恩典国际圣经学院

第九课—勇敢的辩护和大胆的见证


第九课—勇敢的辩护和大胆的见证 Course D: The Gospel of John 课程D: 约翰福音 Lesson 9 – A Daring Defense and Bold Testimony 第九课—勇敢的辩护和大胆的见证 John 8 约翰福音第八章 Getting Started A careful study of the beginning of chapter 8 seems to indicate that 8:12 follows immediately after 7:52. 7:53 – 8:11 most likely happened at a different time and was probably inserted by an editor later. There is no reason to doubt that it really happened the way John describes the event, and there’s no reason to say that it is not God’s Word. However, even if this section was not part of John’s original text, all the truths it contains are taught elsewhere in Scripture. We continue to use it as part of the inspired text. 内容简介 经过对第八章开始的仔细推敲会发现8:12节紧承7:52节。7:53-8:11节记载的事发生在其他时候,可能为后来的编者所加。我们没有理由怀疑事实正如约翰所记述的那样,也没有理由怀疑这是神的话。尽管这一部分并不是约翰原稿中的一部分,然而它所教导的真理圣经其他地方亦有教导。我们还是把它看做所默示的经文的一部分。 Jesus and the Woman Caught in Adultery 7:53 – 8:11 耶稣和行淫时被捉拿的妇人 7:53–8:11

  1. The teachers of the law and the Pharisees thought they had set the perfect trap for Jesus. How do these two verses show us the trap they thought they had set? Leviticus 20:10, John 18:31 律法师和法利赛人意为他们精心为耶稣部下了天衣无缝的陷阱。这两节告诉我们他们的陷阱是什么样的?利未记20:10,约翰福音18:31
  2. What is Jesus’ foremost concern in dealing with the crowd and the woman? 在面对人群和那个妇人时耶稣最关心的是什么?
  3. How do Jesus’ words in verse 11 become a good description of justification and sanctification? 耶稣在第11节中所说的如何很好的讲明称义和成圣? The Validity of Jesus’ Testimony 8:12-30 耶稣见证的有效性 8:12-30
  4. Explain verse 12 using John 1:4 and Isaiah 9:2. 用约翰福音1:4节和以赛亚书9:2节解释第12节。
  5. What Old Testament requirement were the Jews talking about in verse 13? (See Dt. 19:15.) 犹太人在13节所谈论的是旧约的什么要求?(参申19:15)
  6. Point out some of the similarities between 8:14 – 18 and 5:31 – 40. 指出8:14-18和5:31-40中的相似之处。
  7. How is verse 21 similar to 7:34? How is it different? 第21节和7:34节有何相似之处?有何不同之处?
  8. What did Jesus mean by the phrase “die in your sins,” and what does this verse say would be the cause of that? 耶稣说“死在罪中”是什么意思,根据这一节来看原因是什么?
  9. In verse 28, what does Jesus say this crowd would end up doing? 在28节中耶稣说这群人最终会怎么做?
  10. What was the positive effect of this teaching by Jesus? 耶稣这样教导有什么积极意义? The Children of Abraham 8:31-41 亚伯拉罕的子孙 8:31-41
  11. These words show that Jesus wants to nourish the faith of those who trust in him. How does he do that, and what is the result? 这些话表明耶稣要保守信他之人的信心。 他如何这么做,结果是什么样的? The Children of the Devil 8:42-47 魔鬼之子 8:42-47
  12. Jesus makes a harsh statement in verse 44. How had he tried to get the unbelieving Jews ready for this in verses 38 and 41? 耶稣在44节中所说的非常严厉。他在38和41节中如何为跟不信的犹太人这样说做铺垫?
  13. Jesus’ harsh words about the devil are saying that the unbelieving Jews were guilty of lying. Give examples of lies they had told in this chapter. 耶稣指着魔鬼的严厉的话是在说不信的犹太人因为说谎而有罪了。举出本章中他们说谎的例子。
  14. Give examples of how you could use verse 47 in ministry. 请举例说明如何在事工中应用47节。 Jesus’ Claims About Himself 8:48-59 耶稣关于自己的宣告8:48–59
  15. Restate the truth of verse 51 using different words. 改述51节中所说的真理。
  16. Explain verse 56. 解释56节。
  17. The Greek text of Jesus’ words I am in verse 58 are exactly the same as the Greek translation of Exodus 3:14, where the LORD refers to himself as I AM. (The Jews in Jesus’ day were familiar with the Greek translation of the Old Testament, called the Septuagint.) In verses 24 and 28 of this chapter, Jesus had used those same words (I am), which are translated as “the one I claim to be” in the NIV English Bible. By using these words about himself, what is Jesus claiming? Why did this bring such a violent reaction from his Jewish enemies? 58节中希腊文耶稣说的“我是”跟出埃及记3:14节中神指着自己说的“我是”的希腊文翻译完全一样。(耶稣时代的犹太人熟悉旧约的希腊文翻译,称为七十士译本。)在本章24节和28节中,耶稣用到同样的词(我是),在新国际版本中翻译为“我所称的那位”。耶稣这样称自己是为了表明什么?为什么这在他的仇敌犹太人中间引起强烈反感。
  18. Why did the Jews react so violently in verse 59? (See Leviticus 24:14.) 为什么犹太人在59节中反映如此激烈?
  19. Give a summary of the powerful messages you find in this chapter. 总结你在本章中所看到的大有能力的信息。