恩典国际圣经学院

第二课——楼上的大房间的对话——第一部分

Lesson 2 – Upper Room Conversation – Part 1


Getting Started Lesson 1 put us on the path of Jesus’ suffering and death. The plot was devised between Judas and the Jewish leaders. In the meantime, Jesus and his disciples were ready to celebrate Passover together in the room that had been arranged by Jesus. We gather in the Upper Room for this lesson, and we learn many things as silent listeners to this most important conversation.

开始: 第一课将我们带到了耶稣的受难与死亡的过程中。犹大和犹太领袖已策划了他们的计谋 。 同时耶稣和他的门徒正准备要在一个耶稣安排的房间来庆祝逾越节 。当我们聚集在这个楼上的大房间,作为一个安静的聆听者来聆听这个最重要的对话时,我们将会学到很多的东西。

A. A Humble, Instructive Beginning Mt 26:20 ; John 13:1-20;Mk 14:17 Lk 22:14) 一个谦卑的、有教益性的开始 《马太福音》26:20;《约翰福音》13:1-20 ;《马可福音》14:17;《路加福音》22:14)

1. In the opening verses of John 13, in what way are John’s words more than just a telling of what happened?

在《约翰福音》13章的开始的经文里,约翰的话语以什么样的方式表明他不仅仅只是讲叙事件的开始?

2. What purpose do verses 1 and 3 serve? (Consider the purpose of John’s gospel as he expresses it in chapter 1 and in John 20:31.)

《约》13:1节与3节要达成什么?( 透过第一章与《约》20:31节所阐述的来思考《约翰福音》的目的)

3. What was Jesus emphasizing by washing his disciples’ feet? (Isaiah 42:1; 52:13; Matthew 20:28)

耶稣洗门徒的脚是要强调是什么?(《以赛亚书》42:1;52:13;《马太福音》20:28)

4. What lesson did Peter learn from Jesus through this incident?

彼得从这个事件中学习到了什么?

5. How do Jesus’ words take us beyond physical washing?

耶稣的话是如何使我们的领受不仅仅局限身体的洗?

6. What lesson do we learn in Jesus’ words from verses 13-17?

从13-17节耶稣的话语中我们学到了什么功课?

B. Prediction of Betrayal, Judas Departs Mt 26:21-25 ; Jn 13:18-26; Mk 14:18-21 Lk 22:21-23) 预言背叛,犹大离开 《太》26:21-25 ;《约》13:18-26; 《可》14:18-21《路》22:21-23

[Note: One of the things that is difficult for Bible interpreters is to decide whether or not Judas was present for the first Lord’s Supper. When one reads just Luke, it sounds as if Judas was there. (See Lk 22:19-23.) But if we keep reading in Luke 22, it becomes apparent that Luke is not so much concerned about the exact order of events as he is about including pieces of the conversation not included in Matthew and Mark. It makes the most sense theologically to accept Matthew’s order that Judas had left before Jesus gave his disciples the Lord’s Supper.]

【注释: 对于解经家来说有一件很难的事情 就是犹大是否参加了第一次圣餐。当我们仅仅看《路加福音》的时候,好像犹大是在场的(参《路》22:19-23)。但是当我们接下来看《路加福音》22章时,路加的描述不太注重事件发生的次序,他所描述的事情并没有在《马太福音》与《马可福音》中提及。在神学上最认可的是《马太福音》的叙事顺序,那就是犹大在耶稣与他的门徒举行圣餐之前已经离开了】

7. Concerning the prediction of Judas’ betrayal, explain how Matthew’s account and John’s account fit together.

解释《马太福音》与《约翰福音》在预言犹大背叛的 叙述上是如何贯穿一体的。

8. Did Jesus want Judas to betray him? Is he giving him a chance to change his mind? If so, how?

耶稣希望犹大出卖他吗?耶稣给犹大改变想法的机会了吗?如果是,是怎样的情况?

9. Compare John 13:27 to Luke 22:3. Is there a contradiction in these two verses? Explain. What are Luke and John emphasizing?

对比《约翰福音》13:27与《路加福音》22:3,这两处经文矛盾吗?解释一下。《路》与《约》强调的重点是什么?

C. A New Commandment, Dispute about Greatness Jn 13:31-35 ; Lk 22:24-30; 一条新命令以及关于谁最大的辩论 《约》13:31-35;《路》22:24-30。

[Note: Once again there is a problem with the order. It hardly seems plausible that the disciples would argue about who is the greatest immediately after receiving the Lord’s Supper. As stated earlier, Luke is reporting WHAT was said, not necessarily WHEN it was said. The content of the conversation seems to fit better earlier in the evening when Jesus saw the need to teach humility by washing his disciples’ feet.]

【注释:再一次碰到叙述时间次序的问题。很难置信门徒们在领受了圣餐后马上就争论谁最大。正如前面所指明的,路加是在描述讲了什么,而不是在描述 什么时候讲的 。这段对话内容好像更合适放在那天晚上更早的时间,就是当耶稣给门徒洗脚来教导他们谦卑的时候。】

10. What does Jesus mean in saying he is about to be “glorified”?

耶稣所说的他将被“荣耀”是什么?

11. How is the “love” Jesus is talking about different than “love your neighbor as you love yourself”?

耶稣这里所说的“爱”与“爱邻舍如同自己”有什么不同?

12. How do you think Christians today are doing in following these words?

你认为今天的基督徒在实践这些话上做得怎样?

13. How do the words of Luke 22:25-27 explain more fully what Jesus had meant by washing his disciples’ feet?

《路加福音》22:25-27节是如何更全面地解释耶稣给门徒洗脚的意义?

14. How did the disciples have “a kingdom”?

门徒们是怎样有了“国度”的?

D. The Lord’s Supper Mt 26:26-29 ; Mk 14:22-25 ; Lk 22:14-20 最后的晚餐 《太》26:26-29;《可》14:22-25;《路》22:14-20

15. Jesus’ words are clear and simple in respect to what he was giving them and for what purpose. Explain.

耶稣的话语很清楚地陈明了他给门徒们的是什么以及目的是什么。解释一下。

16. Why is it important to understand these words in the context of the Passover celebration?

从逾越节的角度出发,理解这些话语为什么这么重要?

E. Warnings of Denial Mt 26:31-35 ; Mk 14:27-31 ; Lk 22:31-38 ; Jn 13:36-38 不认主的警告 《太》26:31-35;《可》14:27-31;《路》22:31-38;《约》13:36-38。

17. Compare the insights each writer gives us into Jesus’ warnings. How do you think you would have reacted if you had heard these words said about you?

比较每位作者在描述耶稣的警告时向我们所传达的信息。如果你听到关于你的这样的警告,你会怎么做呢?

18. What is the most important thing you hear in all these words of Jesus spoken in the Upper Room?

你所听到的耶稣在楼上的大房间里讲的所有话语中最重要的是什么?