Course D: The Gospel of John
Lesson 11 – Jesus the Good Shepherd
John 10 约翰福音第十章
Getting Started From the beginning of chapter 7 to verse 21 of John 10, Jesus is in Jerusalem for the Feast of Tabernacles. The time was late September or early October in the autumn before his death and resurrection. John 10:1 therefore continues where Jesus left off at the end of chapter 9. When we get to 10:22 a new time reference appears – The Feast of Dedication. This was Hanukkah or the Festival of Lights, which Jews celebrate to this day in mid-December. The festival remembers the rededication of the temple after its desecration by Antiochus IV in 165 B.C. Though about two months had passed since Jesus’ words in the first half of John 10, he returns to that familiar theme of him as shepherd and his followers as sheep. In the second half of the chapter we see the conversation between Jesus and his enemies turn to the central theme of John’s gospel – Jesus is the true Son of God, one with the Father.
Jesus, the Good Shepherd 10:1 – 21
- Make a list of the word pictures Jesus uses in this section, and explain the spiritual meaning of each picture.
- Which verses in this section do you think speak the most powerful gospel?
- Find the verses where Jesus uses the words I am in reference to himself. See Exodus 3:14 for insight into Jesus’ use of these words.
- There is a two-sided reaction to Jesus’ words in verses 19-21. Find two different places in chapter 7 where there was also a two-sided reaction to Jesus’ teachings.
Jewish Unbelief 10:22-42
- About two months passed between verses 21 and 22. What does the question in verse 24 reveal about what the Jews were thinking?
- List the important truths you find in verses 25-30.
- Some modern believers say that Jesus never claimed to be God, but that his early disciples made up that teaching. How do these verses show that this view is wrong?
- Look at the psalm verse that Jesus quotes in verse 34, and explain what is meant by the term “gods” in that psalm.
- What reasons do you find for believing in verses 34 – 38?
- How does this section (10:22-42) emphasize one of John the apostle’s major themes?
- How do verses 40 – 42 show that John the Baptist’s ministry had been a success?
Possible site of John’s ministry and Jesus’ baptism:
———– Where John had preached and baptized