恩典国际圣经学院

第七章给个别基督徒的信件 (Chapter 7)


第七章:给个别基督徒的信件 (Chapter 7) Chapter 7:Letters to Individual Christians 第七章:给个别基督徒的信件 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, and Philemon 提摩太前书,提摩太后书,提多书和腓利门书 Introduction 引言 The Apostle Paul spent his life spreading the Christian message and planting new congregations. However, he never forgot the individual believers. Paul took the time to find out how pastors Timothy and Titus were doing and he also wrote letters to them. Paul also helped Christians with their personal problems whenever he could. That is why he took time to help relations between a slave owner (Philemon) and his slave. 使徒保罗用他的生命兴起基督的信息和培养新教会。但是,他从没有忘记个别基督徒。保罗花时间了解牧师提摩太和提多正进行的工作如何并且他还写信给他们。保罗也尽可能帮助基督徒们解决个人问题。这就是他为什么花时间帮助处理一个奴隶主(腓利门)和他奴仆的关系。 1 Timothy 提摩太前书 The Writer 作者 Paul wrote the First Letter to Timothy (1:1). The older pastor had something to say to the younger man of God. 保罗写了这第一封信给提摩太(1:1)。这位年长的牧师对这个年轻的圣徒。 Paul’s Purpose in Writing 保罗的写作目的 For two years Paul had been under house arrest in Rome (Acts 28:30). At the end of that time he was able to preach the message of Jesus Christ in Spain (Rom. 15:28). He may have been there for a year. Then he traveled eastward to visit the churches in Asia Minor and Macedonia. 保罗在罗马被软禁了两年(使徒行传28:30)。过了那段时间,他得以在西班牙传讲耶稣基督的信息(罗马书15:28)。他可能在那里住了一年。然后他向东行去拜访在小亚西亚和马其顿的教会。 On the way Paul took time to do mission work on Crete (Titus 1:5), an island he had sailed past some years earlier (Acts 27:7-13). From there he went on to Ephesus for a short visit. Leaving Pastor Timothy in charge of the congregation there, Paul traveled on to Macedonia (1:3). Possibly from Thessalonica or Philippi he wrote this first letter to Timothy (about A.D. 65). 在途中,保罗用一段时间在克里特(提多书1:5),他几年前航行路过的一个岛(使徒行传27:7-13),进行传教工作。从那里他继续前行到以弗所进行了短暂的拜访。留下牧师提摩太负责那里的教会后,保罗行到马其顿(1:3)。有可能他从帖撒罗尼迦或腓立比写了这封信给提摩太(大约公元65年)。 When Paul visited Ephesus he found various problems in that Christian congregation. Some men no longer were emphasizing the teachings of Scripture, but had begun to teach “myths and endless genealogies”(1:4; 4:7). Paul calls such things “godless chatter”(6:20). Others were falsely saying that God’s Law taught that marriage was wrong and certain foods should not be eaten (4:1-5). Meanwhile, some congregational leaders had begun using the church to gain personal power and honor (3:6; 6:4) and to make money for themselves (3:3; 6:3-5). 当保罗拜访以弗所时,他发现在那个教会中的各样问题。一些人不再专注教导圣经,而是开始教导“荒渺无凭的话语和无穷的家谱”(1:4;4:7)。保罗称这些为“世俗的虚谈”(6:20)。其他人错误的讲论神的律法教导嫁娶是错误的并禁止吃某些食物(4:1-5)。同时,一些教会的领袖们开始利用教会获得个人权利和荣耀(3:6;6:4)并为自己赚取钱财(3:3;6:3-5)。 Because of these problems and arguments within the church the worship services no longer were filled with Christian love and order (2:8). Many people became confused about the proper roles that men and women were to have in the church (2:11-12). 由于在教会中的这些问题和争论使得敬拜不再被基督的爱和规定充满(2:8)许多人对男人和女人在教会中如何发挥应有的作用感到困惑(2:11-12)。 In this letter Paul tells the young pastor Timothy to take charge and bring the Ephesian church back to godliness (3:14-15). Timothy had the right background and abilities to carry out this difficult task. He was a called minister of the Gospel (1:18) who had been given pastoral gifts by God (4:14). Timothy knew the Scriptures well (2 Tim. 3:15) and he confessed Jesus as Lord (2 Tim. 1:3-4, 8). He was also not a beginner at ministry. For over 10 years he had served as a missionary with St. Paul (Acts 16:1ff). When special problems arose in congregations, Timothy had been sent to straighten things out (1 Thess. 3:1-2; 1 Cor. 4:17;16:10). 在这封信中,保罗告诉年轻的牧师提摩太掌管并带领以弗所的教会归回圣洁(3:13-14)。提摩太具有适合的背景和能力来承担这项艰巨的任务。他被称为福音的执事(1:18)就是被神赐予牧师恩赐的人(4:14)。提摩太非常了解圣经(提摩太后书3:15)并信耶稣是主(提摩太后书1:3-4,8)。他也不是一个刚开始传道的人。他作为一个传道人和保罗一起侍奉的时间超过了10年(使徒行传16:1ff)。当特殊的问题在教会中出现时,提摩太被差派去了解那里的情况(帖撒罗尼迦前书3:1-2;哥林多前书4:17;16:10)。 The Lord made good use of Timothy in spite of his personal weaknesses. He was unsure of himself because he was still rather young (4:12). He was also shy (1 Cor. 16:10; 2 Tim. 1:7), and often suffered from poor health (5:23). 主很好的使用了提摩太尽管他有一些个人的缺点。他对自己不自信因为他还很年轻(4:12)。他还有些胆怯(哥林多前书16:10;提摩太后书1:7),并且因身体较弱经常生病(5:23)。 Outline of 1 Timothy 提摩太前书概要 Theme: “How People Should Act in God’s Household” 主题: “在神的家中应当怎样行”

  1. Introduction (1:1-20) 引言(1:1-20)
  2. Instructions about Church and Ministry(2:1-3:16) 关于教会与使命的教导
  3. Instructions to Pastor Timothy (4:1-6:21) 对牧师提摩太的教导 Summary 概要 Theme: “How People Should Act in God’s Household” 主题: “在神的家中应当怎样行” Paul says that he wrote this letter so that Christians would know how they were to act in God’s house and family. By this he means “the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of the truth” (3:14-15). These “people” included all the people of the congregation (men and women, leaders and pastors). 保罗告诉我们他写了这封信是要让基督徒们知道他们在神的家中应当怎样行。在此他的意思是“永生神的教会,真理的柱石和根基”(3:14-15)这些“人”包括教会中所有的人(男人和女人,领袖和牧师)。
  4. Introduction (1:1-20) 引言(1:1-20) First Paul makes it clear that he is writing to Timothy. This is followed by a blessing. ‘Grace’ and ‘mercy’ are two sides of the same thing. “Grace” is God giving us what we do not deserve (forgiveness of sins, life, salvation); “mercy” is God not giving us what we do deserve (eternal damnation). “Peace” is the inner calm or spiritual strength which a child of God has. 首先,保罗明确了他正写信给提摩太。紧接着是他的祝福。‘恩惠’和‘怜悯’是同样的事的两个方面。“恩惠”是神给我们所不配得的(罪的赦免,生命,救恩);“怜悯”是神不给我们所应得的(永远的咒诅)。“平安”是神的孩子拥有的内心的平静和属灵的力量。 In verses 3-10 Paul describes the problems of the Ephesian church. He then (1:12-17) goes on to show the true message of the church – that “Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners”(1:15). Humble Paul and the true Gospel of salvation will stand against the false teachers with their pride and their false doctrines. 在第3-10节中,保罗描述了以弗所教会的问题。然后他(1:12-17)紧接着说明了给教会的旨意——“基督耶稣降世,为要拯救罪人”(1:15)。谦卑的保罗和救恩的真正福音将会抵挡假文士的骄傲和错误的道理。
  5. Instructions about Church and Ministry(2:1-3:16) 关于教会和事工的指示(2:1-3:16) In these chapters Paul speaks openly about church and ministry. These guidelines are to be followed: 在这些章节中,保罗公开讲论关于教会和事工的事。以下是概要: A. Pray for all men, for God “wants all men to be saved and to come to knowledge of the truth”(2:4). Men are to lead the praying in the public worship service, but they first must have a proper spiritual attitude (2:8). 为所有人祷告,因为神“愿万人得救,明白真道”(2:4)。男人应在礼拜中带领祷告,但是他们应首先具有合宜的属灵的态度(2:8)。 B. Women who come to church are to show a spirit of holiness. They should show this while they are still at home, getting ready to go to the service (2:9-11). Meanwhile, women are to be learners, not teachers, in the worship service itself (2:11-14; cf 1 Cor. 14:33-35). 女人到教会中要显出圣洁的灵。当她们在家中和准备去礼拜的时候也应显出这一点来(2:9-11)。同时,在敬拜中,女人要成为学道的人,而不是讲道的人(2:11-14;参见哥林多前书14:33-35)。 C. Men are to be the pastors, but not all men. Ministers must have the proper qualifications (3:1-7), and deacons must also (3:8-13). However, the church does not belong to pastors and deacons. It is God’s house; Jesus is its glory (3:14-16). 男人要成为牧师,但是不是指所有的男人。做监督必须具备合宜的资格(3:1-7),并且做执事也应如此(3:8-13)。但是,教会不属于牧师或执事。它是神的家,耶稣是它的荣耀(3:14-16)。
  6. Instructions to Pastor Timothy (4:1-6:21) 给牧师提摩太的指示(4:1-6:21) After giving guidelines about conduct in the church, Paul now speaks directly to Timothy. He gives his advice about different parts of the pastoral ministry. How should Timothy handle the false doctrines troubling the church (4:1-5)? He should share the truth with his fellow members (4:6) and refuse to accept the false teachings (4:7). He should grow in his own faith and knowledge of Scripture (4:8-10) and lead the church in worship with sound preaching and by his good example (4:11-15). 在给予教会管理方面的指导后,保罗开始直接对提摩太讲论。他给提摩太关于牧师职分上解决困难的劝告。提摩太该如何处理困扰教会的错误道理呢(4:1-5)?他应该与教会其他成员分享真理(4:6)并弃绝错误的教导(4:7)。他应该在信心和圣经知识上得到增长(4:8-10)并用有声的讲道和以他自己作为好榜样引导教会的敬拜(4:11-15)。 A pastor not only preaches but also counsels. Timothy must be wise in dealing with the different age groups in the church (5:1-2). Widows require special attention. Timothy must learn to recognize a true widow – one who is truly in need of help from the church and has no relatives to support her (5:3-16). Elders (ministers) should be honored and respected. They must not be falsely accused of wrongdoing (5:17-20). The pastors who oversee the church must set good examples, treat everyone equally, and not act too quickly in certain matters (5:21-25). Paul’s years of experience in the ministry taught him how to deal with slaves and their masters (6:1-2), false teachers (6:3-5), lovers of money (6:6-10), and the rich (6:17-19). Now he shares his wisdom with Timothy. Finally, Paul encouraged his young friend to live a godly life, remember his own spiritual needs (6:11-16) and care for the church (6:20-21). 一位牧师不仅要传道还要劝导。提摩太必须在对待教会中不同年纪会众的事上有智慧(5:1-2)。需要给予寡妇特别的关注。提摩太应学会辨别真有需求的寡妇——真正需要教会的帮助并没有亲人提供她所需用的(5:3-16)。长老们(执事们)应该得到敬奉和尊重。他们不应被错误地控告(5:17-20)。牧师是监察教会的人应当树立好榜样,公平地对待每个人并且在一些重要事情上不可行事急促(5:21-25)。保罗长年传教的经验教导提摩太如何对待奴仆与主人(6:1-2)、假文士(6:3-5)、贪爱钱财的人(6:6-10)和富足的人(6:17-19)。他在此与提摩太分享他的智慧。最后,保罗鼓励他的这位年轻朋友过圣洁的生活,记住他自己属灵的需求(6:11-16)和教会的所需(6:20-21)。 2 Timothy 提摩太后书 The Writer 作者 The second letter to Timothy was also written by the Apostle Paul (1:1). It might well be called his “last will and testament.” 第二封给提摩太的信也是使徒保罗写的(1:1)。这封信也被称为“最后的嘱咐和见证”。 Paul’s Purpose in Writing 保罗的写作目的 Paul wrote 1 Timothy while he was in Macedonia. From there he visited Corinth, Miletus, and Troas (4:13,20). He was probably arrested in Troas and,before he could gather his belongings (4:13), was hurried off to Rome. 保罗在马其顿时写了提摩太前书。他从那里出发拜访了哥林多、米利都和特罗亚(4:13,20)。他可能在特罗亚还没有来得及收拾他的行李就被逮捕了(4:13),并被迅速被带到罗马。 During Paul’s second time in prison in Rome he was closely guarded but was able to receive some visitors (1:16-17). Up until then he had successfully defended himself (4:16-17). But he knew it was only a matter of time before he would be put to death (4:6-7). 在保罗被第二次关在罗马的监狱中的时候,他被严密地看守,但是可以接待一些来拜访他的人(1:16-17)。直到那时他都成功地为自己分诉(4:16-17)。但是他知道他被处死只是时间的问题(4:6-7)。 Paul wanted to see Timothy one last time (4:9). However, winter was coming and soon travel on the Mediterranean Sea would be impossible. Paul did not want to go home to heaven without once again seeing his “dear son” Timothy. But if this became impossible, this letter would be his final message. It was written about A.D. 66. 保罗希望能见提摩太最后一次(4:9)。但是,冬天就要到了,并且不久将不可能在地中海上航行了。保罗不想在没有再一次见到他“亲爱的儿子”提摩太之前就去天家。但是如果他不可能再见到提摩太,那么这封信将是他最后的信息。它被写于公元66年。 Paul’s final letter to Timothy is very personal. The old apostle had fought many battles for the faith. He preached the message of salvation (1:11) and often defended the Gospel against false teachings (1:13-14). While he had been wounded by his time in prison (1:8) and by cowardly co-workers (1:15), his heart was still brave (1:12). He could now wait for death with Christian dignity and receive a heavenly crown of righteousness (4:7-8). 保罗给提摩太的最后这封信是非常私人的信件。这位年长的使徒已经为信心进行了很多征战。他传讲了救恩的信息(1:11)并且常常为福音分诉,使众人免受错误教导的影响(1:13-14)。但是当他在狱中受到伤害(1:8)而且是被那些胆小的同工们伤害时(1:15),他的心仍旧无畏(1:12)。此时,他可以以基督徒的尊严等待死亡并接受从天上来的公义的冠冕(4:7-8)。 Paul’s struggle was nearing its end, but Timothy’s was just beginning. Paul’s advice to Timothy was: “be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus” (2:1), “Endure hardship . . . like a good soldier of Christ Jesus”(2:3), “Preach the Word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage ¨C with great patience and careful instruction”(4:2), “do the work of an evangelist” (4:5). In short, Paul tells Timothy, “carry out all the duties of your ministry” (4:5). 保罗的争斗即将结束,但是提摩太的才刚开始。保罗给提摩太的劝告是:“在耶稣基督的恩典上刚强起来”(2:1),“同受苦难…好像基督耶稣的精兵”(2:3),“务要传道!无论得时不得时,总要专心,并用百般的忍耐,各样的教训,责备人,警戒人,劝勉人”(4:2),“做传道的工夫”(4:5)。总之,保罗告诉提摩太,“尽你的职分”(4:5)。 Outline of 2 Timothy 提摩太后书概要 Theme: “Preach the Word” 主题: “务要传道”
  7. Greeting (1:1-2) 问安(1:1-2)
  8. Preach only the Word of God (1:3-2:13) 只传神的道(1:3-2:13)
  9. Live as a True Minister of the Gospel(2:14-3:9) 向福音的真正执事一样行(2:14-3:9)
  10. Preach the Word of God Always (3:10-4:5) 总要传神的道(3:10-4:5)
  11. Closing Personal Note (4:6-22) 最后的个人嘱咐(4:6-22) Summary 概要 Theme: “Preach the Word” 主题: “务要传道” The theme of 2 Timothy comes from the last chapter: “Preach the Word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage – with great patience and careful instruction” (4:2). With these words Paul is telling Timothy to faithfully carry out all the duties of the public ministry. The opposite of actively preaching the Word would be to hide the Gospel. In many places Paul tells Timothy not to be ashamed to testify about the Lord (1:8,12,16, etc.). 提摩太后书的主题来自最后一章:“务要传道!无论得时不得时,总要专心,并用百般的忍耐,各样的教训,责备人,警戒人,劝勉人”(4:2)。保罗在用这些话告诉提摩太全心全意地尽他的职分。与积极传道相反的是隐藏福音。保罗在信中多处告诉提摩太不要以为主作见证为耻(1:8,12,16,等等)。
  12. Greeting (1:1-2) 问安(1:1-2) In this normal greeting Paul makes it clear that he is writing to Timothy. The blessing is the same as that in 1 Timothy 1:2. 在这个普通的问安中,保罗明确地指出他是在写信给提摩太。祝福和提摩太前书1:2中的内容一样。
  13. Preach only the Word of God (1:3-2:13) 只传神的道(1:3-2:13) In the first verses Paul urges Timothy to preach the pure Gospel message with all his energy. Since birth Timothy has been taught the truth of God’s Word (1:3-5; 3:15). Now as a called Christian leader he is expected to preach the Gospel boldly (1:6-7) just as Paul has been doing for many years (1:8-14). 在开始的几句中,保罗要求提摩太用他所有的能力传纯正的福音。从出生起,提摩太就被教导神的道(1:3-5;3:15)。如今作为一位被呼召的基督徒领袖,他被寄予期望放胆地传讲福音(1:6-7)正如保罗在这么多年里一直做的一样(1:8-14)。 When the evils of the ungodly world attack Christians, some give up while others remain firm in their faith (1:15-16). Timothy is urged to remain strong, to train other faithful ministers, to hold up under all hardship, and to be counted among the saved (2:1-13). 当不敬虔的世代的罪恶攻击基督徒时,一些人放弃信神,但是一些人仍保持坚定的信心(1:15-16)。提摩太被要求仍要刚强;训练其他可信的执事;在困难中站立得住并看自己是被拯救的人中的一个(2:1-13)。
  14. Live as a True Minister of the Gospel(2:14-3:9) 向福音的真正执事一样行(2:14-3:9) If Timothy is to follow in Paul’s footsteps and train others to be pastors, he needs to live his own life like a true minister of the Gospel. He must fight false doctrine and preach the truth (2:14-19). But if he was to be “an instrument for noble purpose . . . [and] useful to the Master” (2:21) he needed to live a holy life. He needed to be wise, kind and thoughtful (2:22-26). As the clock counts down to Judgment Day, sin and false teachings will increase (3:1-9). Timothy must be aware of and prepared for this. 如果提摩太要追随保罗的脚步并训练其他人成为牧师,他自己需要行事像一位真正的福音的执事。他必须和错误的道理争斗并传讲真理(2:14-19)。但是如果他要成为“贵重的器皿…【并】合乎主用”(2:21),他需要过圣洁的生活。他需要有智慧,温温和和并且体贴人(2:22-26)。当时钟在倒数审判日的到来,罪和错误的教导会增长(3:1-9)。提摩太必须对此警惕和有所预备。
  15. Preach the Word of God Always (3:10-4:5) 总要传神的道(3:10-4:5) Whatever the future holds (4:3-5) Timothy must always “preach the Word”(4:2). He will find the strength to do this if he remembers that God’s loving care preserved Paul in his faithful service and that the Gospel is God‟s tool for bringing men to faith and salvation (3:10-17). 不管未来如何(4:3-5),提摩太“务要传道”(4:2)。如果提摩太记住在保罗的忠心侍奉中神的爱保守了他以及福音是神带给人信心和救恩的工具,他将在传道中得到力量(3:10-17)。
  16. Closing Personal Note (4:6-22) 最后的个人嘱咐(4:6-22) Paul will be killed but then will enter heaven (4:6-8). However, he would like to see Timothy before this happens (4:9). The last chapter in the book of Paul’s life contains the names of many church workers, some faithless, others faithful (4:9-21). 保罗将被处死但是之后将进入天堂(4:6-8)。然而,他想要在这些发生前见到提摩太(4:9)。在关于保罗生平的书中的最后一章包含了许多教会中同工的名字,有些是缺少信心的,其他则是忠心的(4:9-21)。 Years earlier Paul had preached the saving gospel to young Timothy. That Word grew in his heart. Now Timothy was himself a pastor and the “dear son” Paul had always wanted. While facing his own trip to heaven, Paul looks back at Timothy. The father’s prayer for his son is: “The Lord be with your spirit. Grace be with you”(4:22). 几年前,保罗已经向年轻的提摩太传讲了救恩的福音。那个道在提摩太心中成长起来。此时,提摩太自己成为保罗一直希望的一位牧师和“亲爱的儿子”。当面对他自己去天堂的路,保罗回头看提摩太。父亲为儿子的祷告是:“愿主与你的灵同在。愿恩惠常与你们同在”(4:22)。 Titus 提多书 The Writer 作者 Paul wrote this letter to Titus (1:1). He wrote it about the same time as 1 Timothy (A.D. 65). 保罗写了这封信给提多(1:1)。他在写提摩太前书的同一时期写了这封信(公元65年)。 Paul’s Purpose in Writing 保罗的写作目的 After his release from his first time in prison in Rome, Paul may have visited Spain. From there he traveled east stopping on the island of Crete. Later he left Titus in charge of that area (1:5) while he went on to Ephesus and Macedonia (1 Tim. 1:3). There he wrote this letter to Titus. 在保罗第一次从罗马的监狱释放后,保罗可能拜访过西班牙。从那里向东行在克里特岛作了停留。之后他让提多留在那里负责那个地方的教会(1:5)接着他去了以弗所和马其顿(提摩太前书1:3)。在那里他给提多写了这封信。 Titus had the talents and experience to be a good pastor. Years earlier Paul had introduced him to Christianity and thus could call him “my true son in our common faith”(1:4). Titus had been with Paul at the Apostolic Council in Jerusalem (Gal. 2:1-5). He was Paul’s “partner and fellow worker” on the apostle’s second missionary journey (2 Cor. 8:23). Like Timothy, Titus had been in other difficult situations. He had earlier helped restore order to the troubled Corinthian congregations (2 Cor. 2:13; 7:6-16; 8:6, 16, 23; 12:18). 提多具备成为一位好牧师的恩赐和经验。几年前,保罗已经领他成为基督徒,因此,可以称他“照着我们共信之道作我真儿子”(1:4)。提多与保罗一起参加了在耶路撒冷的使徒会议(加拉太书2:1-5)。在保罗的第二次传道行程中,他是保罗的“同伴和一同劳碌的人”(哥林多后书8:23)。就像提摩太一样,提多也经历了其他困难。他在之前已经帮助陷入困境的哥林多教会恢复秩序(哥林多后书2:13;7:6-16;8:6,16,23;12:18)。 Titus did not have an easy job on Crete. He needed to organize the Christian churches and find good pastors for them (1:5). At the same time he had to fight against false teachers (1:14; 3:9). He needed to help the people of Crete who were famous for their sinfulness to learn to live Christian lives (1:12-13). 提多在克里特的工作并不简单。他需要组织基督教会并为他们找到好牧师(1:5)。同时,他要抵挡假文士(1:14;3:9)。他需要帮助克里特的众人如何过基督徒应有的生活,因那里的人以他们的罪闻名(1:12-13)。 Outline of Titus 提多书概要 Theme: “Agree with Sound Doctrine” 主题: “合乎那纯正的道理”
  17. Greeting (1:1-4) 问安(1:1-4)
  18. Qualifications of a Christian pastor (1:5-16) 合乎条件的一位基督徒牧师(1:5-16)
  19. Teaching Holy Living (2:1-3:11) 教导圣洁的生活(2:1-3:11)
  20. Closing Personal Notes (3:12-15) 最后的个人嘱咐(3:12-15) Summary 概要 Theme: “Agree with Sound Doctrine” 主题: “合乎那纯正的道理” Paul tells Titus in chapter 2:1 that he should teach only those things that agreed with the proper and correct teaching of Scripture. Such teaching brings the “hope of eternal life” (3:7) and makes people do “what is good” (3:8). Every pastor and church member must be made aware that “the knowledge of the truth . . . leads to godliness”(1:1). 保罗在2:1中告诉提多他应该只教导那些合乎正统和正确的圣经中所教导的。这样的教导带来“永生的盼望”(3:7)和使人做“正经事业”(3:8)。每一位牧师和教会成员应该知道“敬虔真理的知识”(1:1)。
  21. Greeting (1:1-4) 问安(1:1-4) Paul first points to his own authority as an apostle, then spells out the object of his ministry, and then names Titus as the person who he is writing to. 保罗首先指出他自己作为使徒的权柄,接着详细说明了他事工的对象,然后说出他的信是写给叫提多的人的。
  22. Qualifications of a Christian Pastor (1:5-16) 合乎条件的一位基督徒牧师(1:5-16) While serving as a Christian missionary on Crete, Titus must organize congregations and train pastors (1:5). Any man who holds the office of elder or bishop must be a good example of Christian life (1:6-8). He must also know the teachings of Scriptures well (1:9). If any leader is sinful and teaches false doctrine, he must be called to repent (1:10-14). False teachers and leaders can be identified by their actions (1:15-16). 当作为一位基督徒传道人在克里特侍奉时,提多必须组织教会并训练牧师(1:5)。任何成为长老或主教的人都必须是基督徒生活的好榜样(1:6-8)。他也必须非常了解圣经中的教导(1:9)。如果任何一位犯了罪或教导错误道理的领袖,他应被要求悔改(1:10-14)。假文士和领袖可以通过他们的行为来识别(1:15-16)。
  23. Teaching Holy Living (2:1-3:11) 教导圣洁的生活(2:1-3:11) Paul now tells Titus to teach old people (2:1-3), young people (2:4-8), and even slaves (2:9-10) how to behave as Christians. Holy living does not come naturally to man. It is the result of God’s grace and cannot be separated from faith in Jesus Christ (2:11-14). 保罗现在是要告诉提多教导年老的人(2:1-3),年轻的人(2:4-8),甚至是奴仆(2:9-10)作为基督徒行为举止应如何。圣洁的生活不会自然地到来。它是神恩典的结果并且不能与在耶稣基督里的信心分离。(2:11-14)。 Christians are also loyal citizens, honest, peaceful, helpful and humble before all men (3:1-2). Once again Paul makes it clear that a person cannot live a holy life by himself (3:3). The new life is a new life in Christ. It grows out of God’s gift of salvation given in baptism (3:4-8). 基督徒也要在众人前做忠实的公民,诚实,不争竞,乐于帮助人并且谦卑(3:1-2)。保罗再一次明确表示一个人不能靠自己的能力过圣洁的生活(3:3)。新生活是在基督里的新生活。它产生于在洗礼中神赐予的救恩的恩赐(3:4-8)。 Finally Paul shows that holy living should be seen in every part of church life (3:9). Godliness does not mean being accepting of false teachers, however. The Christian church must condemn unrepentant sinners and not allow them into their fellowship (excommunicate them, 3:10 -11). 最后保罗表示圣洁的生活应该体现在教会生活的每一部分(3:9)。然而,敬虔不代表接受假文士。基督教会必须定不悔改的罪人的罪并且不允许他们加入团契(将他们逐出教会,3:10-11)。
  24. Closing Personal Note (3:12-15) 最后的个人嘱咐(3:12-15) In closing, Paul asks Titus to join him in Nicopolis. Zenas and Apollos, who were carrying this letter, are to be helped on their way home. 在结尾处,保罗要求提多在尼哥波立见他。西纳和亚波罗带着这封信在他们回家的路途中受到帮助。 Philemon 腓利门书 The Writer 作者 Paul identifies himself as the author of this personal letter (1,19). 保罗表明他自己是这封个人信件的作者(1,19)。 Paul’s Purpose in Writing 保罗的写作目的 Paul had been placed under house arrest in Rome (1, 23). While many false charges had been brought against Paul (Acts 21:17-26:32; 28:26), he was really being held for confessing Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior (Acts 26:19-23;Philem. 9). 保罗已经处于在罗马的软禁中(1,23)。然而许多作假见证控告保罗(使徒行传21:17-26:32;28:26),他真正被关押是因为他告白耶稣基督是主和救主(使徒行传26:19-23;腓利门书9)。 Luke tells us that “for two whole years Paul stayed in Rome in his own rented house and welcomed all who came to see him. Boldly and without hindrance he preached the kingdom of God and taught about the Lord Jesus Christ” (Acts 28:30-31). One of the many visitors to whom he preached the Gospel was a runaway slave, Onesimus. 路加告诉我们“保罗在自己所租的房子里住了足足两年。凡来见他的人,他全都接待,放胆传讲神国的道,将主耶稣基督的事击教导人,并没有人禁止”(使徒行传28:30-31)。他向那些来见他的人传讲福音,其中的一位是逃跑的奴仆,阿尼西谋。 Onesimus had stolen some money from his master Philemon (18-19) and fled from Colossae to Rome. Later he came into contact with Paul and through him came to know Jesus Christ. Soon his new faith produced fruit. He served the Lord by helping Paul (10,13). Thus a “useless” unbeliever and slave became a “useful” Christian (the name Onesimus means “useful”). 阿尼西谋从他的主人腓利门那里偷了一些钱(18-19)并从歌罗西逃到罗马。之后他与保罗联系并通过保罗认识了耶稣基督。他初信不久就结了果子。他通过帮助保罗来侍奉主(10,13)。因此,一位“没有益处”不信主的奴仆成为了一位“有益处”的基督徒(阿尼西谋的名字的意思是“有益的”)。 Paul decided that Onesimus should return to his owner Philemon, even though Paul could still use his help. Philemon himself had been brought to Christ by Paul (19). He had opened his home in Colossae for church meetings. In this letter Paul asks Philemon to take back his runaway slave with the open arms of Christian love, instead of with fists of anger (15-16). 保罗决定阿尼西谋应该回到他主人腓利门那里,虽然保罗还需要他的帮助。腓利门自己已经通过保罗引到了基督那里(19)。他在歌罗西将他的家提供给教会聚会。在这封信中保罗要求腓利门以出于基督的爱张开双臂而不是用怒气的拳头迎接他逃跑的奴仆(15-16)。 Paul’s co-worker Tychicus went with Philemon to Colosse carrying this letter (about A.D. 61). On the same trip, Tychicus took along Paul’s letter to the Colossian church (Col. 4:7-9). 保罗的同工推基古和腓利门一起带着这封信去了歌罗西(大约公元61年)。同一次行程中,推基古还带着保罗给歌罗西教会的信(歌罗西书4:7-9)。 Outline of Philemon 腓利门书概要 Theme: Christians Are Family 主题: 基督徒们是一个家庭
  25. Greeting (1-3) 问安(1-3)
  26. Thanksgiving for Philemon’s Service in Christ (4-7) 感恩腓利门在基督里的侍奉(4-7)
  27. Prayer for Onesimus (8-22) 为阿尼西谋的祷告(8-22)
  28. More Greetings (23-25) 更多人的问安(23-25) 最后更新于 2014年9月11日 星期四 08:48 MeasureMeasure Get a free Evernote account to save this article and view it later on any device. Create account