Getting Started The suffering began in the garden. It intensifies in the halls of judgment. For the most part, Jesus faces his accusers in dignified silence. The prophet Isaiah wrote, He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.(53:7) There was no stopping the events that needed to unfold for lost humankind to be redeemed by the blood of God’s chosen Lamb. We stand in awe as the Judge of all allows himself to be falsely condemned by sinners.
开始：受难是从客西马尼园开始。在受审的院子里更加剧。在大部分时间， 耶稣以尊严的沉默面对他的控告者。《以赛亚书》这样记载：“他被欺压，在受苦的时候却不开口（或作“他受欺压，却自卑不开口”），他像羊羔被牵到宰杀之地，又像羊在剪毛的人手下无声，他也是这样不开口。”(《以赛亚书》53：7) 什么也不能阻止这位被上帝拣选的羔羊的血来为堕落的人类来赎罪。我们在敬畏中伫立当这位全宇宙的审判者允许自己被罪人错误的定罪。
Historical Note: Annas was the former high priest, deposed by the Romans in A.D. 15. According to Jewish law, a man was appointed high priest for life. For this reason the Jews may have still considered Annas to be the true high priest. Therefore they take Jesus to him for the initial hearing. Caiaphas may have wanted his father-in-law to begin the process so that Caiaphas could gather the council members he wanted for Jesus’ “official” trial. According to Jewish law, it was illegal both to have a trial in the middle of the night and to convict someone on the same day as their arrest.
1. Concerning John’s comment about Caiaphas in John 18:14, see John 11:45-53. Explain how Caiaphas meant one thing and how God used his words to prophecy something entirely different.
2. John 18:20-23 include some of the few words that Jesus spoke during his trials. With what attitude does Jesus speak these words? Why are they a very logical thing for him to say?
3. Matthew 26:59 tells us that the whole Sanhedrin was looking for false evidence against Jesus. “Whole” in this context undoubtedly means “all that were there.” See John 3:1-2 and 7:50,51 and explain why at least one member most likely was not invited to this secret meeting.
4. Concerning the charge in Matthew 26:61, see John 2:18-21. What do these references show us about human nature?
5. To see why Caiaphas demanded of Jesus what he did in Matthew 26:63, see John 5:18 and John 10:33. Why was this the true “heart of the matter”?
6. How are Jesus’ words in verse 64 a prophecy of “role reversal”?
耶稣在64节的话语是如何成为 “角色翻转”的 预言？
7. Claiming to be God the Judge made Jesus guilty of blasphemy in the minds of the Sanhedrin’s members. See Leviticus 24:10-16 for a description of Old Testament blasphemy and its penalty. (The Sanhedrin could not carry out the penalty because of Roman rule. However, they later stoned Stephen illegally.)
8. How do the members of the Sanhedrin become guilty of the very thing they accused Jesus of?
9. Did Judas repent of his sins in Matthew 27:4? Defend your answer.
[Note: The Old Testament quote in verses 9-10 is really a blending of two references – Zechariah 11:12-13 and Jeremiah 32:6-9.]
10. What are the important similarities and differences between Judas’ and Peter’s response to their sin?
[Note: (Nov. 27) As we compare the accounts of Matthew and John, it becomes apparent that Matthew gives a quick summary of the events (and not necessarily in a precise order), and John gives more details on the interaction among Pilate, Jesus, and the Jewish leaders. John seems to have a more precise order in how he reports the trial.]
11. How do we blend the details in Matthew with the trial’s order in John?
12. What might be a possible explanation for what we find in Matthew 27:19?
13. How do you react to Pilate’s words in Matthew 27:24?
14. How were the words of Matthew 27:25 fulfilled?
15. As you read John’s account, describe the tactics used by the Jewish leaders in their attempt to get Pilate to pronounce the death sentence on Jesus.
16. How would you describe Pilate’s reaction to Jesus’ words in John 18:36-37?
17. How can we blend John 19:1-3 with Matthew 27:26-31? [A possible translation of Matthew 27:26 is Having had Jesus flogged, he handed him over to be crucified.]
18. Why did Pilate want to set Jesus free?
19. What do the words of John 19:15-16 show us about the character of Pilate? Of the Jewish leaders?