Course D: The Gospel of John
课程 D: 约翰福音
Lesson 7 – Jesus is the Bread of Life
John 6 约翰福音第六章
Getting Started John 5 had ended with Jesus’ conversation with his enemies following the healing of the lame man, mostly like at the Feast of Tabernacles, which took place in autumn. John 6 takes place at the time of Passover, which would be the following spring. John does not consider it necessary to report all the events of Jesus’ Galilean ministry. John is developing his theme that Jesus is the Son of God and the Giver of eternal life. The “signs” demonstrate that. Jesus’ words in chapter 5 following the miracle helped show that miracle as a true sign from heaven pointing to Jesus as the Savior. We find the very same thing in John 6.
The Feeding of the 5000 6:1-15 喂饱五千人 6：1-15
- This is the second of three Passover festivals mentioned by John. In respect to where Jesus was, how is this Passover different from the other two? (See John 2:13 and John 12:12.)
- Why were so many people following Jesus?
- In verse 7 the Greek expression for the amount of money is two hundred denarii, or about 200 days wages. What is John emphasizing by quoting these words of Philip?
- Note how Andrew’s words also emphasize the greatness of the miracle. Give examples of how some of Jesus’ other miracles recorded by John also emphasize this “greatness” feature of Jesus’ miracles.
- If there were 5000 men, how large could this crowd have been?
- What lesson do we learn in verse 12?
- Look at the crowd’s words in verse 14 (see Dt 18:15). Then look at their planned action in verse 15. What do their words and actions reveal about their faith? Have you noticed that same tendency among people today? How?
Jesus Walks on Water 6:16-24 耶稣在海面上行走 6：16-24
- See Matthew 14:22-23 to learn why Jesus went off by himself.
- How many miraculous things happened in this event? (Be sure to look also at Matthew 14:22-33.)
Jesus is the Bread of Life 6:25-59 耶稣是生命的粮 6：25-59
- What do Jesus’ words in verse 26 tell us about what he was looking for in people? How do the words of the crowd in verse 30 show that they did not have what Jesus was looking for?
- How is the exchange in verses 32-34 similar to Jesus’ exchange with the woman at the well in John 4:10-15?
- What personal comfort do you find in Jesus’ words in verses 35-40?
- What is the connection between John 6:40 and John 3:14-15?
- What were the unbelieving Jews offended at according to verses 41-42?
- John’s gospel is the only place in the Bible where we find the phrase at the last day. What does John mean by that phrase?
- Jesus quotes Isaiah 54:13 in verse 45. By quoting this passage, what is Jesus saying about himself?
- In verses 51 and following, Jesus talks about “eating his flesh” and “drinking his blood.” Give reasons why we should NOT look upon this as a reference to Holy Communion. If it doesn’t refer to Communion, what does the phrase mean?
- Explain what verse 56 means to you in your personal faith.
Desertion/Confession 6:60-71 退去/认信
- How does verse 61 show us that the word “hard” in verse 60 means something more than “difficult to understand”?
- What causes people to “stumble” over Christ and his teachings today?
- Jesus said in verse 63, The words I have spoken to you are spirit and they are life. Explain what they mean for you as a growing believer; for you as a dedicated witness.
- Some have seen that verse 66 is a significant turning point in Jesus’ ministry. What does this mean? What was the cause of it?
- Explain in your own words the depth of meaning behind Peter’s words in verses 68-69.
- Why would Jesus have used such a harsh word to describe one of his disciples in verse 70? What is the warning for us?
- Summarize the most important things we learn about our relationship with Jesus in this chapter.