Lesson 4（第四课） The structure of the Sermon alt Structure is needed to bind the sermon together. The basic outline is the skeleton of the sermon. Such as: “God’s Strategy for Israel’s Warfare” I. He arms them with a promise. II.He directs them with his Word. III.He assures them with his love. Structure helps us to proclaim the Word more clearly:
Write a brief description of the parts of the text.
Examine the content of the parts and write a theme that summarizes the parts.
Re-examine the theme and parts and rewrite as best.
The Theme: is a brief and clear statement of the main idea of the sermon.
Reconciliation is the practical application for this text.
Romans 4:1-5,13-17 a. The Cross made Grace Possible b. “Grace” is the practical application of this text. 5. Luke 12:29-32 a. The Faith that Conquers Fear b. The practical aspect is that faith affects our fear in life. 6. A good theme indicates scope as well as direction. Poorer themes promise more than they can do. a. “Our Sin” would be too broad because “sin” is a huge part of scripture. It would be better to be more specific. b. This theme is not very good (The Sins against the 5th Commandment), but is better in scope the “Our Sin” 7. A good theme is a short theme. Some say that a theme should only be nine words or less. A theme that is too short will not be clear. a. We try to write memorable themes, but try not to be “cute.” b. “Let the Greatness of Jesus Show You Why Faith and Unbelief are So Decisive” This theme is too long and wordy. 8. A very good theme will be one that sounds good when you speak it. a. “The Marks of Maturity in Christians” is a good theme. A better wording might be b. “The Marks of a Mature Christian.” 9. A theme is not place for undignified words. Always speak in a noble way. a. “A Hullabaloo About Pigs” is not a good thing. The “hullabaloo” is not a bad word, but it is not a sophisticated term either. b. Never use words that will turn people’s minds from the Lord to sinful thoughts, such as with “The Sex Life of Samson” 10. A good theme is capable of being divided. Such as: Jesus Nurtures Weak Faith a. He tests it in a storm. b. He strengthens it with a miracle. Or A Revelation in a Storm at Sea. c. Of the disciples’ weak faith. d. Of the Lord’s Saving power. 11. A theme should contain only one proposition, never more. A sermon that leaves itself open to two points will confuse the people. We can never deal with everything in a text. There will be other times to speak God’s Word. a. “The Effectiveness and Necessity of Prayer” b. “The Causes and Cure of Gossip.” c. Neither of the above is a good theme for each of them state the parts of the sermon, rather than the theme. If possible, reflect the uniqueness of the text in the theme. There are many texts that speak about justification. Each of those texts is the same for they speak about being declared innocent of sin. Each of the texts is unique for the context and the presentation is different. As we develop our theme, try to incorporate the uniqueness of the text into the theme. In some literature this is expressed as “incorporating text color.” The Parts The theme inform the listener what you intend to preach about. The major divisions of the theme indicate how you intend to cover the subject. The major divisions are the parts.
Good parts express the related thoughts of the text.
Parts should be brief and clear.
The Compassionate Christ – Concerned a. About the fallen. b. About the faithful.
Parts must actually divide the theme. – 2 Corinthians 3:4-5 a. God Directs Christian Lives · Our competence comes from God. · This competence makes us capable gospel ministers.
The parts should allow or imply applications that we can make to our lives. a. Joshua 1:1-9 God’s Plan for Israel’s Warfare · He strengthens them with His Promise · He directs them with His Word.
The parts should relate to each other (be logical). The parts should encourage the listeners to want to listen. Avoid these a. Parts that repeat the theme. b. Parts that are questions. c. A first part that is positive and then a 2nd that is negative.
Many people do not Understand the Scriptures. a. Not because they are not clear (the negative proposition) b. But because they let preconceived ideas hinder them (the positive proposition). c. Do not have a first part that is the explanation of the text and a second part that is all application.
God Saves for a Purpose a. The Lord has saved you for service. b. Serve the Lord with a single mind. c. To have a first part that is declaratory and a second part that is imperative. Assignment once we have gone over this lesson –
Look over the 1-8 of theme development. Which of those have you found to be easier to pursue? Which have you found more challenging?
Have you noted anything in Chinese preaching that should be brought out in the development of a theme?
Love over the 1-6 developing the parts. Which of those have you found to be easier to pursue? Which have you found more challenging?
Have you noted anything in Chinese preaching that should be brought out in the development of the parts for your sermons? alt
Since preaching in China is over a longer time (one to two hours), how does the longer time frame affect the development of sermon themes and parts?
Study Luke 7:36-50 and develop a theme and parts for this text.
Select a text of your choosing – such as one that you might be preaching on three weeks from now – and develop a theme and parts so that we can discuss it before the time when you will preach it.