Lesson 3

Review the Home Study questions from Lesson 2


I. The Evil Angels and Satan 邪恶天使与撒旦

2 Peter 2:4 – For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but sent them to hell, putting them into gloomy dungeons to be held for judgment…

彼后2:4 –就是天使犯了罪,神也没有宽容,曾把他们丢在地狱,交在黑暗坑中,等候审判.

A. Some of God’s holy angels rebelled against him and were condemned to hell. It is here among the angels that sin against God begins in God’s creation.


B. The Origin of Evil


  1. The Bible does not fully explain how and why sin and evil began and entered God’s perfect creation.


  2. Human reason’s attempts to explain the origin of evil beyond and apart from what God says in His Word lead to two very incorrect answers:


    a.Either God created and is responsible for evil…


    Job 34:10 – “So listen to Me, you men of understanding. Far be it from God to do evil, from the Almighty to do wrong.”

    伯34:10 –所以你们明理的人,要听我的话.神断不至行恶,全能者断不至作孽.

    b.Or evil does not really exist 要么是罪恶根本不存在

    Ephesians 5:16 – …making the most of every opportunity, because the days are evil.

    弗5:16 –要 爱 惜 光 阴 , 因 为 现 今 的 世 代 邪 恶 .

  3. We must deal with evil as a bitter, present reality. However, God provides us with help and hope.


    Revelation 12:9 – The great dragon was hurled down – that ancient serpent called the devil or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him.

    启12:9 –大龙就是那古蛇,名叫魔鬼,又叫撒但,是迷惑普天下的.他被摔在地上,他的使者也一同被摔下去.

C. The leader of the evil angels is the devil or Satan.


  1. The devil is a real, not an imaginary being. Although he has fallen from perfection and is thoroughly wicked, he is still a wise and powerful angel.


  2. His names describe his nature.


    Revelation 12:10b – “The accuser of our brothers who accuses them before our God day and night has been hurled down.

    启12:10下 –因为那在我们神面前昼夜控告我们弟兄的,已经被摔下去了.

    a.The name ”devil“ means ”slanderer, accuser.“


    1 Peter 5:8 – Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour.

    彼前5:8 –务要谨守,儆醒,因为你们的仇敌魔鬼,如同吼叫的狮子,遍地游行,寻找可吞吃的人.

    b. The name ”Satan“ means ”adversary, enemy.“


    John 8:44 – You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desire. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies.

    约8:44 –你们是出于你们的父魔鬼,你们父的私欲,你们偏要行.他从起初是杀人的,不守真理.因他心里没有真理;他说谎是出于自己,因他本来是说谎的,也是说谎之人的父.

  3. Satan is the deceiving, deadly enemy of all people who is constantly seeking to lead them to defy God, to despair over their sins and to join him in suffering the eternal torments of hell.


II. Humanity’s Fall into Sin 人的犯罪堕落

Genesis 2:16-17 – And the Lord God commanded the man, ”You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die.“

创2:16-17 – 16耶和华神吩咐他说:”园中各样树上的果子,你可以随意吃.17只是分别善恶树上的果子,你不可吃,因为你吃的日子必定死.“

A. God gave Adam and Eve one important command to keep. They were not to eat from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. This was the line God drew between Himself as their Lord and Creator and man and woman as God’s faithful, loving creatures.


B. By obeying God’s rule Adam and Eve could freely express their trust in and love for God. God did not make them robots. They had free will, the ability to choose to obey or disobey God in spiritual matters. (They would lose that ability after the fall into sin)。 By creating Adam and Eve this way, God showed his genuine love for people.


Genesis 3:1-7 – Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, ”Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden?’ 2The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, 3but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.‘” 4 “You will not surely die,” the serpent said to the woman. 5 “For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” 6 When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. she also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it. 7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.

创3:1-7 ——1耶和华 神所造的,惟有蛇比田野一切的活物更狡猾.蛇对女人说: 神岂是真说不许你们吃园中所有树上的果子吗?2女人对蛇说:园中树上的果子,我们可以吃,3惟有园当中那棵树上的果子, 神曾说:你们不可吃,也不可摸,免得你们死.4蛇对女人说:你们不一定死;5因为 神知道,你们吃的日子眼睛就明亮了,你们便如神能知道善恶.6于是女人见那棵树的果子好作食物,也悦人的眼目,且是可喜爱的,能使人有智慧,就摘下果子来吃了,又给他丈夫,他丈夫也吃了.7他们二人的眼睛就明亮了,才知道自己是赤身露体,便拿无花果树的叶子为自己编作裙子.

C. Satan uses a masterful strategy to tempt people to sin


  1. To begin, he casts doubt on God’s Word (Genesis 3:1 – “Did God really say…?”)

    首先,他对神的话生出疑虑(创3:1 – “神岂是真说—-吗?”)

  2. Then he contradicts God’s Word (Genesis 3:4 – “God is a liar.”)


  3. Finally, Satan makes his own false promises (Genesis 3:5 – “God is withholding something from you. You can be like God.”)


  4. Notice his use of partial truths. The devil will tell the truth insofar as it suits his wicked purposes.


  5. Satan successfully uses this same strategy today on us.


    Ephesians 6:10-18 – Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of His mighty power. 11 Put on the full armor of God so that you can take your stand against the devil’s schemes. 12 For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms. 13 Therefore put on the full armor of God, so that when the day of evil comes, you may be able to stand your ground, and after you have done everything, to stand. 14 Stand firm then, with the belt of truth buckled around your waist, with the breastplate of righteousness in place, 15 and with your feet fitted with the readiness that comes from the gospel of peace. 16 In addition to all this, take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one. 17 Take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. 18 And pray in the Spirit on all occasions with all kinds of prayers and requests. With this in mind, be alert and always keep on praying for all the saints.

    弗6:10-18 ——10我还有末了的话,你们要靠着主,倚赖他的大能大力,作刚强的人.11要穿戴神所赐的全副军装,就能抵挡魔鬼的诡计.12因我们并不是与属血气的争战,乃是与那些执政的,掌权的,管辖这幽暗世界的,以及天空属灵气的恶魔争战.(两争战原都作摔跤)13所以要拿起神所赐的全副军装,好在磨难的日子,抵挡仇敌,并且成就了一切,还能站立得住.14所以要站稳了,用真理当作带子束腰,用公义当作护心镜遮胸.15又用平安的福音,当作预备走路的鞋穿在脚上,16此外又拿着信德当作藤牌,可以灭尽那恶者一切的火箭.6:17并戴上救恩的头盔,拿着圣灵的宝剑,就是神的道.6:18靠着圣灵,随时多方祷告祈求,并要在此儆醒不倦,为众圣徒祈求.

  6. The only way to resist Satan successfully is to depend on God and to hold firmly to and use the saving truth of His Word.


D. The knowledge of good and evil


  1. Eve and Adam both ate of the fruit of the tree and immediately they died spiritually. (They also began to die physically.)


  2. They gained the knowledge of good and evil as Satan had promised. However their knowledge of good and evil was different from God’s. Adam and Eve actually committed sin and became evil. God knows evil without sinning and being corrupted.


    a. Their sin made them self-centered, rather than God-centered in their thinking. They no longer wished to be under God’s loving rule. They insisted on ruling themselves.


    b. They now began to behave in ways they believed would serve their corrupted, selfish interests.


E. Adam and Eve now began to experience shame over nakedness. God caused this so they could now reflect on themselves living apart from God. Their embarrassment is a reminder of human sin and guilt which separates people from the Creator.


G. The two major relationships of life collapse under the burden of sin.


Genesis 3:8-11 – The man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as He was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the garden. 9 But the Lord God called to the man, “Where are you?” 10 He answered, “I heard You in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.” 11 And He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”

创3:8-11 ——8 天起了凉风,耶和华神在园中行走.那人和他妻子听见神的声音,就藏在园里的树木中,躲避耶和华神的面.9耶和华神呼唤那人,对他说:“你在哪里?”10他说:“我在园中听见你的声音,我就害怕.因为我赤身露体,我便藏了.”11耶和华说:“谁告诉你赤身露体呢?莫非你吃了我吩咐你不可吃的那树上的果子吗?”

  1. A person’s relationship to God collapses. Sinners now think that God is bad for them and so they try to hide from and avoid God.


    Genesis 3:12 – The man said, “The woman You put here with me–she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”

    创3:12 –那 人 说 :“ 你 所 赐 给 我 、 与 我 同 居 的 女 人 , 她 把 那 树 上 的 果 子 给 我 , 我 就 吃 了 .”

  2. A person’s relationship to other people collapses. People now try to escape responsibility for their sin. They selfishly blame and burden others.


III. God’s Grace for People - The First Gospel Promise 神对人的恩典—— 第一个福音应许

Genesis 3:14-15 – So the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, ‘Cursed are you above all the livestock and all the wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life. And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and Hers; He will crush your head and you will strike His heel.’”

创3:14-15 ——14耶 和 华 神 对 蛇 说 :“ 你 既 作 了 这 事 , 就 必 受 咒 诅 , 比 一 切 的 牲 畜 野 兽 更 甚 . 你 必 用 肚 子 行 走 , 终 身 吃 土 . 15我 又 要 叫 你 和 女 人 彼 此 为 仇 . 你 的 后 裔 和 女 人 的 后 裔 也 彼 此 为 仇 . 女 人 的 后 裔 要 伤 你 的 头 , 你 要 伤 他 的 脚 跟 .”

A. God curses the snake, the creature Satan used in his deception. The snake would now have to crawl in the dust to symbolize Satan’s ultimate defeat.


B. God curses Satan with the assurance that the woman’s Seed, the Savior, would come to crush his power. Through the Savior, God would deliver people from the destructive partnership they had formed with Satan through their sin.


C. God give Adam and Eve the loving promise that an Offspring of the woman would come and defeat sin for them. This is the first announcement of the Gospel in the Bible. God speaks it just when people most need it and least deserve it.


Galatians 3:16 – The promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. The Scriptures does not say, “and to seeds.” meaning many people, but “and to your seed,” meaning one person, who is Christ.

加3:16 —所应许的原是向亚伯拉罕和他子孙说的.神并不是说众子孙,指着许多人,乃是说你那一个子孙,指着一个人,就是基督.

I John 3:8 – The devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil’s work.

约一3:8 —犯罪的是属魔鬼,因为魔鬼从起初就犯罪.神的儿子显现出来,为要除灭魔鬼的作为.

D. That “seed” is Jesus Christ the Savior. God sent Him thousands of years later. Jesus did defeat and destroy the wicked plans of Satan to frustrate God’s desire to have a living, loving relationship with people.

那“一个子孙”就是救主耶稣基督 .神在几千年后差遣他来到世界。耶稣的确击败而且毁灭了撒旦的邪恶计划,即撒旦试图阻挠神建立与人之间慈爱生命关系的意图。

IV. God’s Helpful Curses 神的有益咒诅

A. God pronounces painful curses on sinful humans, not to destroy them, but to help them.


Romans 8:20 – 22 – For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay and brought into the glorious freedom of the children of God. We know that the whole creation has been groaning as in the pains of childbirth right up to the present time.

罗8:20 – 22 ——20 因为受造之物服在虚空之下,不是自己愿意,乃是因那叫他如此的.21但受造之物仍然指望脱离败坏的辖制,得享神儿女自由的荣耀.(享原文作入)22我们知道一切受造之物,一同叹息劳苦,直到如今.

B. God curses the created world. It suffers death and decay because of sin.


Genesis 3:16 – To the woman He said, “I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule you.”

创3:16 —又对女人说:“我必多多加增你怀胎的苦楚,你生产儿女必多受苦楚.你必恋慕你丈夫,你丈夫必管辖你.”

C. God curses woman.


  1. Bearing and rearing children is now painful, difficult work.


  2. A woman’s relationship with her husband is marred with conflict, trouble and hurt.


Genesis 3:17-19 – To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat of it,’ Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life. It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.”

创3:17-19 ——17 又 对 亚 当 说 :“ 你 既 听 从 妻 子 的 话 , 吃 了 我 所 吩 咐 你 不 可 吃 的 那 树 上 的 果 子 , 地 必 为 你 的 缘 故 受 咒 诅 . 你 必 终 身 劳 苦 , 才 能 从 地 里 得 吃 的 . 18 地 必 给 你 长 出 荆 棘 和 蒺 藜 来 , 你 也 要 吃 田 间 的 菜 蔬 . 19 你 必 汗 流 满 面 才 得 糊 口 , 直 到 你 归 了 土 , 因 为 你 是 从 土 而 出 的 . 你 本 是 尘 土 , 仍 要 归 于 尘 土 .”

D. God curses man.


  1. His work is burdened with strain, fatigue and frustration.


  2. His inescapable destiny is physical decline and death.


    Job 33:29-30 – “God does all these things to a man – twice, even three times – to turn back his soul from the pit, that the light of life may shine on him. ”

    伯33:29-30 – 29 神 两 次 、 三 次 , 向 人 行 这 一 切 的 事 . 30 为 要 从 深 坑 救 回 人 的 灵 魂 , 使 他 被 光 照 耀 与 活 人 一 样 .

E. God places these curses on human life so that people will be led to look to God for help and pardon and to avoid the eternal tragedy of hell.


Genesis 3:22-24 – And the Lord God said, “The man has now become like one of Us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.” So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken. After He drove the man out, He placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.

创3:22-24 ——22 耶 和 华 神 说 :“ 那 人 已 经 与 我 们 相 似 , 能 知 道 善 恶 . 现 在 恐 怕 他 伸 手 又 摘 生 命 树 的 果 子 吃 , 就 永 远 活 着 .” 23 耶 和 华 神 便 打 发 他 出 伊 甸 园 去 , 耕 种 他 所 自 出 之 土 . 24 于 是 把 他 赶 出 去 了 . 又 在 伊 甸 园 的 东 边 安 设 基 路 伯 和 四 面 转 动 发 火 焰 的 剑 , 要 把 守 生 命 树 的 道 路 .

F. In an act of both love and judgment, God cast Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden. He would not allow them to extend their lives indefinitely under the burden of sin in a tragedy-filled world.


V. What Sin Is 什么是罪

A. There are a number of popular, but wrong ideas about sin:


  1. “People make mistakes. They make bad choices. They have weaknesses. But let’s not call it ‘sin‘。 That’s for religious people who want to burden others with unnecessary guilt.”


  2. “Each person has his/her own moral code. I decide what’s right or wrong for me. You do the same for yourself. Sin is when you go against what you think or feel is right for you. ”


  3. “So what’s the problem with a little sin? Nobody’s perfect. God won’t punish people for doing what’s so natural and common.”


  4. “Sin is a matter of degrees. Doing ‘little things’ wrong isn’t so bad, but ‘big things’ like murder, rape, child abuse are unacceptable.”


    Proverbs 14:12 – There is a way that seems right to a man, but in the end it leads to death.

    箴言14:12 –有 一 条 路 人 以 为 正 ,至 终 成 为 死 亡 之 路

  5. In their spiritual blindness, people can and do hold mistaken, dangerous views about sin.


B. God’s holy demands


Leviticus 19:2 – “Speak to the entire assembly of Israel and say to them: ‘Be holy because I, the Lord your God, am holy.’”

利19:2 –你 晓 谕 以 色 列 全 会 众 说 :“ 你 们 要 圣 洁 , 因 为 我 耶 和 华 你 们 的 神 是 圣 洁 的 .”

Leviticus 22:31 – “Keep My commands and follow them. I am the Lord.”

利22:31 –你 们 要 谨 守 遵 行 我 的 诫 命 . 我 是 耶 和 华 .

  1. God rightfully demands that all people live a perfect moral life according to the standards of His holy nature and will.


    James 2:10 – For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it.

    雅2:10 —因 为 凡 遵 守 全 律 法 的 , 只 在 一 条 上 跌 倒 , 他 就 是 犯 了 众 条 .

    Galatians 3:10 – All who rely on observing the law are under a curse, for it is written: “Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law.”

    加3:10 –凡 以 行 律 法 为 本 的 , 都 是 被 咒 诅 的 . 因 为 经 上 记 着 , 凡 不 常 照 律 法 书 上 所 记 一 切 之 事 去 行 的 , 就 被 咒 诅 .

  2. God insists on 100% obedience to His will. Anything less than perfection is unacceptable to Him. Just one sin makes us guilty sinners and places us under His terrible curse.


C. God’s definition of sin


1 John 5:17 a – All sin is wrongdoing.

约一 5:17 —上——凡 不 义 的 事 都 是 罪

  1. God defines sin as “doing what is wrong and contrary to His will.” Every departure from God’s will is a sin.“


    1 John 3:4 – Everyone who sins breaks the law; in fact, sin is lawlessness

    约一3:4 —凡 犯 罪 的 , 就 是 违 背 律 法 . 违 背 律 法 就 是 罪 .

  2. Sin is also ”breaking God’s law.“ It is a criminal violation of the boundaries God rightfully sets for His creatures. It incurs severe penalties.


    Psalm 78:36, 56 – Their hearts were not loyal to Him, they were not faithful to His covenant. But they put God to the test and rebelled against the Most High; they did not keep His statutes.

    诗78:36, 56 –

    36他 们 却 用 口 馅 媚 他 , 用 舌 向 他 说 谎 .

    56他 们 仍 旧 试 探 悖 逆 至 高 的 神 , 不 守 他 的 法 度。

  3. Sin is also a ”rebellious betrayal of God’s love.“ It is inexcusable treachery and heartless defiance against the God who loves us freely, fully and faithfully.


    Romans 3:10-12, 23 – As it is written: ”There is no one righteous, not even one; there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God. All have turned away, they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one.“ For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.

    罗3:10-12, 23 –

    10就 如 经 上 所 记 , 没 有 义 人 , 连 一 个 也 没 有 . 11没 有 明 白 的 , 没 有 寻 求 神 的 .都 是 偏 离 正 路 , 一 同 变 为 无 用 . 没 有 行 善 的 , 连 一 个 也 没 有 .

    23因 为 世 人 都 犯 了 罪 , 亏 缺 了 神 的 荣 耀 .

D. All people are sinners. We are all guilty of breaking God’s laws and offending His holiness and love.


E. The root problem of sin


Genesis 6:5 – The Lord saw how great man’s wickedness on the earth had become, and that every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the time.

创6:5 –耶 和 华 见 人 在 地 上 罪 恶 很 大 , 终 日 所 思 想 的 尽 都 是 恶。

John 8:34 – Jesus replied, ”I tell you the truth, everyone who sins is a slave to sin.

约8:34 –耶 稣 回 答 说: “ 我 实 实 在 在 地 告 诉 你 们 . 所 有 犯 罪 的 , 就 是 罪 的 奴 仆 .”

Romans 8:7 – The sinful mind is hostile to God. It does not submit to God’s law, nor can it do so.

罗8:7 –原 来 体 贴 肉 体 的 , 就 是 与 神 为 仇 . 因 为 不 服 神 的 律 法 , 也 是 不 能 服 .

  1. At its root, sin is not thinking, saying or doing wrong things. It is being in a wrong condition in the heart. We not only commit sins. We are sinners. At its primary level, sin is the condition that has totally corrupted our hearts so that they are now thoroughly evil and hostile to God from birth. It is a powerful slavery that controls us and makes us spiritual rebels against God and His good and holy will.


    Romans 5:12 – Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned.

    罗5:12 –这 就 如 罪 是 从 一 人 入 了 世 界 , 死 又 是 从 罪 来 的 , 于 是 死 就 临 到 众 人 , 因 为 众 人 都 犯 了 罪 .

    Psalm 51:5 – Surely I have been a sinner from birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me.

    诗51:5 –我 是 在 罪 孽 里 生 的 . 在 我 母 亲 怀 胎 的 时 候 , 就 有 了 罪 .

    John 3:6a – Flesh (Sinful human nature) gives birth to flesh (sinful human nature)。

    约3:6上 –从 肉 身 生 的 , 就 是 肉 身 .(从人的罪性生出来的还带着罪性。)

    Ephesians 2:3 – All of us also lived among them at one time, gratifying the cravings of our sinful nature and following its desires and thoughts.

    弗2:3 –我 们 从 前 也 都 在 他 们 中 间 , 放 纵 肉 体 的 私 欲 , 随 着 肉 体 和 心 中 所 喜 好 的 去 行 , 本 为 可 怒 之 子 , 和 别 人 一 样 .

  2. This sinful condition of the heart is one which began when Adam and Eve sinned. It has been passed on from generation to generation. We inherited this condition from our parents and gave it to our children. We call this inherited or original sin.


    Ezekiel 18:20 a – “The soul who sins is the one who will die. The son will not share the guilt of the father, nor will the father share the guilt of the son.”

    结18:20 —上 –惟 有 犯 罪 的 , 他 必 死 亡 . 儿 子 必 不 担 当 父 亲 的 罪 孽 , 父 亲 也 不 担 当 儿 子 的 罪 孽 .

F. Although we inherit a sinful condition, our sins are our personal choice and responsibility. None of us renounces our inherited sinfulness. Instead we willingly act according to our sinful inclination and commit many sins. God doesn’t punish a person for someone else’s sins. He does punish people for their own.


James 1:14-15 – But each one is tempted when, by his own evil desire, he is dragged away and enticed. Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin, and sin, when it is full-grown, give birth to death

雅1: 14-15 ——14但 各 人 被 试 探 , 乃 是 被 自 己 的 私 欲 牵 引 诱 惑 的 .15私 欲 既 怀 了 胎 , 就 生 出 罪 来 . 罪 既 长 成 , 就 生 出 死 来 .

Matthew 15:19 – For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murder, adultery, sexual immorality, theft, false testimony, slander

太15:19 –因 为 从 心 里 发 出 来 的 , 有 恶 念、 凶 杀、 奸 淫 、 苟 合 、 偷 盗 、 妄 证 、 谤 讟。

G. A sin-corrupted heart produces actual sins in life. Inner evil desires lead to outward sins.


Matthew 5:28 – But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

太5:28 –只 是 我 告 诉 你 们 , 凡 看 见 妇 女 就 动 淫 念 的 , 这 人 心 里 已 经 与 他 犯 奸 淫 了。

I John 3:15 – Anyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life in him.

约一3:15 –凡 恨 他 弟 兄 的 , 就 是 杀 人 的 . 你 们 晓 得 凡 杀 人 的 , 没 有 永 生 存 在 他 里 面 .

H. Our evil thoughts are just as much sin as our evil deeds are.


Psalm 19:12 – Who can discern his errors? Forgive my hidden faults.

诗19:12 –谁 能 知 道 自 己 的 错 失 呢 ? 愿 你 赦 免 我 隐 而 未 现 的 过 错 .

I. Our sins can be unconscious and unintentional. Many of our sins are like that, yet they are still sins.


James 4:17 – Anyone, then, who knows the good he ought to do and doesn’t do it, sins.

雅James 4:17 –人 若 知 道 行 善 , 却 不 去 行 , 这 就 是 他 的 罪 了 .

J. Our sins can be neglect or failure to do the things God commands of us (sins of omission)。 These are just as wrong as doing things God forbids (sins of commission)。


VI. The Consequences of Sin 罪的后果

A. Sin is no small matter. Disobedience to God has severe, devastating consequences attached to it – some that are experienced during life on earth, others that are realized after this life.


Colossians 3:25 – Anyone who does wrong will be repaid for his wrong, and there is no favoritism.

西3:25 –那 行 不 义 的 , 必 受 不 义 的 报 应;主 并 不 偏 待 人 .

Proverbs 12:21b – “The wicked have their fill of trouble.”

箴12:21b –义 人 不 遭 灾 害, 恶 人 满 受 祸 患 .

Proverbs 13:15b – “The way of the unfaithful is hard.”

箴13:15b –奸 诈 人 的 道 路 , 崎 岖 难 行 .

Jeremiah 5:25 – Your wrongdoings have kept these away; your sins have deprived you of good.

耶5:25 –你 们 的 罪 孽, 使 这 些 事 转 离 你 们;你 们 的 罪 恶 使 你 们 不 能 得 福 .

B. Sin afflicts sinners with disturbing troubles and hardships during their lives and deprives them of the enjoyment of God’s blessings.


Leviticus 26:16 – “Then I will do this to you – I will bring upon you sudden terror, wasting diseases and fever that will destroy your sight and drain away your life. You will plant seed in vain, because your enemies will eat it.”

利26:16 –我 待 你 们 就 要 这 样 :我 必 命 定 惊 惶 , 叫 眼 目 干 瘪 、精 神 消 耗 的 痨 病 、热 病 辖 制 你 们 . 你 们 也 要 白 白 地 撒 种 , 因 为 仇 敌 要 吃 你 们 所 种 的 .

  1. Sin results in fear and worry, sickness and loss.


    James 4:1 – What causes fights and quarrels among you? Don’t they come from your desires that battle within you?

    雅4:1 –你 们 中 间 的 争 战 斗 殴 , 是 从 哪 里 来 的 呢 ? 不 是 从 你 们 百 体 中 战 斗 之 私 欲 来 的 吗?

  2. Sin damages and destroys our relationships with other people.


    Isaiah 59:2 – But your iniquities have separated you from your God; your sins have hidden His face from you, so that He will not hear it.

    赛59:2 –但 你 们 的 罪 孽 使 你 们 与 神 隔 绝 , 你 们 的 罪 恶 使 他 掩 面 不 听 你 们 .

C. Sin destroys our relationship with God and cuts us off from His mercy and blessing.


Ezekiel 18:4 – For every living soul belongs to Me, the father as well as the son – both alike belong to Me. The soul who sins is the one who will die.

结18:4 –看 哪 , 世 人 都 是 属 我 的 . 为 父 的 怎 样 属 我 , 为 子 的 也 照 样 属 我 . 犯 罪 的 , 他 必 死 亡 .

D. Sin results in physical death. 罪导致肉体的死亡

Matthew 23:33b – “How will you escape being condemned to hell?”

太23:33b –你 们 这 些 蛇 类 , 毒 蛇 之 种 啊 , 怎 能 逃 脱 地 狱 的 刑 罚 呢 ?

Matthew 25:41 – “Then He (Jesus) will say to those on His left, ‘Depart from Me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.”

太25:41 –王 又 要 向 那 左 边 的 说 :“你 们 这 被 咒 诅 的 人 离 开 我 , 进 入 那 为 魔 鬼 和 他 的 使 者 所 预 备 的 永 火 里 去 .”

E. Ultimately, sin results in the after-death consequences of hell, the place where God unleashes the full force of His punishing wrath on the sinner forever.


  1. Hell is the tragic choice people make when they do not forsake their sins and seek forgiveness for them.


  2. A person’s persistent rejection of God leads to God’s permanent rejection of that person.


VII. God’s Loving Solution and Sincere Invitation 神慈爱的解决办法和真诚的邀请

Galatians 4:4-5 – But when the time had fully come, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under law, to redeem those under law, that we might received the full rights of sons.

加4: 4-5 ——4及 至 时 候 满 足 , 神 就 差 遣 他 的 儿 子 , 为 女 人 所 生 , 且 生 在 律 法 以 下 ,5要 把 律 法 以 下 的 人 赎 出 来 , 叫 我 们 得 着 儿 子 的 名 分 .

1 Peter 3:18 – For Christ died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God.

彼前3:18 –因 基 督 也 曾 一 次 为 罪 受 苦 ( 受 苦 有 古 卷 作 受 死 ) , 就 是 义 的 代 替 不 义 的 , 为 要 引 我 们 到 神 面 前 . 按 着 肉 体 说 他 被 治 死 . 按 着 灵 性 说 他 复 活 了 .

1 John 2:2 – He is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only for ours but also for the sins of the whole world.

约一 2:2 –他 为 我 们 的 罪 作 了 挽 回 祭 . 不 是 单 为 我 们 的 罪 , 也 是 为 普 天 下 人 的 罪 .

A. God kept His promise to Adam and Eve and all their descendants. He sent His Son to take the place of guilty sinners and to offer His life as the full payment for their sins. His sacrifice pays for the sins of all and allows us to have a restored, forgiven relationship with God.


Acts 10:43 – All the prophets testify about Him (Jesus) that everyone who believes in Him receives forgiveness of sins through His name.

徒10:43 –众 先 知 也 为 他 作 见 证 , 说 :“凡 信 他 的 人 , 必 因 他 的 名 , 得 蒙 赦 罪 .”

1 John 5:11-12 – And this is the testimony: God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life.

约一5:11-12 ——11这 见 证 , 就 是 神 赐 给 我 们 永 生 , 这 永 生 也 是 在 他 儿 子 里 面 .12人 有 了 神 的 儿 子 就 有 生 命 ; 没 有 神 的 儿 子 就 没 有 生 命 .

B. God assures us that all who believe in Jesus as their Savior receive the forgiveness of sins and eternal life.


Ezekiel 18:23, 30b-31 – Do I take any pleasure in the death of the wicked? declares the Sovereign Lord. Rather, am I not pleased when they turn their ways and live? 30b Repent! Turn away from all your offenses; then sin will not be your downfall. 31 Rid yourselves of all the offenses you have committed, and get a new heart and a new spirit. Why will you die?

结18:23, 30b-31 –

23主 耶 和 华 说 :“ 恶 人 死 亡 , 岂 是 我 喜 悦 的 ? 不 是 喜 悦 他 回 头 离 开 所 行 的 道 存 活 吗?

30b” 所 以 主 耶 和 华 说 :“以 色 列 家啊 , 我 必 按 你 们 各 人 所 行 的 审 判 你 们 . 你 们 当 回 头 离 开 所 犯 的 一 切 罪 过 . 这 样 , 罪 孽 必 不 使 你 们 败 亡 .31你 们 要 将 所 犯 的 一 切 罪 过 尽 行 抛 弃 , 自 作 一 个 新 心 和 新 灵 . 以 色 列 家 啊 , 你 们 何 必 死 亡 呢 ?”

Acts 3:19 – Repent, then, and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped out, that times of refreshing may come from the Lord.

徒3:19 –所 以 你 们 当 悔 改 归 正 , 使 你 们 的 罪 得 以 涂 抹 . 这 样 , 那 安 舒 的 日 子 就 必 从 主 面 前 来 到 .

Isaiah 1:18 – “Come now, let us reason together,” says the Lord. “Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool.”

赛1:18 –耶 和 华 说 :“你 们 来 , 我 们 彼 此 辩 论 . 你 们 的 罪 虽 像 朱 红 , 必 变 成 雪 白 ; 虽 红 如 丹 颜 , 必 白 如 羊 毛 .”

C. God earnestly calls sinners to honestly admit and renounce their wickedness, and He also tenderly invites them to trust in Him for forgiveness.


VIII. What to Do about Sin 怎样对待罪

A. Learning what God tells us about sin leads us to consider the important question: “What should I do about my sin?”


1 John 1:8, 10 – 8 If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. 10 If we claim we have not sinned, we make him out to be a liar and his word has no place in our lives.

约一1:8, 10 –

8我 们 若 说 自 己 无 罪 , 便 是 自 欺 , 真理 不 在 我 们 心 里 了 ;

10我 们 若 说 自 己 没 有 犯 过 罪 , 便 是 以 神 为 说 谎 的 , 他 的 道 也 不 在 我 们 心 里 了 .

2 Corinthians 7:10b – Worldly sorrow brings death.

林后7:10b –但 世 俗 的 忧 愁 , 是 叫 人 死 .

B. Many people do the wrong thing about their sin and its consequences.


  1. They may ignore their sin.


  2. They may deny their sin.


  3. They may defend and excuse their sin.


  4. They may blame others for their sin.


  5. They may express only selfish sorrow over sin’s painful consequences for them.


    Jeremiah 17:9 – The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can understand it?

    耶17:9 –人 心 比 万 物 都 诡 诈 , 坏 到 极 处 , 谁 能 识 透 呢 ?

    Romans 2:5 – But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God’s wrath, when His righteous judgment will be revealed.

    罗 2:5 –你 竟 任 着 你 刚 硬 不 悔 改 的 心 , 为 自 己 积 蓄 忿 怒 , 以 致 神 震 怒 , 显 出 他 公 义 审 判 的 日 子 来 到 .

C. People who do the wrong things with their sin deceive themselves, add to their guilt, and prevent God’s pardoning love from rescuing them from punishment. They shut the door to God’s delivering help.


1 John 1:9 – If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.

约一1:9 –我 们 若 认 自 己 的 罪 , 神 是 信 实 的 , 是 公 义 的 , 必 要 赦 免 我 们 的 罪 , 洗 净 我 们 一 切 的 不 义 .

2 Corinthians 7:10 a– Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation and no regret.

林后 7:10 —上–因 为 依 着 神 的 意 思 忧 愁 , 就 生 出 没 有 后 悔 的 懊 悔 来 , 以 致 得 救 .

Psalm 51:1-4 – Have mercy on me, O God, according to Your unfailing love; according to Your great compassion blot out my transgressions. Wash away all my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin. For I know my transgressions, and my sin is always before me. Against You, You only, have I sinned and done what is evil in Your sight, so that You are proved right when You speak and justified when You judge.

诗篇51:1-4 ——1神啊,求你按你的慈爱怜恤我,按你丰盛的慈悲涂抹我的过犯! 2求你将我的罪孽洗除净尽,并洁除我的罪! 3因为我知道我的过犯,我的罪常在我面前。 4我向你犯罪,唯独得罪了你,在你眼前行了这恶,以致你责备我的时候显为公义,判断我的时候显为清正。

D. The right thing to do about sin is to confess it sincerely: that is 1) to recognize it as wickedness; 2) to admit that it is offensive to God; 3) and to agree that God is right to condemn and punish us for it; and then 4) to appeal to God’s grace and mercy in Christ to pardon us.

对待罪的正确态度是,诚恳地承认自己的罪,也就是1:承认罪是邪恶的;2. 承认罪是神所憎恶的;3. 同意神因为我们的罪而谴责并惩罚我们的做法是正确的。然后,4. 我们能借助神在基督里的恩典和怜悯得着饶恕。

1 Kings 8:58 – May He turn our hearts to Him, to walk in all His ways and to keep the commands, decrees and regulations He gave our fathers.

王上8:58 –使 我 们 的 心 归 向 他 , 遵 行 他 的 道 , 谨 守 他 吩 咐 我 们 列 祖 的 诫 命 , 律 例 , 典 章 .

E. God Himself works true repentance in our hearts. May He lead us to genuinely repent of our sins.


IX. Home Study 家庭作业

A. LESSON REVIEW: Mark each statement either A (Agree) or D (Disagree)

课程复习: 在下列各句前标出同意(A)还是不同意(D)

—– 1. God created the devil and all the evil angels.

—– 1. 神创造了魔鬼和所有邪恶的天使。

—– 2. As the Creator, God is ultimately responsible for evil coming into the world.

—– 2. 作为创造者,神最终要为进入这个世界的邪恶负责任。

—– 3. Adam and Eve died spiritually the moment they sinned.

—– 3. 亚当和夏娃的灵生命在他们犯罪的那一刻就死了。

—– 4. We can blame the devil for making Adam and Eve sin.

—– 4. 我们可以指责撒旦让亚当夏娃犯罪。

—– 5. God places curses on life to torment and destroy us.

—– 5. 神把咒诅放在我们的生命中,是为了要折磨和毁灭我们。

—– 6. Most people in the world are sinners.

—– 6. 世界上大多数人都是罪人。

—– 7. At its primary level sin is a matter of “being” rather than of “doing”.

—– 7. “罪”的根本是有关“是什么”的问题,而不是“做了什么”的问题。

—– 8. Children are not sinful at birth, but they become sinful as they grow up in a sinful world.

—– 8. 婴孩在出生时没有罪,只有当他们在这个罪恶的世界长大以后,才变得有罪了。

—– 9. God does not hold “unintentional” sins against a person.

—– 9. 神不怪罪人“无意”犯的罪。

—– 10. A person can sin by not doing things.

—– 10. 人不去做应该做的事也是罪。

—– 11. Sin has only a few consequences for people during their earthly life.

—– 11. 人活在世上时,罪对人造成的后果不多。

—– 12. Only the most hardened and depraved sinners deserve to be damned eternally.

—– 12. 只有心最硬、最败坏的罪人才配受永久的灭亡。

—– 13. People go to hell because they choose to.

—– 13. 人下地狱是因为他们自己的选择。

—– 14. Jesus Christ is God’s strongest statement that He doesn’t want us to go to hell.

—– 14. 耶稣基督是神最强有力的证据,证明神不想让我们下地狱。

—– 15. A person can be sorry that he/she sinned and still not receive forgiveness.

—– 15. 一个人虽然会对他的罪感到难过,但可能还是不接受饶恕。

B. PERSONAL REFLECTION (Answer the following questions)


  1. Some Bible scholars have called Genesis 3 “the saddest chapter in the Bible.” Why would they say that?

    一些圣经学者把创世纪第三章称为“圣经中最令人难过的章节。”他们 为什么这样说?

  2. How is a proper understanding of sin related to a healthy appreciation of God?


  3. What has God done to help us and all sinners find deliverance from sin and its consequences?


C. MEMORY TREASURES (Memorize the following bible verses to build up your knowledge of God’s Word)

记忆宝库 (背诵下列圣经经文,建造你对神话语的认识)

Romans 3:23 – For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.

罗3:23 –因 为 世 人 都 犯 了 罪 , 亏 缺 了 神 的 荣 耀 .

1 Peter 3:18 – For Christ died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God.

彼前3:18 –因 基 督 也 曾 一 次 为 罪 受 苦 ( 受 苦 有 古 卷 作 受 死 ) , 就 是 义 的 代 替 不 义 的 , 为 要 引 我 们 到 神 面 前 . 按 着 肉 体 说 他 被 治 死, 按 着 灵 性 说 他 复 活 了 .



—– Day 1 第一天 – Genesis 创 3

—– Day 2 第二天 – Psalm 诗 51

—– Day 3 第三天 – Romans 罗 3

—– Day 4 第四天 – Luke 路 9

—– Day 5 第五天 – Luke 路 10

—– Day 6 第六天 – Luke 路 11

—– Day 7 第七天 – Luke 路 12



Hymn 304: 5, 6 in Christian Worship; “Jesus Sinners Does Receive”


I, a sinner, come to You With a penitent confession.


Savior, show me mercy, too; Grant for all my sins remission.


Let these words my soul receive – Jesus sinners does received.


Oh, how blest it is to know, Were as scarlet my transgressions,


It shall be as white as snow By Your blood and bitter passion.


For these words I do believe – Jesus sinners does receive.


Welcome to Life
Table of Contents
lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3
Lesson 4
Lesson 5
Lesson 6
Lesson 7
Lesson 8
Lesson 9
lesson 10
Lesson 11
Lesson 12
Lesson 13
Lesson 14
Lesson 15
Lesson 3