第二十七课:大使命,耶稣被接上升,五旬节圣灵降临 Matthew 28:16-20 The Great Commission 马太福音 28:16-20 大使命

Probably only a few days after the risen Lord had appeared to His disciples the second time, eight days after His resurrection, the disciples left Jerusalem to go to their old homes in Galilee because Jesus had promised to see them there. It is in Galilee the disciples hear the great gospel commission, which will become their life’s mission. 耶稣复活后仅仅几天,他就再一次向他的门徒显现。他复活后八天,门徒离开耶路撒冷,回到他们在加利利的家里,因为耶稣说要在那里见他们。正是在加利利门徒们领受到福音的大使命,这也成为了他们一生的使命。 (16) Then the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had told them to go. Do you think there might have been other followers of Jesus present? (17) When they saw him, they worshiped him; but some doubted. What do you think the disciples doubted? (18) Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. What does it mean to have authority? (19) Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, What does it mean to be a disciple? baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, (20) and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. What were they to obey? And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age. For how long would Jesus be with them? 28:16 十 一 个 门 徒 往 加 利 利 去 , 到 了 耶 稣 约 定 的 山 上 。你认为当时还有别的(耶稣的)跟随者在场吗? 28:17 他 们 见 了 耶 稣 就 拜 他 。 然 而 还 有 人 疑 惑 。你认为门徒们在疑惑什么? 28:18 耶 稣 进 前 来 , 对 他 们 说 , 天 上 , 地 下 所 有 的 权 柄 , 都 赐 给 我 了 。有权柄意味着什么? 28:19 所 以 你 们 要 去 , 使 万 民 作 我 的 门 徒 ,什么是门徒? 奉 父 子 圣 灵 的 名 , 给 他 们 施 洗 。 ( 或 作 给 他 们 施 洗 归 于 父 子 圣 灵 的 名 ) 28:20 凡 我 所 吩 咐 你 们 的 , 都 教 训 他 们 遵 守 ,他们要遵守什么? 我 就 常 与 你 们 同 在 , 直 到 世 界 的 末 了 。主耶稣要与他们同在多久?

NOTES注释 Eleven disciples – Judas had committed suicide. Matthew 27: 3-5. (3) When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty silver coins to the chief priests and the elders. (4) I have sinned,” he said, “for I have betrayed innocent blood.” “What is that to us?” they replied. “That’s your responsibility.” (5) So Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself. 十 一 个 门 徒 — 犹大已经自杀。马太福音 27:3-5。3 这 时 候 , 卖 耶 稣 的 犹 大 , 看 见 耶 稣 已 经 定 了 罪 , 就 后 悔 , 把 那 三 十 块 钱 , 拿 回 来 给 祭 司 长 和 长 老 说 , 4 我 卖 了 无 辜 之 人 的 血 , 是 有 罪 了 。 他 们 说 , 那 与 我 们 有 什 么 相 干 ? 你 自 己 承 当 吧 。 5 犹 大 就 把 那 银 钱 丢 在 殿 里 , 出 去 吊 死 了 。

Therefore go and make disciples of all nations – These verses have been called the Great Commission. Jesus wants all people, from all nations, to hear the Word of God (the Bible) and be saved. It was not up to people to come to Jerusalem to hear the Word of God, but for the disciples to take to message to all people. Remember - The kingdom of God is a spiritual kingdom 所 以 你 们 要 去 , 使 万 民 作 我 的 门 徒 —- 这几节经文被称为“大使命”。耶稣想要万国万民都可以听到神的话(圣经)并得救。不是要人们来到耶路撒冷才可以听到神的话,而是要门徒们把这好消息带出去传给万民。切记—-神的国是属灵的国度。 Acts 1:1-11 Jesus Taken Up into Heaven 使徒行传1:1-11耶稣被接上升 Luke, a disciple of Jesus (not one of the 11) writes to Theophilus, a publisher, a second time. The first time was the Gospel of Luke. Luke begins the book of Acts with a description of the ascension, which occurred 40 days after Jesus resurrection and back in Jerusalem. 路加,耶稣的门徒(不是十一门徒之一),再次写信给出版家提阿非罗阿。第一次写的是路加福音。路加以对耶稣升天的描述展开使徒行传。在耶稣复活以及重回耶路撒冷后40天,耶稣被接上升。 (1) In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach (2) until the day he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles he had chosen. (3) After his suffering, he showed himself to these man and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. He appeared to them and over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God. (4) On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about. (5) For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.” (Remember our last lesson, Luke 24:49. I am going to send you what my Father has promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high.) 1:1 提 阿 非 罗 阿 , 我 已 经 作 了 前 书 , 论 到 耶 稣 开 头 一 切 所 行 所 教 训 的 , 1:2 直 到 他 借 着 圣 灵 吩 咐 所 拣 选 的 使 徒 , 以 后 被 接 上 升 的 日 子 为 止 。 1:3 他 受 害 之 后 , 用 许 多 的 凭 据 , 将 自 己 活 活 地 显 给 使 徒 看 , 四 十 天 之 久 向 他 们 显 现 , 讲 说 神 国 的 事 。 1:4 耶 稣 和 他 们 聚 集 的 时 候 , 嘱 咐 他 们 说 , 不 要 离 开 耶 路 撒 冷 , 要 等 候 父 所 应 许 的 , 就 是 你 们 听 见 我 说 过 的 。 1:5 约 翰 是 用 水 施 洗 。 但 不 多 几 日 , 你 们 要 受 圣 灵 的 洗 。(回顾我们上一次课所学的 路加福音 24:49。“我 要 将 我 父 所 应 许 的 降 在 你 们 身 上 。 你 们 要 在 城 里 等 候 , 直 到 你 们 领 受 从 上 头 来 的 能 力 。”) (6) So when they met together, they asked him, “Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?” What are the disciples still looking for? (7) He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. (8)But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” Where are the disciples to go? 1:6 他 们 聚 集 的 时 候 , 问 耶 稣 说 , 主 阿 , 你 复 兴 以 色 列 国 , 就 在 这 时 候 吗 ?门徒们还在期盼着什么? 1:7 耶 稣 对 他 们 说 , 父 凭 着 自 己 的 权 柄 , 所 定 的 时 候 日 期 , 不 是 你 们 可 以 知 道 的 。1:8 但 圣 灵 降 临 在 你 们 身 上 , 你 们 就 必 得 着 能 力 。 并 要 在 耶 路 撒 冷 , 犹 太 全 地 , 和 撒 玛 利 亚 , 直 到 地 极 , 作 我 的 见 证 。门徒们被差到哪里去?

(9)After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight. What did the disciples witness? (10) They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them, (Who are these men dressed in white? (11) “Men of Galilee,” they said, “why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven.” How would Jesus return? 1:9 说 了 这 话 , 他 们 正 看 的 时 候 , 他 就 被 取 上 升 , 有 一 朵 云 彩 把 他 接 去 , 便 看 不 见 他 了 。 门徒们见证了什么?1:10 当 他 往 上 去 , 他 们 定 睛 望 天 的 时 候 , 忽 然 有 两 个 人 , 身 穿 白 衣 , 站 在 旁 边 , 说 , 这两个身穿白衣的人是谁? 1:11 加 利 利 人 哪 , 你 们 为 什 么 站 着 望 天 呢 ? 这 离 开 你 们 被 接 升 天 的 耶 稣 , 你 们 见 他 怎 样 往 天 上 去 , 他 还 要 怎 样 来 。耶稣要怎样再来?

Acts 2:1-4, 37-41 The Holy Spirit Comes as Pentecost 使徒行传 2:1-4,37-41五旬节圣灵降临 The three great Jewish festivals were: Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles. Beginning with Passover (always a Friday) count 49 days; then take the next day, which would be the fiftieth day. Pentecost was a festival on which the Israelites were to give thanks for the completion of the early harvest. Pentecost has also been called the Feast of Weeks. 三个重要的犹太节期:逾越节,五旬节和住棚节。从逾越节(一般是在星期五)算起49天,第50天就是五旬节。在五旬节期间,犹太人会为早收的结束而献上感恩。五旬节也被称为七七节。 (1) When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Who was all together? (2) Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. (3) They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. What was sitting on the heads of the disciples? (4) All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them…. Why is speaking in other languages important? 2:1 五 旬 节 到 了 , 门 徒 都 聚 集 在 一 处 。 聚集在一起的有谁? 2:2 忽 然 从 天 上 有 响 声 下 来 , 好 像 一 阵 大 风 吹 过 , 充 满 了 他 们 所 坐 的 屋 子 。 2:3 又 有 舌 头 如 火 焰 显 现 出 来 , 分 开 落 在 他 们 各 人 头 上 。 是什么落在门徒们的头上? 2:4 他 们 就 都 被 圣 灵 充 满 , 按 着 圣 灵 所 赐 的 口 才 , 说 起 别 国 的 话 来 。讲方言(说别国的话)为什么很重要?

(37) When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, ‘Brothers, what shall we do?” What message did the disciples give the people? What does it mean to be cut to the heart? (38) Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. What is the gift of the Holy Spirit? (39) The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off – for all whom the Lord our God will call.” What is the promise? For whom is the promise? 2:37 众 人 听 见 这 话 , 觉 得 扎 心 , 就 对 彼 得 和 其 余 的 使 徒 说 , 弟 兄 们 , 我 们 当 怎 样 行 。门徒们传给众人什么样的信息?扎心是什么样的感觉,怎样才会感到扎心? 2:38 彼 得 说 , 你 们 各 人 要 悔 改 , 奉 耶 稣 基 督 的 名 受 洗 , 叫 你 们 的 罪 得 赦 , 就 必 领 受 所 赐 的 圣 灵 。什么是圣灵的恩赐? 2:39 因 为 这 应 许 是 给 你 们 , 和 你 们 的 儿 女 , 并 一 切 在 远 方 的 人 , 就 是 主 我 们 神 所 召 来 的。神应许了什么?这应许是给谁的?

(40) With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.” How could the people save themselves? (41) Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day. Pentecost is considered the birth of the Christian Church. 2:40 彼 得 还 用 许 多 话 作 见 证 , 劝 勉 他 们 说 , 你 们 当 救 自 己 脱 离 这 弯 曲 的 世 代 。 人们如何才能救自己? 2:41 于 是 领 受 他 话 的 人 , 就 受 了 洗 , 那 一 天 , 门 徒 约 添 了 三 千 人 。五旬节被认为是基督教教会的诞生日。