I. Jesus’ crucifixion (John 19:1-27) 耶稣被钉 （约19：1-27）
A. Jesus is sentenced to death (1-16) 耶稣被判死刑 （1-16）
What painful and humiliating tortures did the Romans inflict on Jesus?
In John 18:6 we saw how Jesus caused all those who came to arrest him to drop to the ground. Now Jesus allows the Romans to brutally torture him. What does this tell us about Jesus?
What did Pontius Pilate hope to accomplish by having Jesus beaten and mocked in this way?
What conflict resulted between Pilate and the leaders of the Jews?
Why would Pilate become even more afraid when he heard Jesus claimed to be the Son of God?
When Jesus refused to answer Pilate’s questions he reminded Jesus of his authority as governor. What did Jesus clarify for Pilate about his authority?
What was the Jewish leaders’ next tactic in opposing Pilate’s efforts to pronounce Jesus innocent and then release Him? (See verse 12)
What sinful admissions did the chief priests make in their answer to Pilate in verse 15?
Where do we find similar sinful admissions in the world today?
Pilate knew Jesus was innocent. Why did he finally give in and sentence Jesus to death?
Jesus was unfairly declared guilty and sentenced to death. Why should Christians not be surprised when we sometimes receive unfair treatment from secular governments?
B. Jesus is crucified (17-27) 耶稣被钉十字架（17-27）
Crucifixion involved incredible amounts of physical pain. Yet this was only the beginning of Jesus’ suffering. What might we miss if we simply dwelt on the physical horror of Jesus’ crucifixion?
Why would Pilate write the notice “Jesus of Nazareth, The King of the Jews” in Aramaic, Latin and Greek?
What was the significance of the soldiers taking Jesus’ clothes and dividing them among themselves?
Mary and Joseph had other children after Jesus. What might be the reason why Jesus gave the care of his mother into the hands of John? (See John 7:5)
What are some important provisions that we should be making for our family members prior to our death?
II. Jesus’ death and burial (John 19:28-42) 耶稣的死和埋葬 （约19：28-42）
A. The death of Jesus (28-37) 耶稣的死（28-37）
It is understandable that Jesus was thirsty after hanging on the cross for hours. But what is the main reason behind Jesus’ request for a drink?
What did Jesus mean when he proclaimed with his dying breath “It is finished?”
Look closely at the last part of verse 30. What important truth does John confess about Jesus’ death? (See John 10:17-18)
A new Christian who is uncertain about their salvation approaches you and asks what they need to do to be saved. How would you answer them based on Jesus’ words “It is finished?”
Why did the Jews want the bodies of the crucified men to be removed from the crosses before the day was over?
Breaking the legs of those hanging on the cross was meant to hasten their death. Why was it important that Jesus’ legs were not broken but instead that they pierced his side with a spear?
B. The burial of Jesus (38-42) 耶稣的埋葬（38-42）
Who came forward and requested the body of Jesus?
Nicodemus assisted Joseph in the burial of Jesus. How had Nicodemus grown in faith since we first met him in John 3?
Where did Joseph and Nicodemus bury Jesus?
Looking back on Jesus’s suffering and death in John 19 what do we learn about our Lord’s love for us?