth in the name of Christ, but would be false. Read the following…

    • 圣经批评家总是指着十字军东征说话,试图把两千年里发生的上百万人的流血事件也归罪于基督教,可那是欧洲国家的人以基督的名义试图用武力让人信教。可基督徒不应该忘记,这个世界上唯一真实不变的,是我们神的话和圣经揭示的为神所做的见证,而且耶稣亲自说,有很多假先知、假使徒要奉基督的名来到,但他们却是假的。读以下经文—

    Matthew 24:35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away. 太24:35 天 地 要 废 去 , 我 的 话 却 不 能 废 去 。

  13. If someone is acting in the name of Jesus murdering people, how can we determine if their faith is true to that of the Bible?

    如果有人以耶稣的名义杀人,我们怎么判断他们的信仰是否真地与圣经一致?

    Matthew 26:52 “Put your sword back in its place,” Jesus said to him, “for all who draw the sword will die by the sword.”

    太26:52 耶 稣 对 他 说 : “收 刀 入 鞘 罢 ! 凡 动 刀 的 , 必 死 在 刀 下 。”

  14. Did Jesus promote the sword in the Christian faith?

    在基督信仰中,耶稣提倡使用刀剑吗?

  15. What is the Christian’s sword in battle?

    基督徒在争战中使用的刀剑是什么?

Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is alive and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart.

来4:12 神 的 道 是 活 泼 的 , 是 有 功 效 的 , 比 一 切 两 刃 的 剑 更 快 , 甚 至 魂 与 灵 , 骨 节 与 骨 髓 , 都 能 刺 入 、 剖 开 , 连 心 中 的 思 念 和 主 意 都 能 辨 明 。

• Muhammad practiced Jihad and Muslims unapologetically accept the history of his practice, which is why many of the purists follow his military campaigns of vengeance. But what did Jesus teach about vengeance? Read the following…

• 默罕默德实行了圣战,而且穆斯林没有歉意地接受了他这样做的历史,这就是为什么很多纯粹主义者步他的后尘、继续实施军事战役复仇的原因。但耶稣怎样教导复仇的问题?读以下经文—-

Matthew 5:38-42 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also. And if anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, hand over your coat as well. If anyone forces you to go one mile, go with them two miles. Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

太5:38-42—-38你 们 听 见 有 话 说 : 以 眼 还 眼 , 以 牙 还 牙 。 39只 是 我 告 诉 你 们 , 不 要 与 恶 人 作 对 。 有 人 打 你 的 右 脸 , 连 左 脸 也 转 过 来 由 他 打 ; 40有 人 想 要 告 你 , 要 拿 你 的 里 衣 , 连 外 衣 也 由 他 拿 去 ; 41有 人 强 逼 你 走 一 里 路 , 你 就 同 他 走 二 里 ; 42有 求 你 的 , 就 给 他 ; 有 向 你 借 贷 的 , 不 可 推 辞 。

• Jihad is found in the Islamic Holy book; what men did in the name of Christ (the crusades) is nowhere to be found in the Bible. Islam grew its faith by the sword against others while Christianity grew by the sword against itself.

• 圣战在伊斯兰教圣书中可以找到;而奉基督的名义实施战事(十字军东征)在圣经上是找不到的。伊斯兰教的信仰是靠拿刀剑对付别人来发展的,但基督教是靠拿刀剑对付自己来发展的。

• In the Koran, Jesus is mentioned 97 times and just 25 times for Muhammad. The Koran teaches that Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary, and that he had no sin, and that he ascended into heaven. They believe that Jesus was a messenger of Allah, but not God and they deny the Trinity. Again, this only reinforces the devil at work in this religion as he mixes truth with error so as to convolute the message of Jesus and salvation through his cross.

• 在古兰经中,耶稣被提到了97次,默罕默德只被提到了25次。古兰经教导,耶稣是由童贞女马利亚所生,他没有罪,而且升了天。他们相信,耶稣是安拉的使者,但不是神,他们否认神的三位一体。而这又一次让魔鬼在这个宗教中得势,因为他把谬误混进了真理,使耶稣的信息和透过十字架得到救恩的真理被扭曲。

Muslim woman defends her attire known as a Burqa

穆斯林妇女的防卫服被称为波卡

Many people ask me about Islam and what it is like to be a Muslim woman. I would like to address that question in this article. The question most often asked is about my dress: many say “Why do you wear a hat scarf on your head?”

很多人问我有关伊斯兰教和穆斯林妇女方面的问题,我想 在这篇文章中做些解释。很多人问到我的服饰: “你为什么要在头上戴一个帽子围巾?”

The answer to that question lies in the teachings of Islam. It says in the Muslims’ holy book, the Qur’an that Muslim women should draw their veils over their bosoms when they go out so they will not be molested. The scholars of Islam have described that to draw the veil over the bosom means to cover the chest. A woman is also told that her natural beauty should only be seen by her immediate family, such as her husband, father, brother, uncle, etc. These areas that should be covered are the neck, ears, and hair, as well as her bosom and body shape. I, as many other Muslim women do, wear a scarf that covers the ears,hair, and neck and goes down the front to cover my chest. I then wear a dress that covers me from the neck down, and that is loose fitting so as not to reveal the shape of my body. This is the typical (and recommended) dress for a Muslim woman, to protect her modesty. This is to discourage any molestation by men who are not her family members. I, as a Muslim woman and a convert to the religion, remember that when I was younger and not yet a Muslim, my wearing skimpy clothing attracted many negative comments and lewd gestures. Since I have been Muslim and started covering my body, I have not seen this to be the case. I find it liberating that I am taken much more seriously as a person and valued for my mind as opposed to my body. As a Muslim woman, I like knowing when I put on the Jilbab (a dress like an overcoat which covers from the neck down to the feet) that I am totally covered and no one can see what my body looks like. This was a personal decision that I made to cover and I am proud to have made such an important choice for my well being and myself.

那个问题可以在伊斯兰教的教导中找到答案,在穆斯林的圣书古兰经中提到,穆斯林妇女外出时必须要把胸部以上的部分罩住,以免受到骚扰。伊斯兰教学者描述说,罩住胸部以上就是要盖住胸脯。妇女也被教导说,她的自然美只有她的直系亲属才可以看到,比如她的丈夫,父亲,兄弟,叔伯等等。必须遮盖的地方包括脖子、耳朵、头发、胸还有身体的形状。我就像其他穆斯林妇女一样,必须用头巾把耳朵、头发和脖子遮住,一直遮到胸脯。然后,我再穿一件袍子,把我脖子以下的部分罩住。袍子必须很宽松,使我的身体形状不会显露出来。这是穆斯林女性为了保护她的正派而穿的典型(而且是被推荐要穿的)服饰。这是为了帮助我们不受到家人以外的任何男人的骚扰。作为一个穆斯林妇女,一个宗教徒,我记得小时候还没有成为穆斯林时,我穿的紧身衣服招来了很多负面的评论和下流的动作。我成为穆斯林之后,开始遮盖我的身体,就再没有出现过这样的问题。我发现这样更自由,因为人们能够把我更当人看,他们尊重的不是我的身体,而是我的思想。 作为一个穆斯林妇女,我喜欢这一点,当我穿上吉尔巴布(长袍罩衫)时,我完全被盖住,没有人能看见我身体的形状。把自己的身体全部罩住是我个人做出的选择,我很自豪我做了如此重要的决定。这样做对我自身和我的幸福都有好处。

Death Jesus predicted his death & resurrection; no bones or grave site ever found Muhammad died; bones lie in special gravesite in Medina, Saudi Arabia
死亡 耶稣寓言了他的死和复活;没有人找到他的骨头和坟墓 默罕默德死了;尸体躺在沙特阿拉伯麦地那城的特殊坟墓里。
Hearing from God When Jesus heard from God, he went to the desert to be tempted and began his ministry with boldness. (Mark 1:14-15). When Muhammad heard from God (supposedly through an angel), he cowered, was uncertain, and wanted to commit suicide. (Quran 74:1-5).
听到神的声音 当耶稣听到神的声音时,他出去到旷野接受试探,并大胆地开始了自己的侍奉(可1:14-15)。 当默罕默德听到神的声音时(可能是透过一个天使),他胆怯,不肯定,而且想自杀。(古兰经74:1-5)
Identity Jesus claimed to be God (John 8:24;8:58) as well as a man.Jesus claimed to be the way, the truth, and the life. (John 14:6). Muhammad claimed to be a man
身份 耶稣自称为神(约 8:24;8:58)和人。耶稣称自己是道路、真理和生命(约14:6)。 默罕默德称自己是人。
Marriage Jesus never married; he came not to make a family of his own, but to win back the fallen race through his death on the cross. Muhammad married over 20 women, including one girl just 9 years old.
婚姻 耶稣从未娶;他来的目的不是要建立自己的家,而是要透过自己在十字架上的死拯救失丧的人类。 默罕默德娶了20多个女人,包括一个只有9岁的女孩。
Ministry Jesus received his calling from God directly. (Matt. 3:17).Jesus received his commission in the daylight. Jesus taught for just over 3 years. The world did not receive him and crucified him in just a few years. Muhammad allegedly received it from an angel (Gabriel).Muhammad received his words in the darkness of a cave. Muhammad taught and conquered by the sword for 20 years. The world received him as their own.
侍奉 耶稣直接从神得到呼召(太3:17)。耶稣接到使命是在白天,只教导了3年多。世界不接纳他,而且仅在几年后就把他钉死了。 据说默罕默德是在一个黑暗的洞中从一个天使(加百列)那里得到指示。他用刀剑教导并征服了二十年。他被世界接纳。
Miracles Jesus performed many miracles including healing people, casting out demons, raising the dead, feeding the 5,000, walking on water and more. Muhammad’s only miracle is supposedly the Quran that he put together and yet Muslims teach that Jesus is inferior to him.
神迹 耶稣行了很多神迹,包括医病、赶鬼、使死人复活、喂饱五千人、在水面上行走等。 默罕默德的唯一神迹恐怕就是他组合起来的古兰经。但穆斯林却教导说,他比耶稣还重要。
Prophecy Jesus directly fulfilled just over 300 prophecies from the Old Testament and over 1,000 indirect prophecies. Muhammad did not fulfill any biblical prophecy except the ones about false teachers (Matt. 24:24).
预言 耶稣直接应验了旧约三百多个预言,间接应验的预言有一千多个。 除了那些假教师的预言外,默罕默德没有应验圣经中的任何预言(太24:24)
Sacrifice Jesus voluntarily laid down his life for sinners in order to atone for their sin (John 15:13). Muhammad saved his own life many times and had others killed.
奉献 耶稣自愿为罪人摆上了自己的生命,使他们的罪得到赦免(约15:13) 默罕默德为了救自己的命,很多次把别人杀死。
Sin Jesus never sinned (John 8:46) Muhammad was a sinner (Quran 40:55; 48:1-2)
耶稣从来没有罪(约8:46) 默罕默德是一个罪人(古兰经40:55; 48:1-2)
Slaves Jesus owned no slaves. Muhammad owned lots of slaves
奴隶 耶稣不曾拥有一个奴隶。 默罕默德拥有很多奴隶。
Women Jesus spoke very highly of women as did all of the apostles. Jesus had close friends that were women like Mary and Martha, and Mary Magdalene whom he drove out evil spirits from. Paul, the apostle calls women joint heirs with men in God’s plan of salvation in Galatians 3:26-29. Muhammad said women were 1/2 as smart as men (Hadith 3:826; 2:541), that the majority in hell will be women (Had. 1:28,301; 2:161; 7:124), and that women could be mortgaged.
妇女 耶稣对妇女的评价很高,就像他对门徒的评价一样。耶稣有一些很亲近的女性朋友,如马利亚和马大,还有从她身上赶出邪灵的抹大拉的马利亚。使徒保罗在加拉太书3:26-29中称妇女为神救赎计划中共同承受救恩的人 默罕默德说妇女的聪明只有男人的一半(圣训-默罕默德言行录3:826; 2:541),说地狱中的大多数人都将是女人(圣训1:28,301; 2:161; 7:124),说妇女可以用来抵押。

Revelation 22:18-21 I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this scroll: If anyone adds anything to them, God will add to that person the plagues described in this scroll. And if anyone takes words away from this scroll of prophecy, God will take away from that person any share in the tree of life and in the Holy City, which are described in this scroll.He who testifies to these things says, “Yes, I am coming soon.”Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.The grace of the Lord Jesus be with God’s people. Amen.

启22:18-21—-18我 向 一 切 听 见 这 书 上 预 言 的 作 见 证 , 若 有 人 在 这 预 言 上 加 添 什么, 神 必 将 写 在 这 书 上 的 灾 祸 加 在 他 身 上 ; 19这 书 上 的 预 言 , 若 有 人 删 去 什么 , 神 必 从 这 书 上 所 写 的 生 命 树 和 圣 城 删 去 他 的 份 。 20证 明 这 事 的 说 : “是 了 , 我 必 快 来 。” 阿 们 ! 主 耶 稣 啊 , 我 愿 你 来 ! 21愿 主 耶 稣 的 恩 惠 常 与 众 圣 徒 同 在 。 阿 们 !

Christianity vs World Religions
大纲
Outline
第一课 - 看犹太教历史,追溯基督教根源
lesson 1 - Tracing the Roots of Christianity back to Historic Judaism
第二课 -- 正统派教会—简要概述圣经中的基督教及其不同形态
lesson 2 -- Orthodoxy – a brief overview of Biblical Christianity and its various forms
第三课 -- 罗马天主教—简要概述罗马天主教的内部教导
lesson 3 -- Roman Catholicism – a brief overview of the teachings within Catholicism
第四课 - 伊斯兰教
lesson 4 - Islam
第五课 - 孔子
lesson 5 - Confucius
第六课 - 印度教
lesson 6 - Hinduism
第七课 - 佛教
lesson 7 - Buddhism
第八课 - 道教
lesson 8 - Taoism
第九课 - 摩门教
lesson 9 - Mormonism
第十课 - 耶和华见证人
lesson 10 - Jehovah’s Witnesses
第十一课 - 新时代运动
lesson 11 - New Age Movement
第四课 - 伊斯兰教
lesson 4 - Islam