I. Jesus’ Resurrection (John 20:1-18) 耶稣的复活（约翰20:1-18)）
A. The empty tomb (1-9) 空坟墓 (1-9)
We believe the Bible is God’s Word so it is without error. Some Bible critics claim the Bible contains many errors. One example they point to is that John records Mary Magdalene went to the tomb early on the first day of the week. Matthew wrote that another Mary accompanied her. Mark recorded the two Marys’ went to the tomb along with Salome. Luke records Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, Joanna and other women went to the tomb. How would we answer this alleged discrepancy?
Mary arrived at the tomb and found it empty. What assumption did she make?
What evidence did Peter and John find when they arrived at the tomb?
How do the disciples’ findings at the tomb support our faith?
John records that he saw the empty tomb and he believed. Yet he also records in verse 9 that both he and Peter were still struggling to understand what they had just witnessed. What didn’t they fully understand?
Jesus told his followers several times that he would rise from the dead on the third day. How could nearly everyone have forgotten about Jesus’ prophecies about his resurrection?
B. Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene (10-18) 耶稣向抹大拉的马利亚显现(10-18)
Mary stayed behind at the tomb after the disciples left. She saw two angels as she looked in the tomb. What concern did both the angels show toward Mary in her grief?
Mary’s grief was so intense that she apparently didn’t recognize the angels for who they were. How does our grief or difficulties sometimes keep us from seeing the obvious promises from God?
Mary knew Jesus very well. Why couldn’t she recognize Jesus at first?
Jesus sent Mary’s fears away with a single word. What message was Mary to give to the disciples?
Jesus told Mary “I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.” What are some important truths we can take from these words of Jesus?
II. Jesus appears to his disciples (John 20:19-31) 耶稣向门徒显现（ 约翰20:19-31）
A. Jesus appears to his disciples on Easter evening (19-23) 耶稣在复活的晚上向门徒显现 (19-23)
On Easter evening the disciples were gathered behind locked doors. By this time they heard the testimony from the women and the two disciples at Emmaus who saw Jesus alive. Luke 24:34 also tells us Jesus appeared to Peter sometime during the day. This should have been the happiest day of the disciples’ lives. Why were they hiding instead?
The words “Peace be with you” were a standard greeting among Jewish people at that time. As we consider Jesus’ resurrection what greater meaning could the disciples take from this greeting?
What does this greeting from Jesus mean for us?
What proof did Jesus give His disciples to assure them that He had risen?
What important work did Jesus now give his disciples to do?
Suppose you tell a repentant friend that their sins are forgiven. They are still filled with doubts. They ask you “How can you be so sure? Isn’t God the only one who can forgive sins? How would you answer them?
Our Lord Jesus gave to his followers the authority to announce forgiveness of sins in his name. When are we to withhold this announcement of forgiveness?
B. Jesus appears to Thomas (24-31) 耶稣向多马显现(24-31)
Thomas was not with the disciples when Jesus appeared to them on Easter evening. Why wouldn’t Thomas believe Jesus had risen from the dead?
How did Jesus deal with Thomas?
What does this teach us about the way our Lord Jesus chooses to deal with us when we have doubts in our faith?
How would you answer the person who says: “I must have visible, tangible proof of the truth of Christianity before I will believe it?”
In verse 30 what important insights does John give us into Jesus miracles?
According to verse 31 what is the great purpose of the Gospel of John?