恩典国际圣经学院

第四课—与尼哥底母的对话/耶稣的见证


第四课—与尼哥底母的对话/耶稣的见证 Course D: The Gospel of John 课程D: 约翰福音 Lesson 4 – Conversation with Nicodemus / Testimony About Jesus 第四课—与尼哥底母的对话/耶稣的见证 John 3 约翰福音 三章 Getting Started: In chapter 2 the focus was on “signs.” Jesus performed his first “sign,” and his disciples put their trust in him. Jesus went to Jerusalem for Passover and cleared the temple of dishonest sellers from the temple, and the Jews asked for a “sign” that he had the right to do that. John tells us that Jesus performed many other “signs” as well, with the result that many people believed in his name. While in Jerusalem, Jesus has a conversation with Nicodemus, and the subject of “signs” comes up again. In this conversation Jesus shows us the way to eternal life. 内容简介:第二章的中心是“神迹”。耶稣施行第一次神迹,然后他的门徒开始相信他。耶稣在逾越节在耶路撒冷的圣殿洁净圣殿把诡诈的商贩赶出去,犹太人要耶稣显“神迹”证明他有权力做这样的事。约翰告诉我们耶稣还行了其它好多“神迹”,使很多人因此信了他的名。在耶路撒冷,耶稣跟尼哥底母谈论关于将要来的“神迹。在这段谈话中耶稣向我们显明通往永生之路。 3:1-8 The Conversation with Nicodemus – Part A 3:1-8 跟尼哥底母的对话—第一部分

  1. Why would Nicodemus come to Jesus at night? 为什么尼哥底母夜里来见耶稣?
  2. What do his words tell us about Jesus’ activity up to this point? 通过他所说的话我们知道耶稣所行的已经到了什么地步?
  3. In what way is verse 5 a clarification of verse 3? (Note: The Greek word for “again,” anothen, can also mean “from above.”) 在哪种意义上可以说第五节是对第三节的解释?(注: “重”的希腊文原文anothen也可作“从上面”讲)
  4. In this section Jesus is contrasting natural birth and spiritual birth. Which verses or partial verses speak of each? 在这一部分耶稣比较了自然出生和属灵出生。哪一节或一节的哪一部分分别谈到这两种出生?
  5. Where in John’s gospel does God himself make a connection between water and Spirit? How does this connection help us in our interpretation of verse 5? 在约翰福音的哪里神自己将水和圣灵联系起来?这对我们解释第五节有什么帮助?
  6. What is the point of the wind illustration in verse 8? 第八节中提到风有什么用意? 3:9-21 The Conversation with Nicodemus – Part B 3:9-21 与尼哥底母的对话—第二部分
  7. What is Jesus surprised about in verses 10 and 11? 在第十、十一节中耶稣为何惊奇?
  8. What point is Jesus making in verses 12 and 13? 耶稣在第12和13节中所说的意思是什么?
  9. Explain the picture and its meaning in verses 14 and 15. 解释14、15节所描述的场景和它的寓意。
  10. Go back and look at your notes on 1:14. What did we say “one and only” meant? 回顾1:14节的讲义,“独生”是什么意思?
  11. What do we understand by the word believes? 我们如何理解“信”一词?
  12. Explain what Jesus says about condemnation in verses 17 – 18. 解释耶稣在17-18节中所说的定罪。
  13. What does Jesus mean is his words about “light” in verses 19 – 21? (Use John 1:1-9 to help explain what he means.) 耶稣在19-21节谈到光是指什么?(用约1:1-9 来解释) 3:22-36 The Testimony About Jesus 3:22-36 关于耶稣的见证 替代文本
  14. One commentator has said that verses 22-24 show that Jesus and John the Baptist were conducting “parallel ministries” at this time in Judea. What do you think that commentator means? 有解经家认为从22-24节可以看出耶稣和施洗约翰在犹太地同时开展“平行事工”。 你认为他这样说是什么意思?
  15. Verse 25 gives the reason why the argument among John’s disciples began. What does verse 26 say is the real reason John’s disciples were upset? 25节告诉我们为什么约翰的门徒起争议的原因。26节说约 翰门徒失望的真正原因是什么?
  16. State in different words what John says in verse 27. 改述第27的意思。
  17. Explain what John means by using the wedding picture in verses 28-29. 解释约翰在28-29节中用结婚来表明什么。
  18. What did John mean in saying, He must become greater; I must become less? 约翰说他必兴旺我必衰微是什么意思?
  19. Many commentators think that John the Baptist’s words end at the end of verse 30, and that verses 31-36 are the comments of the author, John the Apostle. Compare verses 31-36 to John 1:1-18. Can you find things in the two sections that sound similar? 有解经家认为施行约翰的话到30节就结束了,31-36节是作者使徒保罗所写。比较31-36节和约翰福音1:1-18节。能发现两段之中相似之处吗?
  20. Who is the man who has accepted it in verse 33? How does verse 34 explain what was involved in the “certifying” of verse 33? 谁是33节中说的领受的人? 第34节如何解释33节中的“盖上印”?
  21. What motivation for ministry do you find in verse 34? 在第34节中能发现服侍的动机是什么?
  22. Verse 35 emphasizes a very important truth. How is that same truth shown in John 1:1-18? in Hebrews 1? 35节强调一个非常重要的真理。从约翰福音1:1-18节如何看到这个真理?在希伯来书1章呢?
  23. Why can we say that verse 36 is a good summary statement for John 3? Why could we also say it is a good summary statement for the entire Gospel of John? 为什么我们说36节是约翰福音3章很好的总结?为什么我们可以说它也是整个约翰福音的总结?