Course D: The Gospel of John
Lesson 9 – A Daring Defense and Bold Testimony
John 8 约翰福音第八章
Getting Started A careful study of the beginning of chapter 8 seems to indicate that 8:12 follows immediately after 7:52. 7:53 – 8:11 most likely happened at a different time and was probably inserted by an editor later. There is no reason to doubt that it really happened the way John describes the event, and there’s no reason to say that it is not God’s Word. However, even if this section was not part of John’s original text, all the truths it contains are taught elsewhere in Scripture. We continue to use it as part of the inspired text.
Jesus and the Woman Caught in Adultery 7:53 – 8:11
- The teachers of the law and the Pharisees thought they had set the perfect trap for Jesus. How do these two verses show us the trap they thought they had set? Leviticus 20:10, John 18:31
- What is Jesus’ foremost concern in dealing with the crowd and the woman?
- How do Jesus’ words in verse 11 become a good description of justification and sanctification?
The Validity of Jesus’ Testimony 8:12-30
- Explain verse 12 using John 1:4 and Isaiah 9:2.
- What Old Testament requirement were the Jews talking about in verse 13? (See Dt. 19:15.)
- Point out some of the similarities between 8:14 – 18 and 5:31 – 40.
- How is verse 21 similar to 7:34? How is it different?
- What did Jesus mean by the phrase “die in your sins,” and what does this verse say would be the cause of that?
- In verse 28, what does Jesus say this crowd would end up doing?
- What was the positive effect of this teaching by Jesus?
The Children of Abraham 8:31-41
- These words show that Jesus wants to nourish the faith of those who trust in him. How does he do that, and what is the result?
The Children of the Devil 8:42-47
- Jesus makes a harsh statement in verse 44. How had he tried to get the unbelieving Jews ready for this in verses 38 and 41?
- Jesus’ harsh words about the devil are saying that the unbelieving Jews were guilty of lying. Give examples of lies they had told in this chapter.
- Give examples of how you could use verse 47 in ministry.
Jesus’ Claims About Himself 8:48-59
- Restate the truth of verse 51 using different words.
- Explain verse 56.
- The Greek text of Jesus’ words I am in verse 58 are exactly the same as the Greek translation of Exodus 3:14, where the LORD refers to himself as I AM. (The Jews in Jesus’ day were familiar with the Greek translation of the Old Testament, called the Septuagint.) In verses 24 and 28 of this chapter, Jesus had used those same words (I am), which are translated as “the one I claim to be” in the NIV English Bible. By using these words about himself, what is Jesus claiming? Why did this bring such a violent reaction from his Jewish enemies?
- Why did the Jews react so violently in verse 59? (See Leviticus 24:14.)
- Give a summary of the powerful messages you find in this chapter.