The following dates are meant to put into context the historical events that are the foundation of a discussion about election or human will and the impact that either have on our salvation.
The agree /disagree contentions at the end of this section will provide opportunity to discuss the importance of discussions on doctrine.
390-418—— Pelagius lived and proclaimed his teachings about the human will.
1440—— Gutenberg invented the printing press.
1483—— Luther is born in Eisleben, Germany.
1484—— Ulrich Zwingli is born in Switzerland. He would become the founder of what would be known as the Reformed church. John Calvin would really be the spiritual leader and establish the teachings of the church.
1500—— By age 17 Luther had passed test so that he could enter the university.
1505—— July 16 Luther announced his entry into the Augustinian Monastery in Erfurt.
1507—— Luther was ordained as a priest.
1509—— John Calvin is born in France.
1512—— Luther gains his Doctorate of Theology (age 29)
1517—— Luther writes and posts the 95 theses (Luther is 34 years of age). Some see the posting of the 95 theses as the beginning of the protestant reformation. Luther’s concerns with the theses were two fold. First, he wanted to discuss with the church’s leaders problems within the church that were contrary to Scripture. Second, he wanted the gospel proclaimed that truly saved, not false gospels that gave no forgiveness, hope or peace.
1529—— Zwingli and Luther meet in Marburg, Germany, to discuss their understandings of Scripture and godly life.
1530—— Calvin breaks from Rome and become protestant.
1531—— Zwingli dies in battle against an army sent from Rome.
1536—— Calvin’s first edition of his Institutes of the Christian Religion is published. Calvin is age 27.The church in Geneva, Switzerland requests that Calvin stay and pastor their congregations.
1537—— Calvin is asked to leave his ministry in Geneva. He would serve a congregation in France for several years.
1539—— A second edition of his Institutes is published.
1541—— Calvin expands the Institutes and translates them into French. He is now 32 years of age. Calvin is called to serve the congregations in Geneva again and will so serve until his death.
1546—— Luther dies.
1560—— Jacob Arminius is born.
1564—— Calvin dies.
1603—— Arminius serves as professor of theology at the University of Leiden, Netherlands.
1609—— Arminius dies.
1610—— Arminius’s teachings on human will are summarized but condemned by the Reformed church of the Netherlands.
As used here Biblical statements are summaries and explanations of what the Bible says. Other synonyms for the same thought are: Biblical teachings, confessions, dogma, and doctrines.
Contention 1: The study of Biblical statements takes us away from the study of Scripture.
Contention 2: The study of Biblical statements is not important for those are the statements of people not scripture.
Contention 3: The study of Biblical statements is too academic and not practical. The church should focus on the practical.
Contention 4: The study of Biblical statements becomes controversial and the church should not take part in controversy.
Contention 5: The study of Biblical statements is divisive so the church should not take part in being divisive.
Contention 6: The study of Biblical statement is good for the church needs to state clearly what we believe and teach.
Contention 7: The study of Biblical statements is good for the church needs to understand and see if some statements are Biblical or not.
Contention 8: The study of Biblical statements is good for we need to explore and state the truths of Scripture.