恩典国际圣经学院

第十九课马太福音 2514-30 才干的比喻


第十九课:马太福音 25:14-30 才干的比喻 Jesus is describing to His disciples what the kingdom of heaven will be like if they keep the faith during their life. 主耶稣向门徒们描述天国的样子,如果他们在生命中持守信心。 Jesus wanted the disciples to know that true faith responds to God’s love and will be rewarded. Jesus is presenting the picture of leaving His disciples, going into heaven, and then returning again at the end of time as a master going on a journey. This parable probably did not make a lot of sense to the disciples at the time Jesus told it. The disciples had not fully understood that Jesus life on earth was almost over. 耶稣想让门徒知道真正的信心会回应神的爱,并会得到从神那里而来的奖赏。耶稣在描述一个夫子踏上征程的画面,离开门徒,进入天家,然后在末世再次回来。当时,门徒们可能很难理解这个比喻。他们不能完全了解耶稣在世的生活已接近尾声了。

(14) Again, it will be like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted his property to them. Who do you think the man is? Where do you think the man went? What does it mean to entrust his property to them? (15) To one he gave five talents of money, to another two talents, and to another one talent, each according to his ability. All three of these servants knew the master. They were people who had received the Gospel message. Today we can think of talents as intellectual ability, the degree of education, the capacity to speak clearly and effectively, the ability to be open and friendly toward people, wealth, physical health and stamina, etc. All of us have some of these gifts in varying degrees. As the gifts vary, so do the opportunities the Lord provides for using them. Then he went on his journey. (16) The man who had received the five talents went at once and put his money to work and gained five more. (17) So also, the one with the two talents gained two more. Does God expect the same return with our talents? What does God expect? Was the man with two talents expected to gain five? (18) But the man who had received the one talent went off, dug a hole in the ground and hid his master’s money. What did this servant fail to do with his talent? How did he regard his gift? 25:14 天 国 又 好 比 一 个 人 要 往 外 国 去 , 就 叫 了 仆 人 来 , 把 他 的 家 业 交 给 他 们 。你认为这个人指的是谁?你认为这个人是要去哪里?“把他的家业交给他们”指的是什么意思? 25:15 按 着 各 人 的 才 干 , 给 他 们 银 子 。 一 个 给 了 五 千 , 一 个 给 了 二 千 , 一 个 给 了 一 千 。这三个仆人都认识这主人。他们就是那些得到福音的人。今天,我们把智能,所受的教育,清晰有效的表达能力,开放友善的待人态度,财富,健康的体魄等等都看作是恩赐。我们每个人在不同程度上都有恩赐。就像神给我们的恩赐不同,他也给予我们不同的机遇来发挥这些恩赐。就 往 外 国 去 了 。 25:16 那 领 五 千 的 , 随 即 拿 去 做 买 卖 , 另 外 赚 了 五 千 。 25:17 那 领 二 千 的 , 也 照 样 另 赚 了 二 千 。神对我们的恩赐寄予同样的回报吗?那神的期望是什么?这个领两千的是不是被期待要赚到五千? 25:18 但 那 领 一 千 的 , 去 掘 开 地 , 把 主 人 的 银 子 埋 藏 了 。这个领一千没有做到什么?他是如何对待他的恩赐的?

(19) “After a long time the master of those servants returned and settled accounts with them. This is a picture of Jesus coming back for Judgment Day. (20) The man who had received the five talents brought the other five, ‘Master,’ he said, ‘you entrusted me with five talents. See, I have gained five more.’ How had the servant used his talents? (21) His master replied, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master’s happiness!’ What was the master expressing? 25:19 过 了 许 久 , 那 些 仆 人 的 主 人 来 了 , 和 他 们 算 账 。 这里喻指耶稣在最后审判日返回。 25:20 那 领 五 千 银 子 的 , 又 带 着 那 另 外 的 五 千 来 , 说 , 主 阿 , 你 交 给 我 五 千 银 子 , 请 看 , 我 又 赚 了 五 千 。这个仆人是如何使用他所得到的银子的? 25:21 主 人 说 , 好 , 你 这 又 良 善 又 忠 心 的 仆 人 。 你 在 不 多 的 事 上 有 忠 心 , 我 要 把 许 多 事 派 你 管 理 。 可 以 进 来 享 受 你 主 人 的 快 乐 。这个主人表达了什么样的心意?

(22) “The man with the two talents also came. ‘Master,’ he said, ‘you entrusted me with two talents; see, I have gained two more.’ (23) His master replied, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master’s happiness!’ What do we learn about the master’s expectations for the second servant? What is the honor these two faithful servants will experience? What does God expect of us? 25:22 那 领 二 千 的 也 来 说 , 主 阿 , 你 交 给 我 二 千 银 子 , 请 看 , 我 又 赚 了 二 千 。 25:23 主 人 说 , 好 , 你 这 又 良 善 又 忠 心 的 仆 人 。 你 在 不 多 的 事 上 有 忠 心 , 我 要 把 许 多 事 派 你 管 理 。 可 以 进 来 享 受 你 主 人 的 快 乐 。在这里我们可以看到主人对第二个仆人的期待是什么?这前两个仆人会得到什么样的殊荣?神对我们有什么样的期待?

(24) Then the man who had received the one talent came. ‘Master,’ he said, ‘I knew that you are a hard man, harvesting where you have not sown and gathering where you have not scattered seek. So I was afraid and went out and hid your talent in the ground. See, here is what belongs to you.’ (26) His master replied, ‘You wicked, lazy servant! So you knew that I harvest where I have not sown and gather where I have not scattered seed? (27) Well then, you should have put my money on deposit with the bankers, so that when I returned I would have received it back with interest.’ 25:24 那 领 一 千 的 , 也 来 说 , 主 阿 , 我 知 道 你 是 忍 心 的 人 , 没 有 种 的 地 方 要 收 割 , 没 有 散 的 地 方 要 聚 敛 。 25:25 我 就 害 怕 , 去 把 你 的 一 千 银 子 埋 藏 在 地 里 。 请 看 , 你 的 原 银 子 在 这 里 。 25:26 主 人 回 答 说 , 你 这 又 恶 又 懒 的 仆 人 , 你 既 知 道 我 没 有 种 的 地 方 要 收 割 , 没 有 散 的 地 方 要 聚 敛 。 25:27 就 当 把 我 的 银 子 放 给 兑 换 银 钱 的 人 , 到 我 来 的 时 候 , 可 以 连 本 带 利 收 回 。 All three servants knew the Master, indicating they had heard the gospel. The first two servants used the talents they had been given to win others to Christ, either personally or by supporting others in some way. The third servant did not really believe the gospel. At first he professed to be a faithful servant, but he actually abandoned God, thinking it an imposition that the Lord would expect him to do something with his gifts. 这三个仆人都认识主人,代表他们都听过福音。前两个仆人用他们所得到的恩赐直接或是间接地来帮助其他的人认识耶稣基督。第三个仆人并没有真正地相信福音。最初,他声称自己是一个忠心的仆人,但他实际上离弃了神,对于神期待他用自己的恩赐有所作为,他认为这是苛求。

(28) “Take the talent from him and give it to the one who has the ten talents. (29) For everyone who has will be given more, and he will have an abundance. Whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken from him. (30) And throw that worthless servant outside, into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” What has happened to this worthless servant? 25:28 夺 过 他 这 一 千 来 , 给 那 有 一 万 的 。 25:29 因 为 凡 有 的 , 还 要 加 给 他 , 叫 他 有 余 。 没 有 的 , 连 他 所 有 的 , 也 要 夺 过 来 。 25:30 把 这 无 用 的 仆 人 , 丢 在 外 面 黑 暗 里 。 在 那 里 必 要 哀 哭 切 齿 了 。这个无用的仆人有什么样的结局?

Do each of us have talents/gifts? What does God expect of us? How do we develop our talents to use them for God’s Kingdom? What are some ways we can put our talents to use? 我们每个人是不是都有恩赐呢?神对我们有什么样的期望?我们如何才能发挥我们的才能来为神的国所用?我们发挥才能的途径有哪些?

NOTES注释

Talents – One talent is worth about 6000 day’s wages (16.5 years) 银子 — 一个银子相当于6000天的工价(16.5年)