lesson 10

Review the Home Study questions from Lesson 9


I. God Gives The Law 神设立律法

Isaiah 33:22 – For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king; it is He who will save us.

以赛亚书 33:22 —因为耶和华是审判我们的,耶和华是给我们设律法的,耶和华是我们的王,他必拯救我们。

Psalm 19:7-10 – The law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the soul. The statutes of the LORD are trustworthy, making wise the simple. The precepts of the LORD are right, giving joy to the heart. The commands of the LORD are radiant, giving light to the eyes. The fear of the LORD is pure, enduring forever. The ordinances of the LORD are sure and altogether righteous. They are more precious than gold, than much pure gold; they are sweeter than honey, than honey from the comb.

诗篇 19:7-10 ——7耶和华的律法全备,能苏醒人心;耶和华的法度确定,能使愚人有智慧;8耶和华的训词正直,能快活人的心;耶和华的命令清洁,能明亮人的眼目;9耶和华的道理洁净,存到永远 ;耶和华的典章真实,全然公义。10都比金子可羡慕,且比极多的精金可羡慕;比蜜甘甜,且比蜂房下滴的蜜甘甜。

A. God gives His Law to people as a precious, helpful gift of His love.


Romans 2:14-15 – Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law, since they show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now even defending them.

罗马书2:14-15 ——14没有律法的外邦人,若顺着本性行律法上的事,他们虽然没有律法,自己就是自己的律法。15这是显出律法的功用刻在他们心里,他们是非之心同作见证,并且他们的思念互相较量,或以为是,或以为非。

B. God gives people a natural knowledge of His Law when He creates them (Natural Law)。 Since humanity’s fall into sin, this once perfect knowledge has been weakened and flawed so that it is incomplete and even misguided in some points.


Exodus 24:12 – The Lord said to Moses, “Come up to Me on the mountain and stay here, and I will give you the tablets of stone, with the law and commands I have written for their instruction.”

出埃及记24:12 —耶和华对摩西说:“你上山到我这里来,住在这里,我要将石版并我所写的律法和诫命赐给你,使你可以教训百姓。”

Deuteronomy 10:4 – The Lord wrote on these tablets what He had written before, the Ten Commandments He had proclaimed to you on the mountain, out of the fire, on the day of the assembly. And the Lord gave them to me.

申命记10:4 —耶和华将那大会之日、在山上从火中所传与你们的十条诫,照先前所写的,写在这版上,将版交给我了。

Romans 2:18 – If you know His will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the law;

罗马书2:18 —既从律法中受了教训,就晓得神的旨意,也能分别是非。

C. God also gives us His Law by having it written in His Word (Written law)。 By following the written Law we can know exactly what His moral will for us is.


Leviticus 19:2b, 3a, 11, 37 – “Be holy because I, the Lord your God, am holy. Each of you must respect his mother and father. ”‘Do not steal. “’Do not lie. ”’Do not deceive one another. “’Keep all my decrees and all my laws and follow them. I am the Lord.’”

利未记19:2b,3a,11,37 —




D. In the Law, God expresses His holy will for our lives.


  1. He tells us how He wants us to be and what He wants us to do and not do.


  2. He demands that we obey His will completely.


Matthew 22:37-39 – Jesus replied, “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’

马太福音22:37-39 ——37耶稣对他说:”你要尽心、尽性、尽意爱主你的神。38这是诫命中的第一,且是最大的。39其次也相仿,就是要爱人如己。“

Romans 13:10b – Love is the fulfillment of the law.

罗马书13:10b —爱就完全了律法。

E. In all the Law, God’s great requirement of us is to love.


  1. He wants us to love Him, above all, and also all other people.


  2. He wants us to love with wholehearted, self-giving devotion.


II. The Purposes Of The Law 律法的目的

Matthew 19:16 – Now a man came up to Jesus and asked, ”Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?“

马太福音19:16 —有一个人来见耶稣说:”夫子,我该做什么善事才能得永生?“

A. Some think they can get to heaven by keeping the Law.


Matthew 19:17b – If you want to enter life, obey the commandments.

马太福音19:17b —你若要进入永生,就当遵守诫命。

Romans 3:12 – All have turned away, they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one.”

罗马书3:12 —都是偏离正路,一同变为无用。没有行善的,连一个也没有。

Galatians 3:10 – All who rely on observing the law are under a curse, for it is written: “Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law.

加拉太书3:10 -凡以行律法为本的,都是被咒诅的,因为经上记着:”凡不常照律法书上所记一切之事去行的,就被咒诅。“

B. A person could get to heaven if he/she kept the Law perfectly. No one, except Jesus, can and has done this. Our failure puts us under God’s curse. The Law is not a means by which people can save themselves.


C. God has given His Law for three special purposes.


1 Timothy 1:9-10a – We also know that law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful, the unholy and irreligious; for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers, for adulterers and perverts, for slave traders and liars and perjurers.

提摩太前书1:9-10a ——9因为律法不是为义人设立的,乃是为不法和不服的,不虔诚和犯罪的,不圣洁和恋世俗的,弑父母和杀人的,10a行淫和亲男色的,抢人口和说谎话的。

  1. The Law serves as a curb or a fence to hold the sin of all people in check and so preserve some order in the world.


    Romans 3:19-20 – Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the while world held accountable to God. Therefore no one will be declared righteous in His sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin.

    罗马书3:19-20 ——19我们晓得律法上的话,都是对律法以下之人说的,好塞住各人的口,叫普世的人都伏在神审判之下。20所以凡有血气的,没有一个因行律法能在神面前称义,因为律法本是叫人知罪。

    Romans 7:7b, 13b – ”I would not have known what sin was except through the law… In order that sin might be recognized as sin, it produced death in me through what was good, so that through the commandment sin might become utterly sinful.“

    罗马书7:7b,13b —



  2. The Law serves as a mirror to show all people their sin, its consequences and their inability to save themselves.


    Psalm 119:35 – Direct me in the path of Your commands, for there I find delight.


    John 14:15 – ”If you love Me, you will obey what I command.

    约翰福音14:15 —你们若爱我,就必遵守我的命令。

  3. The Law serves as a guide for Christians to show them how to express their love for God in ways that please the Lord.


III. Our Relationship To The Law 我们与律法的关系

Romans 8:7 – The sinful mind is hostile to God. It does not submit to God’s law, nor can it do so.

罗马书8:7— 原来体贴肉体的,就是与神为仇,因为不服神的律法,也是不能服。

A. By nature, all people hate the Law and rebel against it.


Galatians 3:10 – All who rely on observing the law are under a curse, for it is written: “Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law.

加拉太书3:10- 凡以行律法为本的,都是被咒诅的,因为经上记着:”凡不常照律法书上所记一切之事去行的,就被咒诅。“

B. By nature, all people are condemned and cursed by the Law for their sins.


Romans 7:12, 13b – So then, the law is holy, and the commandment is holy, righteous and good. In order that sin might be recognized as sin, it produced death in me through what was good, so that through the commandment sin might become utterly sinful.

罗马书7:12,13b —



Galatians 3:23-24 – Before this faith came, we were held prisoners by the law, locked up until faith should be revealed. So the law was put in charge to lead us to Christ that we might be justified by faith.

加拉太书3:23-24 ——23但这因信得救的理还未来以先,我们被看守在律法之下,直圈到那将来的真道显明出来。24这样,律法是我们蒙训的师傅,引我们到基督那里,使我们因信称义。

C. With convicting power the Law reveals our sins, their spiritually deadly consequences and our need for a Savior.


Galatians 3:13 – Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: ”Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree.“

加拉太书3:13 —基督既为我们受了咒诅,就赎出我们脱离律法的咒诅,因为经上记着:”凡挂在木头上都是被咒诅的。“

Romans 10:4 – Christ is the end of the law so that there may be righteousness for everyone who believes.

罗马书10:4 —律法的 总结就是基督,使凡信他的都 得着义。

Romans 7:4 – So, my brothers, you also died to the law through the body of Christ, that you might belong to another, to Him who was raised from the dead, in order that we might bear fruit to God.

罗马书7:4 —我的弟兄们,这样说来,你们藉着基督的身体,在律法上也是死了,叫你们归于别人,就是归于那从死里复活的,叫我们结果子给神。

D. By bringing people to faith in Jesus, God releases them from the punishing consequences and controlling power of the Law.


Psalm 119:70b, 72, 97 – But I delight in Your law. 72 The law from Your mouth is more precious to me than thousands of pieces of silver and gold. 97Oh, how I love Your law! I meditate on it all day long.

诗篇119:70b,72,97 —




E. God leads believers to love and cherish the Law and take it to heart.


1 John 4:19 – We love because He first loved us.

约翰一书4:19 —我们爱,因为神先爱我们。

1 John 5:3 – This is love for God: to obey His commands. And His commands are not burdensome.

约翰一书5:3 —我们遵守神的诫命,这就是爱他了,并且他的诫命不是难守的。

Psalm 119:32 – I run in the path of Your commands, for You have set my heart free.

诗篇119:32 —你开广我心的时候,我就往你命令的道上直奔。

F. God leads His believers to want to obey the Law for the right reason, out of thankfulness for His saving love in Christ.

上帝带领他的信徒 ,使他们想要因正确的原因遵行律法,就是感谢神通过耶稣基督拯救我们的爱。

Ezekiel 36:27 – And I will put My Spirit in you and move you to follow My decrees and be careful to keep My laws.

以西结书36:27 —我必将我的灵放在你们里面。又从你们的肉体中除掉石心,赐给你们肉心。

Philippians 2:13 – For it is God who works in you to will and to act according to His good purpose.

腓立比书2:13 —因为你们立志行事,都是神在你们心里运行,为要成就他的美意。

G. God gives his believers the Holy Spirit so that they are able to keep the Law with willing, God-pleasing desire and ability.


IV. The Ten Commandments 十条诫

Exodus 20:1-17 – And God spoke all these words: ”I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. “You shall have no other gods before me. ”You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate Me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love Me and keep My commandments. You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses His name. “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but He rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you. You shall not murder. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.

出埃及记20:1-17 ——1 神吩咐这一切的话说:2 「我是耶和华你的神,曾将你从埃及地为奴之家领出来。3 「除了我以外,你不可有别的神。4 「不可为自己雕刻偶像,也不可做什么形像彷佛上天、下地,和地底下、水中的百物。5 不可跪拜那些像,也不可事奉他,因为我耶和华你的神是忌邪的神。恨我的,我必追讨他的罪,自父及子,直到三四代;6 爱我、守我诫命的,我必向他们发慈爱,直到千代。 7 「不可妄称耶和华你神的名;因为妄称耶和华名的,耶和华必不以他为无罪。 8 「当纪念安息日,守为圣日。 9 六日要劳碌做你一切的工, 10 但第七日是向耶和华你神当守的安息日。这一日你和你的儿女、仆婢、牲畜,并你城里寄居的客旅,无论何工都不可做; 11 因为六日之内,耶和华造天、地、海,和其中的万物,第七日便安息,所以耶和华赐福与安息日,定为圣日。 12 「当孝敬父母,使你的日子在耶和华你神所赐你的地上得以长久。 13 「不可杀人。 14 「不可奸淫。 15 「不可偷盗。 16 「不可作假见证陷害人。 17 「不可贪恋人的房屋;也不可贪恋人的妻子、仆婢、牛驴,并他一切所有的。」

Deuteronomy 10:4 – The Lord wrote on these tablets what He had written before, the Ten Commandments He had proclaimed to you on the mountain, out of the fire, on the day of the assembly. And the Lord gave them to me.

申命记10:4 —耶和华将那大会之日、在山上从火中所传与你们的十条诫,照先前所写的,写在这版上,将版交给我了。

A. One form in which God revealed His moral Law to people is the Ten Commandments.


  1. The Ten Commandments express God’s holy will for us in a brief, simple way.


  2. Commandments 1 through 3 deal with our duty to love God.


  3. Commandments 4 through 10 deal with our duty to love other people.


B. We will use the Ten Commandments as a basis for our study of the content of the Law.

我们将把十条诫作为学习律法内容的基础 .

V. The First Commandment 第一条诫命

Exodus 20:2a, 3 – ”I am the Lord your God… You shall have no other gods before Me.




A. In the First Commandment, God teaches us that He is to have the supreme position in our lives and that nothing must come before Him in our hearts and lives.


Isaiah 45:21b – “And there is no god apart from Me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is none but Me.”

以赛亚书45:21b —除了我以外,再没有神!我是公义的神,又是救主,除了我以外,再没有别神!

Isaiah 43:10b-13 – “Before Me no god was formed, nor will there be one after Me. I, even I, am the LORD, and apart from Me there is no savior. I have revealed and saved and proclaimed—I, and not some foreign god among you. You are My witnesses,” declares the LORD, “that I am God. Yes, and from ancient days I am He. No one can deliver out of My hand. When I act, who can reverse it?”

以赛亚书 43:10b-13 ——10b在我以前没有真神,在我以后也必没有。11惟有我是耶和华,除我以外没有救主。12我曾指示,我曾拯救,我曾说明,并且在你们中间没有别神。所以耶和华说:“你们是我的见证,我也是神。”13自从有日子以来,我就是神,谁也不能救人脱离我手。我要行事谁能阻止呢?

B. The Triune God, the God revealed in the Bible is the only true God.


  1. People have invented other gods which they rely on and look to as the source of greatest good for their lives.


  2. But only the Triune God is real and powerful.


  3. Only He can truly save and help people.


  4. Only He is deserving of our devotion and allegiance.


Psalm 33:8 – Let all the earth fear the Lord; let all the people of the world revere Him.

诗篇33:8 —愿全地都敬畏耶和华,愿世上的居民都惧怕他。

Deuteronomy 6:5 – Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength.

申命记6:5 —你要尽心、尽性、尽力爱耶和华你的神。

Proverbs 3:5 – Trust in the Lord with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding.

箴言3:5 —你要专心仰赖耶和华,不可倚靠自己的聪明。

C. God requires that we revere and stand in awe of Him, love Him and trust in Him above all other people or things.

上帝要我们尊崇他、敬畏他、爱他、相信他超过 所有人、所有事。

D. God forbids us to put anyone or anything ahead of Him in our hearts and lives.


Isaiah 42:8 – “I am the Lord; that is My name! I will not give My glory to another or My praise to idols.

以赛亚书42:8 —“我是耶和华,这是我的名。我必不将我的荣耀归给假神,也不将我的称赞归给雕刻的偶像。”

John 5:23 – That all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father, who sent Him.

约翰福音5:23 —“叫人都尊敬子如同尊敬父一样。不尊敬子的,就是不尊敬差子来的父。”

  1. He will not tolerate the worship of false gods, any god who is not the Triune God. He condemns all religions which do not regard Jesus as the divine Savior and Lord as false.


    Matthew 10:37 – ”Anyone who loves his father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me; anyone who loves his son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me.

    马太福音10:37 —“爱父母过于爱我的,不配作我的门徒;爱儿女过于爱我的,不配作我的门徒。”

    Jeremiah 17:5 – This is what the Lord says: “Cursed is the one who trusts in man, who depends on flesh for his strength and whose heart turns away from the Lord.

    耶利米书17:5 —耶和华如此说:“倚靠人血肉的膀臂,心中离弃耶和华的,那人有祸了!”

    Matthew 6:24 – ”No one can serve two masters. Either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and Money.

    马太福音6:24 —一个人不能侍奉两个主。不是恶这个爱那个,就是重这个轻那个。你们不能又侍奉神,又侍奉玛门。

  2. God does not allow us to place any person or thing before Him or beside Him as a rival, including ourselves.


E. We put God first in our lives when we:


  1. Fear and respect Him and His will above anyone else’s.


  2. Desire and delight in God more than in anyone or anything else.


  3. Do anything or give anything that He wants without hesitation.


  4. Look to God for our ultimate security in life.


  5. Have complete confidence that everything God tells us is true.


1 Samuel 12:24 – But be sure to fear the Lord and serve Him faithfully with all your heart; consider what great things He has done for you.

撒母耳记上12:24 —只要你们敬畏耶和华,诚诚实实地尽心侍奉他,想念他向你们所行得事何等大。

Psalm 86:11 – Teach me your way, O Lord, and I will walk in your truth; give me an undivided heart, that I may fear Your name.

诗篇86:11 —耶和华啊,求你将你的道指教我,我要照你的真理行;求你使我专心敬畏你的名。

F. May God help us remember the wonderful things He has done for us and give us loving, devoted hearts so that we honor Him above all at all times.


VI. The Second Commandment 第二条诫命

Exodus 20:7 – “You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses His name.

出埃及记20:7 —“不可妄称耶和华你神的名;因为妄称耶和华名的,耶和华必不以他为无罪。”

A. In the Second commandment, God teaches us that we must properly regard and faithfully use His name.


Hosea 12:5 – The Lord God Almighty, the Lord is His name of renown!

何西阿书12:5 —耶和华是他可纪念的名。

Exodus 33:19 – And the Lord said, ”I will cause all My goodness to pass in front of you, and I will proclaim My name, the Lord, in your presence. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.

出埃及记33:19 —耶和华说:“我要显我一切的恩慈,在你面前经过,宣告我的名。我要恩待谁,就恩待谁;要怜悯谁,就怜悯谁。”

Exodus 34:6-7 – And He passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, “The LORD, the LORD, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness, maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin. Yet He does not leave the guilty unpunished; He punishes the children and their children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation.”

出埃及记34:6-7 ——6耶和华在他面前宣告说:“耶和华,耶和华,是有怜悯、有恩典的神,不轻易发怒,并有丰盛的慈爱和诚实。”7 为千万人存留慈爱,赦免罪孽、过犯和罪恶,万不以有罪的为无罪,必追讨他的罪,自父及子,直到三四代。“

B. God’s name is everything which God reveals to us about Himself, including His titles (God, Lord, Savior, Jesus) and His Word.


Exodus 20:24b – ”Wherever I cause My name to be honored, I will come to you and bless you.“

出埃及记20:24b —“凡记下我名的地方,我必到那里赐福给你。”

Romans 10:12b-13 – The same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on Him, for, ”Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.“

罗马书10:12b-13 ——12因为众人同有一位主,他也厚待一切求告他的人。13 因为”凡求告主名的,就必得救。“

C. God reveals to us His nature and qualities (His name) in order to bless our lives and save us eternally.


Acts 4:12 – Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved.”

使徒行传4:12 -“除他以外,别无拯救,因为在天下人间,没有赐下别的名,我们可以靠着得救。”

Proverbs 18:10 – The name of the Lord is a strong tower; the righteous run to it and are safe.

箴言18:10 -耶和华的名是坚固台,义人奔入,便得安稳。

D. God’s name is the most precious gift God gives us. By His name we are saved and protected from sin, hell and all our spiritual enemies.


E. God wants us to use His name in ways that honor Him.


Psalm 50:15 – And call upon Me in the day of trouble; I will deliver you, and you will honor Me.“

诗篇50:15 -并要在患难之日求告我,我必搭救你,你也要荣耀我。

John 16:23 – In that day you will no longer ask Me anything. I tell you the truth, My Father will give you whatever you ask in My name.

约翰福音16:23 -到那日,你们什么也就不问我了。我实实在在地告诉你们:你们若向父求什么,他必因我的名赐给你们。

  1. He wants us to call on Him in prayer.


    Psalm 118:1 – Give thanks to the Lord, for He is good: His love endures forever.

    诗篇118:1 -你们要称谢耶和华,因他本为善,他的慈爱永远长存。

    Ephesians 5:20 – Always giving thanks to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.

    以弗所书5:20 -凡事要奉我们主耶稣基督的名,常常感谢父神。

  2. He wants us to give Him thanks for His blessings


    Psalm 145:2 – Every day I will praise You and extol Your name forever and ever.

    诗篇145:2 -我要天天称颂你,也要永永远远赞美你的名。

    Psalm 145:10-12 – All You have made will praise you. O Lord; Your saints will extol You. They will tell of the glory of Your kingdom and speak of Your might, so that all men may know of Your mighty acts and the glorious splendor of Your kingdom.

    诗篇145:10-12 ——10耶和华啊,你一切所造的都要称谢你;你的圣民也要称颂你。11传说你国的荣耀,谈论你的大能,12 好叫世人知道你大能的作为,并你国度威严的荣耀。

  3. He wants us to praise Him by telling others about His blessings.


    Numbers 30:2 – When a man makes a vow to the Lord or takes an oath to obligate himself by a pledge, he must not break his word but must do everything he said.

    民数记30:2 -人若向耶和华许愿或起誓,要约束自己,就不可食言,必要按口中所出的一切话行。

  4. He wants us to take oaths to have Him witness the truth of what we say or promise when His glory or the welfare of other people requires it.


F. God forbids us to dishonor His name in any way, including:


Leviticus 24:15 – Say to the Israelites: ‘If anyone curses his God, he will be held responsible;

利未书24:15 -你要晓谕以色列人说:”凡咒诅神的,必担当他的罪。“

  1. Blasphemy, which is speaking evil of God or mocking Him.


    James 3:9-10 – With the tongue we praise our Lord and Father, and with it we curse men, who have been made in God’s likeness. Out of the same mouth come praise and cursing. My brothers, this should not be.

    雅各书3:9-10 ——9我们用舌头颂赞那为主、为父的,又用舌头咒诅那照着神形象被造的人。10 颂赞和咒诅从一个口里出来,我的弟兄们,这是不应当的。

  2. Cursing, which is calling down God’s anger and punishment on oneself or any other person or thing.


    Leviticus 19:12 – Do not swear falsely by My name and so profane the name of your God.

    利未记19-12 -不可指着我的名起假誓,亵渎你神的名。

    James 5:12 – Above all, my brothers, do not swear–not by heaven or by earth or by anything else. Let your ”Yes“ be yes, and your ”No,“ no, or you will be condemned.

    雅各书5:12 -我的弟兄们,最要紧的是不可起誓。不可指着天起誓,也不可指着地起誓,无论何誓都不可起。你们说话,是就说是,不是就说不是,免得你们落在审判之下。

  3. False and needless swearing, which is taking oaths falsely, thoughtlessly and in sinful, uncertain and unimportant matters.

    错误的誓言和不必要的誓言, 就是不加考虑地为罪恶的、不确定或者不重要的事情错误地起誓。

    Leviticus 19:31 – ”Do not turn to mediums or seek out spiritists, for you will be defiled by them. I am the Lord your God.

    利未记19:31 -不可偏向哪些交鬼的和行巫术的;不可求问他们,以致被他们玷污了。我是耶和华你们的神。

    Deuteronomy 18:10-12a – Let no one be found among you who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead. Anyone who does these things is detestable to the LORD, and because of these detestable practices the LORD your God will drive out those nations before you.

    申命记18:10-12a ——10 你们中间不可有人使儿女经火,也不可有占卜的、观兆的、用法术的、行邪术的、11 用迷术的、交鬼的、行巫术的、过阴的。12凡行这些事的,都为耶和华所憎恶,因那些国民行这可憎恶的事,所以耶和华你的神将他们从你面前赶出。

  4. Satanic or occultic practices, which is performing supernatural acts with the help of the devil. It includes such things as casting spells, calling up a spirit, fortune-telling, and consulting the dead.


    Jeremiah 14:14 – Then the LORD said to me, “The prophets are prophesying lies in My name. I have not sent them or appointed them or spoken to them. They are prophesying to you false visions, divinations, idolatries and the delusions of their own minds.

    耶利米书14:14 -耶和华对我说:”那些先知托我的名说假预言,我并没有打发他们,没有吩咐他们,也没有对他们说话。他们向你们预言的,乃是虚假的异象和占卜,并虚无的事,以及本心的诡诈。“

    Jeremiah 23:32 – Indeed, I am against those who prophesy false dreams,” declares the LORD. “They tell them and lead My people astray with their reckless lies, yet I did not send or appoint them. They do not benefit these people in the least,” declares the LORD.

    耶利米书23:32 -耶和华说“那些以幻梦为预言,又述说这梦,以谎言和矜夸使我百姓走错了路的,我必与他们反对。我没有打发他们,也没有吩咐他们。他们与这百姓毫无益处。”这是耶和华说的。

  5. False teaching, which is teaching something that is not true and claiming that it is God’s Word. This is a particularly common and extremely damaging sin.


    Matthew 7-21 – “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven.”

    马太福音7:21 -“凡称呼我‘主啊,主啊’的人,不能都进天国;唯独遵行我天父旨意的人,才能进去 .”

    Matthew 15:8 – “’These people honor Me with their lips, but their hearts are far from Me.”

    马太福音15:8- “‘这百姓用嘴唇尊敬我,心却远离我;’”

  6. Pretending to be a Christian when one doesn’t truly believe in Jesus and/or doesn’t seek to live according to His Word.


Psalm 103:1-2 Praise the Lord, O my soul; all my inmost being, praise His holy name. Praise the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all His benefits-

诗篇103:1-2 ——我的心哪,你要称颂耶和华,凡在我里面的,也要称颂他的圣名!我的心哪,你要称颂耶和华,不可忘记他的一切恩惠。

G. May God help us remember the great blessings His name gives us and lead us to live to the honor and praise of His name with all our being.


VII. The Third Commandment 第三条诫命

Exodus 20:8 “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.

出埃及记20:8 —“当纪念安息日,守为圣日。”

Leviticus 23:3 – ”There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a Sabbath to the LORD.

利未记23:3 —六日要做工,第七日是圣安息日;当有圣会,你们什么工都不可做。这是在你们一切的住处向耶和华守的安息日。

A. In the Third Commandment, God teaches us that we must worship Him and find rest in him.


B. In the Old Testament, God required His people to set aside Saturday as a special day of rest and worship.


  1. The Sabbath (which means “rest”) requirement was part of the ceremonial commands God gave Israel for their worship life under His covenant arrangement with them.


  2. One purpose of the Sabbath requirement was to point people to the perfect spiritual rest the coming Savior would bring.


    Colossians 2:16-17 – Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day. These are a shadow of the things that were to come; the reality, however, is found in Christ.

    歌罗西书2:16-17 ——16所以不拘在饮食上,或节期、月朔、安息日,都不可让人论断你们。17这些原是后事的影儿,那形体却是基督。

  3. With the coming of Christ, God abolished the ceremonial requirements of the old covenant, including the Sabbath Day observance. Jesus had fulfilled its purpose.


    Matthew 11:28-29 – ”Come to Me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.

    马太福音11:28-29 ——28“凡劳苦担重担的人,可以到我这里来,我就使你们得安息。29我心里柔和谦卑,你们当负我的轭,学我的样式,这样,你们心里就必得享安息。”

C. Jesus provides the spiritual rest our sin-burdened souls need in the forgiveness He earned for us and freely offers us. (Saint Augustine commented: “Lord, You have made us for Yourself and our hearts are restless until they rest in You.”)


Matthew 4:10b – “Worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only.”

马太福音4:10b -“当拜主你的神,单要侍奉他。”

Psalm 62:5-6 – Find rest, O my soul, in God alone; my hope comes from Him. He alone is my Rock and my Salvation; He is my Fortress, I will not be shaken.

诗篇:62:5-6 ——5我的心哪,你当默默无声,专等候神,因为我的盼望是从他而来。6惟独他是我的磐石,我的拯救;他是我的高台,我必不动摇。

Colossians 3:16 – Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly as you teach and admonish one another with all wisdom, and as you sing psalms, hymns and spiritual songs with gratitude in your hearts to God.

歌罗西书3:16 —当用各样的智慧,把基督的道理丰丰富富地存在心里,用诗章、颂词、灵歌,彼此教导,互相劝诫,心被感恩,歌颂神。

D. God commands us to worship Him and enjoy His spiritual rest through the proper use of His Word.


E. In worship God comes to us and blesses us through His Word and Sacraments.


Isaiah 66:2 – Has not My hand made all these things, and so they came into being?“ declares the Lord. ”This is the one I esteem: he who is humble and contrite in spirit, and trembles at My word.“

以赛亚书66:2 —耶和华说:”这一切都是我手所造的,所以就都有了。但我所看顾的,就是虚心痛悔、因我话而战兢的人。“

  1. God wants us to respect His Word highly.


    Luke 11:28 – He replied, ”Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and obey it.“

    路加福音11:28 -”耶稣说:’那听见上帝的话而遵守的人才真有福呢!‘“

  2. God wants us to hear, believe and obey His Word.


    Acts 2:42 – They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer.

    使徒行传2:42 -都恒心遵守使徒的教训,彼此交接、擘饼、祈祷。

  3. God wants us to devote ourselves to make faithful use of His Word and Sacraments.


F. In worship, we also respond to God by acknowledging His supreme worth.


Psalm 145:3 – Great is the Lord and most worthy of praise; His greatness no one can fathom.

诗篇145:3 -耶和华本为大,该受大赞美,其大无法测度。

Psalm 96:9 – Worship the Lord in the splendor of his holiness; tremble before Him, all the earth.

诗篇96:9 -当以圣洁的妆饰敬拜耶和华。全地要在他面前战抖。

Psalm 100:1-2 – Shout for joy to the Lord, all the earth. Worship the Lord with gladness; come before Him with joyful songs.

诗篇100:1-2 ——1普天下当向耶和华欢呼!2你们当乐意侍奉耶和华,当来向他歌唱。

  1. God wants us to recognize His greatness with deep reverence and joy.


    Romans 12:1 – Therefore, I urge you, brothers, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God—this is your spiritual act of worship.

    ·罗马书12:1 -所以弟兄们,我以神的慈悲劝你们,将身体献上,当作活祭,是圣洁的,是神所喜悦的,你们如此侍奉,乃是理所当然的。

  2. God wants us to offer our entire being to please and serve Him in all aspects of our life.


    Psalm 95:1-2 – Come, let us sing for joy to the Lord; let us shout aloud to the Rock of our salvation. Let us come before Him with thanksgiving and extol Him with music and song.

    诗篇95:1-2 ——1来啊,我们要向耶和华歌唱;向拯救我们的磐石欢呼!2我们要来感谢他,用诗歌向他欢呼!

    Psalm 68:19-20 –Praise be to the Lord, to God our Savior, who daily bears our burdens. Our God is a God who saves; from the Sovereign LORD comes escape from death.

    诗篇68:19-20 ——19天天背负我们重担的主,就是拯救我们的神,是应当称颂的。20神是为我们施行诸般救恩的神;人能脱离死亡是在乎主耶和华。

  3. God wants us to thank and praise Him for His saving work in Jesus.

    因为他在耶稣身上的救赎工作,上帝 想要我们感谢、赞美他。

    Psalm 96:8 – Ascribe to the Lord the glory due His name; bring an offering and come into His courts.

    诗篇96:8 -要将耶和华的名所当得的荣耀归给他,拿供物来进入他的院宇。

    Galatians 6:6 – Anyone who receives instruction in the word must share all good things with his instructor.


  4. God wants us to bring offerings to Him to honor Him and to support the preaching and teaching of His Word.


    Psalm 22:22 – I will declare Your name to my brothers: in the congregation I will praise You.

    诗篇22:22- 我要将你的名传与我的弟兄,在会中我要赞美你!

    Hebrews 10:24-25 – And let us consider how we may spur one another on toward love and good deeds. Let us not give up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one another—and all the more as you see the Day approaching.

    希伯来书10:24-25 ——24又要彼此相顾,激发爱心,勉励行善。25你们不可停止聚会,好像那些停止惯了的人,倒要彼此劝勉。既知道那日子临近,就更当如此。

  5. God wants us to gather regularly with other believers in worship in order to praise God with them and to encourage them in a life of faith and good works.


G. God forbids us to despise Him and His Word:


John 8:47 – He who belongs to God hears what God says. The reason you do not hear is that you do not belong to God.”

约翰福音8:47 -出于神的,必听神的话;你们不听,因为你们不是出于神。

  1. By refusing to listen to His Word and worship Him.


    Hebrews 4:2 – For we also have had the gospel preached to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because those who heard did not combine it with faith.

    希伯来书4:2 -因为有福音传给我们,像传给他们一样;只是所听见的道与他们无益,因为他们没有信心与所听见的道调和。

    James 1:22 – Do not merely listen to the word, and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says.

    雅各书1:22 -只是你们要行道,不要单单听道,自己欺哄自己。

  2. By refusing to believe and obey His Word.


    Matthew 15:8 – “’These people honor Me with their lips, but their hearts are far from Me.”

    马太福音15:8 -“这百姓用嘴唇尊敬我,心却远离我;”

    Ecclesiastes 5:1 – Guard your steps when you go to the house of God. Go near to listen rather than to offer the sacrifice of fools, who do not know that they do wrong.

    传道书5:1 -你到神的殿要谨慎脚步,因为近前听,胜过愚昧人的献祭,他们本不知道所做的是恶。

  3. By offering God insincere, empty worship.


VIII. Our Public Worship Of God 我们对神的公开敬拜

Galatians 5:1 – It is for freedom that Christ has set us free. Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by a yoke of slavery.

加拉太书5:1 -基督释放了我们,叫我们得以自由,所以要站立得稳,不要再被奴仆的轭挟制。

A. The dates and times for worship.


  1. God does not require us to worship in a specific day as He did in the Old Testament.


  2. In Christian freedom we set aside days and times for our joint worship of God.


  3. The early Christian Church chose Sunday as the main day for worship since it was the first day of creation, the day of Jesus’ resurrection and the day the Holy Spirit was specially poured out (Pentecost)。


  4. We have chosen to continue that custom although we are not limited to it or bound by it.


  5. We also have chosen to observe a number of seasons (Lent, Advent) and festivals (Christmas, Easter, Ascension, Reformation, New Year’s) with special worship services.


B. The form and content of our worship.


  1. God does not specify particular forms or orders of service for our worship.


    1 Corinthians 14:40 – But everything should be done in a fitting and orderly way.

    哥林多前书14:40 -凡事都要规规矩矩地按着次序行。

  2. He does want us to worship in an orderly way.


    Psalm 111:2 – Great are the works of the Lord; they are pondered by all who delight in them.

    诗篇111:2 -耶和华的作为本为大,凡喜爱的都必考察。

    Psalm 96:2 – Sing to the Lord, praise His name; proclaim His salvation day after day.

    诗篇96:2 -要向耶和华歌唱,称颂他的名,天天传扬他的救恩。

  3. We generally follow a “liturgical” form of worship in which we:


    a. make God the focus of our worship


    b. review and proclaim God’s saving work for us in Christ.


    c. involve the congregation actively in the worship of God.


  4. Our worship services employ elements that allow us to communicate with God in blessing.


    a. Confession of sin…… (We speak to God)

    认罪…… ……(我们向神说话)

    b. Assurance of forgiveness (Absolution)…… (God speaks to us)


    c. Praise …… (We speak to God)

    赞美…… ……(我们向神说话)

    d. God’s Word read and proclaimed …… (God speaks to us)


    e. Offerings …… (We speak to God)

    奉献…… ……(我们向神说话)

    f. Prayer …… (We speak to God)

    祷告…… ……(我们向神说话)

    g. Sacrament …… (God speaks to us)

    圣餐…… ……(神向我们说话)

    h. Blessing …… (God speaks to us)

    祝福…… ……(神向我们说话)

  5. The worship leader faces either the altar as a worshipper or the people as the spokesman for God during the service.


C. The Church Year.


  1. We follow an annual calendar of special days and seasons called the Church Year. It provides a helpful pattern for proclaiming the great events and central truths of our Christian faith.


  2. The Church Year consists of two halves: the festival half of the year is devoted to the life of Christ, the non-festival half focuses on the life of the Christian.


  3. The major seasons and festivals of the Church Year along with their liturgical colors are:


    a. Advent (The four Sundays before Christmas) – We prepare for Jesus’ coming: Blue for hope or violet for repentance.


    b. Christmas (December 25th and the Sundays before January 6th) – We celebrate Jesus’ birth: White for joy and holiness.

    圣诞节(12月25日及1月6日前的星期天)——我们庆祝 耶稣的诞生:用代表喜悦和圣洁的白色。

    c. Epiphany (January 6th until Lent begins) – We recognize Jesus as the God-sent Savior: White for Epiphany, the Baptism of Our Lord and Transfiguration; Green for the other Sundays after the Epiphany.

    主显节(1月6日到大斋节开始)—— 我们认出耶稣是神派来的救主:用白色纪念主显节我们救主的受洗及登山变像;用绿色为主显节之后的星期天的颜色。

    d. Lent (46 days before Easter, beginning with Ash Wednesday and including Holy Week with observances for Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday and Good Friday) – We solemnly remember Jesus’ suffering and death for us: Violet; Black on Good Friday.

    大斋节(复活节前的46天,从圣灰星期三开始,包括圣周与圣枝主日的仪式,灌足节及受难日)—— 我们用紫罗兰色肃穆地纪念耶稣基督为我们受难、为我们而死;黑色用于受难日

    e. Easter (Easter Sunday and the following 6 Sundays) – We celebrate Jesus’ resurrection from the dead and its effect on our lives: White.

    复活节(复活节星期天及接下来的6个星期天)—— 我们用白色庆祝耶稣从死里复活并对我们生命带来的影响。

    f. Ascension (The 40th day after Easter) – We commemorate Jesus’ return to heaven as the triumphant Lord of all: White

    耶稣升天节(复活节后第40天)—— 我们用白色纪念耶稣作为胜过一切的主返回天堂。

    g. Pentecost (The 7th Sunday after Easter) – We mark the special outpouring of the Holy Spirit and the beginning of the New Testament church: Red.

    五旬节(复活节后第七个星期天)—— 我们用红色标记圣灵特别倾到在我们身上及新约教会的开始。

    h. Trinity Sunday (The Sunday after Pentecost) – We rejoice in the Triune God who saves us: White.

    圣三主日(五旬节后的星期天)—— 我们用白色庆祝三位一体的神拯救了我们。

    i. The Pentecost Or Trinity Season (The remaining 21-26 Sundays of the Church Year) – We respond to all that God has done for us: Green for life.


Psalm 62:1 – My soul finds rest in God alone; my salvation comes from Him.

诗篇62:1 —我的心默默无声,专等候神;我的救恩是从他而来。

Psalm 122:1 – I rejoiced with those who said to me, “Let us go to the house of the Lord.”

诗篇122:1 -人对我说“我们往耶和华的殿去”我就欢喜。

D. May God lead us to cherish the spiritual rest He gives us through Jesus’ saving work and to delight in giving Him our heartfelt worship.


IX. Home Study 家庭作业

A. LESSON REVIEW: Mark each statement either A (Agree) or D (Disagree)

A. 课程回顾:在每个句子前标出A(同意)或D(不同意)。

—– 1. Since God has already given us a natural knowledge of His Law, we have little use for the Law He recorded in the Bible.

—– 1. 既然上帝已经把他律法的自然知识赐给我们,那么对于他记在圣经中的律法我们就基本用不到了。

—– 2. The primary thing God requires of us in the Law is to love.

—– 2. 律法中最重要的事就是去爱。

—– 3. God expects us to keep His law perfectly.

—– 3. 上帝期望我们完全地遵守他的律法。

—– 4. It is still possible for us to get to heaven by personally keeping the Commandments.

—– 4. 我们凭着自己的努力遵守诫命是有可能因此上天堂的。

—– 5. One of the primary purposes of the Law is to convince us that we are hell-deserving sinners, unable to save ourselves.

—– 5. 律法最初的目的之一就是使我们相信我们是要下地狱的罪人,无法自救。

—– 6. In the First Commandment, God insists that He must come first in our lives.

—– 6. 在第一条诫命中,上帝强调他必须是我们生命中的第一位。

—– 7. It is fairly easy for us to desire and respect God above everyone and everything else.

—– 7. 对我们来说,想要并且尊敬上帝超过一切人和事是非常容易的。

—– 8. If God had not given us His name, we could not be saved.

—– 8. 如果上帝没有向我们赐下他的名,我们就不能得救。

—– 9. It is always wrong for us to swear.

—– 9. 我们发誓总是不对的。

—– 10. Consulting a horoscope for guidance for our future is harmless, innocent practice.

—– 10. 用占星术来作为我们未来生活的指引是无害的、无伤大雅的行为。

—– 11. Teaching false doctrine is a particularly destructive sin.

—– 11. 教导错误的教条尤其是毁灭性的的罪。

—– 12. God’s primary reason for instituting the Sabbath in the Old Testament was to make sure that His people took a day off from work.

—– 12. 上帝在旧约时代最初建立安息日的原因是想要他的百姓从工作中休息一天。

—– 13. In Christian worship we receive God’s blessings through the Gospel and we also recognize God’s supreme worth in our lives.

—– 13. 在基督的敬拜中,我们通过福音接受上帝的祝福,也认出上帝在我们生命中的最高价值。

—– 14. Not believing and hearing God’s word when a person hears it is just as bad as deciding not to hear it at all.

—– 14. 听到神的话语却不相信、不服从的人,与那些完全不愿意听神话语的人一样糟糕。

—– 15. God is satisfied that we attend worship services even if we don’t particularly care to worship Him.

—– 15. 即使我们并不特别关心敬拜这件事,但是如果我们参加敬拜服侍,上帝依然会很喜悦。

B. PERSONAL REFLECTIONS (Answer the following questions)

B. 个人回答(请回答下面的问题)

  1. How does God show His love for us by giving us the Law?


  2. Why is God entitled to the supreme position in our lives?


  3. What are three strong reasons to worship God regularly with fellow believers?


C. MEMORY TREASURES: (Memorize the following Bible verses to build up your knowledge of God’s Word)

C. 记忆的宝藏:(记下以下的圣经经文,增强你对神的话语的认识)

Matthew 22:37-39 – Jesus replied: “’Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself. ;

马太福音22:37-39 ——37耶稣对他说:”你要尽心、尽性、尽意,爱主你的神。38这是诫命中的第一,且是最大的。39其次也要相仿,就是要爱人如己。“

Psalm 119:32 – I run in the path of Your commands, for You have set my heart free.

诗篇119:32- 你开广我心的时候,我就往你命令的道上直奔。


—– Day 1 – Deuteronomy 5 第一天:申命记5章

—– Day 2 – Psalm 119:1-16 第二天:诗篇119:1-16

—– Day 3 – Psalm 95 & 96 第三天:诗篇95-96篇

—– Day 4 – Psalms 98 & 100 第四天:诗篇98-100篇

—- Day 5 – John 8 第五天:约翰福音8章

—- Day 6 – John 9 第六天:约翰福音9章

—- Day 7 – John 10 第七天:约翰福音10章


E. 赞美诗|祷告

Hymn 459: 1, 2 in Christian Worship: ”O God, My Faithful God“


O God, my faithful God, O Fountain ever flowing,

Who good and perfect gifts In mercy are bestowing,

Give me a healthy frame, And may I have within

A conscience free from blame, A soul unhurt by sin.





Grant me the strength to do With ready heart and willing

Whatever You command, My calling here fulfilling,

That I do what I should While trusting You to bless

The outcome for my good, For You must give success.





Welcome to Life
Table of Contents
lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3
Lesson 4
Lesson 5
Lesson 6
Lesson 7
Lesson 8
Lesson 9
lesson 10
Lesson 11
Lesson 12
Lesson 13
Lesson 14
Lesson 15
lesson 10