恩典国际圣经学院

第十四课—谦卑服侍和预言


第十四课—谦卑服侍和预言 The Gospel According to John 约翰福音 Lesson 14 – Humble Service and Predictions 第14课 —— 谦卑服侍和预言 John 13 约翰福音第 13章 Getting Started – The triumphal entry into Jerusalem had taken place in chapter 12. John includes in the remainder of that chapter some of the dialogue Jesus had with the crowds in Jerusalem during what we call “Holy Week.” But John does not include nearly as much as the synoptic authors. John even omits any reference to the Lord’s Supper at the Passover meal. John assumes his readers are familiar with the content of the other gospels, so he does not feel it is necessary to repeat what they had written. He is more concerned about Jesus’ farewell address to his disciples. This is the content of most of chapters 13 through 17. In recording this address, John shifts Jesus’ attention from the Jewish nation (chapters 1-12) to his followers, who would share his mission with the unbelieving world after his death and resurrection (chapters 13-21). 内容简介 —— 耶稣荣入耶路撒冷发生在第12章。约翰在该章末尾加入耶稣在“受难周”期间与众人的部分谈话。但是,约翰并没有像其他福音书作者记述的那么详细。他甚至对主在逾越节的晚餐没有任何记载。约翰认为读者们已熟悉其它福音书中的内容,觉得不必再重复。他更关注耶稣对门徒的道别讲话。这是贯穿第13章至17章的最主要内容。关于这个讲话,约翰把耶稣对犹太民族的关注(第1-12章)转投到门徒身上。在耶稣受死并复活(第13至21章)之后,在这个不信的世界中门徒们将担当耶稣的使命。 Jesus Washes His Disciples’ Feet 13:1 – 17 耶稣为门徒洗脚13:1-17 Things to Note: 注意事项: v. 1 The end of verse 1 in the Greek says, “He loved them to the end,” or “He loved them to completion.” Does this give us new insight into the meaning of the verse? 第1节 第1节的结束,用希腊语是说,“他爱他们直到末了”,或“他爱他们直到完全”。这是否让我们对此经文有新的理解? Questions to Consider: 思考以下问题:

  1. In verses 1 – 3, John is not merely reporting what happened. He is adding comments on what was happening. What is the purpose and meaning of these comments? 约翰不仅在第1-3节经文中记下所发生之事,而且加入了评论,其目的和意义是什么?
  2. Explain Peter’s reaction to what Jesus is doing. 解释为什么彼得对于耶稣所做的有那样的反应?
  3. What is the meaning of what Jesus says in verse 10? 耶稣在第10章中的话是什么意思?
  4. What does Jesus mean in how he explains his actions in verses 12-17? 耶稣在第12-17节经文中解释自己的行为,是何意?
  5. How do these words affect the attitude and actions of believers today? What challenges do you face in your culture in regard to these words? 这些话语如何影响今天信徒们的态度和行动?关于这些话语你在自己的文化中面临哪些挑战? Jesus Predicts His Betrayal 13:18 – 30 耶稣预言自己被卖13:18-30 Things to Note: 注意事项: v. 18 “Heal grabber” (“Jacob”) in the Old Testament has the meaning of deceiving. 第18节 “抓脚后跟者”(“雅各”)在旧约圣经中有欺骗的意思。 v. 26 The People’s Bible says: “He (Jesus) was speaking of the one to whom he would give a piece of bread after dipping it in the sauce dish from the meal. That was usually a gesture of honor to a guest.” 第26节 百姓圣经说:“他(耶稣)所谈的是他在用餐时用饼蘸酱所给的那个人。这通常是对客人一种尊重。” Questions to Consider: 思考以下问题:
  6. What encouragement for ministry do you find in verse 20? 在第20节经文中,你发现对侍奉有什么激励?
  7. Does Jesus give Judas a chance to repent? Defend your answer by giving examples from this chapter. 耶稣有没有给犹大悔改的机会?在本章中举例说明。 Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial 13:31 – 38 耶稣预言彼得不认主13:31-38 Questions to Consider: 考虑以下问题:
  8. To what does Jesus attach “glory”? How is this different from how the world thinks? 耶稣将“荣耀”加在什么上面?这与世界认为的有何不同?
  9. Love your neighbor as you love yourself was a concept well known to Jesus’ disciples. In what sense is this command of Jesus “new”? 爱人如己 是一个为门徒熟知的观念。在何种意义上耶稣的这个戒命是“新的”?
  10. Compare Peter’s reaction to Jesus’ words in verse 33 to the reaction of Jesus’ enemies to similar words in John 7:33-34 and John 8:21. How is Peter’s reaction similar? different? 比较彼得在第33节中对耶稣话语的反应与耶稣的仇敌在约翰福音7:33-34和约翰福音8:21中对类似话语的反应。彼得的反应有何相似和不同之处?
  11. If you could go back and talk to Peter on his way to Gethsemane, what would you say to him? What lesson for ministry do we find in this? 如果你可以回到过去并在彼得去科西马尼园的路上与他谈话,你会对他说什么?我们在此学到什么侍奉上的功课?