恩典国际圣经学院

第八课—耶稣在在住棚节宴席上的教导


第八课—耶稣在在住棚节宴席上的教导 Course D: The Gospel of John 课程D: 约翰福音 Lesson 8 – Jesus Teaches at the Feast of Tabernacles 第八课—耶稣在在住棚节宴席上的教导 John 7 约翰福音第七章 Getting Started – In the previous chapter we noted how Jesus had been in Galilee for Passover (March-April). The Bread of Life discussion had taken place in the village of Capernaum in Galilee, which was now serving as Jesus’ ministry headquarters. John begins chapter 7 simply by saying, “After this.” He then describes Jesus’ activity until the time of the Feast of Tabernacles, which took place in September-October after the grape harvest. It commemorated how God guided his people through the wilderness and provided them with refreshment, a picture of the perfect spiritual refreshment that would come from the Messiah. At the time of this celebration, the resistance to Jesus as the Christ was building among the Jewish leadership. The following Passover (April-May) of the next year would mark the suffering, death, and resurrection of Jesus. 内容简介—在之前的一章里我们看到耶稣在加利利过逾越节(三至四月).关于生命的粮的教导是在加利利的迦百农村庄里发生的,也就是耶稣现在福音事工的大本营。约翰以简单的一句话“这事以后”作为第七章的开始。他接下来记述耶稣在住棚节之前的活动。住棚节在葡萄丰收之后的九到十月,它是为了纪念神带领他的百姓经过旷野并不断的更新他们,这也是预表弥赛亚带来的源源不断的属灵的更新。在这次庆祝活动时,犹太人的领袖们已经开始抵触耶稣是基督这一说法。翌年的复活节(四到五月之间)就是耶稣受难、死亡和复活的时候。 Jesus Goes to the Feast of Tabernacles 7:1-13 耶稣参加住棚节 7:1-13

  1. Why was Jesus staying in Galilee for an extended period of time? 为什么耶稣要在加利利停留这么长时间?
  2. Compare the rejection of Jesus mentioned in 7:1 to that mentioned by John in 4:44, 1:10,11, and 7:5. How would you divide that rejection into four different kinds? 比较在7:1节和约翰在4:44、1:10,11和7:5节中提到的拒绝耶稣。对耶稣的拒绝可以分为哪四类?
  3. Why would his brothers find it so difficult to believe in Jesus?) 为什么他的弟兄们很难相信耶稣?
  4. Why does Jesus say at this point that the world “cannot hate” his natural brothers? (See John 2:12-15.) 为什么耶稣在这里说世界“不能恨”他肉身的弟兄?(参约2:12-15)
  5. What does verse 13 show us about the Jewish leadership? 从第13节可以看出什么有关犹太领袖的事? Jesus Teaches at the Feast 7:14-24 耶稣在节期的教导 7:14-24 [Note: verse 15 – The studying they were talking about would have been the schools for rabbis run by the Jerusalem leadership. They were actually saying, “He didn’t study with us and learn it our way.”] [注:15节—他们所说的学是指上耶路撒冷领袖们为拉比们办的学。他们事实是在说“他没跟我们一起学习竟然也明白我们所学的。”]
  6. It was common practice in Jesus’ day for the Bible scholars to quote the ideas of other rabbis. They expected Jesus to do the same. How was he different? 在耶稣的时代圣经学者们引用其他拉比的观点是司空见惯的事。他们期望耶稣也这么做。耶稣所做的有何与众不同?
  7. What is the significance of verse 17 in your personal spiritual life? 第十七节对你个人属灵生活有何重要意义?
  8. What kind of expressions did Jesus often use to emphasize that he was not quoting other rabbis but was getting his teachings directly from the Father? (He used one such expression repeatedly in John 6.) 耶稣经常说什么来强调自己不是引用其他拉比们的言论而是从父直接领受的教导?(在约翰福音6章他曾多次这样说)
  9. What evidence do you find in this chapter that Jesus’ claim at the end of verse 19 is correct? 这一章可以找到哪些证据证明第19节耶稣所说的是真的?
  10. Which statement in verse 19 is an important truth for all people to remember? 第十九节所说的哪一点是所有人都应该牢记的重要事实?
  11. What miracle is Jesus talking about in verse 21? 第21节耶稣所谈论的是哪一个神迹?
  12. Put into your own words the point Jesus makes in verses 21-24. 用自己的话来阐述耶稣在21-24节中所说的重点。 Is Jesus the Christ? 7:25-44 耶稣是基督吗? 7:25-44
  13. What false idea concerning the Messiah was present among the people in Jesus’ day according to verse 27? 从第27节来看在耶稣的年代有什么样的关于弥赛亚的错误认识?
  14. What does Jesus mean by the different uses of “know” in verses 28-29? 28-29节耶稣多次用到知道(know)或认识(know)各为什么意思?
  15. Explain Jesus’ words in verses 33-35 and what his enemies thought he meant. 解释耶稣在33-35节所说的话得意思和他的仇敌对他的话得理解。
  16. Look once again at the statement about “refreshment” in the Getting Started paragraph on page 1 on this lesson. What did Jesus therefore mean by what he said in verses 37 and 38? 再看一下本课第一页内容简介中的“更新”。耶稣在37和38节中所说的是指什么?
  17. What did John mean about Jesus being “glorified” in verse 39? (See John 13:31-33.) 约翰在39节中说耶稣得着“荣耀”是指什么?(参约13:31-33)
  18. John’s words in verses 41-42 seem to imply that his readers would have known about Jesus coming from Bethlehem and David’s family. How would they have known that? 从约翰在41-42节中所说的来看似乎是读这段话得人应该已经知道耶稣从伯利恒城大卫的家中而出。他们怎么会知道这事? Unbelief of the Jewish Leaders 7:45-52 犹太领袖的不信 7:45-52
  19. There would have been quite a difference in the spiritual training between the temple guards and the spiritual leaders (chief priests and Pharisees). How is the reaction of these two groups to Jesus just the opposite of what we might expect? 会堂的差役们和属灵领袖们(大祭司和法利赛人)所受的属灵的教育应该有很大的差异。 而这两种人对耶稣的反应如何跟我们所想像的正好相反?
  20. How much does the Gospel of John tell us about Nicodemus? 约翰福音有哪几处告诉我们关于尼哥底母的信息?
  21. The following passages show that the “experts” were wrong in verse 52: 2 Kings 14:25; 1 Kings 17:1; Nahum 1:1. How were the “experts” wrong? 下面的经节让我们看到那些“专家”在52节中是如何的犯错误的:列王记下 14:25;列王记上17:1;那鸿书1:1 。那些“专家”错在哪里?
  22. What lessons for your personal ministry do you find in this chapter? 从本章可以学到什么关于你个人的服侍的功课?