In chapter 3 of Genesis, we study what has been described as “the saddest chapter in the whole Bible.” We will explore the great tragedy that plunged the whole human race into sin and resulted in the devastating loss of the perfect blessing and joy that God intended people to have. However, we will also see the God of grace demonstrate His faithful love to reclaim the souls that were lost to Him and give them the promise of a Savior who would give them victory over everything that would defeat and destroy them.
Verse 1 第一节
- Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden?'”
In verse 1, God introduces us to a snake that is more than an ordinary snake. Later in the Bible, we learn the identity of this creature.
a. Who is he? (see Revelation 12:9) 他是谁？（参看示12:9）
b. What is he like? (John 8:44) 他是什么样的？（约 8:44）
Hiding his true identify in the form of a crafty, wild animal, the devil/Satan came to the woman and began to attack her faith in God and His Word through cleverly devised temptations. What was the devil/Satan suggesting to the woman about God and His goodness with his question in verse 1?
What was Satan trying to accomplish with this question to the woman? (Verse 1)
Agree or Disagree? The Lord God, who knows everything that will happen, should never have permitted the people, whom He had so wonderfully made and so dearly loved, to be tempted to commit sin. (Explain your answer)
Verses 2-3– 2-3节
- The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, 3) but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.'”
- How did the woman answer the tempter’s question? (verses 2-3)
How did her answer compare with what God had told Adam in Genesis 2:16-17?
Agree or Disagree? The woman made a mistake by not immediately ending the discussion that dared to call God’s Word and His goodness into question. (Explain your answer)
Verses 4-5– 4-5节
- “You will not surely die,” the serpent said to the woman. 5)“For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
In verse 4, the devil/Satan is more bold in his attack on the woman’s faith. What does the devil/Satan declare about God and His Word in this verse?
What did the devil/Satan want to accomplish in the woman by this attack?
The devil/Satan quickly followed up his second attack in verse 4 with another. What did he tell the woman in verse 5?
What lie did the devil/Satan tell the woman about God in verse 5?
What false, misleading promise did the devil/Satan give her in this verse?
What was the devil/Satan trying to accomplish with his words to the woman in verse 5?
Satan’s strategy for tempting people to sin is very clever and extremely effective. At first, he wants to cause doubt about God in a person’s mind. Then he tries to get a person to disbelieve and dismiss God’s Word. Finally, he leads people to accept and trust his false promises so he can lead them to ruin. Give an example of how he uses that strategy on people today.
Verses 6-7– 6-7节
- When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her and he ate it. 7) Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.
In the first part of verse 6, we learn how the woman reacted to the devil’s tempting words. What corrupt thinking had captured her heart, dominated her thoughts and influenced her actions?
What sins did the woman commit by taking and eating the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil? (v. 6a)
We are not sure if Adam was present during all or some of the time that the devil tempted his wife. The devil may have tempted the woman when she was all alone or Adam may have been silently and passively present during the temptation of his wife.
What sins did the woman and her husband commit in the matter of the woman giving some fruit to her husband and her husband’s acceptance and eating of the fruit? (verse 6 b)
By choosing to sin, Adam and his wife were changed in their knowledge and experience of good and evil. What shocking realizations did they experience? (verse 7)
How did our first (now sinful) ancestors attempt to deal with their shame and guilt? (verse 7)
Verse 8– 8节
- Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as He was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the garden.
How did the man and woman’s sinfulness radically change their relationship with the Lord God? (verse 8) 21. 因着那人和他妻子的罪恶感，他们跟神的关系发生了怎样彻底的变化？
Agree or Disagree? As fallen sinners, people are afraid of God and think that they can avoid Him and elude His justice in some way. (Explain your answer)
Verses 9-12– 9-12节
- But the Lord God called to the man, “Where are you?” 10) He answered, “I heard You in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.” 11) And He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?” 12) The man said, “The woman you put here with me - she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.” 13) Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”
Because the man and woman had inexcusably betrayed His love and violated His command, the Lord God could have acted in righteous anger and destroyed these spiritual rebels. Amazingly, God decided to follow a different course of action. He chose to show this sinful man and woman new expressions of His faithful love: a grace that gave love to people who had forfeited the right to have it and a mercy that showed compassion on people who were helplessly and hopelessly trapped in sin.
The all-knowing God knew where Adam and his wife were hiding. He did not ask His question in verse 9 to discover their location. What was God trying to accomplish by the question: “Where are you?”
What was disappointing and lacking in Adam’s answer to God’s question? (verse 10)
Why is it that people often refuse to honestly admit their sin?
How did the Lord respond to Adam’s evasiveness and seek to help him? (verse 11)
Instead of taking responsibility for his sin, who did Adam try to blame? (verse 12)
We note here that under the power of sin, the two most precious blessings in life- 1) a person’s relationship with God and 2) a person’s relationships with other people - are destroyed. Adam is separated from both God and his wife because of his sin.
What was wrong with the woman’s answer to God’s question about her sin? (verse 13)
Agree or Disagree? We actually can blame the devil for making us sin. (Explain your answer.)
The woman was the first one to sin, but we notice that God choose to speak to Adam first about his sin. Why would God do that? (see Ephesians 5:22-23)
A Christian who thought about what Adam and his wife had done and left undone in this experience with Satan and then with God in the Garden of Eden, commented: “Genesis 3 is our family history, and it should make us weep.” What do you think he meant by those words?
Verses 14-15– 14-15节
- So the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, ‘Cursed are you above all the livestock and all the wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life. 15) And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; He will crush your head, and you will strike His heel.”
God had helped Adam and his wife admit their sin and had exposed their inadequate ways of dealing with their sin. Now, He would tell them of His solution that would deliver them from the guilt and punishment they deserved.
God addressed both the devil and the creature, the snake, that Satan used. In verse 14, God spoke primarily to the snake. In verse 15 He spoke primarily to the devil.
What curse did God place on the snake, the creature Satan used to tempt the woman? (verse 14)
What message would the image of the snake having to slither on the ground and eat dust send to people about the Fall into Sin and God’s response to it?
What is good about the fact that God Himself would create a hatred and division between Satan and the woman who had formed a friendship in opposition to God? (verse 15a)
Who would the offspring or followers of 1) the devil and his ways and of 2) the woman and her ways be? (verse 15a)
At the end of verse 15, God speaks of a special male descendant of the woman whom God would raise up to fight against the devil and, who, at great cost to himself, would defeat him. Who would this person be? (Galatians 3:16 and 4:4-5; and 1 John 3:8)
As God spoke to the devil about his inevitable defeat, what good news was He promising to the man and the woman about their situation as sinners?
This announcement of the devil’s defeat through the woman’s descendant is the first Gospel promise God made. He spoke this message of rescue and victory to our first parents when need it most and when they deserve it least. 42. 宣告女人的后裔必胜过撒旦是神的第一次福音性应许。在他们最需要却最不配得的时候神向我们的始祖宣告了这样救恩和得胜的信息。
Verses 16-19– 16-19节
- To the woman, He said, “I will greatly increase your pain in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.” 17) To Adam He said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat of it,’ “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life. 18) It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field. 19) By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.”
After God spoke to the devil about His ultimate defeat, He spoke to the woman and to the Adam about painful consequences that they and their descendants would face as a result of sin.
What painful things would the woman and her descendants experience? (verse 16)
What penalizing things would Adam and his descendants experience (verses 17-19)
God administered these afflictions in a spirit of love for people. What would God purpose be in allowing these problems to come to people? (see Job 33:14-22, 29-30)
Verses 20-24– 20-24节
- Adam named his wife, Eve, because she would become the mother of all the living. 21) The Lord God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them. 22) And the Lord God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever. 23) So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken. 24) After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.
How did Adam show his faith in God’s merciful promises by the name he chose for his wife? (verse 20)
How did God show His love for Adam and Eve in the gift He gave them? (verse 21)
Why did God decide that Adam and Eve and all their descendants had to be banished for all time from the Garden of Eden? (verses 22-24)
Why was this banishment also a merciful action on God’s part?
“Because of our sin, our life is no longer an occasion to experience paradise on earth. Because of God’s grace, our life is now an opportunity to gain paradise in heaven.” (Explain what these sentences mean.)