CHOSEN BY GOD蒙神拣选
CHOSEN BY GOD蒙神拣选
The Doctrine Of Election/Predestination拣选与预定原则
A. Opening Prayer 课前祷告
Dear Lord, our great and gracious God, Your love for us is so great. It is far beyond our ability to understand or measure. In the pages of Your precious Word, You reveal to us the marvelous teaching of election. Through this doctrine, You want to assure Your believing children that our salvation is Your eternal plan and glorious work for us. Please allow us to better understand Your predestining actions so that we may find the comfort, strength, inspiration and joy that You intend. We ask this through Jesus Christ, our Redeemer and Savior. Amen.
B. Getting Started Questions 开始问题：
Complete the following sentences:完成下面各句：
- My understanding of what God does when He elects or predestines people is that: 我对神拣选与预定的理解是：
- One thing I would like to know about the Bible doctrine of election/predestination is:圣经中有关拣选与预定的教导，我想了解的一件事是：
- If a person asked me if I knew for certain that God has chosen me to be saved, I would answer by saying: 如果有人问我，我是否能肯定我就是上帝预定要拯救的，我会这样回答：
C. Key Bible Words About Election/Predestination 有关拣选/预定的主要经文：
- aireomai = to select, to take for oneself (2 Thessalonians 2:13)
- eklegomai = to select, to choose (when used in the middle voice, it means “to choose for oneself in kindness, favor and love, but not implying the rejection of what is not chosen”) (Ephesians 1:4)
: eklegomai 意思是挑选，选择（当用于中性词时，意为：出于慈怜、恩惠和爱而为自己挑选，但并不表示 拒绝没有入选的。）（以弗所1：4）
- ekloge = choosing, election, selection (Romans 9:11, 11:5,7 and 28; 2 Peter 1:10)
- eklektos = chosen, elected, selected (Matthew 22:14; Luke 23:35, Romans 16:13; 1 Peter 2, 4, 9; Revelation 17:4)
- kaleo = to call, to summon (to partake of the blessings of redemption) 2 Timothy 1:9)
- proginosko = to know beforehand, to foreknow, to foreordain (Romans 8:29)
- prooridzo = to ordain, to predetermine, to predestinate (Romans 8:29=30; Ephesians 1:5)
- tasso = to ordain, to assign, to appoint (Acts 13:48)
D. Key Bible Passages主要圣经段落
What does God tell us about His work of election/predestination in the following Bible passages?
- 2 Timothy 1:9 - “God has saved us and called us to a holy life - not because of anything we have done but because of His own purpose and grace. This grace was given us in Christ Jesus before the beginning of time.”
- Acts 13:48 - “When the Gentiles heard this, they were glad and honored the word of the Lord; and all who were appointed for eternal life believed.”
- 2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 - “13) But we ought always to thank God for you, brothers loved by the Lord, because from the beginning God chose you to be saved through the sanctifying work of the Spirit and through belief in the truth. 14) He called you to this through our gospel, that you might share in the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
- Ephesians 1:3-6 - “3) Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ. 4) For He chose us in Him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in His sight. In love He predestined us to be adopted as His sons through Jesus Christ, in accordance with His pleasure and will - 6) to the praise of His glorious grace, which He has freely given us in the One He loves.”
以弗所1：3-6—” 3愿颂赞归于我们主耶稣基督的父神！他在基督里曾赐给我们天上各样属灵的福气。4）就如神从创立世界以前，在基督里拣选了我们，使我们在他面前成为圣洁，无有瑕疵；又因爱我们，就按着自己意旨所 喜悦的，预定我们籍着耶稣基督得儿子的名分，6）使他荣耀的恩典得着称赞。这恩典是他在爱子里所赐给我们的。”
- Romans 8:28-30 - “And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love Him, who have been called according to His purpose. 29) For those God foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the likeness of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brothers. 30) And those He predestined, He also called; those He called, He also justified; those He justified, He also glorified.”
- 2 Peter 1:10-11 - “10) Therefore, my brothers, be all the more eager to make your calling and election sure. For if you do these things, you will never fall 11) and you will receive a rich welcome into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.”
E. The Bible Teaching Of Election/Predestination 圣经对拣选/预定的教导
- Definitions: 定义
a. Election/Predestination = “God’s act of choosing a certain number of people from among all sinners to come to saving faith in Christ and enjoy everlasting life with Him. God made this choice from eternity before creation and only because of His undeserved love and the redeeming work of Jesus Christ. He carries out this choice in time by calling, converting and keeping these individuals in faith through the Gospel in Word and Sacraments throughout their life and, finally, by bringing them to eternal glory.”
b. Election/Predestination = “the eternal act of God with respect to all who are saved, by which, out of pure grace and for Christ’s sake, He purposed to endow them in time with the spiritual blessings of conversion, justification, sanctification and preservation unto life eternal.” (John Mueller, Christian Dogmatics)
b. 拣选/预定 —-“是神对所有得救的人施行的永恒举动。这一举动完全是出于他的恩典和耶稣基督的缘故。目的是按时将属灵的祝福—悔改、称义、成圣和保守赐给他们，直至他们得着永生。” —-约翰 - 牧勒（John Mueller），《基督徒教理神学》
c. Election/Predestination = “God’s act of choosing people from eternity to believe in Jesus Christ; this faith is worked and preserved in the elect through the gospel and sacraments.” (Lyle Lange, God So Loved The World)
c. 拣选/预定—是神从永恒中选择人相信耶稣基督的行为；这一信心是通过福音和圣礼作成并得以保持的。 —-莱尔 - 郎（Lyle Lang）, 《神爱世人》
d. Election/Predestination = “If we want to think or speak correctly and usefully about eternal election, or the predestination or preordination of God’s children to eternal life, we should think or speak abut how God’s counsel, purpose and ordination in Christ Jesus - who is the true Book of Live - is revealed to us through the Word. In other words, the entire teaching about God’s purpose, counsel, will, and ordination belongs to our redemption, call, justification, and salvation. They should be treated together the way Paul treats them and has explained this article (Romans 8:29-30; Ephesians 1:4-10) and as Christ treated it in the parable of Matthew 22:1-14; namely, that God in His purpose and counsel ordained the following:
d. 拣选/预定—” 如果我们想以正确而且有用的方式去思考或讲解有关神对他儿女的永恒选召、预定或命定，我们应该思考或讲解在神话语中已启示给我们的神在基督耶稣（他是真正的生命之书）里的计划，目的和安排是怎样的。换句话说，有关神计划、目的、旨意和安排的所有教导都属于我们的救赎、呼召、称义和拯救。我们对待它们的方式应该与保罗对待它们的方式一样（保罗在罗马书8：29-30；以弗所书1：4-10中也做过解释。）；也应该像基督在马太福音22：1-14的比喻中一样对待； 也就是说，神在他的目的、计划中预定了以下的事情：
- The human race is truly redeemed and reconciled with God through Christ. By His faultless obedience, suffering, and death, Christ merited for us the righteousness that helps us before God and also merits eternal life.
- Such merit and benefits of Christ are presented, offered, and distributed to us through His Word and Sacraments.
- By His Holy Spirit, through the Word, when it is preached, heard and pondered, Christ will be effective and active in us, will convert hearts to true repentance and preserve them in the true faith.
- The Spirit will justify all those who in true repentance receive Christ by a true faith. He will receive them into grace, the adoption of sons, and the inheritance of eternal life. (Galatians 3:19)
- He will also sanctify in love those who are justified, as St. Paul says (Ephesians 1:4).
- He also will protect them in their great weakness against the devil, the world and the flesh. He will rule and lead them in His ways (Deuteronomy 8:6), raise them again when they stumble (Proverbs 4:11-12), comfort them under the cross and in temptation (2 Corinthians 1:3-5), and preserve them for life eternal (John 12:25).
- He will also strengthen, increase, and support to the end the good work that He has begun in them (Philippians 1:6), if they cling to God’s Word, pray diligently, abide in God’s goodness, and faithfully use the gifts they received (Matthew 25:14-30).
- Finally, He will eternally save and glorify in life eternal those whom He has elected, called and justified.
God has prepared salvation not only in general in this counsel, purpose, and ordination. In grace He has considered and chosen to salvation each and every one of the elect who are to be saved through Christ. He has also ordained that in the way just mentioned He will, by His grace, gifts, and efficacy, bring them to salvation. He will aid, promote, strengthen, and preserve them. (Formula of Concord, Solid Declaration, Article XI, 13-238、)
- The doctrine of election/predestination is an important teaching of the Bible. It is not a “fundamental” doctrine, that is, it is not a central article of faith that a person must know and believe in order to be saved. It is a teaching that rests on the foundational doctrine of justification by grace through faith in Jesus Christ.. It is also not an “unnecessary” doctrine that a person can despise and reject.
- The doctrine of election/predestination is a teaching of the Gospel (God’s gracious, saving will), not a teaching of the Law (God’s holy, moral will).
- The doctrine of election/predestination concerns and applies only to Christians who are eternally saved. It does not apply to non-Christians. It does not apply to “temporary believers” who believe in Christ for a while, but then fall away and do not return to and remain in faith.
F. The Value And Proper Use Of The Teaching Of Election/Predestination 拣选/预定教导的价值和正确的应用
- God intends that the doctrine of election/predestination be a most comforting, strengthening and inspiring teaching to benefit His believers in Christ, especially in their times of spiritual challenge and weakness. Through this teaching, God would lead His believers to
a. Have a greater personal assurance of their salvation
b. Better understand how much God desires their salvation
c. Be confident that God will preserve them in faith against all spiritual enemies
d. Give God all credit and glory for their salvation
e. Disregard their own worthiness or works as the reason for their salvation
f. Encourage them to continue to make life-long, faithful use of the means of grace.
g. Strengthen them to bear up patiently under trials
h. Inspire them to serve God and others zealously by confessing their faith and performing other good works.
- God does not intend that this doctrine lead people into a sense of false security and presumption in which people become indifferent to living a diligent, obedient sanctified life and also neglect the faithful, believing use of the Gospel in Word and Sacraments.
- God does not intend that this doctrine lead people to become self-righteous and think of their salvation as something that they contribute toward or achieve by their own efforts.
- God does not intend that this doctrine lead people into doubt, worry, and/or despair regarding their salvation.
- The doctrine of election/predestination is not intended to help the person who does not understand and believe the Gospel and wonders whether God loves them and will forgive and save them. In cases like this, we are to point people to the redeeming and justifying work of Jesus Christ and what He has done to save sinners.
- The doctrine of election/justification is intended for believers who already know and believe that God loves them and has saved them through Jesus Christ. This teaching assures that Christian that his/her coming to faith was not a matter of chance or an accident, but that it was because of God’s eternal plan and purpose that He is carrying out now in time and will complete by bringing the Christian to eternal glory in heaven.
G. False, Damaging Views Of Election/Predestination 有关拣选/预定的错误、有害的观点
A number of false teachings have arisen about the doctrine of election/ predestination. These false views distort and attack the true biblical teaching God has given. These false views are inspired by the devil and develop from the sinful minds of people who let their reason interfere with the revelation of God’s Word. In their rebellious presumption, they presume to understand mysteries that God has kept hidden from humans and then attempt to harmonize them so that they make sense to human reason. By doing this they contradict clear teachings of God and damage the spiritual lives of others.
Here are the main false views: 下面是几个主要错误观点：
God’s election consists of appointing the Gospel in Word and Sacraments as the means of grace so that people have the possibility of salvation. This view contradicts the Bible’s teaching that God actually elects/chooses individuals to come to salvation.
God’s election of people is due to some good quality or worthiness within them that God foresaw and used as the basis for His choice of them. This is the false teaching of synergism, the faulty belief that people can and do contribute something to their salvation. It contradicts the Bible’s teachings that people are spiritually dead and powerless in sin and that salvation is by God’s grace alone in Christ. It promotes a “save yourself” work righteous view that will lead people to think that they can earn God’s favor and blessing.
God’s election of people is due to the fact that God foresaw that some would believe in Christ and others would not, and on that basis, chose whom He would save. This is the false teaching of James Arminius. It is a form of synergism and a denial of original sin similar to point 2. An unfortunate misrepresentation of a poorly worded statement made by the Lutheran theologian John Gerhard who spoke of “election in view of faith” led to a bitter and divisive controversy in Lutheranism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
神对人的拣选是因为这样一个事实-神预见一些人会相信基督，另一些人不会。在此基础上，神选择了那些他要拯救的人。这是雅各布斯 - 亚米纽斯 （Jacobus Arminius）的错误教导。它也是协作论的一种形式，与第二点相似，否认人的原罪。 不幸的是，对路德宗神学家约翰 - 葛哈德 （John Gerhard）的"鉴于信心的拣选”-一个措辞拙劣的陈述，所给予的错误阐释，在19世纪末与20世纪初曾导致了路德宗的尖锐分歧和争议。
God’s election is two-fold. In His sovereign freedom, God chooses some to come to faith in Christ and be saved. God also chooses the others to remain in unbelief and be damned. This is the false teaching of double predestination promoted by John Calvin which attributes contradictory wills to God. It opposes the Bible’s teachings of universal grace and of God’s will that all people be saved and none be lost. It promotes either a false confidence that lead people to think that it is impossible for them to be lost no matter what they do or an uncertainty or despair that leads people to think that there is no certainty or possibility of them being saved.
As we deal with the doctrine of election/predestination we must resist the temptation to make the teachings of the Bible pleasing or acceptable to limited human logic or reason. We must also resist the temptation to presume to know the things that belong to God’s hidden will. We must respect God’s revealed will in the Bible as the only reliable Source of our faith and humbly accept and follow the teachings that God has revealed to us even if they appear to us to be incomplete or in conflict with each other and we have trouble understanding them.
H. Questions Related To Eternal Election/Predestination 永恒拣选/预定的相关问题
The doctrine of election/predestination both answers and suggests a number of questions for people to consider. Formulate a biblical answer to the following questions:
- On what basis did God choose people to come to faith in Christ and reach heaven?
- For what reasons did God elect or predestinate people to be saved?
- How does a person know if he/she is one of the elect?
- If God wants everyone to be saved, why didn’t God elect everyone to salvation?
- If God chose some to be saved, isn’t it logical to assume that God then chose the rest to be damned?
- If God sincerely desires and works for the salvation of all people, then, doesn’t it make sense to assume that the reason some are saved and others are lost is that the people who are saved are, in some way, more deserving to be saved?
- Why do some people receive God’s grace in saving faith, while others reject it?
- Can a person who believes in Christ and then falls from faith still be one of the elect and go to heaven?
- How can the assurance that God has elected/chosen me to believe in Christ from eternity help me as I face difficulties and challenges in life?
- If I am not sure that I am sorry for my sins or forgiven for them, does this mean that I am not one of God’s elect?
- If God elected people for salvation and did not elect any for damnation, how do we explain Romans 9:18 which says: “Therefore God has mercy on whom He wants to have mercy, and He hardens whom He wants to harden?”
I. Reviewing The Doctrine Of Election/Predestination 复习拣选/预定的教义
The eminent Lutheran theologian, Dr. Francis Pieper, said: “The Scriptural doctrine of eternal election is the final test of a believer’s faith. At the doctrine of election of grace are written his final examination in theology.” Complete the following exercises and learn how well you did on this important test on your understanding of the Bible’s teaching and Christian faith.
著名路德派神学家、弗朗西斯-皮坡 （Francis Pieper）博士曾说：“圣经中永恒命定的教义是对一个信徒的信心所做的最后考验。他在神学方面的结业考试就写在恩典拣选的教义中。“完成下面的选择题，看看你在理解圣经的教导和基督徒的信心这个重要考试中，做得如何？
- When we say that God elected people, we mean that He —.
a. took a binding vote b. made a choice c. selected some and rejected others
a、做了一次强制性的表决 b、做了一个选择 c、选择了一些而弃绝了另一些
- When we say that God predestined people, we mean that He —.
a. removed their free will b. created fate to influence them
c. decided things in advance
- God did His electing/predestining work —.
a. from eternity b. when He created people c. after people fell into sin
a、始自永恒 b、当他造人时 c、在人犯罪之后
- God chose to save people on the basis of —.
a. what would bring Him glory b. His undeserved love c. their worthiness
a 、什么能给他带来荣耀b、神给人的不该受的爱 c、他们的价值
- The ones whom God elected to salvation are —.
a. all believers in Christ b. all people c. all those who ever believed in Christ
- God lets people know that He has elected them by —.
a. working faith in Christ in them b. giving them the ability to handle problems c. giving them a positive outlook on life
- God assures His elect that He will —.
a. relieve them of difficult burdens b. make them successful and prosperous c. complete His plan to preserve them in faith and take them safely to heaven
a、释放他们的艰苦重担 b、使他们成功、昌盛 c、完成他的计划，保守他们不失去信心，并且安全地带领他们进入天堂
- The doctrine of election/predestination is a teaching of —.
a. the law b. the gospel c. Christian freedom
a、律法 b、福音 c、基督徒的自由
- God preserves His elect in faith —.
a. by His absolute will b. by His hidden will c. by their use of the means of grace
- Among the benefits the elect enjoy is —.
a. a confidence of salvation b. a thankfulness to God c. freedom from temptation
- The synergistic Arminian belief that God elects people to salvation “in view of their faith” denies the Bible teaching of —.
a. saving grace for all b. salvation by grace alone c. salvation by faith in Jesus
- The Calvinist teaching of a double predestination denies the Bible teaching of —.
a. saving grace for all b. salvation by grace alone c. salvation by faith in Jesus
- The knowledge that a person is an elect believer in Christ leads a person to —.
a. be thankful b. relax c. be proud
- The knowledge that a person is an elect believer in Christ frees a person from —.
a. responsibility b. worry c. concerns
- The elect believer in Christ can be confident that —.
a. God will work everything for his/her good b. God will provide all he/she needs c. Nothing will separate him/her from God’s love
J. For Further Study 为进一步的学习
Read “God’s Eternal Foreknowledge, Predestination, and Election” in the Formula of Concord, “Epitome” - Article XI and “Solid Declaration” - Article XI in The Book Of Concord.
最后更新于 2012年9月04日 星期二 08:06
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