恩典国际圣经学院

第六章至一个榜样教会 (Chapter 6)


第六章:至一个榜样教会 (Chapter 6) Chapter 6:To A Model Congregation 第六章:至一个榜样教会 1 Thessalonians and 2 Thessalonians 帖撒罗尼迦前书和帖撒罗尼迦后书 Introduction 引言 The New Testament shows Christians as they really are. Often it shows believers failing to live the way they should (see Chapter 4). It is useful, therefore, to read about a group of Christians who can serve as “ a model to all the believers”(1:7). The Thessalonians are that model congregation. 新约向就基督徒展现了事实。常常向信徒们展现他们没有按他们应有的方式生活(参见第四章)。这样做非常有用,因此需要读关于一群基督徒如“所有信主之人的榜样”(1:7)一样侍奉的事。帖撒罗尼迦人就是那个榜样教会。 1 Thessalonians 帖撒罗尼迦前书 The Writer 作者 The first verse of 1 Thessalonians and the frequent use of the pronoun “we” should not make us think that this letter had several authors. Paul writes this letter, but speaks on behalf of his fellow pastors (2:18; 3:2; 3:5; 5:27). 帖撒罗尼迦前书的第一句和经常出现在这部书中的代词“我们”使我们不会认为这封信是其他作者写的。保罗写了这封信,但是他是代表其他牧师讲论(2:18;3:2;3:5;5:27)。 Paul’s Purpose in Writing 保罗的写作目的 On his second missionary tour, Paul came to Thessalonica (Acts 17:1-15). As he preached the message of Jesus Christ a few Jews and many Gentiles were converted. However, many of the unbelieving Jews became jealous. They started a riot and Paul, Silas and Timothy had to flee the city. 在他的第二次传道行程中,保罗来到帖撒罗尼迦(使徒行传17:1-15)。因为他传讲的耶稣基督的信息使一些犹太人和许多外邦人都信了神的道。然而,许多不信的犹太人开始嫉妒他们。他们引起骚乱,所以保罗,西拉和提摩太不得不逃离那座城。 After leaving Thessalonica Paul started a church in Berea, then went on to preach in Athens (Acts 17:10-34). Nevertheless, he could not stop thinking about the Thessalonian congregation. He had been with them for a short time, only a month or so. Had the church fallen apart? Had the Christians been severely persecuted by the Jews? 在离开帖撒罗尼迦之后,保罗在庇哩亚兴起了一个教会,然后去了雅典讲道(使徒行传17:10-34)。不过,他禁不住想帖撒罗尼迦的会众。他与他们在一起的时间很短,仅仅一个月左右。那里的教会分裂了吗?那里的基督徒们被犹太人大大地迫害了吗? So Paul sent Timothy back to the city to strengthen the believers and see what was happening there (1 Thess. 2:17-3:5). Meanwhile Paul himself went to Corinth (Acts 18:1). When Timothy reported back to Paul in Corinth he “brought good news about . . . [the Thessalonians’] faith and love”(1 Thessalonians 3:6). 因此保罗差派提摩太回到那座城去建立那里的信徒们并查看那里发生了什么(帖撒罗尼迦前书2:17-3:5)。同时,保罗自己去了哥林多(使徒行传18:1)。当提摩太向在哥林多的保罗报告时,他“好消息报给我们…【帖撒罗尼迦人的】信心和爱心”(帖撒罗尼迦前书3:6)。 This letter, written about A.D. 51, is an answer to Timothy’s report. Paul rejoices that the church members have remained faithful (1:2-10). The unbelieving Jews in Thessalonica were questioning Paul’s pastoral authority. They also thought he was wrong for fleeing to Berea. Paul answers these charges (2:1-3:13). Then he speaks to the believers about holy living (4:1-12; 5:12-25). He also answers questions which had been raised about Christ’s second coming (4:13-5:11). 这封信写于公元51年,是对提摩太报告信息的回应。保罗因教会成员仍信靠神得喜乐(1:2-10)。在帖撒罗尼迦的不信主的犹太人质疑保罗牧师的权柄。他们还认为保罗逃离庇哩亚是错误的。保罗回应了这些指责(2:1-3:13)。之后他对信徒们讲了关于圣洁生活的事(4:1-12;5:12-25)。他也回答他们提出的基督第二次降临的疑问(4:13-5:11)。 Outline of 1 Thessalonians 帖撒罗尼迦前书概要 Theme: God’s Word Changes People 主题: 神的道改变人

  1. Address and Thanksgiving (1:1-10) 写作对象和感恩(1:1-10)
  2. Defense of Paul’s Ministry (2:1-3:11) 保罗为职分分诉(2:1-3:11)
  3. Encouragement to Holy Living (4:1-12) 鼓励圣洁的生活(4:1-12)
  4. Instruction about Christ’s Second Coming(4:13- 5:11) 说明基督的第二次降临(4:13-5:11)
  5. More on Holy Living (5:12-25) 更多关于圣洁生活的指示(5:12-25)
  6. Greeting (5:26-28) 问安(5:26-28) Summary 概要 Theme: God’s Word Change’s People 主题: 神的道改变人 1 Thessalonians is an example of the power God’s Word has to change people. It also shows the value of the public ministry. In just a few months the Gospel message of Jesus Christ had led many Thessalonians to believe (1:5). The Gospel kept them in the faith in spite of persecution (1:6) and turned them into a model Christian congregation (1:7). As Martin Luther said in the explanation of the Apostles’ Creed: “I believe that . . . the Holy Ghost has called me by the Gospel, enlightened me with his gifts, sanctified and kept me in the true faith.” 帖撒罗尼迦前书是神的道改变人的一个例子。它也向我们展示了公开传道的价值。在仅仅几个月中耶稣基督的福音消息就引导许多帖撒罗尼迦人信了神(1:5)。尽管遭到迫害,福音使他们仍然保存信心(1:6)并成为一个榜样基督教会(1:7)。如马丁路德在使徒信经的解释中所说的“我信…圣灵通过福音呼召我,用他的恩赐教导我,使我成圣并让我有真正的信心”。
  7. Address and Thanksgiving (1:1-10) 写作对象和感恩(1:1-10) When Paul speaks of the Thessalonians’ faith, he gives God the glory and thanks. God made them believers through his Word (1:4-5). The Holy Spirit filled them with joy (1:6). 当保罗讲到帖撒罗尼迦人的信心时,他将荣耀和感谢归于神。神通过他的道使他们成为信徒(1:4-5)。圣灵使他们充满喜乐(1:6)。
  8. Defense of Paul’s Ministry (2:1-3:11) 保罗为职分分诉(2:1-3:11) In chapter 2 Paul recalls his ministry in Thessalonica. He preached God’s Word only for godly reasons (2:1-6). He also worked to support his own ministry (2:7-9). Paul was more than a preacher; he was a pastor to the congregation (2:10-12). But the Word of God transformed the recent converts into Christians leading godly lives (2:13-16). 在第二章中保罗回忆了他在帖撒罗尼迦的传道。他传神的道仅仅是出于缘故(2:1-6)。他也做工来支撑他自己的职分(2:7-9)。保罗不仅仅是一位传道人;对教会来说他还是一位牧师(2:10-12)。但是神的道将初信的人转变成基督徒并过敬虔的生活(2:13-16)。 Even after fleeing from Thessalonica Paul remembered these believers (2:17-20). Such pastoral concern caused him to send Timothy back to Thessalonica to see what was happening in the church and to cheer up the believers (3:1-5). 甚至在逃离帖撒罗尼迦之后,保罗还挂念着那里的信徒们(2:17-20)。这种作为牧师的关心使得他差派提摩太回到帖撒罗尼迦去查看那里的教会中发生了什么并鼓励那些信徒们(3:1-5)。
  9. Encouragement to Holy Living (4:1-12) 鼓励圣洁的生活(4:1-12) While the Thessalonian Christians had been leading godly lives, Paul encourages them to “do this more and more” (4:1). It is God’s will that believers keep away from sexual immorality (4:3-8) and instead show brotherly love (4:9-10). They also should supply their own needs by useful work (4:11-12). 当帖撒罗尼迦的基督徒们正过着敬虔的生活时,保罗鼓励他们“照现在所行的更加勉励”(4:1)。神的旨意是要信徒们远离淫行而且弟兄们之间相爱(4:9-10)。他们还应通过有用的事工供给自己所需用的(4:11-12)。
  10. Instruction about Christ’s Second Coming (4:13-5:11) 说明基督的第二次降临(4:13-5:11) Paul’s preaching on the Second Coming of the Lord had a deep effect on the Thessalonian Christians. They expected Jesus to return at any time. However, as time went by, some of their members died. Would the dead Christians miss out on something since they would not be alive when Judgment Day came? Paul says, “No.”(4:13-18). Yet all the believers should live as if Christ will come very soon (5:1-11). 保罗关于主第二降临的讲道对帖撒罗尼迦的基督徒产生了很深的影响。他们期待耶稣在任何时候降临。然而,随着时间的推移,他们中的一些成员离世了。离世的基督徒会错过审判吗因为最后的审判到来的时候他们已经不在世了?保罗回答说:“不会”(4:13-18)。但是所有的信徒都应该如基督将要降临时一样行事(5:1-11)。
  11. More on Holy Living (5:12-25) 更多关于圣洁生活的指示(5:12-25) Finally Paul encourages the Christians to live in a proper relationship with each other (5:12-15) and with God (5:16-22). Paul, Silas, and Timothy ask that the Christians pray to God for them (5:25). 最后保罗勉励基督徒们与他人(5:12-15)和神(5:16-22)保持和睦的关系。保罗、西拉和提摩太要求基督徒为他们向神祷告(5:25)。
  12. Greeting (5:26-28) 问安(5:26-28) “I instruct you before the Lord to have this letter read to all the brothers”(5:27). Paul wants all the church members to be helped by this letter. “我指着主嘱咐你们,要把这信念给众弟兄听”(5:27)。保罗希望所有的教会成员从这封信中得到帮助。 2 Thessalonians 帖撒罗尼迦后书 The Writer 作者 This letter, like 1 Thessalonians, begins with Paul, Silas and Timothy greeting the Thessalonian congregation. Paul wrote this letter from Corinth (3:17), a few months after sending his first letter (in A.D. 51). 这封信和帖撒罗尼迦前书一样,以保罗、西拉和提摩太对帖撒罗尼迦教会的问安开始。保罗在送出他的第一封信后的几个月(公元51年)在哥林多写了这封信(3:17)。 Paul’s Purpose in Writing 保罗的写作目的 We must remember that the Thessalonians were “new” Christians. Paul and his helpers had spent only a couple of months in that city. During that time many Gentiles came to faith in Christ Jesus (see introduction to 1 Thessalonians). These recent converts were filled with the love of the Lord, but they did not fully understand all the teachings of Christ. So, in his first letter to them, Paul corrected some of their misunderstandings. Now, once again, Paul writes a letter to help them in their faith and to correct them. 我们一定记得帖撒罗尼迦人是“新的”基督徒。保罗和他的助手们只在那个城里住了几个月。在那段时间里,许多外邦人信了基督耶稣(参见帖撒罗尼迦前书引言)。这些初信主的人被主的爱充满,但是他们并不完全理解关于基督的所有教导。因此,在保罗写给他们的第一封信中,保罗更正了他们的一些错误理解。现在,保罗再一次写信在他们的信心上帮助他们并更正他们。 Even though they were being persecuted, the Thessalonian believers were growing in faith (1:3). Yet they still were unclear about Christ’s second coming. Some of them believed that the day of judgment would come so soon that they no longer needed to work. They were happy to live off handouts from the church (3:6-13). Others took Paul’s previous call to be blameless at Christ’s coming (1 Thess. 3:13; 5:23) so seriously that they lived in fear of Judgment Day. 虽然他们正被迫害,帖撒罗尼迦的信徒们还是在信心上得到增长(1:3)。但是他们他们仍然不了解基督的第二次降临。他们中的一些人相信审判的日子很快就要到了因此他们不再需要做工。他们因靠教会的周济生活而感到高兴(3:6-13)。其他人把保罗之前要求的在基督到来时不可责备(帖撒罗尼迦前书3:13;5:23)当成是很可怕的事以至于他们生活在审判日的恐惧中。 In this letter Paul praises the Thessalonians for their faith. He then teaches them how a Christian should live as he waits for the day of Christ’s coming. 在这封信中保罗赞扬了帖撒罗尼迦人的信心。然后他教导他们基督徒在等待基督降临的日子时应该如何生活。 Outline of 2 Thessalonians 帖撒罗尼迦后书概要 Theme: “Concerning the Coming of Our Lord Jesus Christ” 主题: “论到我们主耶稣基督降临”
  13. Address (1:1-2) 写作对象(1:1-2)
  14. Thanksgiving for their Faith (1:3-12) 为他们的信心感恩(1:3-12)
  15. Living in Light of Judgment Day (2:1-3:15) 在审判日的光照中生活(2:1-3:15)
  16. Closing (3:16-18) 结束语(3:16-18) Summary 概要 Theme: “Concerning the Coming of our Lord Jesus Christ” 主题: “论到我们主耶稣基督降临” The theme of 2 Thessalonians comes from the first verse of chapter 2: “Concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered to him . . . ” The Christians should live a proper Christian life until they meet Christ in person. 帖撒罗尼迦后书的主题来自第二章的第一句话:“论到我们主耶稣基督降临和我们到他那里聚集…”基督徒们应该过合宜的基督徒生活直到他们亲自见到基督。
  17. Address (1:1-2) 写作对象(1:1-2) Grace and peace come to the believers from God the Father and from Jesus. The Father’s undeserved love is shown in the sacrifice of his Son. Because of this the Christian is at peace with God. 恩典和平安从天父和耶稣那里临到信徒们身上。天父给我们不配得的爱从他独生子的牺牲中显明。因为这一点基督徒得以与神和好。
  18. Thanksgiving for Their Faith (1:3-12) 为他们的信心感恩(1:3-12) Paul thanks God for the love he has created in the Thessalonians’ hearts, which is an example for all believers (1:3-4). While the Lord will severely judge the unbelievers, he will “be glorified in his holy people” (1:10). 保罗感谢神在帖撒罗尼迦人心中所创造的爱,这使他们成为所有信徒的典范(1:3-4)。但是主会严厉地审判不信主的人,他会“在圣徒的身上得荣耀”(1:10)。
  19. Living in Light of Judgment Day (2:1-3:15) 在审判日的光照中生活(2:1-3:15) Some people had false ideas about Judgment Day (2:1-2). Before that day comes, the Antichrist will start his rebellion. This servant of Satan (2:9) sets himself up in God’s place (2:4) but he brings only damnation (2:10). 一些人对审判日有错误的看法(2:1-2)。在那日来临前,反基督的人会发动反抗。这是撒旦的奴仆(2:9)把自己放在神的位置,但是他只会为自己带来咒诅(2:10)。 After this warning, the Thessalonian Christians are told to hold fast to the faith God has given them (2:13-17). They also should help spread the Gospel (3:1-5). As the believers wait for Christ’s return they must work. Christians will always try to earn their own food (3:6-15). 在这个告诫之后,帖撒罗尼迦的基督徒们被告知要紧紧抓住神赐给他们的信心(2:13-17)。他们还应该帮助兴起福音(3:1-5)。在基督徒们等待基督降临的日子里他们应该做工。基督徒们总要赚取自己的食物(3:6-15)。
  20. Closing (3:16-18) 结束语(3:16-18) There will be much persecution by unbelievers. Danger will come from the Antichrist’s rebellion. But Christians will find peace in what the Lord gives him (3:16). Finally, Paul assures them that he did write this letter (3:17). 不信主的人会进行许多的迫害。危险会来自反基督的人的反抗。但是基督徒们会在主里得平安(3:16)。最后,保罗使徒们确信这封信确实是他写的(3:17)。 最后更新于 2014年9月11日 星期四 08:48 MeasureMeasure Get a free Evernote account to save this article and view it later on any device. Create account