恩典国际圣经学院

第十三课耶稣给四千人吃饱 马太福音 1529-39


第十三课:耶稣给四千人吃饱 马太福音 15:29-39 (29) Jesus left there and went along the Sea of Galilee. Then he went up on a mountainside and sat down. Why do you think Jesus went up? (30) Great crowds came to him, bringing the lame, the blind, the crippled, the mute and many others, and laid them at his feet; Why did the people come to Jesus? and he healed them. What type of healing were the people looking for? (Hint: physical or spiritual) (31) The people were amazed when they saw the mute speaking, the crippled made well, the lame walking and the blind seeing. What does it mean to be amazed? And they praised the God of Israel. 15:29 耶 稣 离 开 那 地 方 , 来 到 靠 近 加 利 利 的 海 边 , 就 上 山 坐 下 。你认为耶稣为什么要上到山上呢? 15:30 有 许 多 人 到 他 那 里 , 带 着 瘸 子 , 瞎 子 , 哑 吧 , 有 残 疾 的 , 和 好 些 别 的 病 人 , 都 放 在 他 脚 前 。这些人为什么要去到耶稣那里? 他 就 治 好 了 他 们 。这些人要的是什么方面的医治?(提示:肉体上的还是灵魂上的)。 15:31 甚 至 众 人 都 希 奇 。 因 为 看 见 哑 吧 说 话 , 残 疾 的 痊 愈 , 瘸 子 行 走 , 瞎 子 看 见 ,感到希奇是什么样子的? 他 们 就 归 荣 耀 给 以 色 列 的 神 。

(32) Jesus called his disciples to him and said, “I have compassion for these people; they have already been with me three days and have nothing to eat. Why didn’t the people leave to get food? I do not want to send them away hungry, or they may collapse on the way.” What can we learn about Jesus care for people? (33) His disciples answered, “Where could we get enough bread in this remote place to feed such a crowd?” What does it seem the disciples had forgotten? (34) “How many loaves do you have?” Jesus asked. “Seven,” they replied, “and a few small fish.” How is this like the feeding of the five thousand? 15:32 耶 稣 叫 门 徒 来 说 , 我 怜 悯 这 众 人 , 因 为 他 们 同 我 在 这 里 已 经 三 天 , 也 没 有 吃 的 了 。这些人为什么不离开去找吃的呢? 我 不 愿 意 叫 他 们 饿 着 回 去 , 恐 怕 在 路 上 困 乏 。 在这里,我们可以看到耶稣对人们的关心是怎样的呢? 15:33 门 徒 说 , 我 们 在 这 野 地 , 哪 里 有 这 么 多 的 饼 , 叫 这 许 多 人 吃 饱 呢 ? 门徒好像忘记了什么呢? 15:34 耶 稣 说 , 你 们 有 多 少 饼 ? 他 们 说 , 有 七 个 , 还 有 几 条 小 鱼 。这与“耶稣喂饱五千”有什么相似之处呢?

(35) He told the crowd to sit down on the ground. (36) Then he took the seven loaves and the fish, and when he had given thanks, he broke them and gave them to the disciples, and they in turn to the people. What is Jesus teaching us when He gave thanks? (37) They all ate and were satisfied. How many went away hungry? Afterward the disciples picked up seven basketfuls of broken pieces that were left over. (38) The number of those who ate was four thousand, besides women and children. (39) After Jesus had sent the crowd away, he got into the boat and went to the vicinity of Magdala. Find Magdala on the map.

15:35 他 就 吩 咐 众 人 坐 在 地 上 。 15:36 拿 着 这 七 个 饼 和 几 条 鱼 , 祝 谢 了 , 掰 开 , 递 给 门 徒 。 门 徒 又 递 给 众 人 。 耶稣为食物而对神献上感谢,他这是在教导我们什么? 15:37 众 人 都 吃 并 且 吃 饱 了 。有多少人是饿着肚子离开的? 收 拾 剩 下 的 零 碎 , 装 满 了 七 个 筐 子 。 15:38 吃 的 人 , 除 了 妇 女 孩 子 , 共 有 四 千 。 15:39 耶 稣 叫 众 人 散 去 , 就 上 船 , 来 到 马 加 丹 的 境 界 。请在地图上找到马加丹。

NOTES注释

Great crowds – Since this incident took place in the region of the Decapolis, the crowd probably was made up of both Jews and Gentiles 许 多 人 — 因为这件事发生在低加波利,所以这些人中可能既有犹太人又有外邦人。

I have compassion for these people – As Jesus had compassion because the people were like sheep without a shepherd in the feeding of the five thousand, He now has compassion because the people had been so long without food. 我 怜 悯 这 众 人 —- 在喂饱五千时因为众人好像是没有牧人的羊群一样,耶稣对他们就满有怜悯,同样,在这里,因为这些人已经好久没有食物吃了,耶稣看到他们也是充满了怜悯之心。

Where could we get enough bread in this remote place to feed such a crowd? – The disciples’ questions reflect their inadequacy and acknowledge that Jesus alone could feed the people. 我 们 在 这 野 地 , 哪 里 有 这 么 多 的 饼 — 门徒的问题反映出了他们的不足,没有能够认识到耶稣自己就可以喂饱这些人。

Seven basketfuls – These are not the same lunch baskets that were used in the feeding of the five thousand, but baskets that were carried on backs. 七 个 筐 子 — 这些筐子与喂饱五千时用的篮子是不一样的,这些是背在背上的筐子。

The Demand for a Sign Matthew 16:1-12 求神迹 马太福音 16:1-12

(1) The Pharisees and Sadducees came to Jesus and tested him by asking him to show them a sign from heaven. Why didn’t they consider the miracles a sign? What did they refuse to believe? (2) He replied, “When evening comes, you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red,’ (3) and in the morning, ‘Today it will be stormy, for the sky is red and overcast.’ You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times. What are some of the signs of Jesus ministry? (4) A wicked and adulterous generation looks for a miraculous sign, but none will be given it except the sign of Jonah.” What does it mean to be adulterous? What do you know about Jonah? Jesus then left them and went away. 16:1 法 利 赛 人 和 撒 都 该 人 , 来 试 探 耶 稣 , 请 他 从 天 上 显 个 神 迹 给 他 们 看 。 他们为什么不认为耶稣所行的神迹就是神迹呢?他们拒绝相信什么呢? 16:2 耶 稣 回 答 说 , 晚 上 天 发 红 , 你 们 就 说 , 天 必 要 晴 。 16:3 早 晨 天 发 红 , 又 发 黑 , 你 们 就 说 , 今 日 必 有 风 雨 。 你 们 知 道 分 辨 天 上 的 气 色 , 倒 不 能 分 辨 这 时 候 的 神 迹 。耶稣在世上的时间都有哪些神迹发生? 16:4 一 个 邪 恶 淫 乱 的 世 代 求 神 迹 , 除 了 约 拿 的 神 迹 以 外 , 再 没 有 神 迹 给 他 看 。什么是淫乱?关于约拿你知道些什么? 耶 稣 就 离 开 他 们 去 了 。

(5) When they went across the lake, the disciples forgot to take bread. (6) “Be careful, Jesus said to them. “Be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” What is yeast used for? Have you baked using yeast? (7) They discussed this among themselves and said, “It is because we didn’t bring any bread.” What did the disciples think Jesus meant? 16:5 门 徒 渡 到 那 边 去 , 忘 了 带 饼 。 16:6 耶 稣 对 他 们 说 , 你 们 要 谨 慎 , 防 备 法 利 赛 人 和 撒 都 该 人 的 酵 。酵是作什么用途的?你有没有用酵母烤过糕点? 16:7 门 徒 彼 此 议 论 说 , 这 是 因 为 我 们 没 有 带 饼 吧 。门徒是如何理解耶稣的话的?

(8) Aware of their discussion, Jesus asked, “You of little faith, why are you talking among yourselves about having no bread? Why does Jesus call them of little faith? (9) Do you still not understand? Don’t you remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many basketfuls you gathered? (10)Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many basketfuls you gathered? What was Jesus asking the disciples to remember? 16:8 耶 稣 看 出 来 , 就 说 , 你 们 这 小 信 的 人 , 为 什 么 因 为 没 有 饼 彼 此 议 论 呢 ? 耶稣为什么称他们为小信的人? 16:9 你 们 还 不 明 白 吗 ? 不 记 得 那 五 个 饼 , 分 给 五 千 人 , 又 收 拾 了 多 少 篮 子 的 零 碎 吗 ? 16:10 也 不 记 得 那 七 个 饼 , 分 给 四 千 人 , 又 收 拾 了 多 少 筐 子 的 零 碎 吗 ?耶稣是要门徒记起什么?

(11) How is it you don’t understand that I was not talking to you about bread? But be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” What is the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees? (12) Then they understood that he was not telling them to guard against the yeast used in bread, but against the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. Why did Jesus call the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees yeast? 16:11 我 对 你 们 说 , 要 防 备 法 利 赛 人 和 撒 都 该 人 的 酵 , 这 话 不 是 指 着 饼 说 的 。 你 们 怎 么 不 明 白 呢 ? 什么是法 利 赛 人 和 撒 都 该 人 的 酵?16:12 门 徒 这 才 晓 得 他 说 的 , 不 是 叫 他 们 防 备 饼 的 酵 , 乃 是 防 备 法 利 赛 人 和 撒 都 该 人 的 教 训 。耶稣为什么称法利赛人和撒都该人的教训为酵?

NOTES注释

Pharisees – They were teachers in the synagogues, religious examples in the eyes of the people and self-appointed guardians of the law and its proper observance. They considered the interpretations and regulations handed down by tradition to be virtually as authoritative as Scripture. They were a legalistic and separatistic group who strictly, but often hypocritically, kept the law of Moses. 法 利 赛 人 —他们是犹太会堂里的老师,犹太人眼中的宗教典范,也是自命为犹太律法的保护人,监督犹太人对律法的执行 。他们将代代传承下来的(对经文的)解释和礼规看得与圣经同样重要。他们是一个尊重律法,主张分离的团体。他们严格地,但常是伪善地,维护着摩西律法。

Sadducees – A Jewish party that represented the wealthy and sophisticated classes. They were located largely in Jerusalem and made the temple and its administration their primary interest. They were small in number and exerted powerful political and religious influence. 撒 都 该 人 — 一个犹太人的党派,代表着犹太人中富有的上层阶级。他们大多聚集在耶路撒冷,是他们主要致力于圣殿的建造和管理。他们人数不多,但却在政治和宗教上有着极大的影响力。

Sign from heaven - They wanted more compelling proof of Jesus’ divine authority than his miracles, but he refused to perform such a sign because the request came from unbelief. 从 天 上 显 个 神 迹 — 除了耶稣所行的神迹,他们想要更多可以令人信服的证据来证明耶稣神圣权威,但是耶稣拒绝行这样的神迹,因为这个要求是来自不信的人。

Yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees – Yeast is a symbol of evil or corruption. This includes the idea of a tiny amount of yeast being able to ferment a large amount of dough. 法 利 赛 人 和 撒 都 该 人 的 酵 — 酵代表邪恶和堕落。微量的酵母就可以发起一个大面团,这个比喻也包涵了这层意思。

Question问题: Do you know of people who are corrupt? What did the Pharisees and Sadducees corrupt? 在你所知道的人中,有没有腐化堕落的?法利赛人和撒都该人使什么腐败了?