第十二课—复活在主,生命在主 The Gospel According to John 约翰福音 Lesson 12 – Jesus the Resurrection and the Life 第12课——复活在主,生命在主 John 11 约翰福音第11章 Getting Started – The events of John 11 most likely happened during January or February of the year Jesus died. We read about the Feast of Dedication in John 10:22, and John 11:55 indicates that these events took place before Passover (March – April). At the end of chapter 10 we find Jesus and his disciples on the east side of the Jordan River, “where John had been baptizing in the early days.” An urgent request brings the Savior back to familiar territory – to the village of Bethany; to the home of his friends. 内容简介 – 约翰福音第11章的事迹很可能发生在耶稣受死那年的一月或二月。我们在约翰福音10:22读到修殿节,以及约翰福音11:55表明这些事迹发生在逾越节(三月—四月)前。在第10章结尾我们发现耶稣和门徒们正在约旦河(“约翰起初施洗的地方”)的东边。收到急切请求后,救主又回到熟悉的地方,到伯大尼村庄朋友家中。 Jesus Is Summoned, Lazarus Dies 11:1 – 16 耶稣被唤回,拉撒路死去11:1-16 Things to Note: 注意事项: v. 3 – The word for “love” is “to love as a friend” (fileo). 第3节经文——词语“爱”是“像朋友般的爱”。 v. 5 – The word for “love” here is a self-sacrificing commitment for the good of others, God’s love for us and our love for God. 第5节经文——词语“爱”在此是为了别人的益处而牺牲自我的承诺,神对我们的爱和我们对神的爱。 v. 4 – One of the three verses in the gospels where Jesus uses the term “Son of God” in reference to himself: John 5:25; 10:36; 11:4 第4节经文—耶稣在福音中用 “神的儿子”指自己的三节经文之一:约翰福音5:25、10:36、11:4 v. 16 – “Thomas” is Aramaic for Jewish readers; “Didymus” is Greek for Gentiles readers. Both mean “twin.” 第16节经文–“多马”是犹太人所用的亚兰文;“低土马”是外邦人所用的希腊语。含义都是“双胞胎中的一人”。 Questions to Consider: 思考以下问题: 1. How much can we learn about this Bethany family from the following passages? 关于伯大尼的这个家庭,能从以下经文了解多少? Luke 10:38-42 路加福音 10:38-42 John 11:18-19, 45-47 约翰福音 11:18-19、45-47 John 12:1-11 约翰福音 12:1-11 2. Explain Jesus’ words in verse 4. 解释耶稣在第4节经文中的话语。 3. Explain the difference between the two kinds of love in verses 3 and 5. 请解释第3节和第5节经文中两种爱的区别。 4. The disciples were surprised by Jesus’ suggestion in verse 7. What two important things did Jesus have to do in Judea? (See Matthew 16:21.) How would each one of these things show his love (agape)? 在第7节经文中,门徒对耶稣的建议感到吃惊。耶稣要在犹大地做哪两件重要的事?(见马太福音16:21。)这些事如何各自彰显他的爱(agape)? 5. Explain Jesus’ words in verses 9-10 using the following passages: John 1:4-5; 3:19-21; 8:12 用以下章节:约翰福音1:4-5、3:19-21、 8:12,解释耶稣在第9-10节的话。 6. What comfort do you find in how Jesus mixes the pictures of sleep and death? How might you use this in ministering to others? 耶稣把睡着和死说成是同一件事时,你在其中得到什么安慰?如何应用在你的牧会当中? 7. Why do we find Thomas’ words in verse 16 somewhat surprising? 为什么我们觉得第16节中多马的话有点让人惊讶? Jesus Comforts Mary and Martha 11:17 – 37 耶稣安慰马利亚和马大11:17-37 Things to Note: 注意事项: vv. 17-19 The mourning period lasted seven days, during which the relatives would visit the grave many times as friends would come to comfort them. 第17-19节 哀悼时间持续七天,期间亲属会来坟墓前看望哀悼者,朋友也来安慰他们。 vv. 23-27 Here Jesus once again uses the expression “I am.” Review what we have said about the use of those words. 第23-27节 耶稣在此使用“我是”的表达。回顾一下我们所讲的关于这个词的用法。 v. 32 The faith that the sisters share 第32节 姊妹们所分享的信心 v. 35 The word “wept” simply means to shed tears, not to mourn or wail. 第35节 “哭”这个词仅仅指落泪,而非哀悼或哀号。 Questions to Consider: 思考以下问题: 8. What conclusion can we draw from the fact that “many Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them in the loss of their brother”? 从“有好些犹太人来看马大和马利亚,要为她们的兄弟安慰她们”的事实中你得到什么结论? 9. What two things do verses 21-24 show about Martha’s faith? 第21-24节经文中的哪两件事表明马大的信心? 10. How does Martha’s confession in verse 27 show a much different side of her than what we see in Luke 10:40? 马大在第27节经文中的忏悔与她在路加福音10:40中的如何不同? 11. Give examples of different ways one could use verses 25-26 in ministry. 举例说明我们以怎样不同的方式将第25-26节经文运用到服侍中。 12. Explain the movement of the various people in this section from the time Jesus meets Martha until he goes to the grave site. 说说在这一节中从耶稣见马大到他往坟墓去时人们的不同活动。 13. In verse 33, “deeply moved” can also mean “moved with anger.” If “holy anger” was involved in what Jesus felt at the grave, what could he have been angry about? 在第33节经文中,“心里悲叹”也可以指“愤怒”。如果耶稣在坟墓旁感到 “神圣的愤怒”,那他可能对什么愤怒? 14. What does verse 35 show you about your Savior? 第35节经文向你表明救赎主的哪一方面? Jesus Raises Lazarus 11:38 – 44 耶稣让拉撒路复活11:38-44 Things to Note: 注意事项: v. 39 This emphasizes the sureness of Lazarus’ death. 第39节经文 强调拉撒路确实已死去。 v. 40 Most likely spoken to the one who brought the message of Lazarus’ illness (vv 3-4) 第40节经文 很可能说给那个报告拉撒路生病的人的(第3-4节经文)。 Questions to Consider: 思考以下问题: 15. How could one use the prayer of Jesus in verses 41-42 at a funeral? 如何在葬礼上运用耶稣在第41-42节经文的祷告? 16. Point to various verses in this chapter to show what this miracle proves. 引用本章的不同经文说明此神迹证明了什么。 Jesus’ Enemies Plot to Kill Him 11:45 – 57 耶稣的敌人图谋杀他11:45-57 Things to Note: 注意事项: v. 47 The Romans gave the Sanhedrin a great deal of power, but they could not put anyone to death. 第47节经文 罗马人给犹太公会很大的权力,但他们不能处死任何人。 v. 54 Ephraim was a small village, the exact location of which is not known. Possibly it was in northern Judea, and possibly east of the Jordan River. 第54节经文 以法莲是一座小村子,具体位置不详。可能位于犹大地北部或约旦河东边。 v. 55 For references to “ceremonial cleansing,” see Exodus 19:10-15 and Numbers 9:9-14. 第55节经文 关于“节前洁净自己”,见出埃及记19:10-15和民数记9:9-14。 Questions to Consider: 思考以下问题: 17. What was the two-fold response to this miracle? 关于这个神迹有哪两种不同回应? 18. What did Caiaphas mean by his words in verse 50, and what meaning did God attach to these words? 第50节经文中该亚法的话是什么意思,神在这些话语上附加了何意? 19. How does the end of this chapter describe the mood in Jerusalem at this time? 本章末如何描述耶路撒冷在此时的情绪? 20. Why was the raising of Lazarus such a great miracle, and why did it lead to a serious plot to kill Jesus? 为何说拉萨路的复活是一个极大的神迹,为何这致使有人要图谋杀耶稣?