恩典国际圣经学院

第十一课—耶稣好牧人


第十一课—耶稣好牧人 Course D: The Gospel of John 课程D: 约翰福音 Lesson 11 – Jesus the Good Shepherd 第十一课–耶稣好牧人 John 10 约翰福音第十章 Getting Started From the beginning of chapter 7 to verse 21 of John 10, Jesus is in Jerusalem for the Feast of Tabernacles. The time was late September or early October in the autumn before his death and resurrection. John 10:1 therefore continues where Jesus left off at the end of chapter 9. When we get to 10:22 a new time reference appears – The Feast of Dedication. This was Hanukkah or the Festival of Lights, which Jews celebrate to this day in mid-December. The festival remembers the rededication of the temple after its desecration by Antiochus IV in 165 B.C. Though about two months had passed since Jesus’ words in the first half of John 10, he returns to that familiar theme of him as shepherd and his followers as sheep. In the second half of the chapter we see the conversation between Jesus and his enemies turn to the central theme of John’s gospel – Jesus is the true Son of God, one with the Father. 内容简介 从约翰福音第七章开始到十章21节,耶稣都在耶稣耶路撒冷过住棚节。时间应该是他受死和复活之前的秋天的九月末或十月初。因此约翰福音10:1接续九章结尾所记述关于耶稣的事。10:22节是一个新的时间上的里程碑的开始—修殿节。也就是犹太人的光明节,犹太人直到今天还在每年的12月中旬来庆祝这个节日。犹太人过这个节日是为了记念于主前165年被安提古斯亵渎后的圣殿的重献。尽管距耶稣在十章前半部分说话的时间已经有两个月之久,他在这里又重提他是牧人而信徒是羊这个熟悉的话题。在本章的后半部分我们看到耶稣和他的敌人的谈话开始围绕约翰福音的中心主题—耶稣是神的真儿子,跟父是合一的。 Jesus, the Good Shepherd 10:1 – 21 耶稣,好牧人 10:1-21

  1. Make a list of the word pictures Jesus uses in this section, and explain the spiritual meaning of each picture. 列出本段中精彩的口头描述,并分别解释它们的属灵含义。
  2. Which verses in this section do you think speak the most powerful gospel? 你认为本段哪一节讲的是最大能有力的福音?
  3. Find the verses where Jesus uses the words I am in reference to himself. See Exodus 3:14 for insight into Jesus’ use of these words. 找出耶稣用我是指自己的经文。参看出埃及记3:14节耶稣用这些词的含义。
  4. There is a two-sided reaction to Jesus’ words in verses 19-21. Find two different places in chapter 7 where there was also a two-sided reaction to Jesus’ teachings. 对耶稣在19-21节中说的话有两种不同的态度。请找出第七章中两处记载对耶稣所说的话有截然不同反应的地方。 Jewish Unbelief 10:22-42 犹太人的不信 10:22-42
  5. About two months passed between verses 21 and 22. What does the question in verse 24 reveal about what the Jews were thinking? 第21节和22节之间有两个月的间隔。第24节的疑问表明犹太人是怎么想的?
  6. List the important truths you find in verses 25-30. 列出你在25-30节中找到的重要真理。
  7. Some modern believers say that Jesus never claimed to be God, but that his early disciples made up that teaching. How do these verses show that this view is wrong? 现在的信徒有人说耶稣从来没称自己为神,只是他早期的门徒们编造他的话。如何从这些经节看出这种观点是错误的?
  8. Look at the psalm verse that Jesus quotes in verse 34, and explain what is meant by the term “gods” in that psalm. 看耶稣在34节中所引的诗篇,请解释诗篇中“神”的意思。
  9. What reasons do you find for believing in verses 34 – 38? 在34-38节中能看出人相信的原因是什么?
  10. How does this section (10:22-42) emphasize one of John the apostle’s major themes? 这一段(10:22-42)如何突出了使徒约翰的一个重要主题?
  11. How do verses 40 – 42 show that John the Baptist’s ministry had been a success? 如何从40-42节看出施洗约翰的事工是成功的? Possible site of John’s ministry and Jesus’ baptism: 替代文本 ———– Where John had preached and baptized